Patsy P. Layne Papers
In October 1964, Patsy Layne went to American Samoa as part of the first television teacher team for a U.S. Congress - National Association of Educational Broadcasters project to revise and modernize the American Samoa educational system with a television-based curriculum. The collection documents Layne's career first as a television teacher and then as Curriculum Director for the Department of Education in American Samoa. Types of materials include correspondence, government documents, annual reports, brochures, curriculum manuals and materials, programs, article clippings and student coursework.
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This collection is open for research use.
Patsy P. Layne Papers, Special Collections, University of Maryland Libraries.Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1903.1/1584
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Patsy Layne was born in 1928 in Jefferson County, Kentucky. She earned her AB degree in Elementary Education at the University of Louisville in 1960.
Layne began her professional career as an elementary classroom teacher in Kentucky. In 1958, her school district embarked on the Stoddard Plan experiment, using educational television in large classroom situations to meet the teacher shortage needs. In 1960, Layne was chosen to be an on-camera teacher with the Kentuckiana Educational Television network. In this position, she wrote and produced 300 televised lessons for grades three and four and trained 200 classroom teachers as part of a Ford Foundation experiment in educational television.
U.S. Congress and the National Association of Educational Broadcasters (NAEB) funded an effort to completely revise and modernize the American Samoa educational system, with a television-based curriculum. The new system went on the air in October 1964, Layne went to American Samoa as part of the first television teacher team. As a TV teacher, she wrote her own scripts and was responsible, with an assistant, was responsible for developing lesson plans and ancillary classroom materials. She taught Beginning English as a Second Language to primary grades and Social Studies for middle grades. After two years in Samoa, Layne received a USDEA scholarship and attended the University of Pittsburgh, receiving her PhD in International Development Education in 1970. She returned to American Samoa in 1970 and served as Curriculum Director until 1972.
From 1972 to 1978, Layne worked extensively throughout the Micronesian Islands as a staff member at the University of Hawaii. She first served as a curriculum writer/teacher trainer with the Hawaii English Project, then as director of the Pacific Area Languages Materials Center, developing textbooks in native languages.
In 1979, Layne joined the United States Foreign Service as an Education Officer with the United States Agency for International Development. During her service, she helped to develop educational radio projects in Liberia, Kenya, the Dominican Republic, El Salvador and Lesotho.
Layne retired in 1992 and has served as an independent elementary education consultant, carrying out teacher training and materials development in Egypt, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Pakistan, and Uganda.
Scope and Contents of the Collection
The Papers of Patsy P. Layne cover the years 1961 to 1976 and contain some undated material. The bulk of the material dates from 1964 to 1972. The collection documents Layne's career first as a television teacher and then as Curriculum Director for the Department of Education in American Samoa. Types of materials include correspondence, government documents, annual reports, brochures, curriculum manuals and materials, programs, article clippings and student coursework.
Custodial History and Acquisition Information
The Patsy P. Layne Papers was donated to the National Public Broadcasting Archives, University of Maryland Libraries by Patsy P. Layne in November of 2001
Processed by Elizabeth C. Borja, January 2002
EAD markup created using EAD database in Microsoft Access. Markup completed by Karen E. King, April 2005.
Arrangement of Collection
Organized as four series.
Detailed Description of the Collection
Series 1: Government Materials, 1961-1975 and undated (15 folders)
This series contains documents published by the United States government and other governments in reference to the territory of American Samoa. The series is divided into two categories: Government Documents and Government of American Samoa. Government Documents contains reports and brochures from the U.S. government and the government of New Zealand concerning economics, aviation, and territorial responsibilities in Samoa. Government of American Samoa contains the annual reports of the Governor of American Samoa to the U.S. Department of the Interior, daily bulletins from the Office of Information, budget information and brochures. Materials are arranged by category and chronologically within category.
|Description||Series||Box / Reel||Folder / Frame|
|Government Documents -- "The Economic Needs of American Samoa: Study Made for the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, US Senate,", 1961||series 1||box 1||folder 1|
|Government Documents -- US Department of the Interior, Office of Territories. "Territorial Responsibilities,", 1963||series 1||box 1||folder 2|
|Government Documents -- New Zealand Department of External Affairs. "The Public Servant in Independent Samoa,", 1964||series 1||box 1||folder 3|
|Government Documents -- Federal Aviation Agency. "Samoa in the jet age", 1960s||series 1||box 1||folder 4|
|Government of American Samoa -- The Governor of American Samoa to the Secretary of the Interior -- Annual Report, 1963-1965||series 1||box 1||folder 5|
|Government of American Samoa -- The Governor of American Samoa to the Secretary of the Interior -- Annual Report, 1963-1965||series 1||box 1||folder 6|
|Government of American Samoa -- The Governor of American Samoa to the Secretary of the Interior -- Annual Report, 1963-1965||series 1||box 1||folder 7|
|Government of American Samoa -- The Governor of American Samoa to the Secretary of the Interior -- Annual Report, 1967||series 1||box 1||folder 8|
|Government of American Samoa -- The Governor of American Samoa to the Secretary of the Interior -- Annual Report, 1969-1970||series 1||box 1||folder 9|
|Government of American Samoa -- The Governor of American Samoa to the Secretary of the Interior -- Annual Report, 1969-1970||series 1||box 1||folder 10|
|Government of American Samoa -- The Governor of American Samoa to the Secretary of the Interior -- Annual Report, 1975||series 1||box 1||folder 11|
|Government of American Samoa -- American Samoa Daily Bulletin (Office of Information, Pago Pago), 1964-1966||series 1||box 1||folder 12|
|Government of American Samoa -- Government of American Samoa, "Budget Justifications -- Tentative FY 1972 Budget.", August 3, 1970||series 1||box 1||folder 13|
|Government of American Samoa -- "Amerika Samoa: The Year in Review", 1973||series 1||box 1||folder 14|
|Government of American Samoa -- Brochure: "A Polynesian Primer of American Samoa from A to Z,", undated||series 1||box 1||folder 15|
Series 2: Department of Education -- American Samoa, 1964-1976 and undated (0.75 linear foot)
This series consists of documents from the Department of Education in American Samoa. The series is divided into four categories: philosophy and objectives, reports, visits and evaluation reports, curriculum development/materials. Philosophy and objectives consists of a list of an outline of those for the Department of Education. Reports contains reports written by or for the Department of Education concerning American Samoa, including annual reports. Visits and evaluation reports contains reports, correspondence, and memorandum concerning UNESCO visits and other evaluative visits to American Samoa. Curriculum development/manuals consists of reports, correspondence, worksheets, memorandum, and a teacher's binder all of which deal with curriculum planning. Materials are arranged by category and chronologically within category.
|Description||Series||Box / Reel||Folder / Frame|
|"Philosophy and Objectives of the Department of Education, American Samoa." Rough Draft with Outline and Corrections, undated||series 2||box 1||folder 16|
|Reports -- "Master Planning for High School Site and Building Needs", November 1964||series 2||box 1||folder 17|
|Reports -- Division of Educational Television, "A'oa'oga Fa'a -- Televise I Amerika Samoa (Educational Television in American Samoa)", January 15, 1965||series 2||box 1||folder 18|
|Reports -- "A Cooperative Design for Instruction", May 1965||series 2||box 1||folder 19|
|Reports -- E.S.E.A (Elementary and Secondary Education Act) Title III State Plan, FY 1970/1971||series 2||box 1||folder 20|
|Reports -- Annual Report to the Governor (Corrected Version #2), FY 1971||series 2||box 2||folder 1|
|Reports -- "Think Children!" Annual Report, 1971||series 2||box 2||folder 2|
|Reports -- "Upgrading Language Abilities: 1971-72 Plan, Title I, Elementary and Secondary Education Act", 1972||series 2||box 2||folder 3|
|Reports -- Thomas, R. Murray. "Educational Needs in American Samoa (A Report to accompany the Educational-Renewal-Center Proposal)", undated||series 2||box 2||folder 4|
|Visits and Evaluation Reports -- Types of Subjective Feedback, 1964-1968||series 2||box 2||folder 5|
|Visits and Evaluation Reports -- International Institute for Educational Planning, Paris Project on Feasibility of New Educational Media in Developing Regions. "Educational TV in Samoa" Draft, March 1966||series 2||box 2||folder 6|
|Visits and Evaluation Reports -- [Wilbur Schramm and UNESCO] International Institute for Educational Planning, Paris Project on Feasibility of New Educational Media in Developing Regions. "Educational TV in Samoa", March 1966||series 2||box 2||folder 7|
|Visits and Evaluation Reports -- Correspondence: Stuart Cooney (Director, Department of Education, Research and Development) to Project Directors, Re: up coming site visits by advisory council members., January 20, 1972||series 2||box 2||folder 8|
|Visits and Evaluation Reports -- Correspondence: Stuart Cooney to Dr. Seth Spaulding, Director of Department of School and Higher Education, UNESCO., February 4, 1972||series 2||box 2||folder 9|
|Visits and Evaluation Reports -- Layne, Pat. "A Brief Description of the Development of Levels of Instruction in the Elementary Schools of American Samoa, From 1964 through 1972.", June 1972||series 2||box 2||folder 10|
|Visits and Evaluation Reports -- Memo: "UNESCO Specialist praises American Samoa ITV,", undated||series 2||box 2||folder 11|
|Curriculum Development/Manuals -- "Curriculum Plan for Elementary Schools of American Samoa" Preliminary Draft (Preliminary Proposals Elementary Curriculum 1964-1965), 1965||series 2||box 2||folder 12|
|Curriculum Development/Manuals -- Secondary Personnel Binder -- Belonging to Patsy Layne, 1967||series 2||box 2||folder 13|
|Curriculum Development/Manuals -- Bronson, Vernon (NAEB). "A System Manual for the Staff and Faculty of the Department of Education, Government of American Samoa", 1968||series 2||box 2||folder 14|
|Curriculum Development/Manuals -- PPBS Report DOE -- English Program., February 28, 1972||series 2||box 2||folder 15|
|Curriculum Development/Manuals -- Program Memorandum Worksheet, undated||series 2||box 2||folder 16|
|Curriculum Development/Manuals -- Barry, Marilyn. "Guide to Instructional Television Programs", 1976||series 2||box 2||folder 17|
|Curriculum Development/Manuals -- Committee on English Education (?) "Report on Further Development of the English Language Program" Draft, undated||series 2||box 3||folder 1|
|Curriculum Development/Manuals -- Memo: "To Principals of Consolidated Elementary School, re: Duties and Impact of Television", undated||series 2||box 3||folder 2|
Series 3: Programs and Events, 1964-1973 (0.25 linear foot)
This series documents events that took place concerning education, particularly educational television, in American Samoa. Materials include programs, article clippings, and brochures and are arranged chronologically. Oversize materials have been removed to an oversize box.
|Description||Series||Box / Reel||Folder / Frame|
|Program: "Dedication of Pago Pago International Airport Terminal Building and Michael J. Kirwan Educational Television Center.", November 23, 1964||series 3||box 3||folder 3|
|Brochure: "Education TV in America Samoa", circa 1964||series 3||box 3||folder 4|
|Clippings., 1965, 1973||series 3||box 3||folder 5|
|Clippings from The Samoa News (oversize), 1964-1966||series 3||box 3||folder 6|
|Program and Announcement: "Feleti Memorial Teacher Training School", June 23, 1966||series 3||box 3||folder 7|
|Program: "Professional Day Program (Government of American Samoa, Department of Education)", February 18, 1972||series 3||box 3||folder 8|
Series 4: Classroom Materials, 1969-1972 and undated (1.50 linear feet)
This series consists of the materials actually used in the classroom in American Samoa. It contains lesson plans for various levels and topics from 1969 and a broadcast schedule from 1971 to 1972. This series also contains student coursework which has been removed to an oversize box. The coursework features illustrated mini-books about life in American Samoa, including school, homes, and the effects of television. Materials are arranged chronologically.
|Description||Series||Box / Reel||Folder / Frame|
|Lesson Plans -- Worksheets for Mathematics -- Level 1, undated||series 4||box 3||folder 9|
|Lesson Plans -- Lesson Plans -- Level 2. March 3-7, 1969||series 4||box 3||folder 10|
|Lesson Plans -- Lesson Plans -- Level 3. March 3-7, 1969||series 4||box 3||folder 11|
|Lesson Plans -- Lesson Plans -- Level 4. March 3-7, 1969||series 4||box 3||folder 12|
|2nd Semester TV Broadcast Schedule for Secondary Courses, 1971-1972||series 4||box 3||folder 13|
|Student Work -- "A Book About Samoa From Alataua Lua School" Level 3, Group 4 (oversize), undated||series 4||box 4||folder 1|
|Student Work -- "Book About Samoa -- Alataua Lua School" Group 5 (oversize), undated||series 4||box 4||folder 2|
|Student Work -- "Book About Samoa -- Matafao Consolidated School" Grade 5 (oversize), undated||series 4||box 4||folder 3|
|Student Work -- "Book About Samoa: Then and Now" (oversize), undated||series 4||box 4||folder 4|
|Student Work -- "New Things in Samoa" (oversize), undated||series 4||box 4||folder 5|
|Student Work -- "Samoan Houses" (oversize), undated||series 4||box 4||folder 6|
|Student Work -- "School in Samoa" (oversize), undated||series 4||box 4||folder 7|
For other related archival and manuscript collections, please see the following subject guides.
Selected Search Terms
This collection is indexed under the following headings in the University of Maryland Libraries' Catalog. Researchers desiring related materials about these topics, names, or places may search the Catalog using these headings.
- Curriculum planning -- American Samoa.
- Educational broadcasting -- Archival resources.
- Television in elementary education -- American Samoa.
- Television in elementary education -- Kentucky.