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Jacob Elry Metzger papers

Abstract

Title:
Jacob Elry Metzger papers
Author/Creator:
Metzger, Jacob Elry
Collection number:
92-19
Size:
0.25 linear feet (1 bound vol.)
Bulk dates:
1915-1938
Inclusive dates:
1915-1938
Collection Area:
University of Maryland
Repository:
Special Collections, University of Maryland Libraries, Hornbake Library, College Park, MD 20742. Tel: 301-405-9212, Fax: 301-314-2709, Email: askhornbake@umd.edu
Abstract:

Jacob E. Metzger came to the Maryland Agricultural College in 1914. He was a professor of agronomy and head of the Department of Agronomy, supervisor of the Agricultural Department of the Maryland High Schools for the State Department of Public Instruction, Agronomist of the Maryland Experiment Station, and acting director and director of the Maryland Agricultural Experiment Station from 1937 to 1939. Metzger also established and directed the university's first summer school in 1914. Metzger took part in research and experiments which led to development of "beardless" barley, conducted research on a special type of turf grass for golf courses, and was a noted author of bulletins and articles on soil research and other related fields. His papers consist of speeches, research papers, and recollections on subjects related to his career. Topics include agriculture in Maryland, agricultural education in college and secondary schools, alfalfa, soils, and corn production in Maryland.

Important Information for Users of the Collection

Restrictions:

This collection is open for research.

Preferred citation:

Jacob Elry Metzger papers, Special Collections, University of Maryland Libraries.

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1903.1/1753
Publication rights:

Photocopies of original materials may be provided for a fee and at the discretion of the curator. Please see our Duplication of Materials policy for more information. Queries regarding publication rights and copyright status of materials within this collection should be directed to the appropriate curator.

Status:

This collection is PROCESSED.

Historical Note

Jacob Elry Metzger was born on July 30, 1882, in Blair County, Pennsylvania. He graduated from Pennsylvania State College in 1911 and came to the Maryland Agricultural College in 1914. He organized the Department of Agricultural Education and the Maryland Agricultural College's first summer school. The original purpose of the summer session, according to Metzger, was so that "field plots, laboratories, shops, libraries, livestock, orchards, instruction and other facilities used by the regular students of the college might be available to those who for any reason find it more convenient to attend during summer months." The first Summer School, held in 1914, hosted thirty-five courses; the number increased to forty-eight in 1915 (to accommodate 141 students). Metzger directed the Summer School for four years. He was also the supervisor of the Agricultural Department of the Maryland High Schools for the State Department of Public Instruction and wrote extensively about agricultural education.

In 1917, Metzger became head of the Department of Agronomy and Agronomist of the Experiment Station, holding both positions for over twenty years until his death. Metzger took part in research and experiments that led to development of "beardless" barley, conducted research on a special type of turf grass for golf courses, and was a noted author of bulletins and articles on soil research and other related fields. He was a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and a member of the American Society of Agronomy, as well as the Academy of Political and Social Sciences. In 1930, Metzger was a United States Representative at the One-Hundredth Anniversary of Natural Nitrates, held at Santiago, Chile.

Active in campus life, Metzger was a member of the Athletic Board and the Scholarship Committee. He also served as president of the University of Maryland chapter of Phi Kappa Phi from 1930 to 1931 and was a president of the University of Maryland Chapter of Sigma Xi, the scientific research society, in 1935. In addition, he was a president of the Prince George's County Kiwanis Club and a member of the Mount Herman Masonic Lodge.

In 1929, the university appointed Metzger Assistant Director of the Maryland Agricultural Experiment Station. When Dr. H. J. Patterson retired as Director of the station in 1937, Metzger assumed this position as Acting Director, while continuing in his position as head of the Department of Agronomy. In June 1939, he became Director of the Maryland Agricultural Experiment Station. Metzger died on December 25, 1939, of a heart attack while on vacation in Florida. He was fifty-seven years old. His wife, Jane (Jennie) Butts Metzger, survived him.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The Papers of Jacob Elry Metzger cover the period 1915 through 1938 and consist of typescripts and reprints of course lectures, radio talks, research papers, and addresses given by Metzger on subjects relating primarily to agriculture and agricultural education in Maryland. Other topics are more specific and deal with issues such as soil erosion, lawn management, crops, and international agricultural issues.

Custodial History and Acquisition Information

The Marylandia and Rare Books Department of the University of Maryland Libraries transferred the Papers of Jacob Elry Metzger to the Archives and Manuscripts Department in 1991. Metzger's widow, Jane Butts Metzger, donated the papers to the University of Maryland in 1940 as part of a larger book donation.

Processing Information

Processed by:

Processed by Jennie A. Levine, April 2003.

Processing note:

At some point prior to acquisition, the Papers of Jacob Elry Metzger were bound together in a hardcover binding. The papers remain in this binding, and items were separated and numbered by inserting a piece of acid-free paper before the first page of each article.

Encoded by:

EAD markup created using EAD database in Microsoft Access. Markup completed by Jennie A. Levine and Jennifer Evans.

Arrangement of Collection

The Papers of Jacob Elry Metzger consist of one series:

Detailed Description of the Collection

Series 1: Writings and Lectures, 1915-1938 (1 vol.)

Series I is comprised of typescripts and reprints of course lectures, radio talks, research papers, and addresses given by Metzger on subjects relating primarily to agriculture and agricultural education in Maryland. The earlier papers, dating from approximately 1915 to 1925, deal almost exclusively with Metzger's opinions and studies on the topic of agricultural education at the high school and university level. Metzger was an advocate of broad general knowledge for high school teachers of agriculture, as opposed to specialization. Metzger wrote that a highly specialized teacher "is inclined to over-emphasize his specialty, to be too technical in his instruction for the high school student." He also advocated practical experience for high school students in different areas of agriculture and tried to find ways to involve the Maryland Agricultural College in local high school projects throughout the state.

His later writings, from 1926 to 1938, are more specific in nature and deal with various agricultural topics such as soybean hay making, the wheat crop of Maryland, corn silage, alfalfa, lawn management, and soil conservation. These papers generally resulted from studies carried out by the Maryland Agricultural Experiment Station. Metzger also addresses international issues in his later works; one untitled lecture addresses his concerns for the American farmer and the effects of the post-World War I market on American farming and another lecture discusses agriculture in South America, most likely inspired by Metzger's 1930 visit to Chile.

Arrangement is by location in the bound volume. An item level listing of the materials in the bound volume is appended to this guide.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / FrameItem
Writings and Lectures, 1915-1938 series 1box 1folder 1
Proper Preparation of Equipment, Academic and Professional, of Teachers in Schools of Agriculture, 1915 series 1box 1folder 1item 1
Maryland Agricultural College Summer School, 1915 series 1box 1folder 1item 2
The Work of Our Various Educational Institutions in the Solution of Problems of Rural Education and Rural Life: The Agricultural College, [1915?] series 1box 1folder 1item 3
Our State Course of Study in Agriculture, Its Merits and Defects: A Discussion, [1915?] series 1box 1folder 1item 4
Maryland's New School Law, [1915] series 1box 1folder 1item 5
Secondary Education, [1915?] series 1box 1folder 1item 6
How the Rural School Can Best Fulfill Its Mission, [1915?] series 1box 1folder 1item 7
The Country School as a Community Builder, [1915] series 1box 1folder 1item 8
Agriculture in the High Schools, [1915?] series 1box 1folder 1item 9
Agriculture in the High Schools, [1915?] series 1box 1folder 1item 10
Soybean Hay Making, Radio Talk, WMAL (Washington, DC), August 10, 1928 series 1box 1folder 1item 11
The Wheat Crop of Maryland: Its Importance to the Eastern Shore. Summer School for Ministers, Washington College, September 26, 1910 series 1box 1folder 1item 12
Course in Agriculture for Land-Grant Colleges, North Atlantic States (Second Year), [undated] series 1box 1folder 1item 13
Fertilized Check Plots. Reprinted from Soil Science Society of America Proceedings, Vol. 1, 1937, 1937 series 1box 1folder 1item 14
Some Typical Soil Profiles and Their Properties, [undated] series 1box 1folder 1item 15
Corn Silage (Filling the Sile), Radio Talk, August 20, 1929 series 1box 1folder 1item 16
Alfalfa in Rotations, [undated] series 1box 1folder 1item 17
Untitled [Foreign vs. Domestic markets], [undated] series 1box 1folder 1item 18
Agriculture in West Coast South America Countries, [1930?] series 1box 1folder 1item 19
Lawns and Their Management, Radio Talk, April 1, 1930 series 1box 1folder 1item 20
Bringing Back the Lawn: A Talk on Rejuvenating Lawns that have been Depleted, Radio Talk, WMAL (Washington, DC), 1931 series 1box 1folder 1item 21
Home Productions of Feeds and Lawn Improvement, Radio Talk, September 23, 1932 series 1box 1folder 1item 22
The Alfalfa Soils of Maryland (M.C.I. Association), January, 1934 series 1box 1folder 1item 23
Fertilizers Under the Agricultural Adjustment Act (Truck Grower's Meeting, Baltimore), January, 1934 series 1box 1folder 1item 24
Conservation of Soils: Maryland's Land Problem, Radio Talk, WBAL (Baltimore, Maryland), January 26, 1934 series 1box 1folder 1item 25
The Use of Marginal Land: A Suggested Control and Conservation Program, February, 1934 series 1box 1folder 1item 26
How to Select Suitable Fertilizers for Canning Crops (Canner's Conference), February 26, 1935 series 1box 1folder 1item 27
The Soil Erosion Problem in Maryland, Radio Talk, WBAL (Baltimore), February 14, 1936 series 1box 1folder 1item 28
Adopting the Cropping System to the Needs of the Family Farm, September, 1936 series 1box 1folder 1item 29
Sweet Corn Production in Maryland (Southern Planter), March, 1937 series 1box 1folder 1item 30
Soil Erosion and Its Control (M.C.I. Association Meeting), January, 1938 series 1box 1folder 1item 31
Maryland Pastures (Maryland Agricultural Experiment Station), January 12, 1938 series 1box 1folder 1item 32

Related Material

Writings of Jacob Elry Metzger may be found in various locations in the University of Maryland Libraries. The Marylandia and Rare Books Department has a copy of Agricultural Progress in a Typical Maryland Community, 1865-1925, College Park, 1925 (Maryland Folio S451.M32M4). A paper written with R. G Rothgeb, entitled "Crop Land Utilizations, Yield Trends and Crop Production Summaries for Maryland," (1931) is located in the University Publications collection (UPUB A40.001). The majority of Metzger's work outside of these papers may be found in bulletins from the Agricultural Experiment Station, located in the University Publications collection. Bulletins #237, 246, 253, 277, 281, 285, 297, 333, 347, 351, and 384 were all written or co-written by Metzger. Reprints of other Metzger papers are located in the Faculty Reprints Collection in the University of Maryland. Correspondence between Metzger and his widow and president of the University of Maryland, H. C. Byrd, is located in the University Archives, Records of the President, Harry Clifton Byrd files (unprocessed).

For other related archival and manuscript collections, please see the following subject guides.

Selected Search Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the University of Maryland Libraries' Catalog. Researchers desiring related materials about these topics, names, or places may search the Catalog using these headings.

Subjects