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Colonel George S. Howard Papers

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1903.1/19219

Abstract

Title:
Colonel George S. Howard Papers
Author/Creator:
Howard, George S.
Collection number:
81-47-ABA
Size:
5.50 linear feet
Bulk dates:
1940-1965
Inclusive dates:
1920-1994
Collection Area:
Special Collections in Performing Arts
Repository:
Special Collections in Performing Arts, Michelle Smith Performing Arts Library, Clarice Smith Performing Arts Center, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742. Contact the curator: http://www.lib.umd.edu/scpa/contact
Abstract:

Colonel George Sallade Howard (1902-1995) was known for his significant contributions to the Air Force Band Program. Director of the USAF Band program from 1944-1963, Colonel Howard took the USAF Band and Orchestra on ten international tours, promoting music as an international language. He founded several military music groups, including the Singing Sergeants, the Airmen of Note, the USAF Drum and Bugle Corp, the USAF Bagpipe Band, the WAF Band, and the Strolling Strings. In addition to Howards military accomplishments, he was a successful music educator, earning multiple degrees in music performance and education. Howard also served as a clinician and spokesperson for bands and band music throughout his life. A past president of the National Bandmasters Association and Chair of the John Phillip Sousa Memorial, Howard worked alongside and was closely acquainted with other prominent band directors and composers of the era, such as Patrick Conway, Ernest Williams, Percy Grainger, and Edwin and Richard Franko Goldman. The Colonel George S. Howard Papers covers the period from 1920 to 1994; the bulk of the materials date from 1935 to 1965. The collection consists of both personal and professional papers including published and unpublished writings, correspondence, addresses, programs, reports, memorabilia, clippings, and articles- related to Howards work as a band director of the United States Air Force Band, including his work with Ernest Williams and the Williams School of Music and Summer Camp, with Pat Conway as a student and member of Conways professional band, a teacher at Mansfield State Teachers College, Penn State, and the Mooseheart School (IL), and as a leading clinician for bands throughout his career.

Important Information for Users of the Collection

Restrictions:

There are no restricted files in this collection.

Preferred citation:

Colonel George S. Howard Papers, Special Collections, University of Maryland Libraries.

Publication rights:

Materials from this collection must be used in the Michelle Smith Performing Arts Library's Irving and Margery Morgan Lowens Special Collections Room, 10:00 am to 5:00 pm, Monday through Friday. Contact the curator for an appointment: http://www.lib.umd.edu/scpa/contact

Status:

This collection is PROCESSED.

Historical Note

Colonel George Sallade Howard (1902-1995) served as director of United States Air Force Band from 1944-1965. He began his career in music as a clarinetist in Pat Conways professional touring band (1922-1929). While earning multiple degrees in music performance and education, Howard taught music at the Mooseheart School in Mooseheart, Illinois (1929-1935), and the Ernest Williams School of Music and Summer Camp (summers between 1931 and 1937), Mansfield State Teachers College, PA (1936-1939), and Pennsylvania State College (1939-1942) before joining the Army Air Forces in 1942 (became the Air Force in 1947). Under Howards direction, the Air Force Band program grew to be a reputable force in music in the military; in addition to national concert tours, the group went on multiple overseas tours to Europe, Africa, and the Far East while Howard was director. After his retirement in 1963, Howard became director of the Washington D.C. Metropolitan Police band, a post he held for 10 years, and he continued his work as an active clinician for several high school and college bands. He and his wife, Sadako Howard, retired to San Antonio, Texas in 1978, where Howard remained until his death in 1995.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The Colonel George S. Howard Papers covers the period from 1920 to 1994; the bulk of the materials date from 1935 to 1965. The collection consists of both personal and professional papers including published and unpublished writings, correspondence, addresses, programs, reports, memorabilia, clippings, and articles- related to Howards work as a band director of the United States Air Force Band, including his work with Ernest Williams and the Williams School of Music and Summer Camp, with Pat Conway as a student and member of Conways professional band, a teacher at Mansfield State Teachers College, Penn State, and the Mooseheart School (IL), and as a leading clinician for bands throughout his career.

Custodial History and Acquisition Information

Gift of Colonel George Sallade Howard, received in five shipments in 1980, 1983, 1990, and 1994.

Processing Information

Processed by:

Processed by Elizabeth Yackley, September 2008

Encoded by:

EAD markup created using EAD database in Microsoft Access. Markup completed by Nicole Horstman, November 2012.

Detailed Description of the Collection

Series 1: Correspondence, 1920-1981 (2 folders)

This series contains personal letters to Howard from various individuals throughout his life including Pat Conway, Henry Fillmore, Richard Franko Goldman, Percy Grainger, and Erik Leidzen. There are also letters from Howard to select individuals. Materials are arranged alphabetically by correspondents last name, then chronologically.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Howard Correspondence by last name, B-W, undated series 1box 1folder 1
Correspondence by Howard, 1972-1980 series 1box 1folder 2

Series 2: Educational Career, 1923-1994 (0.50 linear feet)

This series contains materials related to Howards non-military educational career, beginning with his schooling, first at Ithaca Conservatory and as a clarinetist in Pat Conways professional band (see Series I, Correspondence, for letters to Howard from Pat Conway), Ohio Wesleyan University, and Pennsylvania State College. This series also contains materials related to Howards teaching career at the Mooseheart School (IL), Ernest Williams School of Music and summer camp (NY), Mansfield, PA State Teachers College, Penn State, as a guest clinician, and as director of the Washington D.C. Metropolitan Police Band. There are also materials related to the numerous awards and accolades Howard received throughout his career, such as holding the post of president of the National Bandmasters Association. Materials are arranged chronologically.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Pat Conway Band and School of Music, Ithaca Conservatory, 1924-1993 series 2box 1folder 3
Ohio Wesleyan University, 1927-1988 series 2box 1folder 4
Mooseheart School Band Position, 1926, 1929-1934 series 2box 1folder 5
Williams Correspondence with Howard, 1932-1937 series 2box 1folder 6
Williams School and Camp, 1931-1944, 1948 series 2box 1folder 7
Musical Instrument Promotional Work, 1932-1939 series 2box 1folder 8
Mansfield State Teachers College, 1938-1940 series 2box 1folder 9
Pennsylvania State College, 1938-1942 series 2box 1folder 10
National Youth Administration, 1941 series 2box 1folder 11
Howard as Clinician, 1940-1988 series 2box 2folder 1
American Youth Band, 1964 series 2box 2folder 2
Metropolitan Police Band, 1963-1974 series 2box 2folder 3
National Bandmasters Association, 1970-1976 series 2box 2folder 4
Awards, Honors, Miscellaneous Certificates, 1962-1994 series 2box 2folder 5

Series 3: Programs, 1936-1961 (1 folder)

This series contains programs collected by Howard over his musical career. The materials are not related to Howards military career. Materials are arranged chronologically.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Programs, 1923-1961 series 3box 2folder 6

Series 4: United States Air Force Band, 1941-1987 (2.25 linear feet)

This series contains materials related to Howards career as the director of the United States Air Force Band from 1944 to 1963. It has been divided into four subseries.

Subseries 4.1: Military Correspondence, 1941-1982 (0.75 linear feet)

This subseries contains correspondence collected by Howard from individuals related to the military and letters written by Howard. These materials are organized chronologically. It also contains military letters collected in a binder, which remains in original order.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Army Specialist Corp Correspondence, 1941-1943series 4.1box 2folder 7
Military Correspondence to Howard, 1943-1982series 4.1box 2folder 8
Copy of Military Correspondence Binder Contents (in original order), 1951-1954series 4.1box 2folder 9
Military Correspondence Binder Contents (in original order), 1951-1954series 4.1box 2folder 10
Binder Contents- Related Military Correspondence (in original order), 1955series 4.1box 2folder 11
Military Correspondence by Howard, 1947series 4.1box 2folder 12

Subseries 4.2: Military Writings, 1941-1959 (3 folders)

This subseries contains military memos related to the music program, Howard, and the US Air Force Band Program, 1941-1959, and published military documents, 1943-1964. This includes an incomplete collection of Armed Services Song Folios, January 1957 to September 1962. Materials are arranged chronologically.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Military Memos related to Music Program, US Air Force Band, 1941-1949series 4.2box 3folder 1
Military Memos related to Music Program, US Air Force Band, 1952-1959series 4.2box 3folder 2
US Air Force Publications, 1943-1961series 4.2box 3folder 3

Subseries 4.3: USAF Tours, 1945-1959 (0.50 linear feet)

This subseries contains materials (programs, correspondence, clippings, writings) related to the national and international tours Howard and the USAF Band took while Howard was Director. Materials relating to the tours of Great Britain (1945), Europe (1951, 1953, 1954), Iceland (1953), the Far East (1956, 1957), South and Central America (1959) are included. Correspondence and further materials related to the attempted sabotage of the 1954 USAF Band European tour are also included. Materials are arranged chronologically.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Tour of Great Britain, 1944-1945series 4.3box 3folder 4
Tour of Europe, 1951series 4.3box 3folder 5
Tour of Iceland, February, 1953series 4.3box 3folder 6
Tour of Europe, 1953series 4.3box 3folder 7
Tour of Europe, 1954series 4.3box 3folder 8
Correspondence Attempting to Sabotage European Tour, 1954series 4.3box 3folder 9
Tour of Iceland, Norway, Denmark, Germany, 1955series 4.3box 3folder 10
Tour of Far East, 1956series 4.3box 3folder 11
Tour of Far East (Hong Kong, Okinawa, Korea), 1957series 4.3box 4folder 1
Tour of Central and South America, 1959series 4.3box 4folder 2
Undated Tour Documents, undatedseries 4.3box 4folder 3

Subseries 4.4: USAF Band Articles, Programs, Clippings, 1945-1987 (0.25 linear feet)

This subseries contains articles, programs, and clippings about the USAF Band, which are unrelated to other categories in Series IV. Materials are arranged chronologically.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Articles on US Air Force Band, Howard, 1945-1956series 4.4box 4folder 5
Articles on US Air Force Band, Howard, 1957-1987series 4.4box 4folder 6
US Air Force Band Programs (not related to other programs in collection), 1947-1960series 4.4box 4folder 7
US Air Force Band News Clippings, 1942-1956series 4.4box 4folder 8

Series 5: Star-Spangled Banner, 1942-1987 (1 folder)

This series contains information regarding the establishment of the official version of the United States national anthem, the Star-Spangled Banner. The materials include clippings, articles, and congressional hearings related to this process. Materials are arranged chronologically.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Star Spangled Banner, 1942-1987 series 5box 4folder 9

Series 6: Sousa Memorial, 1964-1987 (4 folders)

This series contains materials related to the establishment of the John Phillip Sousa Memorial.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Sousa Memorial Correspondence, 1965-1972 series 6box 4folder 10
Sousa Memorial Articles, Clippings, 1964-1987 series 6box 5folder 1
Sousa Memorial Related Programs, Speeches, Reports, 1971-1972 series 6box 5folder 2
Sousa Memorial Stage Dedication Ceremony Photographs, 1971-1972 series 6box 5folder 3

Series 7: Howard Trial, 1964-1966 (3 folders)

This series contains material related to the indictment and trial of Colonel Howard in 1965.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Trial Correspondence, 1964-1965 series 7box 5folder 4
Lawyer Correspondence, 1965-1966 series 7box 5folder 5
Trial Documents, Press Clippings, 1965 series 7box 5folder 6

Series 8: Writings, Articles, 1934-1988 (2 folders)

This series contains articles, and writings by Howard and other prominent band directors of the mid-twentieth century. This series is divided into two subseries.

Subseries 8.1: Published Writings, 1934-1988 (1 folder)

This subseries contains published articles by or about Howard and other prominent band directors of which Howard was acquainted. The articles are published in periodicals such as The Bandmaster, The Instrumentalist, Music Publishers Journal, Music Journal, and others. Materials are arranged chronologically.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Published Writings, 1934-1988series 8.1box 5folder 7

Subseries 8.2: Unpublished Writings, 1948-1954 (1 folder)

This subseries contains unpublished writings, such as speech drafts, by Colonel Howard. Materials are arranged chronologically.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Unpublished Writings, 1948-1954series 8.2box 5folder 8

Series 9: Photographs, 1934-1988 (3 folders)

This series contains personal and military photographs collected by Howard. This series has been divided into two subseries.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Non-Military Photographs, undated series 9box 5folder 9
Military Photographs, undated series 9box 5folder 10
More Military Photographs, undated series 9box 5folder 11

Series 10: Recordings, 1956-1960 (1 folder)

This series contains three recordings of groups conducted by Colonel Howard, in addition to seventy-three 6x12 V discs, now part of B-363-436 of the ABA record Collection. One recording, 45 rpm, is a selection of pieces performed by the Air Force Band on their Tour to the Far East, 1956-1957. The second recording, dated 1960, 331/3 rpm, includes the National Dance of Afghanistan, Milli Attan, arranged and conducted by Colonel Howard (ensemble unknown). One undated recording is also included.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
USAF Band Tour Recordings, 1956-circa 1960 series 10box 6folder 1

Series 11: Sheet Music, circa 1920, 1944-1967 (2 folders)

This series contains sheet music acquired by Howard throughout his music career. It also contains music composed by Howard, three band part books for clarinet and E-Flat clarinet, and a snare drum rudiments teachers manual produced by Artco during Howard tenure as Educational Director. Materials are arranged by date of publication.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
B-Flat and E-Flat Clarinet Music Part Books, circa 1920 series 11box 6folder 2
Sheet Music, 1944-1967 and undated series 11box 6folder 3

Series 12: Memorabilia, 1921-1958 (1 folder)

This series contains miscellaneous materials Howard collected over the course of his lifetime. Materials range from high school commencement programs and yearbooks, a mortgage deed slip, to a copy of Howards personal letterhead, a park brochure from a Japan, and a membership card for the Armed Air Forces Band Fan Club.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Memorabilia, 1921-1958 series 12box 6folder 4

Series 13: Military Scrapbooks, 1947-1956 (2.00 linear feet)

This series is composed of military scrapbooks (Boxes 7 through 9) containing press clippings of the Air Force Band concerts, national and international tours (July 1947-April 1948, May- November 1948, San Antonio 1949, Colorado 1949, Europe 1950, August 1950- April 1951, Europe, Africa, Near East 1954, South Korea 1956), and a scrapbook of clipping related to the Air Force Hour Radio Show, 1948-1949. Box 10 contains two copies of the 1965 Howard Trial Record and a copy of A.M.R. Barrets 1957 Oboe Method Book. Materials are arranged chronologically.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
[oversize] US Air Force Band National Concert Tour Scrapbook, July 1947-April 1948, US Air Force Band National Concert Tour Scrapbook, May - November 1948, 1947-1948 series 13box 7folder 1
[oversize] Radio Publicity for Air Force Hour Scrapbook, 1948-1949, Southwestern Tour Scrapbook, April 1949, Colorado Tour Scrapbook, June 1949, Second European Tour Scrapbook, 1950, 1948-1950 series 13box 8folder 1
[oversize] Concert Tour Scrapbook, August 1950-April 1951, Europe, North Africa, Near East Tour Scrapbook, 1954, South Korea Tour Scrapbook, 1956, 1950-1956 series 13box 9folder 1
[oversize] Two copies of Howard Trial Record (Series VIII), Oboe Method Book (Series XI), undated series 13box 10folder 1

Related Material

This collection is part of the American Bandmasters Association (ABA) Research Center.

Howards autobiography, Symphony in the Sky (1991), is held in the Lowens Special Collections Room of the Michelle Smith Performing Arts Library, call number: ML422.H6 A3 1992.

For other related archival and manuscript collections, please see the following subject guides.