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Albert Gross papers

Abstract

Title:
Albert Gross papers
Author/Creator:
Gross, Albert
Collection number:
74-25
Size:
4.75 linear feet
Bulk dates:
1924-1946
Inclusive dates:
1924-1946
Collection Area:
Literature and Rare Books
Repository:
Special Collections, University of Maryland Libraries, Hornbake Library, College Park, MD 20742. Tel: 301-405-9212, Fax: 301-314-2709, Email: askhornbake@umd.edu
Abstract:

Albert H. (Pete) Gross (1895-1948) worked in publishing for more than two decades. His collection consists primarily of correspondence and manuscripts he accumulated during his tenure at Boni and Liveright, Inc.; Horace Liveright, Inc.; A. and S. Lyons, Inc.; and Coward-McCann, Inc. Manuscripts and correspondence relating to Thomas Mann's "Letter to the Civilized World: A Manifest" are particularly notable, as are other manuscripts and galley proofs, such as those for Ernest Hemingway's In Our Time. The collection also contains correspondence from such literary figures as Sholem Asch, Sherwood Anderson, Gertrude Atherton, Theodore Dreiser, Robinson Jeffers, and Eugene O'Neill.

Important Information for Users of the Collection

Restrictions:

This collection is open for research.

Preferred citation:

Albert Gross papers, Special Collections, University of Maryland Libraries.

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1903.1/1500
Publication rights:

Photocopies of original materials may be provided for a fee and at the discretion of the curator. Please see our Duplication of Materials policy for more information. Queries regarding publication rights and copyright status of materials within this collection should be directed to the appropriate curator.

Status:

This collection is PROCESSED.

Historical Note

The personal life of Albert H. (Pete) Gross (1895-1948), who worked in publishing and translated Sholem Asch's East River from Yiddish, is largely undocumented. Gross was born in Leeds, England, and moved to the United States sometime before 1924. He died of a heart attack on August 16, 1948. At the time of his death, he was survived by his wife, Henrietta (Slater) Gross and their two children, Nancy and Herman.

In 1924, Gross, Alexander Trachtenberg, and A. A. Heller founded International Publishers, a socialist publishing house in New York. The firm specialized in English translations of leftist European literature. Their notable publications included Trotsky's Literature and Revolution, a collection of post-Revolutionary Russian short stories, and English translations of the novels of Pierre Hamp. By 1927, Gross had ended his association with International Publishers. He was later employed by publishers, including Boni & Liveright, its successor Horace Liveright, Inc., and Coward-McCann, Inc., and by A. and S. Lyons Inc., which negotiated movie and play rights for writers.

Gross worked in publishing for more than two decades. Among the writers he helped bring to mass audiences were Sherwood Anderson, Theodore Dreiser, Gene Fowler, Ernest Hemingway, Robinson Jeffers, and Eugene O'Neill. During his publishing career, he also corresponded with such literary and intellectual figures as Albert Einstein, William Faulkner, Georgia O'Keefe, Upton Sinclair, and Thornton Wilder. In 1938 and 1939, while at A. and S. Lyons, Gross worked to publish Thomas Mann's anti-Nazi work, "To the Civilized World: A Manifesto." He sought signatures from contemporary authors and intellectual figures in support of Mann's manifesto and organized a round-table discussion featuring literary and intellectual figures concerning Naziism and fascism, held on December 18, 1938, at Carnegie Hall. Despite Gross's efforts, there was little public support for Mann's manifesto, and the author eventually withdrew it from publication.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The Albert H. Gross Collection, which spans the years 1924 to 1946, consists primarily of correspondence and manuscripts Gross accumulated during his tenure at Boni & Liveright, Inc.; Horace Liveright, Inc.; A. and S. Lyons, Inc.; and Coward-McCann, Inc. Manuscripts and correspondence relating to Thomas Mann's "Letter to the Civilized World: A Manifesto" are particularly notable. The collection contains correspondence from such literary figures as Sholem Asch, Sherwood Anderson, Gertrude Atherton, Theodore Dreiser, Robinson Jeffers, and Eugene O'Neill. Also included in the collection are a manuscript and galley proofs for Ernest Hemingway's In Our Time; galley proofs of Eugene O'Neill's Dynamo; and manuscripts and other materials by and about Theodore Dreiser, including a manuscript of The Bulwark and galley proofs of "The Stoic," the third section of his novel An American Tragedy. In addition the collection contains writings of Hart Crane and Ernest Toller and advertisements for works by Theodore Dreiser and e. e. cummings.

Custodial History and Acquisition Information

The University of Maryland Libraries purchased the Albert H. Gross Collection in May 1974.

Processing Information

Processed by:

Processed and guide completed by: Steve Hausfeld, October 1998

Processing note:

The Thomas Mann manifesto materials, which existed as a discrete grouping before processing, were arranged as Series I. The remainder of the correspondence in the collection was divided into two series: "Correspondence of Albert Gross" and "Correspondence Collected by Albert Gross." The original order of all of the correspondence, alphabetical by correspondent, was retained.

Remaining materials were divided into two series, "Writings" and "Photographs," and arranged alphabetically by author or subject. The galley proofs for Dreiser's "The Stoic," Hemingway's In Our Time, and O'Neill's Dynamo were flattened and placed in oversize storage. Photographs, which were originally interfiled with the correspondence, were also removed from the collection, placed in mylar sleeves and housed in oversize storage. All staples and paper clips were removed and replaced with plastic clips; fragile items were placed in mylar sleeves. All materials were placed in acid-free folders and acid-free boxes.

Encoded by:

EAD markup created using EAD database in Microsoft Access. Markup completed by Lara D'Agaro, August 2007.

Detailed Description of the Collection

Series 1: Thomas Mann's "To the Civilized World: A Manifesto,", 1938-1939 (0.25 linear feet)

This series contains materials relating to Thomas Mann's anti-Nazi work, "To the Civilized World: A Manifesto." Mann, who left Germany during the rise of the Nazi party, recorded his sentiments about Hitler and Naziism in the form of a manifesto. When Mann submitted this piece to A. and S. Lyons, Albert Gross assisted in its publication and solicited support from literary and intellectual figures living in the United States.

The series contains three typed manuscripts of the manifesto; a copy of the form letter Gross sent to literary and intellectual figures soliciting their signatures in support of Mann's work; and a letter written by Gross, outlining the contents of the manifesto. Also included are correspondence and phone messages with sixty-five literary and intellectual figures of the 1930s, mostly in response to Gross's form letter. Among those who responded are William Rose Benet, Albert Einstein, James T. Farrell, William Faulkner, Ford Madox Ford, Georgia O'Keefe, and Upton Sinclair. The correspondence between Mann and Gross relating to the manifesto and its eventual withdrawal from publication is particularly notable. In this series, copies of Mann's manifesto, Gross's form letter, and the manuscript of his letter to the editor precede the correspondence he received, which is arranged alphabetically by correspondent.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Thomas Mann, "To the Civilized World: a Manifesto," typed manuscript ((3 copies)), circa 1938 series 1box 1folder 1
Form letter soliciting support for the manifesto, 1938 series 1box 1folder 2
Albert Gross, "Letter to the Editor," typed manuscript, 1938 series 1box 1folder 3
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Maxwell Anderson, 1938 series 1box 1folder 4
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Herbert Ashbury, 1938 series 1box 1folder 5
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Charles Beard, 1938 series 1box 1folder 6
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- William Rose Benet, 1938 series 1box 1folder 7
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Silas Bent, 1938 series 1box 1folder 8
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Thomas Hart Benton, 1938 series 1box 1folder 9
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Roark Bradford, 1938 series 1box 1folder 10
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Louis Bromfield, 1938 series 1box 1folder 11
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Van Wyck Brooks, 1938 series 1box 1folder 12
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Julia Burke [secretary for President Hutchins, University of Chicago], 1939 series 1box 1folder 13
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- James Branch Cabell, 1938 series 1box 1folder 14
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Henry S. Canby, 1938 series 1box 1folder 15
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Paul Vincent Carroll, 1938 series 1box 1folder 16
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Mary Ellen Chase, 1938 series 1box 1folder 17
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Stuart Chase, 1938 series 1box 1folder 18
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Noel Coward (phone message), 1938 series 1box 1folder 19
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Carl Crow, 1938 series 1box 1folder 20
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Owen Davis, 1938 series 1box 1folder 21
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Paul Dekruif, 1938 series 1box 1folder 22
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- John Dewey, 1938 series 1box 1folder 23
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Albert Einstein, 1938 series 1box 1folder 24
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- John Erskine, 1938 series 1box 1folder 25
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- James T. Farrell, 1938 series 1box 1folder 26
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- William Faulkner, 1938 series 1box 1folder 27
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Edna Ferber, 1938 series 1box 1folder 28
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Dorothy Canfield Fisher, 1938 series 1box 1folder 29
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Ford Madox Ford, 1938 series 1box 1folder 30
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Gene Fowler, 1938 series 1box 1folder 31
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Wanda Gag, 1938 series 1box 1folder 32
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Harold Guinzburg, 1938 series 1box 1folder 33
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- John Gunther, 1938 series 1box 1folder 34
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Sidney Howard, 1938 series 1box 1folder 35
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Inez Haynes Irwin, 1938 series 1box 1folder 36
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Robert Kearney [secretary for Alexander Woollcott], 1938 series 1box 1folder 37
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Rockwell Kent, 1938 series 1box 1folder 38
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Alfred Kreymborg, 1938 series 1box 1folder 39
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- William McFee, 1938 series 1box 1folder 40
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Archibald MacLeish, 1938 series 1box 1folder 41
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Thomas Mann, 1938-1939 series 1box 1folder 42
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Gustavus Myers, 1938 series 1box 1folder 43
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- George Jean Nathan (phone message), 1938 series 1box 1folder 44
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Georgia O'Keefe, 1938 series 1box 1folder 45
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Eugene O'Neill, 1938 series 1box 1folder 46
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Dorothy Parker, 1938 series 1box 1folder 47
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- William Lyon Phelps, 1938 series 1box 1folder 48
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Burton Rascoe, 1938 series 1box 1folder 49
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Elmer Rice (phone message), 1938 series 1box 1folder 50
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- George Seldes, 1938-1939 series 1box 1folder 51
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Robert Sherwood, 1938 series 1box 1folder 52
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Upton Sinclair, 1938 series 1box 1folder 53
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- William M. Sladen [secretary for Mary Roberts Rinehart], 1938 series 1box 1folder 54
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Sigmund Spaeth, 1938 series 1box 1folder 55
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Frank Sullivan, 1938 series 1box 1folder 56
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Deems Taylor, 1938 series 1box 1folder 57
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Norman Thomas, 1938 series 1box 1folder 58
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Carl Van Doren, 1938 series 1box 1folder 59
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Hendrik Willem Van Loon, 1938 series 1box 1folder 60
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Pierre Van Paassen, 1938 series 1box 1folder 61
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Hazel Welo [secretary for Sinclair Lewis], 1938 series 1box 1folder 62
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- William Allen White, 1938 series 1box 1folder 63
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Thornton Wilder, 1938 series 1box 1folder 64
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Charles Erskine Scott Wood, 1938 series 1box 1folder 65
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- W. E. Woodward, 1938 series 1box 1folder 66
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Lin Yu-Tang, 1938 series 1box 1folder 67
Correspondence and Phone Messages -- Arnold Zwieg, 1938 series 1box 1folder 68

Series 2: Correspondence of Albert Gross, 1927-1946 ( 0.25 linear feet)

This series contains business correspondence addressed to Gross during his tenure at the Liveright and Coward-McCann publishing firms. Most of the correspondence is related to his work in publishing; however, some letters discuss personal subjects. Included in the series is correspondence from Sholem Asch; Gertrude Atherton; Maxwell Bodenheim; Theodore Dreiser; Gene Fowler; Robinson Jeffers; Howard Liveright; Kathleen Millay; George Moore; Sean O'Casey; Eugene O'Neill; Elliot Paul; Willem Hendrik Van Loon; and Art Young. The correspondence from George Moore is addressed to Howard Liveright, and Sean O'Casey's letters are addressed to Richard Madden. Liveright and Madden presumably forwarded these letters to Gross. All other correspondence is addressed directly to Gross. One file contains letters from unidentified correspondents, arranged chronologically. The series is arranged alphabetically by correspondent.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Peter Arno, undated series 2box 1folder 1
Sholem Asch, 1943, 1946, and undated series 2box 1folder 2
Gertrude Atherton, 1932 and undated series 2box 1folder 3
Silas Bent, 1929 series 2box 1folder 4
Maxwell Bodenheim, undated series 2box 1folder 5
Theodore Dreiser, 1927-1931, 1933-36, and undated series 2box 1folder 6
Gene Fowler, 1930-1931 and undated series 2box 1folder 7
Robinson Jeffers, 1928-1929 and undated series 2box 1folder 8
Howard Liveright, 1926 series 2box 1folder 9
Kathleen Millay, 1927 series 2box 1folder 10
George Moore, 1926 and 1932 series 2box 1folder 11
Sean O'Casey, 1939 and undated series 2box 1folder 12
Eugene O'Neill, 1928 and 1930 series 2box 1folder 13
Elliot Paul, 1937 and 1940 series 2box 1folder 14
Burton Rascoe, 1932 series 2box 1folder 15
Unidentified correspondents, 1928-1932, 1939, and undated series 2box 1folder 16
Hendrik Willem Van Loon, 1928, 1930, and undated series 2box 1folder 17
Margaret Vierleck (Sylvester Vierleck's wife), undated series 2box 1folder 18
Serge Voronoff, undated series 2box 1folder 19
Jakob Wasserman, 1933 series 2box 1folder 20
Art Young, 1929-1933, 1942-1943, and undated series 2box 1folder 21

Series 3: Collected by Albert Gross, 1926-1932 (1 linear inch)

This series contains correspondence addressed to others that Gross may have collected while working for Liveright and Coward-McCann. Included are letters from Sherwood Anderson to Saxe Cummings; from Gertrude Atherton to T. R. Smith; from Theodore Dreiser to Arthur Pell; and from Paul Palmer, the Sunday editor of the New York World, to Theodore Dreiser. The series is arranged alphabetically by correspondent.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Sherwood Anderson, undated series 3box 1folder 1
Gertrude Atherton, undated series 3box 1folder 2
Theodore Dreiser, 1931 series 3box 1folder 3
Paul Palmer, 1929 series 3box 1folder 4

Series 4: Writings Collected by Albert Gross, 1924-1946 and undated (0.25 linear feet)

This series contains typed manuscripts, galley proofs, and publications apparently collected by Gross. It includes a limited edition publication of two Hart Crane letters and him AND the CRITICS, a promotional pamphlet, arranged by S. A. Jacobs, for the April 18, 1929, production of e. e. cummings's play "him." It also contains two advertisements for Theodore Dreiser publications, one for Epitaph and one titled A Book about Theodore Dreiser and His Work. Other Dreiser materials include a typed manuscript of The Bulwark; a signed title-page for a limited edition copy of "Gallery of Women"; a typed manuscript of the poem "The Hidden God"; a typed manuscript and galley proofs of "The Stoic," a section of his novel An American Tragedy; and a typed manuscript of "What the Great War Taught Me." Also included in this series are a typed manuscript and galley proofs of Ernest Hemingway's In Our Time; galley proofs of Eugene O'Neill's Dynamo; and typed manuscripts of Ernest Toller's "The Death of a Mother" and "I Saw Hitler." The series is arranged alphabetically by author and title.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Hart Crane -- "Two Letters: Hart Crane", 1934 series 4box 1folder 1
e. e. cummings -- him AND the CRITICS, 1929 series 4box 1folder 2
Theodore Dreiser -- Advertisements, 1929 and undated series 4box 1folder 3
Theodore Dreiser -- The Bulwark -- corrected typed manuscript, 1946 series 4box 1folder 4
Theodore Dreiser -- The Bulwark -- corrected typed manuscript, 1946 series 4box 1folder 5
Theodore Dreiser -- "A Gallery of Women" -- signed title page , 1929 series 4box 1folder 6
Theodore Dreiser -- "The Hidden God" -- typed manuscript, 1924 series 4box 1folder 7
Theodore Dreiser -- "The Stoic" -- Corrected typed manuscript, 1926 series 4box 1folder 8
Theodore Dreiser -- "The Stoic" -- Uncorrected galley proofs (oversize), 1926 series 4box 1folder 9
Theodore Dreiser -- "What Has the Great War Taught Me?" -- typed manuscript, 1934 series 4box 1folder 10
Ernest Hemingway -- In Our Time -- Typed manuscript, 1924 series 4box 1folder 11
Ernest Hemingway -- In Our Time -- Typed manuscript, 1924 series 4box 1folder 12
Ernest Hemingway -- In Our Time -- Typed manuscript, 1924 series 4box 1folder 13
Ernest Hemingway -- In Our Time -- Typed manuscript, 1924 series 4box 1folder 14
Ernest Hemingway -- In Our Time -- Corrected galley proofs (oversize), 1924 series 4box 1folder 15
Eugene O'Neill -- Dynamo -- uncorrected galley proof (oversize), 1929 series 4box 1folder 16
Ernest Toller -- "The Death of a Mother" -- typed manuscript, 1939 series 4box 1folder 17
Ernest Toller -- "I Saw Hitler" -- unpublished, undated series 4box 1folder 18

Series 5: Photographs, 1932 and undated (4 items)

This series contains photographs collected by Gross, including signed portraits of Sherwood Anderson, Gertrude Atherton, and Eugene O'Neill. Also in this series is a portrait, by Carl Van Vechten, of Maurice Schwartz from his performance in Yoshe Kolb. The photographs are arranged alphabetically by subject.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Sherwood Anderson -- signed by Anderson -- on verso, "Mr. Sherwood Anderson/photograph copyrighted/Please give credit-line to Lusha Nelson," (oversize), undated series 5box 1folder 1
Gertrude Atherton -- on verso, "Very sincerely to Mr. Gross from Gertrude Atherton 1932," (oversize), 1932 series 5box 1folder 2
Eugene O'Neill -- signed "To Pete Gross--with all best! Eugene O'Neill April 1932," (oversize), 1932 series 5box 1folder 3
Maurice Schwartz -- on verso, "Maurice Schwartz in Yoshe Kolb, photograph by Carl Van Vechten XXIIb:19.," (oversize), undated series 5box 1folder 4

Related Material

Authors and individuals with significant materials in the Albert Gross Collection include Sholem Asch, Theodore Dreiser, Ernest Hemingway, Horace Liveright, Thomas Mann, and Eugene O'Neill.

Primary sources related to Sholem Asch can be found in the YIVO Institute for Jewish Research Library, New York, New York, and the Nathan Asch Papers, at Winthrop University, Rockville, South Carolina.

Primary sources for Theodore Dreiser are located at the University of Pennsylvania; the University of California; the Huntington Library, San Marino, California; Cornell University; Columbia University; the University of Virginia; and the Indiana Historical Society Library, Indianapolis, Indiana.

Primary sources related to Ernest Hemingway are located at Southern Illinois University; Boise State University; Knox College, Galesburg, Illinois; the John F. Kennedy Library, Boston, Massachusetts; Harvard University; Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri; Penn State University; University of Virginia; and in the Ernest Hemingway Collection in the University of Maryland Libraries.

The personal papers of Horace Brisbin Liveright are located at the University of Pennsylvania.

European locations of primary sources for Thomas Mann include the Thomas Mann Archiv in Zurich, the Thomas Mann Archiv in Berlin, and the Handschriftenabteilung der Stadtbibliothek, in Munich. In the United States, primary sources for Thomas Mann are located at Yale University and at Princeton University.

Eugene O'Neill's papers are located at Yale University; Harvard University; the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; Princeton University; and the University of Virginia.

For other related archival and manuscript collections, please see the following subject guides.

Selected Search Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the University of Maryland Libraries' Catalog. Researchers desiring related materials about these topics, names, or places may search the Catalog using these headings.

Subjects

Names (Added Entries)