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Department of Horticulture records

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1903.1/1651

Abstract

Title:
Department of Horticulture records
Author/Creator:
Horticulture
Collection number:
74-19
Size:
25.25 linear feet
Inclusive dates:
1888-1971
Collection Area:
University of Maryland
Repository:
Special Collections, University of Maryland Libraries, Hornbake Library, College Park, MD 20742. Tel: 301-405-9212, Fax: 301-314-2709, Email: askhornbake@umd.edu
Abstract:

The Department of Horticulture was formally established in 1863 to provide classroom instruction, empirical fieldwork, and research opportunities in horticulture for students and faculty at the Maryland Agricultural College and at the University of Maryland, as well as to provide extension service for the residents of the state of Maryland. The collection consists of the administrative, research, and teaching records of the department.

Important Information for Users of the Collection

Restrictions:

This collection is open for research.

Preferred citation:

Department of Horticulture records, Special Collections, University of Maryland Libraries.

Publication rights:

Photocopies of original materials may be provided for a fee and at the discretion of the curator. Please see our Duplication of Materials policy for more information. Queries regarding publication rights and copyright status of materials within this collection should be directed to the appropriate curator.

Status:

This collection is PROCESSED.

Historical Note

The Department of Horticulture of the University of Maryland at College Park has a long distinguished history. Classes in horticulture were offered at the Maryland Agricultural College in 1859, its first year of operation. In the college's fifth circular for the school year 1863?64, a "Horticulture Department" is mentioned. Its mission was to:" teach practically all the nicer and finer operations of gardening, which do not generally receive much attention on the farms, and also to cultivate the taste for flowers and ornamental gardening."

Horticulture instruction has continued uninterrupted to the present, despite changes in the name and structure of the school.

The first professor of pomology, the study of fruit culture, at the college in 1859 was Townsend Glover, who also taught natural history and botany. Glover left the college in 1863 to resume his former position as an entomologist for the U.S. government. The Department has always maintained a slant toward pomology, but since 1940 great strides have been made in olericulture, the study of vegetable culture. In more recent years, the curricula in the areas of landscape management and floriculture have been expanded.

From the beginning, the department placed importance on providing students with empirical fieldwork to supplement classroom instruction. The charter granted to the Maryland Agricultural College by the Maryland General Assembly in 1856 mandated that the college maintain a farm on which students could labor. In the late 1870's, President Parker established a ten acre experimental farm. Dr. A. Grabowski oversaw the farm's operations for four years while teaching classes in agriculture. This prototypical farm was operational ten years prior to passage of the Hatch Act.

With funds from the Hatch Act in 1888, which provided federal support to states for agricultural experiment stations, the Maryland Agricultural College established a station under the direction of Elijah Alvord. Headquarters for the station were established in the Rossborough Inn. The first horticulturist at the station was William H. Bishop, who was also listed as Lecturer in Horticulture for the college. The experiment station was significant because it added a research component to the Horticulture Department. In 1892 a greenhouse was erected on the farm for horticultural instruction and experimentation. Additional greenhouses were built in 1898.

The 1899?1900 college catalog lists four courses in the "Department of Horticulture", with a thesis required for the senior course. S. B. Shaw, a graduate in agriculture, presented the first horticultural thesis listed in the catalog, in 1904. The first B.S. degree in horticulture was not awarded until 1907.

The department went through a number of name changes in the first twenty years of the twentieth century: "School of Horticulture" (1913); "Division of Horticulture" (1915); and "Department of Horticulture" (1917). A reorganization in 1917 relegated the Department of Horticulture to the Plant Industry Division of the College of Agriculture.

The creation of the Cooperative Extension Service in 1914 enhanced the horticulture program at the College. The service was designed to coordinate agricultural efforts at the local, state and national levels. This added dimension of extension services complemented the teaching and research components already established within the department.

In 1918 Eugene C. Auchter was named head of the Horticulture Department. His acceptance was contingent on his being given control of all areas of horticulture at the college, including teaching, research and extension. Auchter stimulated a melding of the three components. Being the head of the Department of Horticulture and head of the Experiment Station subvented this process. The creation of the Graduate School in 1921 added a new phase to the Horticulture Department. The first master's degree was awarded in 1922 and the first Ph.D. in 1925. In 1923 the department graduated its first woman, just three years following the first female graduate of the University.

Providing practical experience for its students was always an objective of the department. This was facilitated by farms operated by the college. In 1914, the Ridgley Experiment Farm was established to study and research vegetables. However, support for vegetable research was limited in the early years, so this effort suffered. In the spring of 1928, 275 acres located three miles north of campus was purchased. This area, incorporating the "Weaver Farm" and the "Francione Farm", was developed with the help of Civil Works Administration labor in the early 1930's. This work was directed by John H. Beaumont, who had succeeded Auchter as head of the Horticulture Department in 1932. The extent of the development and utilization of this area is unclear, since it was sold nine years after its purchase. In 1938 the Nash and Hopkins tracts, totaling 506 acres, were purchased; this area became known as the Plant Research Farm.

On January 5, 1932, Holzapfel Hall, a new building for the Horticulture Department, was dedicated, culminating years of hard work on the part of E. C. Auchter. This was the first building constructed north of the farm road that cut through campus. The building enhanced the department's research and teaching components, but a lack of greenhouse facilities still plagued the department. Building new greenhouses was a concern of A. L. Schrader, who succeeded Beaumont as head of the department in 1935. His continued agitation culminated in the erection of new greenhouses in 1939. Due to constant flooding, they were moved in 1952 to an area east of Route 1.

C. H. Mahoney became head of the Deparment in 1940. His contribution was an expanded curriculum with more emphasis on olericulture. Mahoney resigned in 1946, and I. C. Haut becme head. Under his direction, laboratory facilities were greatly expanded to match enrollments after World War II. During Haut's tenure, notable achievements were also made in objective quality measurements of raw and processed horticultural products. A new four?year course in commercial processing of food crops was also initiated in 1947. These activities gained the department a world?wide reputation. In 1948, 99 acres near Salisbury were purchased, which became the Vegetable Research Farm; plots were first planted in 1949. The farm is especially noted for its research on virus?free strawberries, sweet potatoes, and tomatoes.

Francis C. Stark succeeded Haut as head of the department in 1964. He was the first head since Auchter not to hold dual positions as head of the department and head of the Experiment Station. Under his direction, the research program at the Vegetable Research Farm was greatly expanded. Concurrently, work at the Plant Research Farm slowed, and all research at this farm was terminated in 1973. Bernard A. Twigg became chairman of the Horticulture Department in 1975 and was succeeded in 1986 by Bruno Quebedeaux.

In 1972 a review committee chaired by Dr. H. A. Rollins, Jr. of Ohio State University recognized the Horticulture Department as one of the top five such entities in the nation and the best on the East Coast. Today the department focuses on the three areas of teaching, research and extension. It is particularly strong in urban, environmental, recreational and landscape horticulture as well as the traditional areas of fruit and vegetable production and processing.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The records of the Department of Horticulture span the period 1888 to 1971. The collection contains correspondence, reports, articles, speeches, statistics, and budgets created by the Department or its faculty. The records also include conference materials, information on professional organizations, the University of Maryland, and the planning and building of Holzapfel Hall.

Included in the collection are partial records of various institutes and organizations sponsored in whole or in part by the department such as: the Canners and Field Men's School (192846); Florist's Short Course (1931?46); Maryland State Horticultural Society (1926?35); Maryland Vegetable Growers Association (1926?58); and the 10 Ton Tomato Club.

Major topics documented in the collection include research undertaken by the department, particularly in the areas of pomology and olericulture, and the operation and administration of the Horticulture Department as well as its relationships with national, regional, and state horticultural organizations.

A large group of technical reports of various experiments carried out by department faculty and students on sundry plants is also included in the collection. These reports are complemented by the activity records of departmental greenhouses, orchards, and experimental fields which appear in Series III.

Among the chief correspondents are heads of the department and faculty such as: Eugene C. Auchter, W. R. Ballard, I. C. Haut, C. H. Mahoney, Harry J. Patterson, Mark M. Shoemaker, Francis C. Stark, and A. S. Thurston.

Custodial History and Acquisition Information

The University of Maryland College Park Libraries received the records of the Department of Horticulture from Dr. B. A. Twigg, chairman of the department, in March 1974.

Processing Information

Processed by:

Guide revised by Jonathan Jeffrey, October 1989. Materials from the Leland Scott Collection incorporated by Evelyn Khoo, 2005.

Processing note:

Four series have been created from the records of the department. Duplicates have been discarded. Paper clips have been removed and replaced by plastic clips. The materials have been put into acid?free folders and boxes.

Encoded by:

EAD markup created using EAD database in Microsoft Access. Markup completed by Dan Schwartz, April 2006. Edited by Malissa Ruffner, Decmeber 2008. Edited by Malissa Ruffner, March 8, 2009.

Arrangement of Collection

This collection is organized as four series:

Detailed Description of the Collection

Series 1: Correspodence, 1901-1970 (12.25 linear feet)

This series contains correspondence, drafts of research articles, and reports of heads of the Horticulture Department and other faculty and staff members. The files are arranged alphabetically by correspondent. Each correspondent's files are arranged chronologically.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
American Cynamid Co., 1935-1942 series 1box 1folder 1
C. O. Appleman, 1928-1932 series 1box 1folder 2
E. C. Auchter, 1918-October 1924 series 1box 1folder 3
E. C. Auchter, 1918-October 1924 series 1box 1folder 4
E. C. Auchter, 1918-October 1924 series 1box 1folder 5
E. C. Auchter, 1918-October 1924 series 1box 1folder 6
E. C. Auchter, 1918-October 1924 series 1box 1folder 7
E. C. Auchter, 1918-October 1924 series 1box 1folder 8
E. C. Auchter, 1918-October 1924 series 1box 1folder 9
E. C. Auchter, 1918-October 1924 series 1box 1folder 10
E. C. Auchter, November 1924-February 1926 series 1box 2folder 1
E. C. Auchter, November 1924-February 1926 series 1box 2folder 2
E. C. Auchter, November 1924-February 1926 series 1box 2folder 3
E. C. Auchter, November 1924-February 1926 series 1box 2folder 4
E. C. Auchter, November 1924-February 1926 series 1box 2folder 5
E. C. Auchter, November 1924-February 1926 series 1box 2folder 6
E. C. Auchter, November 1924-February 1926 series 1box 2folder 7
E. C. Auchter, November 1924-February 1926 series 1box 2folder 8
E. C. Auchter, March 1926-June 1927 series 1box 3folder 1
E. C. Auchter, March 1926-June 1927 series 1box 3folder 2
E. C. Auchter, March 1926-June 1927 series 1box 3folder 3
E. C. Auchter, March 1926-June 1927 series 1box 3folder 4
E. C. Auchter, March 1926-June 1927 series 1box 3folder 5
E. C. Auchter, March 1926-June 1927 series 1box 3folder 6
E. C. Auchter, March 1926-June 1927 series 1box 3folder 7
E. C. Auchter, March 1926-June 1927 series 1box 3folder 8
E. C. Auchter, July 1927-1929 series 1box 4folder 1
E. C. Auchter, July 1927-1929 series 1box 4folder 2
E. C. Auchter, July 1927-1929 series 1box 4folder 3
E. C. Auchter, July 1927-1929 series 1box 4folder 4
E. C. Auchter, July 1927-1929 series 1box 4folder 5
E. C. Auchter, July 1927-1929 series 1box 4folder 6
E. C. Auchter, July 1927-1929 series 1box 4folder 7
E. C. Auchter, July 1927-1929 series 1box 4folder 8
E. C. Auchter, July 1927-1929 series 1box 4folder 9
E. C. Auchter, 1930-1932 series 1box 5folder 1
E. C. Auchter -- Articles, 1930-1932 series 1box 5folder 2
E. C. Auchter -- Articles, 1930-1932 series 1box 5folder 3
W. K. Bailey, 1935 series 1box 5folder 4
W. R. Ballard, 1930-1940 series 1box 5folder 5
W. R. Ballard, 1930-1940 series 1box 5folder 6
W. R. Ballard, 1930-1940 series 1box 5folder 7
W. R. Ballard, 1930-1940 series 1box 5folder 8
W. R. Ballard, 1930-1940 series 1box 5folder 9
W. R. Ballard, 1930-1940 series 1box 5folder 10
W. R. Ballard, 1930-1940 series 1box 5folder 11
W. R. Ballard, 1941-1946 series 1box 6folder 1
W. R. Ballard, 1941-1946 series 1box 6folder 2
W. R. Ballard, 1941-1946 series 1box 6folder 3
W. R. Ballard -- Reports, 1923-1944 series 1box 6folder 4
W. R. Ballard -- Reports, 1923-1944 series 1box 6folder 5
W. R. Ballard -- Reports, 1923-1944 series 1box 6folder 6
W. R. Ballard -- Reports, 1923-1944 series 1box 6folder 7
W. R. Ballard -- Addresses and speeches, 1924-1934 series 1box 6folder 8
W. R. Ballard -- Addresses and speeches, 1924-1934 series 1box 6folder 9
W. R. Ballard -- Addresses and speeches, 1924-1934 series 1box 6folder 10
W. R. Ballard -- Addresses and speeches, 1934-1936 series 1box 7folder 1
J. H. Beaumont, 1932-1935 series 1box 7folder 2
J. H. Beaumont, 1932-1935 series 1box 7folder 3
J. H. Beaumont, 1932-1935 series 1box 7folder 4
J. H. Beaumont, 1932-1935 series 1box 7folder 5
J. H. Beaumont, 1932-1935 series 1box 7folder 6
J. H. Beaumont, 1932-1935 series 1box 7folder 7
J. H. Beaumont -- Reports and pamphlets, 1932-1935 series 1box 7folder 8
J. H. Beaumont correspondence regarding "Hall of Fame", 1933 series 1box 7folder 9
Victor Boswell, 1926-1928 series 1box 7folder 10
H. B. Cordner, Reports, 1933-1937 series 1box 7folder 11
Ernest Cory, 1928-1932 series 1box 7folder 12
Extension Horticulturist, 1924-1925 series 1box 8folder 1
W. A. Frazier, Reports, 1934-1938 series 1box 8folder 2
L. M. Goodwin, 1927 series 1box 8folder 3
I. C. Haut, 1931-1948 series 1box 8folder 4
I. C. Haut, 1931-1948 series 1box 8folder 5
I. C. Haut, 1931-1948 series 1box 8folder 6
I. C. Haut, 1931-1948 series 1box 8folder 7
I. C. Haut, 1931-1948 series 1box 8folder 8
I. C. Haut, 1931-1948 series 1box 8folder 9
I. C. Haut, 1931-1948 series 1box 8folder 10
I. C. Haut, 1931-1948 series 1box 8folder 11
I. C. Haut, 1949-1953 series 1box 9folder 1
I. C. Haut, 1949-1953 series 1box 9folder 2
I. C. Haut, 1949-1953 series 1box 9folder 3
I. C. Haut, 1949-1953 series 1box 9folder 4
I. C. Haut, 1949-1953 series 1box 9folder 5
I. C. Haut, 1949-1953 series 1box 9folder 6
I. C. Haut, 1949-1953 series 1box 9folder 7
I. C. Haut, 1949-1953 series 1box 9folder 8
I. C. Haut, 1949-1953 series 1box 9folder 9
I. C. Haut, 1954-1963 series 1box 10folder 1
I. C. Haut, 1954-1963 series 1box 10folder 2
I. C. Haut, 1954-1963 series 1box 10folder 3
I. C. Haut, 1954-1963 series 1box 10folder 4
I. C. Haut, 1954-1963 series 1box 10folder 5
I. C. Haut -- Reports and pamphlets, 1936-1939 series 1box 10folder 6
I. C. Haut -- Reports and pamphlets, 1936-1939 series 1box 10folder 7
I. C. Haut -- Reports and pamphlets, 1936-1939 series 1box 10folder 8
I. C. Haut -- Reports and pamphlets, 1932-1934 series 1box 11folder 1
I. C. Haut -- Workshop, undated series 1box 11folder 2
H. A. Hunter, Report, 1937-1944 series 1box 11folder 3
H. A. Hunter, Report, 1937-1944 series 1box 11folder 4
C. H. Mahoney, 1938-February 1939 series 1box 11folder 5
C. H. Mahoney, 1938-February 1939 series 1box 11folder 6
C. H. Mahoney, 1938-February 1939 series 1box 11folder 7
C. H. Mahoney, 1938-February 1939 series 1box 11folder 8
C. H. Mahoney, 1938-February 1939 series 1box 11folder 9
C. H. Mahoney, March 1939-1940 series 1box 12folder 1
C. H. Mahoney, March 1939-1940 series 1box 12folder 2
C. H. Mahoney, March 1939-1940 series 1box 12folder 3
C. H. Mahoney, March 1939-1940 series 1box 12folder 4
C. H. Mahoney, March 1939-1940 series 1box 12folder 5
C. H. Mahoney, March 1939-1940 series 1box 12folder 6
C. H. Mahoney, March 1939-1940 series 1box 12folder 7
C. H. Mahoney, March 1939-1940 series 1box 12folder 8
C. H. Mahoney, March 1939-1940 series 1box 12folder 9
C. H. Mahoney, March 1939-1940 series 1box 12folder 10
C. H. Mahoney, 1941-February 1942 series 1box 13folder 1
C. H. Mahoney, 1941-February 1942 series 1box 13folder 2
C. H. Mahoney, 1941-February 1942 series 1box 13folder 3
C. H. Mahoney, 1941-February 1942 series 1box 13folder 4
C. H. Mahoney, 1941-February 1942 series 1box 13folder 5
C. H. Mahoney, 1941-February 1942 series 1box 13folder 6
C. H. Mahoney, 1941-February 1942 series 1box 13folder 7
C. H. Mahoney, 1941-February 1942 series 1box 13folder 8
C. H. Mahoney, March 1942-February 1943 series 1box 14folder 1
C. H. Mahoney, March 1942-February 1943 series 1box 14folder 2
C. H. Mahoney, March 1942-February 1943 series 1box 14folder 3
C. H. Mahoney, March 1942-February 1943 series 1box 14folder 4
C. H. Mahoney, March 1942-February 1943 series 1box 14folder 5
C. H. Mahoney, March 1942-February 1943 series 1box 14folder 6
C. H. Mahoney, March 1942-February 1943 series 1box 14folder 7
C. H. Mahoney, March 1942-February 1943 series 1box 14folder 8
C. H. Mahoney, March 1943-September 1944 series 1box 15folder 1
C. H. Mahoney, March 1943-September 1944 series 1box 15folder 2
C. H. Mahoney, March 1943-September 1944 series 1box 15folder 3
C. H. Mahoney, March 1943-September 1944 series 1box 15folder 4
C. H. Mahoney, March 1943-September 1944 series 1box 15folder 5
C. H. Mahoney, March 1943-September 1944 series 1box 15folder 6
C. H. Mahoney, March 1943-September 1944 series 1box 15folder 7
C. H. Mahoney, March 1943-September 1944 series 1box 15folder 8
C. H. Mahoney, March 1943-September 1944 series 1box 15folder 9
C. H. Mahoney, October 1944-1947 series 1box 16folder 1
C. H. Mahoney, October 1944-1947 series 1box 16folder 2
C. H. Mahoney, October 1944-1947 series 1box 16folder 3
C. H. Mahoney, October 1944-1947 series 1box 16folder 4
C. H. Mahoney, October 1944-1947 series 1box 16folder 5
C. H. Mahoney, October 1944-1947 series 1box 16folder 6
C. H. Mahoney, October 1944-1947 series 1box 16folder 7
C. H. Mahoney -- Articles, 1937-1940 series 1box 16folder 8
C. H. Mahoney -- Articles, 1939-1945 series 1box 17folder 1
C. H. Mahoney -- Articles, 1939-1945 series 1box 17folder 2
C. H. Mahoney -- Reports and statistics, 1938-1946 series 1box 17folder 3
C. H. Mahoney -- Reports and statistics, 1938-1946 series 1box 17folder 4
C. H. Mahoney -- Reports and statistics, 1938-1946 series 1box 17folder 5
C. H. Mahoney -- Reports and statistics, 1938-1946 series 1box 17folder 6
H. J. Patterson, 1901-1931 series 1box 17folder 7
H. J. Patterson, 1901-1931 series 1box 17folder 8
H. J. Patterson, 1901-1931 series 1box 17folder 9
H. J. Patterson, 1901-1931 series 1box 17folder 10
H. J. Patterson, 1901-1931 series 1box 17folder 11
H. J. Patterson, 1932 series 1box 18folder 1
R. A. Pearson, 1926-1933 series 1box 18folder 2
R. A. Pearson, 1926-1933 series 1box 18folder 3
A. L. Schrader, 1922-September 1938 series 1box 18folder 4
A. L. Schrader, 1922-September 1938 series 1box 18folder 5
A. L. Schrader, 1922-September 1938 series 1box 18folder 6
A. L. Schrader, 1922-September 1938 series 1box 18folder 7
A. L. Schrader, 1922-September 1938 series 1box 18folder 8
A. L. Schrader, 1922-September 1938 series 1box 18folder 9
A. L. Schrader, October 1938-August 1940 series 1box 19folder 1
A. L. Schrader, October 1938-August 1940 series 1box 19folder 2
A. L. Schrader, October 1938-August 1940 series 1box 19folder 3
A. L. Schrader, October 1938-August 1940 series 1box 19folder 4
A. L. Schrader, October 1938-August 1940 series 1box 19folder 5
A. L. Schrader, October 1938-August 1940 series 1box 19folder 6
A. L. Schrader -- Articles and reports, 1924-1949 series 1box 19folder 7
A. L. Schrader -- Articles and reports, 1924-1949 series 1box 19folder 8
A. L. Schrader -- Articles and reports, 1924-1949 series 1box 19folder 9
Presentation of the Work of the Department of Horticulture by Dr. A. Lee Schrader, March 7, 1932 series 1box 19folder 10
"Our Department of Horticulture" prepared by Schrader for Extension Serivce News, September 17, 1940 series 1box 19folder 11
S. B. Shaw, 1923-1924 series 1box 20folder 1
Mark M. Shoemaker -- Reports, 1931-1948 series 1box 20folder 2
Mark M. Shoemaker -- Reports, 1931-1948 series 1box 20folder 3
Mark M. Shoemaker -- Reports, 1931-1948 series 1box 20folder 4
Mark M. Shoemaker -- Reports, 1931-1948 series 1box 20folder 5
Mark M. Shoemaker -- Reports, 1931-1948 series 1box 20folder 6
Mark M. Shoemaker -- Articles and Speeches, 1926-1948 series 1box 20folder 7
Francis C. Stark, 1942-1952 series 1box 20folder 8
Francis C. Stark, 1953-1967 series 1box 21folder 1
Francis C. Stark, 1953-1967 series 1box 21folder 2
Francis C. Stark, 1953-1967 series 1box 21folder 3
Francis C. Stark, 1953-1967 series 1box 21folder 4
Francis C. Stark, 1953-1967 series 1box 21folder 5
Francis C. Stark, 1953-1967 series 1box 21folder 6
Francis C. Stark, 1953-1967 series 1box 21folder 7
Francis C. Stark, 1953-1967 series 1box 21folder 8
Francis C. Stark, 1968-1970 series 1box 22folder 1
Francis C. Stark, 1968-1970 series 1box 22folder 2
Francis C. Stark, 1968-1970 series 1box 22folder 3
Francis C. Stark, 1968-1970 series 1box 22folder 4
H. L. Stier, 1935-1939 series 1box 22folder 5
H. L. Stier, 1938-1941 series 1box 22folder 6
T. B. Symons, 1926-1932 series 1box 22folder 7
A. S. Thurston, 1921-1922 series 1box 22folder 8
A. S. Thurston, 1921-1922 series 1box 22folder 9
A. S. Thurston, 1921-1922 series 1box 22folder 10
A. S. Thurston, January 1923-1928 series 1box 23folder 1
A. S. Thurston, January 1923-1928 series 1box 23folder 2
A. S. Thurston, January 1923-1928 series 1box 23folder 3
A. S. Thurston, January 1923-1928 series 1box 23folder 4
A. S. Thurston, January 1923-1928 series 1box 23folder 5
A. S. Thurston, January 1923-1928 series 1box 23folder 6
A. S. Thurston, January 1923-1928 series 1box 23folder 7
A. S. Thurston, January 1923-1928 series 1box 23folder 8
A. S. Thurston, January 1923-1928 series 1box 23folder 9
A. S. Thurston, 1929-1945 series 1box 24folder 1
A. S. Thurston, 1929-1945 series 1box 24folder 2
A. S. Thurston, 1929-1945 series 1box 24folder 3
A. S. Thurston, 1929-1945 series 1box 24folder 4
A. S. Thurston, 1929-1945 series 1box 24folder 5
A. S. Thurston, 1929-1945 series 1box 24folder 6
A. S. Thurston, 1929-1945 series 1box 24folder 7
A. S. Thurston, 1929-1945 series 1box 24folder 8
A. S. Thurston -- Miscellaneous, undated series 1box 24folder 9
A. S. Thurston -- Reports and articles, 1926-1936 series 1box 24folder 10
A. F. Vierheller, 1926-1945 series 1box 25folder 1
S. W. Wentworth, Reports, 1930-1937 series 1box 25folder 2
Thomas H. White, Reports, 1925-1938 series 1box 25folder 3

Series 2: Administration, 1898-1971 (3.00 linear feet)

The files in this series deal largely with institutes and special projects conducted or sponsored by the Horticulture Department. They consist of reports, correspondence, articles, speeches, and statistics. The records also contain a limited number of departmental budgets, annual reports, and expense records. The files are arranged alphabetically by school, institute, or club. Materials in Box 6 relate to the administration of the Horticulture Department specifically.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Agreements, 1928-1947 series 2box 1folder 1
American Association of University Professors, 1937 series 2box 1folder 2
American Society for the Advancement of Science, 1965-1968 series 2box 1folder 3
American Society of Agronomy, Committee on Fertilizers, 1940 series 2box 1folder 4
American Society for Horticultural Science, 1940, 1960-1968 series 2box 1folder 5
American Society for Horticultural Science, 1940, 1960-1968 series 2box 1folder 6
American Society for Horticultural Science, Committee on Education, 1939-1940 series 2box 1folder 7
Annual Reports, 1915-1940 series 2box 1folder 8
Annual Reports, 1915-1940 series 2box 1folder 9
Campus Committee, 1928-1931 series 2box 1folder 10
Canners and Field Men's School, 1928-1930 series 2box 1folder 11
Canners and Field Men's School, 1928-1930 series 2box 1folder 12
Canners and Field Men's School, 1928-1930 series 2box 1folder 13
Canners and Field Men's School, 1931-1946 series 2box 2folder 1
Canners and Field Men's School, 1931-1946 series 2box 2folder 2
Canners and Field Men's School, 1931-1946 series 2box 2folder 3
Canners and Field Men's School, 1931-1946 series 2box 2folder 4
Canners and Field Men's School, 1931-1946 series 2box 2folder 5
Canning Crops Conference, 1936-1938 series 2box 2folder 6
Committee on Instruction, 1926-1930 series 2box 2folder 7
Committees, 1918-1966 series 2box 2folder 8
Contracts-sample, 1937 series 2box 2folder 9
Cumberland Shenandoah Fruit Conference, 1929-1935 series 2box 2folder 10
Diamondback, 1938 series 2box 2folder 11
Experiment Station-sales, 1927-1944 series 2box 2folder 12
Faculty Meetings, 1920-1971 series 2box 2folder 13
Florist's Short Course, 1931-1946 series 2box 2folder 14
Florist's Short Course, 1931-1946 series 2box 2folder 15
Florist's Short Course, 1931-1946 series 2box 2folder 16
Food Processing Committee, 1951-1956 series 2box 3folder 1
Fruit Judging, 1918-1940 series 2box 3folder 2
Garden School, 1936-1937 series 2box 3folder 3
Graduates, 1918-1923 series 2box 3folder 4
Graduate Council, 1924-1959 series 2box 3folder 5
Greenhouses, 1933-1934 series 2box 3folder 6
Grower Lists, 1926-1945 series 2box 3folder 7
Horticulture Advisory Council, 1938-1941 series 2box 3folder 8
Horticulture Building, 1926-1930 series 2box 3folder 9
Horticulture Club-History, undated series 2box 3folder 10
The Hort Club Memoir, by W. W. Aldrich (2 copies), September 1925 series 2box 3folder 11
History of the Hort Club, undated series 2box 3folder 12
Horticulture Short Course, 1926 series 2box 3folder 13
Letter from Richard O. White to Howard Rovelstad about library donation for horticulture boook purchases, undated series 2box 3folder 14
Maryland Seed Certification Board, 1928 series 2box 3folder 15
Maryland State Horticultural Society, 1926-1935 series 2box 3folder 16
Maryland State Horticultural Society, 1926-1935 series 2box 3folder 17
Maryland Vegetable Growers Association, 1930-1949 series 2box 3folder 18
Maryland Vegetable Growers Association, 1930-1949 series 2box 3folder 19
Maryland Vegetable Growers Association, 1930-1949 series 2box 3folder 20
Maryland Vegetable Growers Association, 1930-1949 series 2box 3folder 21
Maryland Vegetable Growers Association, 1950-1958 series 2box 4folder 1
Maryland Vegetable Growers Association -- Constitutions, 1937-1938 series 2box 4folder 2
Maryland Vegetable Growers Association -- Financial Reports, 1932-1958 series 2box 4folder 3
Maryland Vegetable Growers Association -- Meetings, 1930-1955 series 2box 4folder 4
Maryland Vegetable Growers Association -- Memberships, 1927-1957 series 2box 4folder 5
Miscellaneous, 1922-1946 series 2box 4folder 6
National Canners Association, 1943-1946 series 2box 4folder 7
National Joint Committee on Fertilizer Application, 1939-1941 series 2box 4folder 8
Netherlands Study Program, 1968 series 2box 4folder 9
Nurserymen's Short Course, 1937-1938 series 2box 4folder 10
Northeastern Potato and Vegetable Council, 1938-1939 series 2box 4folder 11
Potash Fellowships, 1930-1932 series 2box 4folder 12
Potato Judging, 1938-1945 series 2box 4folder 13
Phi Alpha Xi, 1923 series 2box 4folder 14
Property, 1931 series 2box 5folder 1
Senate, 1926 series 2box 5folder 2
Shenandoah Fruit Conference, 1935-1945 series 2box 5folder 3
Shenandoah Fruit Conference, 1935-1945 series 2box 5folder 4
Sigma Xi, 1948-1958 series 2box 5folder 5
Small Fruit Breeders Conference, 1940-1942 series 2box 5folder 6
Staff Meetings, 1932-1935 series 2box 5folder 7
Staff Meetings, 1932-1935 series 2box 5folder 8
10 Ton Tomato Club, 1928-1953 series 2box 5folder 9
Vegetable Breeders Conference, 1938-1940 series 2box 5folder 10
Vegetable Growers Field Day, 1949-1957 series 2box 5folder 11
Vegetable Variety Field Days, 1941 series 2box 5folder 12
Victory Garden, 1943 series 2box 5folder 13
Budgets, 1930-1934 series 2box 6folder 1
General Expenses, 1904-1913 series 2box 6folder 2
Inventory, 1907 series 2box 6folder 3
Suppliers, 1898 series 2box 6folder 4
Federal Emergency Relief Act (FERA) Student Labor Report, 1934 series 2box 6folder 5
Horticulture Staff, Faculty, and Students, 1932 and 1962 series 2box 6folder 6
Department of Horticulture Expenses, 1930-1931 series 2box 6folder 7

Series 3: Technical, 1888-1959 (6.50 linear feet)

This series is made up of published and unpublished reports on various horticultural topics, particularly fruits and vegetables. It also contains orchard reports, greenhouse records, experimental notes and field records of the department. The files are arranged alphabetically by subject.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Apples, 1939 series 3box 1folder 1
Beans, 1938 series 3box 1folder 2
Berry Containers, 1939 series 3box 1folder 3
Berry Poll, 1938-1943 series 3box 1folder 4
Berry Survey, 1943 series 3box 1folder 5
Blake's Variety Evaluation Studies, 1936-1937, 1941 series 3box 1folder 6
Breeding Investigations, 1938 series 3box 1folder 7
Brussel Sprouts, 1934-1941 series 3box 1folder 8
Canning, 1940 series 3box 1folder 9
Cantaloupe, 1939-1942 series 3box 1folder 10
Cantaloupe Book, 1910-1912 series 3box 1folder 11
Cantaloupe Trials, 1941 series 3box 1folder 12
Chinese Chestnut, 1943 series 3box 1folder 13
Chinchona, 1942 series 3box 1folder 14
Corn Borer, 1931 series 3box 1folder 15
Corn Project, 1931-1932 series 3box 1folder 16
Cucumbers, 1938 series 3box 1folder 17
Drug, Herb and Spice, 1941 series 3box 1folder 18
Experiment Notes, 1900's series 3box 2folder 1
Experiment Notes, 1900's series 3box 2folder 2
Experiment Notes, 1900's series 3box 2folder 3
Experiment Notes, 1900's series 3box 2folder 4
Experiment Notes, 1900's series 3box 2folder 5
Experiment Notes, 1900's series 3box 2folder 6
Experiment Notes, 1900's series 3box 2folder 7
Experiment Notes, 1910's series 3box 3folder 1
Experiment Notes, 1910's series 3box 3folder 2
Experiment Notes, 1910's series 3box 3folder 3
Experiment Notes, 1910's series 3box 3folder 4
Experiment Notes, 1910's series 3box 3folder 5
Experiment Notes, 1910's series 3box 3folder 6
Experiment Notes, 1910's series 3box 3folder 7
Experiment Notes, 1910's series 3box 3folder 8
Experiment Notes, 1910's series 3box 4folder 1
Experiment Notes, 1910's series 3box 4folder 2
Experiment Notes, 1910's series 3box 4folder 3
Experiment Notes, 1910's series 3box 4folder 4
Experiment Notes, 1910's series 3box 4folder 5
Experiment Notes, 1910's series 3box 4folder 6
Experiment Notes, 1910's series 3box 4folder 7
Experiment Notes, 1910's series 3box 5folder 1
Experiment Notes, 1910's series 3box 5folder 2
Experiment Notes, 1910's series 3box 5folder 3
Experiment Notes, 1910's series 3box 5folder 4
Experiment Notes, 1910's series 3box 5folder 5
Experiment Notes, 1910's series 3box 5folder 6
Experiment Notes, 1912-1913 series 3box 6folder 1
Experiment Notes, 1912-1913 series 3box 6folder 2
Experiment Notes, 1912-1913 series 3box 6folder 3
Fertilizer, 1938-1939 series 3box 7folder 1
Fertilizer Meetings, 1939-1940 series 3box 7folder 2
Fertilizer Placement, 1941-1942 series 3box 7folder 3
Field Plans, 1940-1959 series 3box 7folder 4
Field Plans, 1940-1959 series 3box 7folder 5
Field Plans, 1940-1959 series 3box 7folder 6
Field Plans, 1940-1959 series 3box 7folder 7
Field Plans, 1940-1959 series 3box 7folder 8
Field Plans, 1940-1959 series 3box 7folder 9
Field Plans, 1940-1959 series 3box 7folder 10
Field Plans, 1940-1959 series 3box 7folder 11
Field Plans, 1940-1959 series 3box 7folder 12
Field Plans, 1940-1959 series 3box 7folder 13
Field Records, 1920's, 1942, and undated series 3box 7folder 14
Floriculture, undated series 3box 8folder 1
Freezing, 1938 series 3box 8folder 2
Frozen Pack Preservation, 1938-1942 series 3box 8folder 3
Fruit Tagging, 1932 series 3box 8folder 4
Fruits, 1942 series 3box 8folder 5
Garden Clubs, undated series 3box 8folder 6
Gooseberry Record, 1930 series 3box 8folder 7
Greenhouse, 1938-1948 series 3box 8folder 8
Greenhouse Experiment, 1898-1910 series 3box 8folder 9
Greenhouse Experiment, 1899-1935 series 3box 9folder 1
Irish Potato Notes, 1902-1935 series 3box 9folder 2
Lettuce, 1939 series 3box 9folder 3
Lima Beans, 1936-1941 series 3box 9folder 4
Miscellaneous, 1927, 1939-1941 series 3box 9folder 5
National and International Horticulture, 1931-1935 series 3box 9folder 6
Nuts, 1927 series 3box 9folder 7
Oakland Station, 1917-1921 series 3box 9folder 8
Orchard I, 1928-1930 series 3box 9folder 9
Orchard I, 1928-1932 series 3box 10folder 1
Orchard I, 1928-1932 series 3box 10folder 2
Orchard I, 1928-1932 series 3box 10folder 3
Orchard I, 1928-1932 series 3box 10folder 4
Orchard I, 1928-1932 series 3box 10folder 5
Orchard I -- Bloom Record, 1931 series 3box 10folder 6
Orchard Book, 1888-1911 series 3box 10folder 7
Orchard Book, 1888-1911 series 3box 10folder 8
Orchard Demonstrations, 1925 series 3box 11folder 1
Orchard Forms, 1933 series 3box 11folder 2
Orchard-Nash Farm, 1938-1940 series 3box 11folder 3
Orchard Records, 1932-1933 series 3box 11folder 4
Orchard Records, 1932-1933 series 3box 11folder 5
Orchard Records, 1932-1933 series 3box 11folder 6
Orchard Records, 1932-1933 series 3box 11folder 7
Orchard Records, 1932-1933 series 3box 11folder 8
Orchard Records, 1932-1933 series 3box 12folder 1
Orchard Records, 1932-1933 series 3box 12folder 2
Orchard Varieties, 1924-1930 series 3box 12folder 3
Orchards, 1923, 1929-1932 series 3box 12folder 4
Packing Statistics, 1925-1939 series 3box 12folder 5
Peach Malady, 1941-1942 series 3box 12folder 6
Peach Orchard, 1930 series 3box 12folder 7
Peaches, 1941 series 3box 12folder 8
Pea Pods, 1937-1938 series 3box 12folder 9
Peas, 1937-1940 series 3box 12folder 10
Plant Patents, undated series 3box 12folder 11
Pollination Studies, 1920-1937 series 3box 12folder 12
Project L-72, 1936 series 3box 12folder 13
Project Reports, 1902-1939 series 3box 12folder 14
Project Reports, 1902-1939 series 3box 12folder 15
Project Reports, 1902-1939 series 3box 12folder 16
Rapid Plant and Soil Tests, 1942 series 3box 13folder 1
Raspberries, 1936, 1939, 1944 series 3box 13folder 2
Raspberry Nurseries, 1936-1942 series 3box 13folder 3
Redskin Peaches, 1944-1954 series 3box 13folder 4
Sage, 1943 series 3box 13folder 5
Salisbury Plots, 1938 series 3box 13folder 6
Seed Certification, 1933-1935 series 3box 13folder 7
Seed Letters, 1938-1943 series 3box 13folder 8
Snap Beans, 1942 series 3box 13folder 9
Soils, 1939 series 3box 13folder 10
Soybeans, 1940 series 3box 13folder 11
Spinach, 1938-1940 series 3box 13folder 12
Sweet Corn Fertilizer Placement, 1938-1942 series 3box 13folder 13
Sweet Pea, 1938-1940 series 3box 13folder 14
Sweet Potato, 1938-1940 series 3box 13folder 15
Tomatoes, 1936-1942 series 3box 13folder 16
Tomato Inspection, 1930-1935 series 3box 13folder 17
Truck Crops, 1938 series 3box 13folder 18
Variety Ripening Dates, 1937-1940 series 3box 13folder 19
Variety Trials, 1938 series 3box 13folder 20
Variety Trials -- Miscellaneous, 1933, 1936-1937 series 3box 13folder 21
Watermelon, 1938 series 3box 13folder 22
Yield, 1939 series 3box 13folder 23

Series 4: Pamphlets, 1900-1955 (3.50 linear feet)

This series consists of published pamphlets produced by state experimental stations and those on special horticultural topics. Arrangement is alphabetical. A twelve-year run of Wisconsin Horticulture is filed at the end of the series.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
American Dahlia Society, 1922-1944 series 4box 1folder 1
American Dahlia Society, 1922-1944 series 4box 1folder 2
American Dahlia Society, 1922-1944 series 4box 1folder 3
American Dahlia Society, 1922-1944 series 4box 1folder 4
Apples, 1922-1963 series 4box 1folder 5
Corn, 1935-1939 series 4box 1folder 6
Dehydration, 1938-1942 series 4box 1folder 7
Experiment Stations, Arizona to Maine, 1900-1945 series 4box 2folder 1
Experiment Stations, Massachusetts to Oregon, 1917-1945 series 4box 3folder 1
Experiment Stations, Oklahoma to Wisconsin, 1920-1945 series 4box 4folder 1
Fertilizer, 1924-1926, 1942 series 4box 5folder 1
Fruits, 1924-1941 series 4box 5folder 2
General, 1926-1945 series 4box 5folder 3
Miscellaneous, 1904-1949 series 4box 5folder 4
Miscellaneous, 1904-1949 series 4box 5folder 5
Seed Catalogs, 1918-1923 series 4box 5folder 6
Seed Catalogs, 1920-1933 series 4box 6folder 1
Seed Catalogs, 1920-1933 series 4box 6folder 2
Seed Catalogs, 1920-1933 series 4box 6folder 3
Societies, 1924-1949 series 4box 6folder 4
Trees, 1926-1945 series 4box 6folder 5
Vegetables, 1944-1945, 1948, 1959 series 4box 6folder 6
Wisconsin Horticulture, 1933-1945 series 4box 7folder 1
Wisconsin Horticulture, 1933-1945 series 4box 7folder 2
Wisconsin Horticulture, 1933-1945 series 4box 7folder 3
Wisconsin Horticulture, 1933-1945 series 4box 7folder 4
Wisconsin Horticulture, 1933-1945 series 4box 7folder 5
Wisconsin Horticulture, 1933-1945 series 4box 7folder 6

Related Material

Materials related to this collection may be found in the University Publications collection. They include a comprehensive history by Leland Scott entitled Horticulture at the University of Maryland, 1856-1975 (1975); a self-evaluation of the department made in 1965; a five-year review of the graduate program made in 1973; and a comprehensive review of the department made in 1977. There are also several unprocessed accessions in the collection.

For other related archival and manuscript collections, please see the following subject guides.

Selected Search Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the University of Maryland Libraries' Catalog. Researchers desiring related materials about these topics, names, or places may search the Catalog using these headings.

Subjects

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