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National Public Radio Archives: Executive Office: Frank Mankiewicz Files

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1903.1/20707

Abstract

Title:
National Public Radio Archives: Executive Office: Frank Mankiewicz Files
Author/Creator:
National Public Radio Archives: Executive Office: Frank Mankiewicz Files
Collection number:
NPBA 92-23
Size:
8.50 linear feet
Bulk dates:
1977-1983
Inclusive dates:
1977-1983
Collection Area:
Mass Media and Culture
Repository:
Special Collections, University of Maryland Libraries, Hornbake Library, College Park, MD 20742. Tel: 301-405-9212, Fax: 301-314-2709, Email: askhornbake@umd.edu
Abstract:

The National Public Radio Archives: Executive Office: Frank Mankiewicz Files document the tenure of Mankiewicz as president of National Public Radio (NPR) from 1977 to 1983. These records comprise a series of the subgroup Executive Office of the National Public Radio Archives. The collection consists of correspondence, memorandum, photocopies of newspaper and magazine clippings, reports, copies of legislation, drafts of contracts, and advertisements. There are 30 correspondence files covering six subject areas: [NPR] Board of Directors (of which Mankiewicz was a member); Congress (which includes Senate correspondence); General; Listeners; Resumes; and Station Affiliates.

Important Information for Users of the Collection

Restrictions:

The collection is open for research use.

Preferred citation:

National Public Radio Archives: Executive Office: Frank Mankiewicz Files, Special Collections, University of Maryland Libraries.

Publication rights:

Photocopies of original materials may be provided for a fee and at the discretion of the curator. Please see our Duplication of Materials policy for more information. Queries regarding publication rights and copyright status of materials within this collection should be directed to the appropriate curator.

Status:

This collection is PROCESSED.

Historical Note

Frank Mankiewicz was president of National Public Radio (NPR) from 1977 to 1983. He brought a variety of professional and political experiences and contacts with him to NPR that distinguished his tenure as president. He had years of experience as a journalist; he was a writer of four books, a television commentator, and a syndicated columnist. In politics he had directed the Peace Corps' Latin American division, was Senator Robert F. Kennedy's press secretary, and directed the national presidential campaign for Senator George McGovern. He also practiced law for several years in California. Mankiewicz brought tremendous growth to NPR in the areas of programming, audience, distribution services, and budget. He is also associated with a financial crisis that hit NPR in 1983 and led to sizable layoffs and his own resignation.

Mankiewicz began his work at NPR just months after a merger between NPR and American Public Radio Service (APRS). According to observers, when Mankiewicz took over on August 1, 1977, "he inherited a mismanaged, fragmented organization with low staff morale and a growing deficit." The merger marked a new beginning for NPR as Mankiewicz reorganized the upper management and brought in new staff from the former APRS and from the Corporation for Public Broadcasting (CPB). NPR began operations via satellite in 1979, which dramatically improved sound quality and distribution capabilities. The most significant change in programming under Mankiewicz was the development of the news and cultural affairs program Morning Edition. The program contributed to NPR's expanding audience which grew from 4.5 million to 8.5 million listeners. Under Mankiewicz the programming, staff, and budget also grew, as the budget climbed from $3.5 to $24 million in 1980. Until 1980 NPR received 70 percent of its budget from federal funds. During the early 1980s that funding was cut by 50 percent, although the allotment for radio funding from the CPB increased as part of the Public Broadcasting Amendment of 1981 (H.R. 3238). The collection documents Mankiewicz's involvement in many joint business ventures that were part of NPR's efforts to become independent of federal funding.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

This collection contains 5.50 linear feet of records of Frank Mankiewicz, president of NPR from 1977 to 1983. These records comprise a series of the subgroup Executive Office of the National Public Radio Archives. The files are arranged alphabetically by subject in their original order. The records within the files are arranged chronologically.

The collection consists of correspondence, memorandum, photocopies of newspaper and magazine clippings, reports, copies of legislation, drafts of contracts, and advertisements. There are 30 correspondence files covering six subject areas: [NPR] Board of Directors (of which Mankiewicz was a member); Congress (which includes Senate correspondence); General; Listeners; Resumes; and Station Affiliates. Correspondence and resumes from people seeking employment at NPR directly through Mankiewicz—often referred via personal or professional contacts—are found scattered throughout other areas of the collection as well. Correspondence with members of the United States Congress documents Mankiewicz's extensive political contacts, including relations with Senators Edward Kennedy and Gary Hart, and Rep. Timothy Wirth. Files that deal with NPR's business ventures include: ASCOT; Cellular Radio; CODART; Compuserve; Dataspeed, Inc.; National Satellite Paging Co.; For Profit Subsidiary; NPR Ventures; and UPI/NPR Agreement. Files with "FCC" in their title contain records related to negotiations between the FCC and public radio as well as legislation. Files titled "H.R. 3238", and "Rewrite" also contain materials related to the Public Broadcasting Amendment of 1981. Files containing information about programming include but are not limited to: Latino/Hispanic Programming; Lucasfilm LTD; Morning Edition; News and Information (from various bureaus); Music Performance; L.A. Philharmonic; Programming Proposals; St. Paul Sunday Morning; Sunday Show; and Supreme Court of the U.S. The collection also includes research on audience, ratings, and usage in files titled "Research." Advertising and business consultant's reports are found in files titled "Advertising Recommendation," "Finance-Nicholson Report," and "McKinsey and Co." Other personnel-related files are: AFTRA (containing unionization negotiations for NPR employees) and Minority Task Force.

Custodial History and Acquisition Information

Six boxes of the Frank Mankiewicz files were transferred from NPR to the University of Maryland Libraries in August of 1991 as part of a larger accession of 255 boxes. A subsequent transfer of six boxes in February 1994 included one box of Mankiewicz files.

Processing Information

Processed by:

Processed by Katherine Scott-Childress, December 1994.

Processing note:

Documents were placed in acid-free folders which were then put into acid-free boxes.

Encoded by:

EAD markup created using EAD database in Microsoft Access. Markup completed by Caitlin Wells, May 2012.

Arrangement of Collection

This collection is arranged in one series:

Detailed Description of the Collection

Series 1: Frank Mankiewicz Files, 1977-1983 (8.50 linear feet)

The National Public Radio Archives: Executive Office: Frank Mankiewicz Files document the tenure of Mankiewicz as president of National Public Radio (NPR) from 1977 to 1983. These records comprise a series of the subgroup Executive Office of the National Public Radio Archives. The collection consists of correspondence, memorandum, photocopies of newspaper and magazine clippings, reports, copies of legislation, drafts of contracts, and advertisements. There are 30 correspondence files covering six subject areas: [NPR] Board of Directors (of which Mankiewicz was a member); Congress (which includes Senate correspondence); General; Listeners; Resumes; and Station Affiliates.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Advertising Recommendations, 1978 series 1box 1folder 1
AFTRA (American Federation of Television and Radio Artists), 1977-1979 series 1box 1folder 2
ASCOT (Audio Services through Cable and Other Technologies, April 1981 to January 1983 series 1box 1folder 3
ASCOT (Audio Services through Cable and Other Technologies, April 1981 to January 1983 series 1box 1folder 4
ASCOT (Audio Services through Cable and Other Technologies, April 1981 to January 1983 series 1box 1folder 5
Betamax, 1981 series 1box 1folder 6
Board of Directors Task Forces, n.d. series 1box 1folder 7
Board of Directors Correspondence, 1977-1978 series 1box 1folder 8
Board of Directors Correspondence, 1977-1978 series 1box 1folder 9
Board of Directors Correspondence, 1979-1981 series 1box 1folder 10
Board of Directors Correspondence, 1981-1983 series 1box 1folder 11
Brademas Committee (National Conference on Humanities and Arts), 1977-1978 series 1box 1folder 12
Broadcasters Census Committee of Eighty, 1979-1980 series 1box 1folder 13
Business Services Department, n.d. series 1box 1folder 14
Cable (Audio), 1981-1983 series 1box 1folder 15
Cellular Radio, 1983 series 1box 1folder 16
CODART, November 1981 - February 1983 series 1box 1folder 17
CODART, November 1981 - February 1983 series 1box 1folder 18
Compuserve, 1982 series 1box 1folder 19
Congress (Correspondence), September 1977 - March 1983 series 1box 1folder 20
Congress (Correspondence), September 1977 - March 1983 series 1box 1folder 21
Congress (Correspondence), September 1977 - March 1983 series 1box 1folder 22
Congress (Correspondence), September 1977 - March 1983 series 1box 1folder 23
Correspondence - General, January 1981 - 1983 series 1box 1folder 24
Correspondence - General, January 1981 - 1983 series 1box 1folder 25
Correspondence - General, January 1981 - 1983 series 1box 1folder 26
Correspondence - General, January 1981 - 1983 series 1box 1folder 27
Correspondence - General, January 1981 - 1983 series 1box 1folder 28
Correspondence - General, January 1981 - 1983 series 1box 1folder 29
Correspondence - Listeners, January 1981 - 1983 series 1box 2folder 1
Correspondence - Listeners, January 1981 - 1983 series 1box 2folder 2
Correspondence - Listeners, January 1981 - 1983 series 1box 2folder 3
Correspondence - Listeners, January 1981 - 1983 series 1box 2folder 4
Correspondence - Listeners, January 1981 - 1983 series 1box 2folder 5
Correspondence - Resumes, January 1981 - 1983 series 1box 2folder 6
Correspondence - Resumes, January 1981 - 1983 series 1box 2folder 7
Correspondence - Resumes, January 1981 - 1983 series 1box 2folder 8
Correspondence - Resumes, January 1981 - 1983 series 1box 2folder 9
Correspondence - Resumes, January 1981 - 1983 series 1box 2folder 10
Correspondence - Station Affiliates, December 1980 - 1983 series 1box 2folder 11
Correspondence - Station Affiliates, December 1980 - 1983 series 1box 2folder 12
Correspondence - Station Affiliates, December 1980 - 1983 series 1box 2folder 13
Correspondence - Station Affiliates, December 1980 - 1983 series 1box 2folder 14
Correspondence - Station Affiliates, December 1980 - 1983 series 1box 2folder 15
Correspondence - Station Affiliates, December 1980 - 1983 series 1box 2folder 16
Correspondence - Station Affiliates - KUSC, 1981 series 1box 2folder 17
DACS (Direct Access Communications System), 1977-1982 series 1box 2folder 18
Dataspeed, 1982-1983 series 1box 2folder 19
Deficit, 1978 series 1box 2folder 20
Dennery Amendment (Congress - Correspondence), 1977-1981 series 1box 2folder 21
Engineering, 1977-1983 series 1box 2folder 22
FCC, July 1977 - September 1979 series 1box 3folder 1
FCC, January 1980 - January 1982 series 1box 3folder 2
FCC Docket 20735 (Non-Commercial FM Radio), 1978-1980 series 1box 3folder 3
FCC Clear Channel Broadcasting, 1977-1980 series 1box 3folder 4
KSJN (American Public Radio controversy), 1982-1983 series 1box 3folder 5
FCC Policy, 1976-1980 series 1box 3folder 6
FCC TCAF (Temporary Commission on Alternative Financing for Public Telecommunications), August 1980 - April 1983 series 1box 3folder 7
FCC TCAF (Temporary Commission on Alternative Financing for Public Telecommunications), August 1980 - April 1983 series 1box 3folder 8
Field Enterprises, 1983 series 1box 3folder 9
Finance - Nicholson Report (Wage/Price Guidelines), 1977 series 1box 3folder 10
Finance Department, 1977-1983 series 1box 3folder 11
For Profit Subsidiary, 1982 series 1box 3folder 12
House Broadcasts, 1978-1981 series 1box 3folder 13
H.R. 3238 (Wirth, 1981 Public Broadcasting Amendment), 1980-1982 series 1box 3folder 14
Inc. (Joint Venture), December 1981 - April 1982 series 1box 3folder 15
Inc. (Joint Venture), February 1982 - April 1983 series 1box 3folder 16
Insurance, 1980 series 1box 3folder 17
Invitations Declined, 1982 series 1box 3folder 18
Latin American Bureau - Austin, 1977-1978 series 1box 3folder 19
Latin American Coverage, 1980-1981 series 1box 3folder 20
Latino/Hispanic Programming, 1978-1980 series 1box 3folder 21
Legislation, 1977-1978 series 1box 3folder 22
Legislation, 1980-1981 series 1box 3folder 23
Legislation, 1983 series 1box 3folder 24
Legislative - Conference, 1981 series 1box 3folder 25
Lucasfilm LTD, August 1978 - March 1983 series 1box 3folder 26
Lucasfilm LTD, August 1978 - March 1983 series 1box 3folder 27
Lucasfilm LTD, August 1978 - March 1983 series 1box 3folder 28
McKinsey and Co., September 1981 - August 1982 series 1box 4folder 1
McKinsey and Co., September 1981 - August 1982 series 1box 4folder 2
Middle East Coverage, 1977-1982 series 1box 4folder 3
Minority Programming, 1981-1982 series 1box 4folder 4
Minority Task Force, January 1978 - November 1979 series 1box 4folder 5
Minority Task Force - Report, November 1978 series 1box 4folder 6
Minority Task Force, November 1978 series 1box 4folder 7
Minority Task Force, November 1979 - March 1980 series 1box 4folder 8
Morning Edition, 1977 - February 1983 series 1box 4folder 9
Morning Edition, 1977 - February 1983 series 1box 4folder 10
Music Performance, 1977 series 1box 4folder 11
Music Performance, 1980-1983 series 1box 4folder 12
Muzak, 1980-1983 series 1box 4folder 13
National Program Service, 1980-1983 series 1box 4folder 14
National Satellite Paging , 1982 series 1box 4folder 15
National Satellite Paging , 1980-1982 series 1box 4folder 16
News and Information - Chicago Bureau, 1978 series 1box 4folder 17
News and Information - London Bureau, 1979-1982 series 1box 4folder 18
News and Information - New York Bureau, 1982-1983 series 1box 4folder 19
NPR Ventures, 1982-1983 series 1box 4folder 20
NTIA and PTFP (National Telecommunications and Information Administration and Public Telecommunications Facilities Program), 1978-1982 series 1box 4folder 21
Opera - New York City, 1979-1980 series 1box 5folder 1
Opera - San Francisco, 1978-1981 series 1box 5folder 2
Political Coverage, NPR and PBS, 1979-1980 series 1box 5folder 3
Print Handicapped, Services For, 1979-1981 series 1box 5folder 4
Program Library/Reference Library, 1977-1981 series 1box 5folder 5
Programming Division, 1980-1981 series 1box 5folder 6
Programming - Kings College Chapel (Christmas Eve), 1980 series 1box 5folder 7
Programming - L.A. Philharmonic, 1978-1980, n.d. series 1box 5folder 8
Programming - L.A. Philharmonic, 1978-1980, n.d. series 1box 5folder 9
Programming Proposals, January 1980 - May 1983 series 1box 5folder 10
Programming Proposals, January 1980 - May 1983 series 1box 5folder 11
Programming Proposals, January 1980 - May 1983 series 1box 5folder 12
Programming - Suggested Program Listings, December 1980 - February 1981 series 1box 5folder 13
Proposition 13, 1978 series 1box 5folder 14
Publicity - Earplay Release, n.d. series 1box 5folder 15
Publicity - Press Kits, 1979-1981 series 1box 5folder 16
Publicity - Press Releases, 1979-1981 series 1box 5folder 17
Public Joint Radio/TV Licensees, 1978 series 1box 5folder 18
PRC (Public Radio Conference), 1980-1983 series 1box 5folder 19
PRC (Public Radio Conference), 1980-1983 series 1box 5folder 20
Reagan, 1980 series 1box 5folder 21
Research - Audience, 1980-1983 series 1box 5folder 22
Research - Ratings, July 1979 - May 1980 series 1box 5folder 23
Research - Ratings, January 1981 series 1box 5folder 24
Research - Ratings, April 1980 - March 1983 series 1box 5folder 25
Research - Usage, 1977-1980 series 1box 5folder 26
Rewrite (Public Telecommunications Act of 1981), 1981 series 1box 5folder 27
St. Paul, Sunday Morning, 1980-1982 series 1box 5folder 28
Satellite Program Development Fund, 1980-1982 series 1box 5folder 29
Specialized Audience Programming, August 1977 - January 1981 series 1box 5folder 30
Specialized Audience Programming, August 1977 - January 1981 series 1box 5folder 31
Sports, 1978 series 1box 5folder 32
Sunday Show, 1981-1983 series 1box 5folder 33
Supreme Court of the United States, October 1977 - December 1978 series 1box 6folder 1
Regents of U.C. v. Bakke, 1977-1978 series 1box 6folder 2
Tapes Services, 1979-1980 series 1box 6folder 3
TIAA/CREF (Teachers Insurance and Annuity Association, College Retirement Equities Fund), 1975-1983 series 1box 6folder 4
TIAA/CREF (Teachers Insurance and Annuity Association, College Retirement Equities Fund), 1975-1983 series 1box 6folder 5
Travel Agencies, 1979-1983 series 1box 6folder 6
Underwriting Guidelines, 1981-1982 series 1box 6folder 7
UPI/NPR Agreement, 1980-1982, n.d. series 1box 7folder 1
UPI/NPR Agreement, 1980-1982, n.d. series 1box 7folder 2
UPI/NPR Agreement, 1980-1982, n.d. series 1box 7folder 3
UPI/NPR Agreement, 1980-1982, n.d. series 1box 7folder 4
U.S. Department H.E.W. (Health, Education, and Welfare), n.d. series 1box 7folder 5
U.S. Department H.E.W. Non-Commercial Broadcasting Facilities, 1976-1978 series 1box 7folder 6

Related Material

The following outside sources were used in the writing of this finding aid:

For other related archival and manuscript collections, please see the following subject guides.