Jerome Forrest Papers
Jerome Forrest was an economist, trade negotiator and an Army intelligence officer in the Far East during World War II. He attended the University of Maryland as a graduate student for a brief period in spring 1951. The Papers of Jerome Forrest, which cover the period from 1945 to 1995, include correspondence between Forrest and former University of Maryland history professor Dr. Gordon W. Prange as well as accounts of interrogations of former members of the Japanese army concerning the Battle of Wake Island in which he participated. In addition there are articles by Forrest and others concerning General Douglas McArthur and post-World War II Japan as well as Japanese publications and U.S. Army reports from this era. There is also a photograph of Dr. Prange and Jerome Forrest, a U.S. War Department personnel file, and editorial work papers from the period of time where Forrest worked as an economist and trade negotiator.
Important Information for Users of the Collection
This collection is open for research use.
Jerome Forrest Papers, Special Collections, University of Maryland Libraries.Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1903.1/32340
Photocopies of original materials may be provided for a fee and at the discretion of the curator. Please see our Duplication of Materials policy for more information. Queries regarding publication rights and copyright status of materials within this collection should be directed to the appropriate curator.
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Jerome Forrest was born on June 3, 1916, in New York. Before the outbreak of World War II, Forrest was able to complete two years of undergraduate coursework at the College of the City of New York, one year of elementary Japanese at Columbia University, and one year of law school at the New York Law School before enlisting in the army. During his enlistment, he took courses at the Army Intelligence School at Arlington, Virginia, on Japanese language, government, economy, and philosophy. After the war, he met and began working with Gordon W. Prange, a professor of history at the University of Maryland from 1937 to 1980 who was widely known for his research on the attack on Pearl Harbor. From 1947 to 1951, they researched the events surrounding the Battle of Wake Island which occurred shortly after the December 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor. Prange convinced Forrest to enroll at the University of Maryland to begin studying under him as a graduate student to continue their work in Japanese Studies. Forrest enrolled as a graduate student in spring 1951 and took a course on Far Eastern Politics. Forrest's and Dr. Prange's professional relationship waned during this time, and Forrest subsequently withdrew from the university after taking this single course.
Forrest went on to receive a bachelor's degree from Sophia University in Tokyo and become a civilian employee of the army. He later worked as an economist for the Agency for International Development in Japan and Washington in the 1950s and 1960s and worked for the Commerce Department up until the early 1970s. He also served as a trade negotiator in Geneva throughout the 1970s and then as a consultant until his death on May 18, 1998.
Scope and Contents of the Collection
The Papers of Jerome Forrest, which cover the period from 1945 to 1995, consist primarily of correspondence with University of Maryland professor Gordon W. Prange, University of Maryland President Harry Clifton Byrd, and members of the U.S. military and working papers from various editorial projects. The collection also contains interrogations conducted by Dr. Prange and Forrest with former members of the Japanese army concerning the Battle of Wake Island. There are notes on the Battle of Wake Island taken by Forrest, a photograph of Dr. Prange and Forrest, and a personnel file documenting Forrest's employment with the U.S. War Department. The collection also contains publications concerning the Far East and Japan pre-World War II and post-World War II, including publications by Forrest such as General MacArthur and His Vanishing War History, published by The Reporter in 1952, and publications not by Forrest such as The Japanese Emperor and the War by Yasumasa Matsudaira. Reports by the U.S. Army, including Interrogation report no. 0447, an Investigation of the Pearl Harbor attack by the 79th Congress, and "Japan's Struggle to End the War" by the U.S. Strategic Bombing Survey are also included in the collection to provide context for Forrest's publications and research. Work papers concerning an article written by Forrest titled "Japan's Greatest Blunder?" are also included in this collection.
Custodial History and Acquisition Information
Jeffrey Stanley, grandson of Jerome Forrest, and his mother, June Stanley, donated the collection to the University of Maryland Libraries in January 2015.
Processed by Tiffany Walker, April 2015.
Metal fasteners were removed and replaced plastic clips. Materials were rehoused and placed in folders and acid-free containers and arranged according to type of document.
EAD markup created using EAD database in Microsoft Access. Markup completed by Anne S.K. Turkos, June 2015.
Arrangement of Collection
The collection is organized as one series.
Detailed Description of the Collection
Series 1: Correspondece, Working Papers, and Publications, 1945-1995 and undated (1.25 linear feet)
Series one contains correspondence, work papers, publications, and interrogations written or compiled by Jerome Forrest. The bulk of the correspondence is between Gordon W. Prange and Jerome Forrest and concerns their ongoing research projects involving pre-World War II and post-World War II Japan as well as Forrest's enrollment at the University of Maryland. The work papers concern Forrest's editorial work as well as his personal edits on his own material, which relates primarily to U.S. involvement in Japan and the Far East. His publications focus on General MacArthur's efforts in Japan after World War II during the U.S. occupation of the country. The series also contains publications and reports related to Japanese governance and reports about Japan published by the U.S. government that were used as reference materials in Forrest's work.
|Description||Series||Box / Reel||Folder / Frame|
|Correspondence -- Jerome Forrest and Gordon W. Prange, 1949||series 1||box 1||folder 1|
|Correspondence -- Jerome Forrest and Gordon W. Prange, 1950||series 1||box 1||folder 2|
|Correspondence -- Jerome Forrest and Gordon W. Prange, 1951||series 1||box 1||folder 3|
|Correspondence -- Gordon W. Prange and Harry Clifton Byrd, 1951||series 1||box 1||folder 4|
|Correspondence -- Gordon W. Prange and Others, 1948||series 1||box 1||folder 5|
|Correspondence -- Gordon W. Prange and Others, 1949||series 1||box 1||folder 6|
|Correspondence -- Gordon W. Prange and Others, 1950||series 1||box 1||folder 7|
|Correspondence -- Major General Charles A. Willoughby, 1945-1949||series 1||box 1||folder 8|
|Editorial Work Papers, undated||series 1||box 1||folder 9|
|Editorial Work Papers, undated||series 1||box 1||folder 10|
|Editorial Work Papers, undated||series 1||box 1||folder 11|
|Editorial Work Papers, undated||series 1||box 2||folder 1|
|Interrogations -- Battle of Wake Island, 1945||series 1||box 2||folder 2|
|Interrogations -- Battle of Wake Island, 1947||series 1||box 2||folder 3|
|Interrogations -- Battle of Wake Island, 1948||series 1||box 2||folder 4|
|Interrogations -- Battle of Wake Island, 1949||series 1||box 2||folder 5|
|Interrogations -- Battle of Wake Island, 1950||series 1||box 2||folder 6|
|Interrogations -- Battle of Wake Island-Flashcard Notations,, undated||series 1||box 2||folder 7|
|Interrogations -- Japanese Army Termination of War, 1949-1950||series 1||box 3||folder 1|
|Notes -- Battle of Wake Island, undated||series 1||box 3||folder 2|
|Personnel File -- U.S. War Department, undated||series 1||box 3||folder 3|
|Photograph -- Gordon W. Prange and Jerome Forrest, undated||series 1||box 3||folder 4|
|Publication -- Forrest, Jerome -- Naval History -- The General Who Would Not Eat Grass, 1995||series 1||box 3||folder 5|
|Publication -- Forrest, Jerome -- The Reporter -- General MacArthur and His Vanishing War History, 1952||series 1||box 3||folder 6|
|Publication -- Matsudaira, Yasumasa -- The Japanese Emperor and the War, undated||series 1||box 3||folder 7|
|Publication -- Ministry of Foreign Affairs -- A Study of the Potsdam Declaration, 1945||series 1||box 3||folder 8|
|Publication -- Newspaper Clippings Related to General Douglas MacArthur, 1952-1995||series 1||box 3||folder 9|
|Publication -- Okuyama Service -- The Memoirs of Prince Fumimaro Konoe, 1945||series 1||box 3||folder 10|
|Publication -- Sokichi, Takagi -- Memo on the Course of the War, undated||series 1||box 3||folder 11|
|Report -- Interrogation Report No. 0447 -- Headquarters Sixth Army, 1945||series 1||box 3||folder 12|
|Report -- Investigation of the Pearl Harbor Attack -- 79th Congress, 1946||series 1||box 3||folder 13|
|Report -- Japan's Struggle to End the War -- United States Strategic Bombing Survey, 1946||series 1||box 3||folder 14|
|Work Papers -- Japan's Greatest Blunder?, undated||series 1||box 3||folder 15|
Gordon W. Prange Papers, Special Collections, University of Maryland Libraries.
- Dr. Gordon W. Prange (July 16, 1910 - May 15, 1980) was an historian and history professor at the University of Maryland from 1937 until his death in 1980. While teaching at the University of Maryland, Prange published many books and articles on a variety of historical topics, but he is probably best known for his research on the December 7, 1941, attack on Pearl Harbor by Japanese forces during World War II. Prange conducted interviews and collected accounts from diaries, articles, and correspondence with many of the key participants in the battle, both Japanese and American, as well as completed extensive research on the causes, planning, build-up to, and execution and consequences of the attack. Prange's Pearl Harbor research was published posthumously in three volumes: At Dawn We Slept: The Untold Story of Pearl Harbor (1981), Pearl Harbor: The Verdict of History (1986), and December 7, 1941: The Day the Japanese Attacked Pearl Harbor (1988). The Gordon W. Prange Papers cover the period from 1866 to 2002, with the bulk of the materials dating from 1936 to 1980. The collection consists of both personal and professional papers and includes unpublished manuscripts, correspondence, interview notes and transcripts, research notes, articles, maps, and photographs related to Prange?s research on the attack on Pearl Harbor, the Battle of Midway, the Russian spy Richard Sorge, and the speeches of Adolf Hitler. There are also materials related to Prange's tenure as a history professor at the University of Maryland and Prange's service as an historian for the US Army under General Douglas MacArthur during the Allied occupation of Japan. Gordon Prange and Jerome Forrest collaborated for a period of time on World War II-related projects.
For other related archival and manuscript collections, please see the following subject guides.