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Gahan Family papers

Abstract

Title:
Gahan Family papers
Author/Creator:
Gahan Family
Collection number:
2003-134
Size:
1.00 linear foot and 55 items
Bulk dates:
1906-1952
Inclusive dates:
1905-2003
Collection Area:
University of Maryland
Repository:
Special Collections, University of Maryland Libraries, Hornbake Library, College Park, MD 20742. Tel: 301-405-9212, Fax: 301-314-2709, Email: askhornbake@umd.edu
Abstract:

Arthur B. (Burton) Gahan (1880-1960) grew up in Manhattan, Kansas. In 1904, Gahan accepted an assistantship in the Department of Entomology at the Maryland Agricultural College. Gahan received a master's degree from the Maryland Agricultural College in 1906, and remained in the Department of Entomology as Assistant Entomologist until 1913. In 1913, he accepted an appointment as Assistant Entomologist in the Division of Cereal and Forage Insect Investigations of the then U. S. Bureau of Entomology, with assignment at the National Museum in Washington. Gahan retired in 1951. His son, James B. Gahan (1909-1996) also graduated from the University of Maryland. His daughter Winifred Gahan (1910-2002), was also a University of Maryland graduate and was active in local civic and church affairs, and was named "Prince Georgian of the Year" in 1993. The Gahan Family Papers spans the period 1905 through 2003 and consists of publications in the field of Entomology, employment records, correspondence, photographs, certificates and awards, and biographical information relating to the Gahan family. The bulk of the collection is a near-complete set of one-hundred and twenty scientific publications and reprints of articles by Arthur B. Gahan, dating from 1906 to 1952, and indexed by the author. Also included are notes, correspondence, and documentation relating to the establishment of the Gahan Scholarship Fund in 1981. Winifred E. Gahan (Arthur B. Gahan's sister) is represented in the collection by a commemorative book of letters assembled by her co-workers upon her retirement from the university in 1953, entitled "Our Miss Gahan."

Important Information for Users of the Collection

Restrictions:

This collection is open for research.

Preferred citation:

Gahan Family papers, Special Collections, University of Maryland Libraries.

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1903.1/1737
Publication rights:

Photocopies of original materials may be provided for a fee and at the discretion of the curator. Please see our Duplication of Materials policy for more information. Queries regarding publication rights and copyright status of materials within this collection should be directed to the appropriate curator.

Status:

This collection is PROCESSED.

Historical Note

Arthur B. (Burton) Gahan was born on December 9, 1880, on his parents' farm three miles from Manhattan, Kansas. He attended Kansas State College, working the summers in the Kansas wheat harvest. In 1904, Gahan accepted an assistantship in the Department of Entomology at the Maryland Agricultural College. Gahan received a master's degree in Entomology from the Maryland Agricultural College in 1906 and remained in the Department of Entomology as Assistant Entomologist until 1913. In 1913, he accepted an appointment as Assistant Entomologist in the Division of Cereal and Forage Insect Investigations of the U. S. Bureau of Entomology, with assignment at the National Museum in Washington. Gahan remained at the U. S. Bureau of Entomology, eventually changing appointment to the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine. He retired in 1951.

During the early years of his appointment at the U. S. Bureau of Entomology, Gahan published on a wide variety of entomological subjects, such as the taxonomy of the Ichneumonidae, Braconidae, and Proctotrupoidea as well as the Chalcidoidea. He eventually specialized in study of the Chalcidoidea, one of the largest groups of parasitoid wasps. Among the more significant of his published contributions were an exhaustive study of the serphoid and chalcidoid parasites of the Hessian fly (1933) and a precise work on the type species of the genera of the Chalcidoidea (1922).

Gahan married Emily Bonnet on September 30, 1908. The couple lived on Berwyn Road in College Park, Maryland. He was active in civic affairs, serving for many years as president of the Home and School Association of the Berwyn Elementary School and an election supervisor; he was also an active member of the Berwyn Citizens Association. They had two children, James and Winifred. Gahan's sister, Winifred E. Gahan, was also connected to the University of Maryland, working for the Extension Service office for thirty-four years, and retiring in 1953. Arthur B. Gahan died on May 23, 1960 at the age of seventy-nine.

James B. (Bonnet) Gahan was born on July 19, 1909. His degrees from the University of Maryland included a B. S. degree, conferred in 1930, and an M. S., in 1932. He followed in his father's footsteps and became an entomologist; his first job was with the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine, assisting in a search for new insecticides to control the codling moth carpocapsa pomella. In 1937, he moved to Sanford, Florida, and, in 1943, he joined the staff of a laboratory operated by the Division of Insects Affecting Man and Animals, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine, U. S. Department of Agriculture, and the Office of Scientific Development that was working on insect-born diseases plaguing the U. S. Armed Forces during World War II.

James married Margaret Horn in 1938, and she traveled with him on various assignments in Mexico and Cairo, Egypt. James Gahan then returned to Florida to serve as the project leader of the Area Control and Premises Treatment Sections of the Insects Affecting Man and Animals Laboratory, where he directed the insecticide testing program aimed at controlling disease-carrying insects.

James Gahan was a member of the Sigma Xi fraternity, the Kiwanis Club, the American Camellia Society, and the Gainesville Camellia Society, serving as president of the latter for two years. He died on August 22, 1996, in Gainesville, Florida, at the age of eighty-seven.

Winifred Gahan was born on September 14, 1910. She was a 1931 graduate of the University of Maryland in the field of Home Economics. Winifred continued her education at Strayer College, where she learned typing and shorthand. She worked in the District of Columbia Public School System, Anacostia High School, and subsequently for the U. S. Department of Agriculture.

Winifred was most active in public service and church communities. Her involvement in the Red Cross, Blood Bank, and other civic organizations earned her the title of "Prince Georgian of the Year" in 1993. She was a lifelong member of Berwyn Presbyterian Church and was the Superintendent of its Kindergarten Department for forty-two years. In March 1997, the Presbyterian Women honored her for her contributions and services. Winifred died on November 6, 2002, at the age of ninety-two.

In 1981, James B. Gahan, Margaret Gahan, and Winifred Gahan established the Gahan Scholarship Fund, a graduate-level fellowship in honor of their father, in the Department of Entomology at the University of Maryland. In 1986, the Gahans increased their contributions, establishing the Gahan Regents Fellowship, the first Regents Fellowship at the university. The fund continues to support fellowships in the Department of Entomology.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The Gahan Family Papers span the period from 1905 through 2003 and consists of publications in the field of entomology, employment records, correspondence, photographs, certificates and awards, and biographical information relating to the Gahan family. The bulk of the collection is a nearly complete set of 120 scientific publications and reprints of articles by Arthur B. Gahan, dating from 1906 to 1952 and indexed by the author. Also included are notes, correspondence, and documentation relating to the establishment of the Gahan Scholarship Fund in 1981. Winifred Gahan's papers deal more with her activities on a local level, specifically her involvement in Prince George's County civic organizations. Winifred E. Gahan is represented in the collection by a commemorative book of letters assembled by her co-workers upon her retirement from the university in 1953, entitled "Our Miss Gahan."

Custodial History and Acquisition Information

Margaret H. Gahan, widow of James B. Gahan, donated the Gahan Family Papers to the College of Life Sciences at the University of Maryland in 2003. The College of Life Sciences subsequently transferred the collection to the University of Maryland Libraries.

Processing Information

Processed by:

Processed by Jennie A. Levine, May 2003.

Processing note:

The collection was transferred to acid-free folders and housed in acid-free boxes. For the most part, original order has been maintained. The photographs were placed in mylar sleeves and housed in an archival box. The memorabilia items were wrapped in tissue paper and placed in a flat, oversized box.

Encoded by:

EAD markup created using EAD database in Microsoft Access. Markup completed by Jennie A. Levine and Jennifer Evans.

Arrangement of Collection

The collection is organized as 4 (four) series:

Detailed Description of the Collection

Series 1: Arthur B. Gahan, 1905-1961 (0.75 linear feet)

Series I consists primarily of a nearly complete set of publications by Arthur B. Gahan in the field of entomology. In his early career, Gahan wrote on a wide variety of entomological topics, including mosquitoes, greenhouse pests of Maryland, and the aphidinae of North America. Gahan published in various outlets, including the Bulletin of the Maryland Agricultural Experiment Station, the Canadian Entomologist, and in several conference proceedings. As Gahan's work grew more specialized, he focused on Chalcidoidea, one of the largest groups of parasitoid wasps. Gahan kept a detailed, numbered inventory of his 120 publications on index cards; the following publications are missing from the series: 1-3, 5-7, 9-11, 16-18, 28, 32, 34, 52, 57, 58, 62, 67, 72, 85, 86, and 99. Also included in this series are detailed employment records for Gahan, dating from his initial 1913 appointment as an Entomological Assistant in the Bureau of Entomology, U. S. Department of Agriculture, to his retirement in 1951 from the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.

Arrangement is alphabetical by topic and then chronological by date.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Employment, 1913-1951 series 1box 1folder 1
Entomological Society of America, 1954-1957 series 1box 1folder 2
Obituary, 1960 series 1box 1folder 3
Publication Lists, 1905-1961 series 1box 1folder 4
Publications -- #12-15, 19-25, 1910-1913 series 1box 1folder 5
Publications -- #26, 27, 29-31, 33, 35-50, 1913-1924 series 1box 1folder 6
Publications -- #66, 68-71, 73-75, 78-84, 87-98, 100, 1925-1938 series 1box 2folder 1
Publications -- #101-120, 1940-1952 series 1box 2folder 2

Series 2: Gahan Family, 1930-2003 (0.25 linear feet)

Series II consists primarily of correspondence dealing with the establishment of the Gahan Scholarship Fund by James B. Gahan and Winifred Gahan in 1981. Ms. Gahan continued to play an active role in the scholarship and kept records relating to the administration of the fund and to the students who benefited. Winifred Gahan was very involved in the Berwyn Presbyterian Church, as well as local civic organizations and the University of Maryland. She received many awards and honors throughout her life for these activities, including "Prince Georgian of the Year" in 1993. Files relating to her nomination for this award are located in this series. James and Winifred's aunt, Winifred E. Gahan, was also very involved in the University of Maryland community. She worked for the Extension Service for thirty-four years, retiring in 1953. Upon her retirement, her colleagues assembled a book of letters from people with whom she had interacted during her long career, including Harry Clifton Byrd, Ronald Bamford, T. B. Symons, Charles E. White, J. Franklin Witter, and Calvin L. Skinner.

Arrangement is alphabetical by family member and then by topic.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
James Gahan - Death, 1996 series 2box 2folder 3
Winifred Gahan -- Biography, circa 1930s, 1991, 2002 series 2box 2folder 4
Winifred Gahan -- Certificates and Awards, 1965-1991 series 2box 2folder 5
Winifred Gahan -- Prince Georgian of the Year, 1993 series 2box 2folder 6
Winifred E. Gahan -- Retirement, "Our Miss Gahan,", 1953 series 2box 2folder 7
Gahan Scholarship Fund -- James Gahan, 1981-1986 series 2box 2folder 8
Gahan Scholarship Fund -- Winifred Gahan, 1980-1997 series 2box 2folder 9

Series 3: Photographs, 1930-2003 (48 items)

There are photographs of all of the members of the Gahan family in this series. It includes several professional portraits of Arthur B. Gahan, as well as two group pictures from the U. S. D. A. Honor Awards Ceremony on May 25, 1950. There are also two informal photographs of Gahan at work. There is one photograph, dated 1953, of Winifred E. Gahan on the occasion of her retirement from the University of Maryland, receiving a plaque from Gordon M. Cairns, Dean of the College of Agriculture. Other similar photographs include one of Winifred Gahan receiving the Presidents Club plaque from then university president John Toll, and another of a later university president, William Kirwan, presenting her with an award. The series also contains professional portraits of James B. and Margaret Gahan. At the time of Winifred Gahan's death, members of her church created a small exhibit in her honor. Photographs of items in that exhibit form part of this series. Winifred Gahan was a member of the Republican Party, an alliance represented by several formal photographs of President George Bush and his wife Barbara, President George W. Bush, and Elizabeth Dole in the collection.

The box inventory for this series is not currently available online. Please refer to the series description above for a broad description of the materials or contact the department for more information.

Series 4: Memorabilia, 1993-2000 (7 items)

The Gahan Family Papers contains seven pieces of memorabilia. A framed certificate and a bronze paperweight commemorate the 1997 naming of the Arthur B. Gahan Conference Room in the Plant Sciences building at the University of Maryland. Winifred Gahan's "Prince Georgian of the Year" certificate and bronze medal from 1993 are included, as well as the plaque presented to her by the Presidents Club for outstanding contributions to the ongoing programs at the University of Maryland. She also received a certificate of appreciation from the Alumni Association as well as another from the Republican Party's Presidential Task Force, placing her on the Presidential Honor Roll in 2000. These items are now in the Memorabilia Collection, #1551 A-G.

The box inventory for this series is not currently available online. Please refer to the series description above for a broad description of the materials or contact the department for more information.

Related Material

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Selected Search Terms

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