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Harry Clifton Byrd papers

Abstract

Title:
Harry Clifton Byrd papers
Author/Creator:
Byrd, Harry Clifton
Collection number:
72-4
Size:
29.75 linear feet
Bulk dates:
1909-1969
Inclusive dates:
1895-1970
Collection Area:
University of Maryland
Repository:
Special Collections, University of Maryland Libraries, Hornbake Library, College Park, MD 20742. Tel: 301-405-9212, Fax: 301-314-2709, Email: askhornbake@umd.edu
Abstract:

Harry Clifton Byrd (1889-1970) was president of the University of Maryland from 1935 to 1954. After his retirement he became chairman of the Tidewater Fisheries Commission and was involved with the revitalization of the Potomac River and the Chesapeake Bay. His papers relate mainly to the University of Maryland, its buildings, lands, governing bodies, and programs. Other subjects documented include the Defense Orientation Conference Association, Far East Command, and state elections. Byrd's papers are comprised of statistics, reports, minutes, correspondence, newspaper clippings, and a scrapbook.

Important Information for Users of the Collection

Restrictions:

Yes, some files in this collection are restricted. Please contact the Archives and Manuscripts Department for more information.

Preferred citation:

Harry Clifton Byrd papers, Special Collections, University of Maryland Libraries.

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1903.1/1224
Publication rights:

Photocopies of original materials may be provided for a fee and at the discretion of the curator. Please see our Duplication of Materials policy for more information. Queries regarding publication rights and copyright status of materials within this collection should be directed to the appropriate curator.

Status:

This collection is PROCESSED.

Historical Note

Harry Clifton Byrd, one of six children of oysterman and county commissioner William Franklin Byrd and Sallie May Byrd, was born on February 12, 1889, in Crisfield, Maryland. After graduating from Crisfield High School in 1905, he attended Maryland Agricultural College, starring on the football, baseball, and track teams. In 1908, Byrd graduated second in his class with a bachelor of science degree in civil engineering.

For three years after graduation, Byrd played football and did graduate work in law and journalism at Georgetown University, George Washington University, and Western Maryland College. He then covered sports for the Washington Star and coached high school football. In 1912, Byrd pitched for the San Francisco Seals, a semi-professional baseball team in the Pacific Coast League, but returned to Maryland that same year.

In 1913, Byrd married Katherine Dunlop Turnbull, although their marriage ended in divorce twenty years later. They had three sons, Harry, Sterling, and William, and one daughter, Evelyn.

After Byrd's return from playing for the San Francisco Seals, Maryland Agricultural College hired him as a football coach and an instructor in English and history. Because of his good sportsmanship and numerous victories, his reputation as a coach grew, and, in 1915, he became director of athletics. After he was appointed assistant to the president in 1918, Byrd became a leading spokesman for the unification of Maryland Agricultural College with the Baltimore schools to form the University of Maryland and helped plan the legislation that became the Consolidation Act of 1920. By 1932, he had risen to become vice president of the university.

Byrd remained an enthusiastic supporter of his alma mater as he moved upward through the administrative ranks. In 1921, he named the student newspaper the Diamondback and, in 1933, was directly involved in the adoption of the diamondback terrapin as the University of Maryland mascot.

Byrd became acting president of the university in July 1935 and was officially appointed president in February 1936. Despite criticisms that he was an authoritarian president, Byrd proved to be a popular and charismatic leader who facilitated the significant growth of the University of Maryland in the mid-twentieth century. During his tenure, the annual budget, the number of facilities, the faculty, and student enrollment expanded dramatically. Under Byrd's leadership, the University of Maryland also gained national attention as new educational programs such as American Studies were introduced. Byrd's successful efforts to secure funding for the university from the state and federal governments as well as from private sources supported this growth in size and reputation.

In January 1954, Byrd resigned from the presidency to run an unsuccessful campaign against Theodore McKeldin for governor of Maryland. In 1964, he lost his bid for the Democratic nomination for U. S. Senate and, in 1966, made an unsuccessful run for U. S. Congress. However, from 1958 into the 1960s, Byrd did hold several gubernatorial appointments: Chairman of the Maryland Tidewater Fisheries Commission, Maryland Commissioner to the Potomac River Fisheries Commission, and Chairman of the Commission on Chesapeake Bay Affairs.

In addition, Byrd was active in the business world as well as fraternal, civic, and international organizations. He was one of three men involved in the merger that resulted in the formation of the Suburban Trust Company, where he later served as vice president. He was also involved in real estate and construction businesses. A member of several fraternal organizations, Byrd served as Supreme Governor of the Loyal Order of the Moose in 1962. Additionally, he organized the College Park Rotary Club and became its first president. Lastly, Byrd was a member of the Defense Orientation Conference Association (D. O. C. A.), a national defense organization which facilitated his travels to other countries.

On October 2, 1970, Byrd died of a heart condition at University Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The Papers of Harry Clifton Byrd consist of correspondence, manuscripts, speeches, printed matter, certificates, memorabilia, photographs, and clippings, related to his involvement in the University of Maryland, political campaigns, commissions, and civic organizations. Topics cover a broad range, including campus matters, state politics, and international affairs. The papers span the period from 1909 to 1970, although the bulk of the material was created between 1923 and 1969.

Custodial History and Acquisition Information

The Papers of Harry Clifton Byrd were donated to the University of Maryland at College Park Libraries by his son, Sterling J. Byrd, in March 1972. A scrapbook was discovered during processing of Byrd's presidential records in June 2013 and was transferred to the collection; it appears in series 8.

Processing Information

Processed by:

Processed November 1973. Revised by Meg Alessi, August 1996. Revised by Jennifer Evans, August 1999. Revised by Tyler Stump, June 2013.

Processing note:

Materials have been placed into acid-free folders and boxes and metal clips replaced with chemically inert clips. Newspaper clippings (except scrapbooks) have been photocopied onto acid-free paper, and oversize items have been placed in flat boxes or folders. Memorabilia and photographs were separated from the papers and placed in the Memorabilia and Photograph Collections, respectively. In June 2011 and September 2011, photographs from the Print Files were reintegrated into the collection.

Encoded by:

EAD markup created using EAD database in Microsoft Access. Markup completed by Sarah Heim, May 2004.

Detailed Description of the Collection

Series 1: University of Maryland, 1917-1969 (5.5 linear feet)

This series consists of material related to the University of Maryland and Byrd's career both as assistant to the president and as president. Though the materials date from 1917 to 1969, the bulk was produced in the period between the 1920s and 1954; the series contains items dated after Byrd's 1954 retirement as well because they specifically relate to the university. Included in the series are correspondence, speeches, reports, cartoons, minutes, pamphlets, financial statements, and university statistics. File headings range from individuals such as R. A. Pearson to organizations such as the Interfraternity Council to issues such as military training. Significant correspondents include Gordon Prange, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Alma Preinkert, William P. Cole, Wilson H. Elkins, and Millard Tydings; important topics covered are athletics, state politics, student organizations, and buildings.

Information regarding Byrd's career at the University of Maryland can also be found among the clippings in Series IV.

Files have been arranged alphabetically.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Agriculture, 1925 series 1box 1folder 1
Alumni, 1917-1925 series 1box 1folder 2
Banks, 1927-1932 series 1box 1folder 3
Board of Regents, 1928-1967 series 1box 1folder 4
Board of Regents, 1928-1967 series 1box 1folder 5
Board of Regents, 1928-1967 series 1box 1folder 6
Board of Regents, 1928-1967 series 1box 1folder 7
Board of Regents, 1928-1967 series 1box 1folder 8
Buildings, 1919-1963, 1933-1934 series 1box 1folder 9
Buildings, 1919-1963 -- Dairy, 1933-1934 series 1box 1folder 10
Buildings, 1919-1963 -- Dormitory, 1933-1935 series 1box 2folder 1
Buildings, 1919-1963 -- Dormitory, 1933-1935 series 1box 2folder 2
Buildings, 1919-1963 -- Engineering, 1931-1932 series 1box 2folder 3
Bureau of Mines, 1930-1935 series 1box 2folder 4
Byrd Biography, undated series 1box 2folder 5
Cartoons, [1939-1944] and undated series 1box 2folder 6
Chi Omega, 1923 series 1box 2folder 7
Correspondence, 1918-1930 series 1box 2folder 8
Correspondence, 1918-1930 series 1box 2folder 9
Correspondence, 1918-1930 series 1box 2folder 10
Correspondence, 1918-1930 series 1box 2folder 11
Correspondence, 1918-1930 series 1box 2folder 12
Correspondence, 1931-May 1933 series 1box 3folder 1
Correspondence, 1931-May 1933 series 1box 3folder 2
Correspondence, 1931-May 1933 series 1box 3folder 3
Correspondence, 1931-May 1933 series 1box 3folder 4
Correspondence, 1931-May 1933 series 1box 3folder 5
Correspondence, 1931-May 1933 series 1box 3folder 6
Correspondence, 1931-May 1933 series 1box 3folder 7
Correspondence, June 1933-August 1934 series 1box 4folder 1
Correspondence, June 1933-August 1934 series 1box 4folder 2
Correspondence, June 1933-August 1934 series 1box 4folder 3
Correspondence, June 1933-August 1934 series 1box 4folder 4
Correspondence, June 1933-August 1934 series 1box 4folder 5
Correspondence, June 1933-August 1934 series 1box 4folder 6
Correspondence, June 1933-August 1934 series 1box 4folder 7
Correspondence, June 1933-August 1934 series 1box 4folder 8
Correspondence, Sept. 1934-1954 and undated series 1box 5folder 1
Correspondence, Sept. 1934-1954 and undated series 1box 5folder 2
Correspondence, Sept. 1934-1954 and undated series 1box 5folder 3
Correspondence, Sept. 1934-1954 and undated series 1box 5folder 4
Correspondence, Sept. 1934-1954 and undated series 1box 5folder 5
Correspondence, Sept. 1934-1954 and undated series 1box 5folder 6
Correspondence, Sept. 1934-1954 and undated series 1box 5folder 7
Correspondence, Sept. 1934-1954 and undated series 1box 5folder 8
Council of Administration, 1920-1921 series 1box 5folder 9
Charles Eliot, 1931-1932 series 1box 5folder 10
Endowment Fund, 1926-1969 -- Asper Memorial, 1967-1969 series 1box 6folder 1
Endowment Fund, 1926-1969 -- Bressler Reserve, 1964-1969 series 1box 6folder 2
Geary Eppley, undated series 1box 6folder 3
Far East Command, 1949-1951 series 1box 6folder 4
Far East Command, 1949-1951 series 1box 6folder 5
Financial Statements, 1920-1953 series 1box 6folder 6
Financial Statements, 1920-1953 series 1box 6folder 7
Fraternities, 1923-1929 series 1box 6folder 8
Inter-Fraternity Council, 1922-1931 series 1box 7folder 1
Land, 1932-1934 series 1box 7folder 2
Legislation, 1928-1959 series 1box 7folder 4
Legislature, 1919-1924 series 1box 7folder 5
Legislature, 1919-1924 series 1box 7folder 6
"Maryland U's President" poster, [1941] series 1box 7folder 7
Medical School, 1934-[1953] series 1box 7folder 8
Middle States Accreditation Report, [c. 1959] series 1box 7folder 9
Middle States Association of Colleges & Secondary Schools -- Correspondence, 1953-1959 series 1box 7folder 10
Middle States Association of Colleges & Secondary Schools -- Pamphlets, 1954-1955 series 1box 7folder 11
Middle States Association of Colleges & Secondary Schools -- Report, 1953 series 1box 7folder 12
Middle States Association of Colleges & Secondary Schools -- Report, undated series 1box 8folder 1
Military Training, 1932-1933 series 1box 8folder 2
Military Training, 1932-1933 series 1box 8folder 3
Montgomery County Schools, 1933 series 1box 8folder 4
Negro Education, 1933-1935 series 1box 8folder 5
Negro Education, 1947-1949 series 1box 8folder 6
Notebook, undated series 1box 8folder 7
R. A. Pearson, 1926-May 1931 series 1box 8folder 8
R. A. Pearson, 1926-May 1931 series 1box 8folder 9
R. A. Pearson, 1926-May 1931 series 1box 8folder 10
R. A. Pearson, June 1931-1934 series 1box 9folder 1
R. A. Pearson, June 1931-1934 series 1box 9folder 2
R. A. Pearson, June 1931-1934 series 1box 9folder 3
R. A. Pearson, June 1931-1934 series 1box 9folder 4
R. A. Pearson, June 1931-1934 series 1box 9folder 5
Phi Beta Kappa, 1948-1954 series 1box 9folder 6
Politics, 1932-1935 series 1box 9folder 7
Politics, 1932-1935 series 1box 9folder 8
Politics, 1932-1935 series 1box 9folder 9
Politics, 1932-1935 series 1box 9folder 10
Public Works Administration, 1933-1935 series 1box 10folder 1
Resolutions, 1924 series 1box 10folder 2
Albert Ritchie, 1923-1934 series 1box 10folder 3
Albert Ritchie, 1923-1934 series 1box 10folder 4
Albert Ritchie, 1923-1934 series 1box 10folder 5
Albert Ritchie, 1923-1934 series 1box 10folder 6
Albert Ritchie, 1923-1934 series 1box 10folder 7
Albert Ritchie, 1923-1934 series 1box 10folder 8
Albert Ritchie, 1923-1934 series 1box 10folder 9
Scholarships, 1933-1934 series 1box 11folder 1
Senate, 1919-1934 series 1box 11folder 2
Senate, 1919-1934 series 1box 11folder 3
Senate, 1919-1934 series 1box 11folder 4
Senate, 1919-1934 series 1box 11folder 5
S. M. Shoemaker, 1931-1933 series 1box 11folder 6
Speeches -- Byrd, [1934]-1953 series 1box 11folder 7
Speeches -- Byrd, [1934]-1953 series 1box 11folder 8
Speeches -- Byrd, [1934]-1953 series 1box 11folder 9
Speeches -- Byrd, 1959 and undated series 1box 12folder 1
Speeches -- Byrd, 1959 and undated series 1box 12folder 2
Speeches -- Byrd, 1959 and undated series 1box 12folder 3
Speeches -- Other, 1932-1958 and undated series 1box 12folder 4
Student Activities, 1954 and undated series 1box 12folder 5
Student Government, 1930-1933 series 1box 12folder 6
Student Publications, [c.1920s]-1935 series 1box 12folder 7
University of Maryland, History of, 1946-1959, undated series 1box 12folder 8
University Miscellaneous, [1928]-1962 series 1box 12folder 9
University Statistics, [1920s]-1960 series 1box 12folder 10
Bob Young, 1952 series 1box 12folder 11

Series 2: Political, 1910-1969 (1.75 linear feet)

Series II contains materials related to Byrd's involvement in politics. The two subseries which comprise this series cover Byrd's political campaigns and his involvement in state commissions dealing with the Chesapeake Bay. Because Byrd collected items which pre-date his retirement from the University of Maryland, materials in this series date from 1910 to 1969, but the bulk comes from 1954 and the 1960s. The clippings in Series IV also contain extensive coverage of Byrd's commission work and campaigns.

Subseries 2.1: Campaigns, 1950-1967 (0.5 linear feet)

This subseries, dating from 1950 to 1967, contains materials related to Byrd's unsuccessful political campaigns. Files include correspondence, speeches, and pamphlets. Materials on George P. Mahoney, whom Byrd defeated in the Democratic primary for the gubernatorial race, and Theodore R. McKeldin comprise part of this subseries as well, pre-dating Byrd's own campaign involvement. Files have been arranged alphabetically.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Campaign Expenses, 1954-1966series 2.1box 1folder 1
Campaign Expenses, 1954-1966series 2.1box 1folder 2
Correspondence, 1951-1967series 2.1box 1folder 3
Democratic Campaign Conference, 1966series 2.1box 1folder 4
George P. Mahoney, 1954, undatedseries 2.1box 1folder 5
Mailing Lists, 1951-1953, undatedseries 2.1box 1folder 6
Theodore R. McKeldin, 1951-1955, undatedseries 2.1box 1folder 7
Miscellaneous, 1954, undatedseries 2.1box 1folder 8
Pamphlets, 1950-1956, 1966-1967, undatedseries 2.1box 1folder 9
Pamphlets, 1954, undatedseries 2.1box 2folder 1
Speeches and Statements -- Byrd, 1954, undatedseries 2.1box 2folder 2
Speeches and Statements -- Other, 1954-1965, undatedseries 2.1box 2folder 3
Waldron, 1954series 2.1box 2folder 4

Subseries 2.2: Gubernatorial Appointments, 1910-1969 (1.25 linear feet)

In 1958, Governor J. Millard Tawes appointed Byrd to chair the Tidewater Fisheries Commission. Five years later, Tawes reappointed him to the commission, which had been reorganized as the Commission on Chesapeake Bay Affairs. During the 1960s, Byrd also served on the Potomac River Fisheries Commission. Materials on such issues as licenses, audits, and shellfish, which relate to Byrd's activities on these commissions, comprise this subseries. Included are statistics on expenditures and licenses, reports, minutes, pamphlets, and correspondence with Millard Tawes, Joseph Manning, Mills Godwin, Eugene Cronin, and Robert Norris. Dates range from 1910 to 1969, though most of the material was created in the 1960s. Some of the printed material that Byrd collected pre-dates his own involvement in the commissions but deal with Chesapeake Bay issues.

Files have been arranged alphabetically.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Correspondence, 1959-1968series 2.2box 1folder 1
Correspondence, 1959-1968series 2.2box 1folder 2
Correspondence, 1959-1968series 2.2box 1folder 3
Correspondence, 1959-1968series 2.2box 2folder 1
Potomac River Fisheries Commission -- Disbursements, 1965-1968series 2.2box 2folder 2
Potomac River Fisheries Commission -- Minutes, 1964-1969series 2.2box 2folder 3
Potomac River Fisheries Commission -- Minutes, 1964-1969series 2.2box 2folder 4
Potomac River Fisheries Commission -- Minutes, 1964-1969series 2.2box 2folder 5
Reports and Pamphlets, 1910-1946series 2.2box 2folder 6
Reports and Pamphlets, 1946-1968, undatedseries 2.2box 2folder 7
Reports and Pamphlets, 1946-1968, undatedseries 2.2box 2folder 8
Reports and Pamphlets, 1946-1968, undatedseries 2.2box 2folder 9
Reports and Pamphlets, 1946-1968, undatedseries 2.2box 3folder 1
Reports and Pamphlets, 1946-1968, undatedseries 2.2box 3folder 2
Reports and Pamphlets, 1946-1968, undatedseries 2.2box 3folder 3
Reports and Pamphlets, 1946-1968, undatedseries 2.2box 3folder 4
Reports and Pamphlets, 1946-1968, undatedseries 2.2box 3folder 5
Reports and Pamphlets, 1946-1968, undatedseries 2.2box 3folder 6
Reports and Pamphlets, undatedseries 2.2box 3folder 7
Reports and Pamphlets, undatedseries 2.2box 3folder 8
Speeches -- Byrd, 1959-1965, undatedseries 2.2box 3folder 9
Tidewater Fisheries -- Expenditures, 1961series 2.2box 3folder 10
Tidewater Fisheries -- Minutes, 1963series 2.2box 3folder 11
Watermen, 1960-1961, undatedseries 2.2box 3folder 12

Series 3: Private Life, 1909-1970 (3 linear feet)

This series contains materials documenting Byrd's personal life. While dates range from 1909 to 1970, the bulk originated between 1930 and 1935 and between 1950 and 1969. The materials in the three subseries primarily include correspondence, manuscripts, proofs of books, speeches, and pamphlets related to Byrd's personal affairs, involvement in fraternal organizations, and international interests. There is additional material on Byrd's personal life among the clippings of Series IV.

Subseries 3.1: Personal Affairs, 1927-1970 (1.5 linear feet)

This subseries contains correspondence, agreements, membership cards, and entrance passes. Also included are speeches and manuscripts written by Byrd and other individuals, clippings of poetry and quotations, pamphlets, and guest books apparently from Byrd's memorial service. Important topics include banking and construction business, property agreements, state politics, Byrd's relationship with President Wilson Elkins and the University of Maryland, civic organizations, and personal matters. Dates range from 1927 to 1970, but major portions come from the 1955 to 1969 period.

Files have been arranged alphabetically.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Appointment Books, 1966series 3.1box 1folder 1
Christmas Card, Holy Name College Priests, undatedseries 3.1box 1folder 2
Correspondence, 1954-1968series 3.1box 1folder 3
Correspondence, 1954-1968series 3.1box 1folder 4
Correspondence, 1954-1968series 3.1box 1folder 5
Correspondence, 1954-1968series 3.1box 1folder 6
Correspondence, 1954-1968series 3.1box 1folder 7
Correspondence, 1954-1968series 3.1box 1folder 8
Correspondence, 1969-1970series 3.1box 2folder 1
Correspondence, 1969-1970series 3.1box 2folder 2
Manuscripts, undatedseries 3.1box 2folder 3
Maryland, History of, undatedseries 3.1box 2folder 4
Membership Cards and Passes, 1927-1932series 3.1box 2folder 5
Memorial Guest Books, [1970]series 3.1box 2folder 6
Memorial Guest Books, [1970]series 3.1box 2folder 7
Miscellaneous Printed Matter, 1941, 1953-1968, undatedseries 3.1box 2folder 8
My Country's Health, by H.C. Byrd and F. M. Walters, undatedseries 3.1box 3folder 1
Notebook, undatedseries 3.1box 3folder 2
Property, 1928-1968, undatedseries 3.1box 3folder 3
Property, 1928-1968, undatedseries 3.1box 3folder 4
Romance of Right Living, by F. M. Walters, undatedseries 3.1box 3folder 5
Speeches -- Byrd, undatedseries 3.1box 3folder 6
Speeches -- Other, 1933-[1954], undatedseries 3.1box 3folder 7
"The Sports Staff of The Star Wishes You All A Merry Christmas!", 1933series 3.1box 3folder 8
"Williams' Job", 1952series 3.1box 3folder 9

Subseries 3.2: Fraternal Organizations, 1930-1970 (0.5 linear feet)

Throughout his life, Byrd belonged to numerous fraternal organizations, such as the Masons, the Loyal Order of the Moose, and the Shriners. This subseries consists of correspondence, pamphlets, and reports relating to these organizations. Major topics include membership matters, meetings, conventions, and fund-raising. While the material covers the period between 1930 and 1970, the bulk dates from 1930 to 1935 and 1968 to 1969.

Files have been arranged alphabetically.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Boumi Temple, 1931-1935series 3.2box 1folder 1
Correspondence, 1930-1970series 3.2box 1folder 2
Correspondence, 1930-1970series 3.2box 1folder 3
Correspondence, 1930-1970series 3.2box 1folder 4
Correspondence, 1930-1970series 3.2box 1folder 5
Harmony Lodge, 1930-1935series 3.2box 1folder 6
Masons, 1931-1969, undatedseries 3.2box 1folder 7
Miscellaneous, 1961-1968series 3.2box 1folder 8
Moose, 1933-1969, undatedseries 3.2box 1folder 9
Moose, 1933-1969, undatedseries 3.2box 1folder 10
Shriners, 1934-1968series 3.2box 1folder 11

Subseries 3.3: International Affairs, 1938-1970 (1 linear feet)

Subseries 3 contains correspondence, pamphlets, proofs of books, and reports related to Byrd's international interests and membership in the Defense Orientation Conference Association (D.O.C.A.). Subjects include individual nations, regions, and international issues such as communism, war, and economics. Dates range from 1938 to 1970, though much of the material originates from the 1950 to 1968 period.

Files have been arranged alphabetically.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Arms, 1958-1968, undatedseries 3.3box 1folder 1
Berlin, 1967-1968, undatedseries 3.3box 1folder 2
China, [1947-1951]series 3.3box 1folder 3
Communism, 1944-1968, undatedseries 3.3box 1folder 4
Communism, 1944-1968, undatedseries 3.3box 1folder 5
Correspondence, 1944-1970series 3.3box 1folder 6
The Deadly Parallel, Hartley Grattan, 1939series 3.3box 1folder 7
Europe, 1945-1968, undatedseries 3.3box 1folder 8
Foreign Policy, 1955-1965, undatedseries 3.3box 2folder 1
International Economy, 1944-1968, undatedseries 3.3box 2folder 2
International Economy, 1944-1968, undatedseries 3.3box 2folder 3
Japan, 1962, undatedseries 3.3box 2folder 4
Korea, 1950-1952, undatedseries 3.3box 2folder 5
Middle East, 1954-1955series 3.3box 2folder 6
Miscellaneous, 1953-1961, undatedseries 3.3box 2folder 7
South America, 1953-1956, undatedseries 3.3box 2folder 8
South East Asia, 1954-1962, undatedseries 3.3box 2folder 9
Through the Fog of War, Liddell Hart, 1938series 3.3box 2folder 10

Series 4: Clippings, 1909-1969 (6 linear feet)

Series IV is comprised of loose newspaper clippings and scrapbooks that cover Byrd's life and career as coach, university administrator, political candidate, and commission chairman. In addition, some clippings do not relate directly to Byrd but instead cover news about international issues, regional interests, the University of Maryland, and his successor as university president, Wilson H. Elkins. The material in this subseries dates from 1909 to 1969, but the bulk covers his 1954 gubernatorial campaign.

Files and scrapbooks are arranged chronologically.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Clippings, 1896-1954 series 4box 1folder 1
Clippings, 1896-1954 series 4box 1folder 2
Clippings, 1896-1954 series 4box 1folder 3
Clippings, 1896-1954 series 4box 1folder 4
Clippings, 1896-1954 series 4box 1folder 5
Clippings, 1896-1954 series 4box 1folder 6
Clippings, 1896-1954 series 4box 1folder 7
Clippings, 1896-1954 series 4box 1folder 8
Clippings, 1896-1954 series 4box 1folder 9
Clippings, 1896-1954 series 4box 1folder 10
Clippings, 1954 series 4box 2folder 1
Clippings, 1954 series 4box 2folder 2
Clippings, 1954 series 4box 2folder 3
Clippings, 1954 series 4box 2folder 4
Clippings, 1954 series 4box 2folder 5
Clippings, 1954 series 4box 2folder 6
Clippings, 1954 series 4box 2folder 7
Clippings, 1954 series 4box 2folder 8
Clippings, 1954 series 4box 2folder 9
Clippings, 1954 series 4box 2folder 10
Clippings, 1954 series 4box 2folder 11
Clippings, 1954-1968, undated series 4box 3folder 1
Clippings, 1954-1968, undated series 4box 3folder 2
Clippings, 1954-1968, undated series 4box 3folder 3
Clippings, 1954-1968, undated series 4box 3folder 4
Clippings, 1954-1968, undated series 4box 3folder 5
Clippings, 1954-1968, undated series 4box 3folder 6
Clippings, 1954-1968, undated series 4box 3folder 7
Clippings, 1954-1968, undated series 4box 3folder 8
Clippings, 1954-1968, undated series 4box 3folder 9
Clippings, 1954-1968, undated series 4box 3folder 10
Clippings, 1954-1968, undated series 4box 3folder 11
Scrapbooks, 1909-1936, undated series 4box 4folder 1
Scrapbooks, 1909-1936, undated series 4box 4folder 2
Scrapbooks, 1936-1940 series 4box 5folder 1
Scrapbooks, 1940-1954 series 4box 6folder 1

Series 5: Certificates, [1908]- 1968 (0.5 linear feet)

Throughout his life, Byrd received numerous certificates of appreciation and awards from various fraternal, military, civic, athletic, and university organizations. Dating from approximately 1908 to 1968, a wide variety of certificates comprise this series: from diplomas for honorary degrees to memberships in fraternities to certificates of appreciation from Rotary Clubs.

Certificates are arranged alphabetically.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Administrative Board, 1947 series 5box 1folder 1
Agricultural Alumni Association, 1951 series 5box 1folder 2
Alpha Phi Omega, 1948 series 5box 1folder 3
Athletic Association of Georgetown University, 1929 series 5box 1folder 4
Baseball, [1908] series 5box 1folder 5
Boumi, 1937-1949 series 5box 1folder 6
Boumi, 1937-1949 series 5box 1folder 7
Chatterbox Club, 1950 series 5box 1folder 8
College Park, 1953 series 5box 1folder 9
College Park Board of Trade, 1965 series 5box 1folder 10
College Park Mayor and Council, 1959 series 5box 1folder 11
Diplomas, [1937]-1938 series 5box 1folder 12
Defense Orientation Conference Association, 1956-1965 series 5box 1folder 13
Defense Orientation Conference Association, 1956-1965 series 5box 1folder 14
El Paso County Sheriff's Reserve, [1962] series 5box 1folder 15
El Paso Honorary Citizen, 1962 series 5box 1folder 16
Football, 1908 series 5box 1folder 17
Future Farmers of America, 1944 series 5box 1folder 18
Georgetown University Athletic Hall of Fame, 1958 series 5box 1folder 19
Helms Hall of Fame, 1955 series 5box 1folder 20
Irish Mail, 1957 series 5box 1folder 21
Kentucky Colonel, 1962 series 5box 1folder 22
Knights of the Iron Table, 1962 series 5box 1folder 23
M Club, 1961 series 5box 1folder 24
Marine Corps Reserve Officers Association, 1950 series 5box 1folder 25
Maryland Society of Pennsylvania, 1941 series 5box 1folder 26
Masons, 1967 series 5box 1folder 27
Metropolitan Washington Board of Trade, 1966 series 5box 1folder 28
Mississippi, 1960 series 5box 1folder 29
Moose, Loyal Order of the, undated series 5box 1folder 30
National Intercollegiate Championship Football Trophy, 1953 series 5box 1folder 31
Phi Delta Kappa, 1957 series 5box 1folder 32
Phi Eta Sigma, 1941 series 5box 1folder 33
Phi Kappa Phi, 1954 series 5box 1folder 34
Pi Delta Epsilon, 1930 series 5box 1folder 35
Pi Sigma Alpha, 1938 series 5box 1folder 36
Prince George's Chamber of Commerce, 1957 series 5box 1folder 37
Reserve Officers Training Corps, 1942 series 5box 1folder 38
Rotary Club, 1950 series 5box 1folder 39
Rotary Club, 1965 series 5box 1folder 40
Royal Order of the Jesters, 1962 series 5box 1folder 41
School of the Americas, 1966 series 5box 1folder 42
Sigma Alpha Epsilon, 1943 series 5box 1folder 43
S. M. A. Fathers of Perpetual Mass Association Rescript, undated series 5box 1folder 44
South Regional Education Board, 1968 series 5box 1folder 45
Strategic Air Command, 1964 series 5box 1folder 46
Stubby, 1932 series 5box 1folder 47
Takoma Park Volunteer Fire Department, 1952 series 5box 1folder 48
Terrapin Club, 1956 series 5box 1folder 49
Top Maryland Alumnus, 1956 series 5box 1folder 50
Track, [1908] series 5box 1folder 51
Tribute to Harry Clifton Byrd, 1954 series 5box 1folder 52
U. S. Air Force, 1964 series 5box 1folder 53
U. S. Army Forces Southern Command, 1966 series 5box 1folder 54
U. S. Commander Berlin, 1965 series 5box 1folder 55
U. S. Navy, 1943 series 5box 1folder 56
West Texas Ranger, 1962 series 5box 1folder 57
Women's Advertising Club of Baltimore, 1960 series 5box 1folder 58

Series 6: Memorabilia, 1909-1964 (10.5 linear feet.)

Byrd memorabilia include footballs, trophies, plaques, name plates, a mug, a clock, keys, a paperweight, a gavel, and an academic gown and hood. Byrd received many of these items from civic organizations and athletic groups. Dates range from 1909 to 1964, but the bulk originates from 1949 to 1962. The objects were transferred to the memorabilia collection (memorabilia #59-#88).

The box inventory for this series is not currently available online. Please refer to the series description above for a broad description of the materials or contact the department for more information.

Series 7: Photographs, [c.1895]-1964 (1 linear feet)

The Byrd papers contain a significant number of photographs. Most depict Byrd at public events, such as dinners and football games. He appears with members of organizations and fraternal orders and with various individuals, such as J. Millard Tawes and Evelyn Byrd. There are several portraits of Byrd as well as class and team photographs from his childhood and college years. Lastly, included among the photographs are depictions of fishing boats and landscapes. Dates of the photographs span from approximately 1894 to 1964. Many are undated, but the bulk appears to have been taken during the 1950s and 1960s. These materials were transferred to the Photograph Collection. Photographs from this collection that were previously removed to the Biographical Photographs - Print File and Subject Photographs - Print File collections have been reintegrated into the collection.

The box inventory for this series is not currently available online. Please refer to the series description above for a broad description of the materials or contact the department for more information.

Series 8: Scrapbook, 1916-1931 and undated (1.5 Linear Feet)

This scrapbook was previously stored in Byrd's presidential files. It originally had clippings pasted on the first page and an assortment of loose materials which have since been removed and filed seperately. The scrapbook contained several photographs; newspaper clippings about Byrd, his family, and the University of Maryland; short stories and articles written by Byrd; assorted notes and poems; and a series of membership lists from various organizations, primarily women's groups. Most of the documents are undated, but dated itens range from 1916 to 1931.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Georgetown Football Flyer, undated series 8box 1folder 1
Washington Evening Star Articles, undated series 8box 1folder 1
Silk Flag with Presidental Seal, undated series 8box 1folder 1
Samuel Shoemaker (photograph), undated series 8box 1folder 1
"Outline for Campaign", undated series 8box 1folder 1
Letter from Talbot Speer to Byrd, 1917 series 8box 1folder 1
Washington & Lee University Bulletin, 1929 series 8box 1folder 1
M.A.C. Baseball (photograph), undated series 8box 1folder 1
Essay on Problems in American Society, undated series 8box 1folder 1
Poetry, undated series 8box 1folder 1
Magazine Clippings, undated series 8box 1folder 1
NCAA Program with notes, 1926 series 8box 1folder 1
Assorted Notes, undated series 8box 1folder 1
Chart of U of M Organization, 1920 series 8box 1folder 1
M.A.C Track Meet (2 photographs), 1916 series 8box 1folder 1
Newspaper Clippings, 1930, undated series 8box 1folder 2
Organization Membership Lists, 1929-1931, undated series 8box 1folder 3

Related Material

Byrd's official files comprise a significant portion of the University of Maryland System President's Office record group. Since Byrd also frequently interacted with the Board of Regents, records relating to him exist in the Regents' official files as well.

Additional photographs of Byrd are located in the Biographical Print Files.

For other related archival and manuscript collections, please see the following subject guides.

Selected Search Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the University of Maryland Libraries' Catalog. Researchers desiring related materials about these topics, names, or places may search the Catalog using these headings.

Subjects

Names (Added Entries)