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Morley Jull papers

Abstract

Title:
Morley Jull papers
Author/Creator:
Jull, Morley A.
Collection number:
69-5
Size:
4.00 linear feet and 418 items
Bulk dates:
1921-1959
Inclusive dates:
1921-1959
Collection Area:
University of Maryland
Repository:
Special Collections, University of Maryland Libraries, Hornbake Library, College Park, MD 20742. Tel: 301-405-9212, Fax: 301-314-2709, Email: askhornbake@umd.edu
Abstract:

Morley A. Jull was the Head of the Poultry Science Department at the University of Maryland from 1936 until his retirement in 1956. Most of the collection is comprised of notes, articles, correspondence, and drafts related to Jull's revision of his book Poultry Husbandry. Poultry breeding, particularly as it pertains to chickens, is the subject covered in most depth in the collection, although there are also materials concerning the poultry industry and poultry education. The collection also includes copies of many of Jull's articles as well as his annotated 1951 copy of Poultry Husbandry.

Important Information for Users of the Collection

Restrictions:

This collection is open for research.

Preferred citation:

Morley Jull papers, Special Collections, University of Maryland Libraries.

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1903.1/1730
Publication rights:

Photocopies of original materials may be provided for a fee and at the discretion of the curator. Please see our Duplication of Materials policy for more information. Queries regarding publication rights and copyright status of materials within this collection should be directed to the appropriate curator.

Status:

This collection is PROCESSED.

Historical Note

Morley Allan Jull was born in Burford, Ontario, Canada, on August 26, 1885, to John Henry and Ann Jane (Winskel) Morley. He married Marion Louise Monkley on July 5, 1930, and they had one son, Morley Allan. Jull attended the University of Toronto where he received his Bachelor of Science degree in 1908. He received a Master's of Science from McGill University in 1914 and a Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin in 1921.

Prior to becoming a naturalized citizen of the United States in 1935, Jull worked at the West Virginia Experiment Station in Morgantown as a poultry assistant from 1908 until 1909. After that, he became the Poultry Commissioner in the British Columbia Department of Agriculture in Victoria, a position he held from 1909 until 1911, when he accepted a position as Head of the Poultry Department in the McGill University MacDonald College in Montreal, Canada. During the same period he also taught poultry courses at the University of Vermont and did poultry extension work in the state during two summers. He remained at McGill University from 1912 until 1923, when he moved to the United States to become the Senior Poultry Husbandman of Production Research for the United States Department of Agriculture. During his time as senior husbandman, he led work on quality improvement of poultry, egg, and meat production and assisted in the breeding of the world famous Beltsville White turkey, a smaller, "family-size" turkey. He left that position in 1936 to head the Department of Poultry Science at the University of Maryland, where he remained until retirement in 1956. In his position at Maryland, he led efforts to expand the departmental facilities, served as chairman of the University of Maryland Poultry Committee from 1936 until 1956, and conducted research on raising a fast-feathering bird, which would be easier to fatten and therefore less costly. In 1952, he won the National Poultry Science Teacher Award from the Poultry Science Association. In honor of Jull, the University of Maryland renamed the Poultry Building Jull Hall in 1954.

During retirement, he participated in the U. S. Overseas Mission as a Poultry Specialist and Consultant with the U.S. State Department's International Cooperation Administration in Egypt, Italy, Greece, and Lebanon. Prior to his work with the State Department, he participated in other international events. He represented the U. S. government at the Fourth World's Poultry Congress in Ottawa, Canada, in 1927 and the Fifth Congress in London, England, in 1930, and served on councils for the Ninth Congress in Paris, France, in 1951, and the Eighth Congress in Copenhagen, Denmark, in 1948. Domestically, he was the president of the Poultry Science Association, served on the advanced committee of the American Genetic Association, and was a member of both the Washington Academy of Science and the American Poultry and Hatchery Federation. He was an American Association for the Advancement of Science Fellow and a member of three honorary and fraternal societies: Phi Kappa Phi, Kappa Phi, and Sigma Xi. In addition to writing numerous articles, he authored four books: Poultry Breeding, Poultry Husbandry, Successful Poultry Management, and Raising Turkeys, Ducks, Geese, and Game Birds.

Morley Jull died on October 25, 1959, at Prince George's General Hospital and is buried in Fort Lincoln Cemetery, Bladensburg, Maryland.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The Papers of Morley Jull date from 1921 to 1959, with the bulk of materials dating from 1945 to 1959. Most of the collection is comprised of notes, articles, correspondence, and drafts related to Jull's revision of his book Poultry Husbandry. Poultry breeding, particularly as it pertains to chickens, is the subject covered in most depth in the collection, although there are also materials concerning the poultry industry and poultry education. The collection also includes copies of many of Jull's articles as well as his annotated 1951 copy of Poultry Husbandry.

Custodial History and Acquisition Information

Professor Mary S. Shorb of the University of Maryland Poultry Department donated this collection to the University of Maryland Libraries on June 24, 1969.

Processing Information

Processed by:

Processed by Jordan Patty, January 2005

Processing note:

In general, original order was retained, particularly with regards to the Poultry Husbandry working papers. The papers were placed in acid-free folders, and metal fasteners were removed and replaced with plastic paper clips and acid-free paper. Acid-free paper was interleaved in cases of visible deterioration. The two audio reel-to-reel tapes were converted to digital format and stored on compact discs.

Encoded by:

EAD markup created using EAD database in Microsoft Access. Markup completed by Jordan Patty, January 2005.

Detailed Description of the Collection

Series 1: Poultry Husbandry, 1921-1959 (3 linear feet)

This series consists of items related to the revision of Jull's book Poultry Husbandry, published in 1951 as the third edition. The working papers contain notes and sources consulted for the fourth edition, and the subjects represented include feathering, egg quality, disease, diet, and breeding of chickens, although there is some information on turkeys as well. The series also includes correspondence with editors of journals and other periodicals concerning permission for Jull to use information and images in Poultry Husbandry and partial copies of the revised manuscript. Also included in the series is a heavily annotated copy of the third edition of Poultry Husbandry.

Arrangement is alphabetical by title.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Poultry Husbandry, Third Edition, 1951 series 1box 1folder 1
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Correspondence from, 1959 series 1box 1folder 2
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Correspondence to, 1959 series 1box 1folder 3
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Final Copy, [1959] series 1box 1folder 4
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Rough Copy, [1959] series 1box 1folder 5
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1927-1958 series 1box 1folder 6
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1927-1958 series 1box 1folder 7
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1927-1958 series 1box 1folder 8
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1927-1958 series 1box 1folder 9
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1927-1958 series 1box 1folder 10
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1927-1958 series 1box 1folder 11
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1921-1959 series 1box 2folder 1
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1921-1959 series 1box 2folder 2
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1921-1959 series 1box 2folder 3
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1921-1959 series 1box 2folder 4
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1921-1959 series 1box 2folder 5
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1921-1959 series 1box 2folder 6
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1921-1959 series 1box 2folder 7
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1921-1959 series 1box 2folder 8
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1921-1959 series 1box 2folder 9
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1934-1959 series 1box 3folder 1
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1934-1959 series 1box 3folder 2
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1934-1959 series 1box 3folder 3
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1934-1959 series 1box 3folder 4
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1934-1959 series 1box 3folder 5
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1934-1959 series 1box 3folder 6
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1934-1959 series 1box 3folder 7
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1934-1959 series 1box 3folder 8
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1934-1959 series 1box 3folder 9
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1934-1959 series 1box 3folder 10
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1934-1959 series 1box 3folder 11
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1934-1959 series 1box 3folder 12
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1934-1959 series 1box 3folder 13
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1934-1959 series 1box 3folder 14
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1934-1959 series 1box 3folder 15
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1939-1959 series 1box 4folder 1
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1939-1959 series 1box 4folder 2
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1939-1959 series 1box 4folder 3
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1939-1959 series 1box 4folder 4
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1939-1959 series 1box 4folder 5
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1939-1959 series 1box 4folder 6
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1939-1959 series 1box 4folder 7
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1939-1959 series 1box 4folder 8
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1939-1959 series 1box 4folder 9
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1939-1959 series 1box 4folder 10
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1939-1959 series 1box 4folder 11
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1939-1959 series 1box 4folder 12
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1939-1959 series 1box 4folder 13
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1949-1959 series 1box 5folder 1
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1949-1959 series 1box 5folder 2
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1949-1959 series 1box 5folder 3
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1949-1959 series 1box 5folder 4
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1949-1959 series 1box 5folder 5
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1949-1959 series 1box 5folder 6
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1949-1959 series 1box 5folder 7
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1949-1959 series 1box 5folder 8
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1949-1959 series 1box 5folder 9
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1949-1959 series 1box 5folder 10
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1949-1959 series 1box 5folder 11
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1949-1959 series 1box 5folder 12
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1930-1959 series 1box 6folder 1
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1930-1959 series 1box 6folder 2
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1930-1959 series 1box 6folder 3
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1930-1959 series 1box 6folder 4
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1930-1959 series 1box 6folder 5
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1930-1959 series 1box 6folder 6
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1930-1959 series 1box 6folder 7
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1930-1959 series 1box 6folder 8
Revision of Poultry Husbandry, Working Papers, 1930-1959 series 1box 6folder 9

Series 2: Other Writings, Transcripts, and Publications, 1945-1955 (0.75 linear feet)

This series consists largely of manuscripts of articles sent to agriculture publications including Maryland Farmer, Southern Planter, Everybody's Poultry, Peninsula Broiler Journal, and Hatchery and Feed. The articles cover such subjects as breeding pens, flock management, egg production, the hatchery business, University of Maryland research, and the poultry industry. The manuscripts also include copies of presentations, radio transcripts, and book reviews by Jull. In addition, the series contains a list of articles by Jull published between 1945 and 1955 and a copy of Poultry: Problems in Production, Marketing, and Management, to which Jull contributed. Included also are two copies of Superior Breeding Stock in Poultry and reprints of various articles.

Arrangement is alphabetical by title.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
[Article manuscripts by Jull], 1945 series 2box 1folder 1
[Article manuscripts by Jull], 1946 series 2box 1folder 2
[Article manuscripts by Jull], 1947 series 2box 1folder 3
[Article manuscripts by Jull], 1948 series 2box 1folder 4
[Article manuscripts by Jull], 1949 series 2box 1folder 5
[Article manuscripts by Jull], 1950 series 2box 1folder 6
[Article manuscripts by Jull], 1951 series 2box 1folder 7
[Article manuscripts by Jull], 1952 series 2box 1folder 8
[Article manuscripts by Jull], 1953 series 2box 1folder 9
[Article manuscripts by Jull], 1954 series 2box 1folder 10
[Article manuscripts by Jull], 1955 series 2box 1folder 11
[Article manuscripts by Jull, undated], 1950s series 2box 1folder 12
[List of articles written by Jull], 1945-1955 series 2box 1folder 13
[Publication] Poultry: Problems in Production, Marketing, and Management, 1938 series 2box 1folder 14
[Publication] Superior Breeding Stock in Poultry, 1937 series 2box 2folder 1
[Reprints, articles by Jull], 1924-1949 series 2box 2folder 2
Poultry & Egg Weekly, 1955 series 2box 2folder 3

Series 3: Professional Activities, [1948]-1955 (0.25 linear feet)

Series III consists of materials documenting professional activities in which Jull participated during his time at College Park, e.g. planning committees for the Eighth and Ninth Internaional Poultry Congresses, the Poultry Hall of Fame, and the dedication of the Ontario College of Agriculture Graham Hall, named for the well-known Canadian poultry professor and researcher Dr. W. R. Graham.

Arrangement is alphabetical by title.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
[Graham Hall, Ontario College of Agriculture], 1955 series 3box 1folder 1
World's Poultry Congress-Eighth, 1948-1951 series 3box 1folder 2
World's Poultry Congress-Ninth, 1951 series 3box 1folder 3

Series 4: Photographs, 1917-1953 (415 items)

Photograph subjects include poultry, chickens, eggs, turkeys, broiler houses, chicken coops, breeding, baby chicks, fried chicken, prepared chicken dishes, and prepared egg dishes (including recipes). Subjects that may also be found in this series are hatcheries, pesticide spraying, chicken diseases, wing span, feathers, egg quality, Cooperative Extension Service agents, and the winner of the 1949 Maryland Chicken of Tomorrow contest, L. B. McDowall of Salisbury. Most of the photographs are black and white prints and range in size from 3" x 4" to 8" x 10." There are also 40 oversize photographs and two large format negatives.

These materials have been transferred to the Photograph Collection.

The box inventory for this series is not currently available online. Please refer to the series description above for a broad description of the materials or contact the department for more information.

Series 5: Audio/Visual, 1954 and undated (2 items)

This series contains two reel-to-reel audio tape recordings of the dedication of Jull Hall in 1954.

These materials have been transferred to the Audio/Visual Collection.

The box inventory for this series is not currently available online. Please refer to the series description above for a broad description of the materials or contact the department for more information.

Series 6: Memorabilia, undated (1 item)

Included in this series is an item that appears to be a poultry measuring device. This item was transferred to the Memorabilia Collection (#933).

The box inventory for this series is not currently available online. Please refer to the series description above for a broad description of the materials or contact the department for more information.

Related Material

The University of Maryland Libraries contain multiple editions of Jull's books Poultry Breeding (1932, 1940, 1952), Poultry Husbandry (1938, 1951), and Successful Poultry Management (1943, 1951). There are also copies of Raising Turkeys, Ducks, Geese, and Game Birds (1947) and The Mortality Problem in Poultry: A Critical Review of Recent Research (1934). The Archives and Manuscripts Department holds the Papers of Clyne S. Shaffner, Jull's successor as the head of the University of Maryland Poultry Department. Beginning in 1947,Shaffner worked as a professor of poultry physiology in the department. The Papers of Mary S. Shorb are also available. Shorb worked as a professor in the Poultry Department from 1949 until 1972. Prior to that, she was a fellow in the department from 1947 until 1949. Additional information about the operations of the Department of Poultry Science at the University of Maryland may be found in the Records of the Department of Poultry Science. For additional information on Jull, see Morley A. Jull: The Man Behind the Name (UPUB B9.024). Three oil paintings of Morley Jull are located in the Archives and Manuscripts Department in the Memorabilia Collection (#1064, #1065, and #1066). These paintings, all of which date between 1957 and 1960, were donated to the University of Maryland by the University of Maryland's Department of Agriculture. In addition, memorabilia item #72 is a paper weight given to Dr. Harry Clifton Byrd by the Maryland State Poultry Council, September 15, 1954, in honor of the dedication of Jull Hall and the Poultry Industry Hall of Fame.

For other related archival and manuscript collections, please see the following subject guides.

Selected Search Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the University of Maryland Libraries' Catalog. Researchers desiring related materials about these topics, names, or places may search the Catalog using these headings.

Subjects

Names (Added Entries)