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Ruth S. Wolf papers

Abstract

Title:
Ruth S. Wolf papers
Author/Creator:
Wolf, Ruth S.
Collection number:
82-13
Size:
5.50 linear feet
Bulk dates:
1968-1973
Inclusive dates:
1955-1976
Collection Area:
State of Maryland and Historical Collections
Repository:
Special Collections, University of Maryland Libraries, Hornbake Library, College Park, MD 20742. Tel: 301-405-9212, Fax: 301-314-2709, Email: askhornbake@umd.edu
Abstract:

Ruth S. Wolf was a member of the Prince George's County Board of Education from 1968 to 1973, serving as board president during the 1970-1971 school year. The papers document the activities of the Prince George's County Board of Education and the desegregation of the county public schools. The collection consists of clippings, correspondence, court documents, maps, memoranda, minutes, press releases, publications, reports, statements, statistical information, and working papers.

Important Information for Users of the Collection

Restrictions:

There are restricted files in this collection.

Preferred citation:

Ruth S. Wolf papers, Special Collections, University of Maryland Libraries.

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1903.1/1399
Publication rights:

Photocopies of original materials may be provided for a fee and at the discretion of the curator. Please see our Duplication of Materials policy for more information. Queries regarding publication rights and copyright status of materials within this collection should be directed to the appropriate curator.

Status:

This collection is PROCESSED.

Historical Note

Ruth Scriven Wolf, nurse and civic leader, was born in New York City on March 22, 1923, to William Henry and Ada Mabel Piers Scriven. After studying at Hunter College in New York City from 1939 to 1942, she received her registered nursing degree from New York University College of Medicine in 1945. Wolf then worked for a brief period as a United States Army Cadet Nurse at Northington General Hospital in Tuscaloosa, Alabama. In 1946, she returned to New York and attended Syracuse University while working as an operating room supervisor at Syracuse University Hospital from 1946 to 1948. Wolf continued working as a nurse in both New York and Oregon until 1951.

On June 9, 1944, Ruth married Robert E. Wolf, a forest economist. They had four children, Glenn, James, Nancy, and Richard, between 1951 and 1960. In the early 1950s, the Wolf family moved to Cheverly, Maryland. Mrs. Wolf became a member of the League of Women Voters of Prince George's County. She was also a member of the League's Board of Directors from 1955 to 1963 and president from 1960 to 1963. From 1964 to 1968, Wolf was actively involved with the Prince George's County Health Study Council Committee on Hospital and Health Facility Needs, the Health Planning Advisory Committee, the County Community Action Committee, the County Constitution Advisory Commission, and the local Parent Teacher Association (PTA). In 1968, Governor Spiro T. Agnew appointed her to the Prince George's County Board of Education. She remained a member of the school board until May 1973, serving as board president during the 1970-1971 school year.

From 1974 to 1984, she worked as Program Coordinator for Programs and Services for the Aging in College Park, Maryland. In 1985, she co-founded Adult Day Care of Calvert County, a non-profit, non-sectarian corporation committed to "enhancing and maintaining the health, functional independence, and general well-being of elderly and disabled adults in Calvert County through community-based health care, nursing interventions, social and recreational programs, and advocacy and support services."

After her service on the Prince George's County Board of Education Wolf also held volunteer leadership positions with a multitude of health and education committees and organizations including: the Maryland Committee for Education and Religious Liberty (1973-1974); the National Capital Area United Way (1972-1982); the Calvert County United Way (1994-1999); the Southern Maryland Health System Agency (1978-1990); the Calvert Hospice Board of Directors (1985-1993); the Calvert Memorial Hospital Board of Trustees (1986-2002); the Maryland Hospital Association (1991-2002); and the State of Maryland Cancer Treatment Task Force (2001). She was appointed by Governor Harry R. Hughes to serve on the Governor's Council on Education Coordination for Children in State Facilities (1981-1988), and, in 1999, Governor Parris N. Glendening appointed Wolf to the Board of Governors of the Southern Maryland Higher Education Center, on which she continues to serve. Wolf is also currently a member of the Calvert County Planning Commission, an appointment she has held since 1995.

She has received numerous awards and honors such as the National Conference of Christians and Jews of the National Capital Region Community Service Award for "Courage and Determination That Justice Should Prevail for All" (1972); the League of Women Voters of Prince George's County award for "Outstanding Contributions for Attainment of Equal Opportunity for All" (1973); the Prince George's County Federation of Teacher's John Dewey Award for "Outstanding Contributions to Education" (1974); the Maryland Association of Elementary School Principals and Supervisors award for "Community Leadership in Education" (1974); and the Maryland Hospice Network award for "Outstanding Hospice Service" (1995). Wolf and her husband currently live in St. Leonard, Maryland.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The Papers of Ruth S. Wolf span the years 1955 to 1976 with the majority of the material dating between 1968 and 1973. The collection consists of clippings, correspondence, court documents, maps, memoranda, minutes, press releases, publications, reports, statements, statistical information, and working papers.

The materials document the activities of the Prince George's County Board of Education. The majority of the material directly relates to the desegregation of Prince George's County Public Schools.

Custodial History and Acquisition Information

Although accessioning records for this collection are inadequate, it is known that the papers were donated by Ruth S. Wolf to the University of Maryland Libraries, ca. 1978.

Processing Information

Processed by:

Processed by Tammy Hamilton, October 2004

Processing note:

The collection was partially processed in 1985 by an intern in the Archives and Manuscript Department. This individual drafted a guide, created a detailed list of folder contents, removed metal paperclips and staples, reorganized the papers, and rehoused the material in acid-free folders and acid-free boxes. Under this arrangement the collection was housed in six page boxes. When the collection was relocated to offsite storage in the late 1980s, Box five of the collection was misplaced and never recovered. Documentation of the previous arrangement is available in the control file.

In 2004, related documents were organized into groupings. When necessary, documents within an individual grouping were further divided by topic, such as in the grouping "Community Response," before being organized by format. General documents, not directly related to an individual grouping, were organized by format and arranged chronologically.

Materials documenting actions by the school board, such as resolutions and statements that were not related to one of the groupings, have been placed in the appropriate "Minutes" folder with the minutes of the meeting at which the action took place. Attachments to correspondence and memoranda were retained in place. Duplicates were discarded.

Encoded by:

EAD markup created using EAD database in Microsoft Access. Markup completed by Tammy Hamilton.

Arrangement of Collection

The collection is organized as one series:

Detailed Description of the Collection

Series 1: Prince George's County Board of Education, 1955-1976 (5.50 linear feet)

The Prince George's County Public Schools began moving toward desegregation shortly after the Supreme Court's 1954 ruling in Brown v. Board of Education. In 1955, the Prince George's County Board of Education adopted a "freedom of choice" desegregation plan in which students could attend their present segregated school or the school nearest their home. The Board's official policy regarding student school assignments was that "freedom of choice" remained in effect until 1965 when school attendance areas for most of the county's schools were redrawn "without regard to race." (For information on the implementation of this policy and its effect on the racial composition of Prince George's County Public Schools see the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights publication A Long Day's Journey into Light: School Desegregation in Prince George's County.)

In 1969, the Department of Health, Education and Welfare threatened to discontinue federal aid to the Prince George's County Public Schools if the Board of Education did not integrate Fairmont Heights Senior High School and Mary M. Bethune Junior High School. Fairmont Heights and Mary M. Bethune were "desegregated" in preparation for the 1970-1971 school year. However, citing the 1971 Supreme Court decision in Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg, the Department of Health, Education and Welfare informed the Board of Education that its desegregation plans did not comply with federal law.

In 1972, Sylvester Vaughns, then president of the Prince George's County National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), filed suit against the Board of Education on behalf of his son, Sylvester Vaughns, Jr., with the assistance of the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU). As a result of the Vaughns suit, Judge Frank A. Kaufman ordered the Prince George's County Board of Education to use busing to achieve racial balance in the county schools. The county implemented the court-ordered desegregation plan on the first day of the second semester, January 29, 1973. Mandatory busing in Prince George's County ended in 1998.

The majority of the material in this collection documents the Prince George's County School Board's role in the desegregation of the county schools. The collection has been organized into a single series that includes the topical groupings: "Attendance Areas," "Community Response," "Federal Aid," "Lambda Corporation," "Litigation," "Staff Integration," "Student Transfers," and "Transportation." Within each grouping, all files are arranged alphabetically by folder heading. Documents not included in one of the above groupings were organized by format and integrated with the alphabetical arrangement of the groupings. For example, correspondence that does not directly relate to a grouping has been labeled "Correspondence" and is located in the alphabetical arrangement between "Community Response" and "Federal Aid." Within each folder material is arranged chronologically; all undated material appears after that dated.

"Attendance Areas" includes correspondence, maps, memoranda, an informational publication, and statistics documenting adjustments in the school attendance boundary lines. Attendance areas were evaluated by a Boundary Committee to offset overcrowding, maximize classroom space, and reduce the use of temporary buildings. Also included is information on the adjustment of attendance areas to comply with the Department of Health, Education and Welfare's mandate to desegregate Mary M. Bethune and Fairmont Heights in 1970.

"Community Response" documents the response of teachers, students, and community members to actions taken by the Prince George's County Board of Education. The grouping includes material on citizen committees formed to discuss and plan for integration of the public schools and the response of those affected by changes at Fairmont Heights and Largo High School.

"Federal Aid" consists of material related to the Prince George's County Public Schools' applications for and planned use of federal grant funding, including the Emergency School Aid Act and the Emergency School Assistance Program. In 1973, there was controversy over whether Prince George's County Public Schools should participate in federally funded programs with District of Columbia Schools. The Prince George's County Board of Education's attorney, Paul Nussbaum, advised that joint participation in federally funded programs could be used to force a merger of the two school systems in the future.

"Lambda Corporation" includes correspondence, memoranda, and reports related to the Lambda Corporation's involvement in the court-ordered integration of the school district in 1973. Lambda Corporation, founded in 1965, specialized in solving military and civilian problems in the areas of system analysis and computer modeling. Judge Frank A. Kaufman, who issued the order in Vaughns v. Board of Education, instructed the school board to cooperate with Lambda in developing a desegregation plan that minimized any additional busing of students.

"Litigation" is comprised of legal documents and other material related to court cases involving the Prince George's County Board of Education including Borders v. Board of Education, Vaughns v. Board of Education, and the Board's administrative proceedings with the Department of the Health, Education and Welfare. Also represented in this grouping is research material documenting national desegregation cases, including Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education.

"Staff Integration" consists of material documenting the integration of the staff and faculty of the Prince George's County Public Schools.

"Student Transfers" documents the Board of Education's transfer policy and includes statistics on the number of student transfers. The majority of the material included in this grouping relates to student transfers in response to the Board of Education's decision to integrate Fairmont Heights and Mary M. Bethune in 1970. The transfer requests of individual students are restricted.

"Transportation" includes correspondence, memoranda, statistics, and statements concerning the busing of students in Prince George's County.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Attendance Areas -- Boundary Descriptions, 1968, 1971 series 1box 1folder 1
Attendance Areas -- Correspondence, 1970 series 1box 1folder 2
Attendance Areas -- Memoranda, 1971-1973 series 1box 1folder 3
Attendance Areas -- Press Releases, 1973, undated series 1box 1folder 4
Attendance Areas -- Prince George's County School Board -- Action, 1973 series 1box 1folder 5
Attendance Areas -- Prince George's County School Board -- Statements, 1971-1972 series 1box 1folder 6
Attendance Areas -- Publications -- Project: Information, 1970 series 1box 1folder 7
Attendance Areas -- Statistics, undated series 1box 1folder 8
Attendance Areas -- Working Papers -- Wolf, Ruth, undated series 1box 1folder 9
Biographical -- Wolf, Ruth, undated series 1box 1folder 10
Chronology of Events, undated series 1box 1folder 11
Clippings, 1965, 1968 series 1box 1folder 12
Clippings, 1969 series 1box 1folder 13
Clippings, January-August 1970 series 1box 1folder 14
Clippings, September-December 1970 series 1box 1folder 15
Clippings, January-June 1971 series 1box 1folder 16
Clippings, July-August 1971 series 1box 1folder 17
Clippings, September-December 1971 series 1box 2folder 1
Clippings, 1972 series 1box 2folder 2
Clippings, 1973 series 1box 2folder 3
Clippings, 1974-1976 series 1box 2folder 4
Clippings, undated series 1box 2folder 5
Community Response -- Charrette, 1970 series 1box 2folder 6
Community Response -- Cheverly, undated series 1box 2folder 7
Community Response -- Committee to Establish Criteria for Further Integration of PGCPS -- Committee Action, 1972, undated series 1box 2folder 8
Community Response -- Committee to Establish Criteria for Further Integration of PGCPS -- Correspondence, 1972 series 1box 2folder 9
Community Response -- Committee to Establish Criteria for Further Integration of PGCPS -- Memoranda, 1972 series 1box 2folder 10
Community Response -- Committee to Establish Criteria for Further Integration of PGCPS -- Presentations to School Board, 1972 series 1box 2folder 11
Community Response -- Committee to Establish Criteria for Further Integration of PGCPS -- Press Releases, 1972 series 1box 2folder 12
Community Response -- Committee to Establish Criteria for Further Integration of PGCPS -- Prince George's County School Board -- Action, 1971 series 1box 2folder 13
Community Response -- Committee to Establish Criteria for Further Integration of PGCPS -- Working Papers -- Wolf, Ruth, 1972, undated series 1box 2folder 14
Community Response -- Correspondence, 1968, 1970, 1972-1973, undated [Restricted] series 1box 2folder 15
Community Response -- Fairmont Heights High School -- Correspondence, 1968-1969, 1972 series 1box 2folder 16
Community Response -- Fairmont Heights High School -- Course Offerings, 1972 series 1box 2folder 17
Community Response -- Fairmont Heights High School -- Memoranda, 1969-1970, 1972 series 1box 2folder 18
Community Response -- Fairmont Heights High School -- Presentations to School Board, 1972, 1974, undated series 1box 2folder 19
Community Response -- Fairmont Heights High School -- Press Releases, 1969, 1972 series 1box 2folder 20
Community Response -- Fairmont Heights High School -- Reports, 1970, undated series 1box 2folder 21
Community Response -- Fairmont Heights High School -- Working Papers -- Wolf, Ruth, undated series 1box 2folder 22
Community Response -- Largo High School -- Correspondence, 1971 series 1box 2folder 23
Community Response -- Largo High School -- Memoranda, 1972 series 1box 2folder 24
Community Response -- Largo High School -- Presentations to School Board, 1970-1971, undated [Restricted] series 1box 2folder 25
Community Response -- Largo High School -- Report, 1971 series 1box 2folder 26
Community Response -- Largo High School -- Working Papers -- Wolf, Ruth, undated series 1box 2folder 27
Community Response -- Presentations to School Board, 1962, 1968-1970, 1972-1973, undated series 1box 3folder 1
Community Response -- Prince George's County Action Project -- Report, 1965 series 1box 3folder 2
Community Response -- Prince George's County Association for Mental Health, 1968, 1970, undated series 1box 3folder 3
Community Response -- Prince George's County Coalition for School Desegregation, 1970, undated series 1box 3folder 4
Community Response -- Public Information Center, 1970, 1973 series 1box 3folder 5
Community Response -- Public Meetings, 1972 series 1box 3folder 6
Community Response -- Student Workshop, 1972 series 1box 3folder 7
Community Response -- Working Papers -- Wolf, Ruth, 1968, undated series 1box 3folder 8
Correspondence, 1963-1971 [Restricted] series 1box 3folder 9
Correspondence, 1972 series 1box 3folder 10
Correspondence, 1973-June 1974 [Restricted] series 1box 3folder 11
Correspondence, July 1974-1976, undated series 1box 3folder 12
Federal Aid -- Citizens' Advisory Committee Meetings, 1973 series 1box 3folder 13
Federal Aid -- Correspondence, 1972-1973 series 1box 3folder 14
Federal Aid -- Emergency School Aid Act -- Grant Instructions, 1972 series 1box 3folder 15
Federal Aid -- Emergency School Aid Act -- Grant Proposals , 1970-1972 series 1box 4folder 1
Federal Aid -- Grant Program on Problems of School Desegregation -- Grant Proposal , 1970 series 1box 4folder 2
Federal Aid -- Memoranda, 1970-1973 series 1box 4folder 3
Federal Aid -- Presentations to School Board, 1974 series 1box 4folder 4
Federal Aid -- Press Releases, 1970-1971, 1973 series 1box 4folder 5
Federal Aid -- Prince George's County School Board -- Action, 1972-1973 series 1box 4folder 6
Federal Aid -- Prince George's County School Board -- Statements, 1973 series 1box 4folder 7
Federal Aid -- Publications, 1972 series 1box 4folder 8
Federal Aid -- Reports, 1972-1973, undated series 1box 4folder 9
Federal Aid -- Working Papers -- Wolf, Ruth, 1973, undated series 1box 4folder 10
Lambda Corporation -- Correspondence, 1972 series 1box 4folder 11
Lambda Corporation -- Memoranda, 1972 series 1box 4folder 12
Lambda Corporation -- Prince George's County School Board -- Action, 1972 series 1box 4folder 13
Lambda Corporation -- Prince George's County School Board -- Statements, 1972 series 1box 4folder 14
Lambda Corporation -- Reports, 1971-1972 series 1box 4folder 15
Lambda Corporation -- Working Papers -- Wolf, Ruth, 1972 series 1box 4folder 16
Litigation -- Borders, Eugene v. Prince George's County Board of Education , February-June 1970 series 1box 4folder 17
Litigation -- Borders, Eugene v. Prince George's County Board of Education , July 1970-1972 series 1box 5folder 1
Litigation -- Department of Health, Education, and Welfare -- Administrative Proceedings, 1971-1972 series 1box 5folder 2
Litigation -- Department of Health, Education, and Welfare -- Administrative Proceedings -- Deposition of Ruth Wolf, 1972 series 1box 5folder 3
Litigation -- Department of Health, Education, and Welfare -- Compliance Proceedings -- Emergency School Assistance Program, 1971-1972 series 1box 5folder 4
Litigation -- Eny, Nicholas v. Prince George's County Board of Education, 1976 series 1box 5folder 5
Litigation -- Grenchik, Thomas John v. Prince George's County Board of Education, 1973 series 1box 5folder 6
Litigation -- Pejokovich, John v. Prince George's County Board of Education, 1972 series 1box 5folder 7
Litigation -- Prince George's County Board of Education v. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, 1971-1972 series 1box 5folder 8
Litigation -- Research, 1968, 1970-1971 series 1box 5folder 9
Litigation -- Vaughns, Sylvester v. Prince George's County Board of Education, March-June 1972 series 1box 5folder 10
Litigation -- Vaughns, Sylvester v. Prince George's County Board of Education, July-December 1972 series 1box 6folder 1
Litigation -- Vaughns, Sylvester v. Prince George's County Board of Education, 1973 series 1box 6folder 2
Litigation -- Vaughns, Sylvester v. Prince George's County Board of Education -- Appeals, 1973 series 1box 6folder 3
Maps, 1967-1968, 1971-1972, undated series 1box 6folder 4
Memoranda, 1963-August 1972 series 1box 6folder 5
Memoranda, September 1972-1974 series 1box 6folder 6
Minutes -- Prince George's County Board of Education , 1955 series 1box 6folder 7
Minutes -- Prince George's County Board of Education , 1968 series 1box 7folder 1
Minutes -- Prince George's County Board of Education , January-May 1969 series 1box 7folder 2
Minutes -- Prince George's County Board of Education , June-December 1969 series 1box 7folder 3
Minutes -- Prince George's County Board of Education , 1970 series 1box 7folder 4
Minutes -- Prince George's County Board of Education , January-May 1971 series 1box 7folder 5
Minutes -- Prince George's County Board of Education , June-December 1971 series 1box 7folder 6
Minutes -- Prince George's County Board of Education , January-June 1972 series 1box 8folder 1
Minutes -- Prince George's County Board of Education , July-December 1972 series 1box 8folder 2
Minutes -- Prince George's County Board of Education , 1973 series 1box 8folder 3
Minutes -- Prince George's County Board of Education , 1974, undated series 1box 8folder 4
Minutes -- Superintendent's Advisory Committee, 1969-1970 series 1box 8folder 5
Press Releases, 1968, 1970-1974, undated series 1box 9folder 1
Proposals and Plans, 1968-February 1970 series 1box 9folder 2
Proposals and Plans, 1971-1972 series 1box 9folder 3
Proposals and Plans, undated series 1box 9folder 4
Publications, 1965, 1968, 1970-1973, undated series 1box 9folder 5
Reports, 1966-March 1970 series 1box 9folder 6
Reports, September 1970-1973 series 1box 9folder 7
Research, 1969-1972, undated series 1box 9folder 8
Research -- Federal Material, 1965, 1970-1974, undated series 1box 10folder 1
Research -- Socio-Economic Atlas of Metropolitan Washington, 1970-1972 series 1box 10folder 2
Staff Integration -- Correspondence, 1971-1973, undated series 1box 10folder 3
Staff Integration -- Memoranda, 1970-1973 series 1box 10folder 4
Staff Integration -- Plans, undated series 1box 10folder 5
Staff Integration -- Presentations to School Board, 1971-1972, undated series 1box 10folder 6
Staff Integration -- Press Releases, 1971-1972 series 1box 10folder 7
Staff Integration -- Prince George's County School Board -- Action, 1971-1972, undated series 1box 10folder 8
Staff Integration -- Prince George's County School Board -- Statements, 1971-1972 series 1box 10folder 9
Staff Integration -- Publications, 1971 series 1box 10folder 10
Staff Integration -- Reports, undated series 1box 10folder 11
Staff Integration -- Research, 1970-1971 series 1box 10folder 12
Staff Integration -- Statistics, 1970-1971, undated series 1box 10folder 13
Staff Integration -- Working Papers -- Wolf, Ruth, undated series 1box 10folder 14
Statistics, 1964, 1966-September 1972 series 1box 10folder 15
Statistics, December-72 series 1box 10folder 16
Statistics, 1973-1974 series 1box 10folder 17
Statistics, undated series 1box 10folder 18
Student Transfers -- Correspondence, 1970-1971 series 1box 11folder 1
Student Transfers -- Forms, undated series 1box 11folder 2
Student Transfers -- Memoranda, 1970-1973, undated [Restricted] series 1box 11folder 3
Student Transfers -- Prince George's County School Board -- Action, 1970 series 1box 11folder 4
Student Transfers -- Prince George's County School Board -- Policy, 1970 series 1box 11folder 5
Student Transfers -- Report, 1970 series 1box 11folder 6
Student Transfers -- Requests, 1970-1973 [Restricted] series 1box 11folder 7
Student Transfers -- Statistics, 1970-1971, 1973, undated series 1box 11folder 8
Student Transfers -- Working Papers -- Wolf, Ruth, undated [Restricted] series 1box 11folder 9
Transportation -- Correspondence, 1970-1973, undated series 1box 11folder 10
Transportation -- Memoranda, 1970-1973 series 1box 11folder 11
Transportation -- Presentations to School Board, 1971, 1973, undated series 1box 11folder 12
Transportation -- Press Releases, 1971, undated series 1box 11folder 13
Transportation -- Prince George's County School Board -- Action, 1971-1972 series 1box 11folder 14
Transportation -- Prince George's County School Board -- Statements, 1971-1972 series 1box 11folder 15
Transportation -- Publications, 1969, 1971-1972, undated series 1box 11folder 16
Transportation -- Research, undated series 1box 11folder 17
Transportation -- Statistics, 1969-1971, undated series 1box 11folder 18
Transportation -- Statistics -- Maryland Public Schools, 1967-1972 series 1box 11folder 19
Transportation -- Statistics -- Prince George's County, 1968-1973, undated series 1box 11folder 20
Transportation -- Testimony -- Wolf, Ruth, 1972 series 1box 11folder 21
Transportation -- Working Papers -- Wolf, Ruth, undated series 1box 11folder 22
Working Papers -- Wolf, Ruth, 1969, 1971-1973, undated series 1box 11folder 23

Related Material

The Archives and Manuscript Department also holds the Papers of William Schmidt, Superintendent of the Prince George's County School System from 1951 to 1970. Additional related collections include: the Archives of the League of Women Voters of Prince George's County; the Archives of the Berwyn Heights Elementary PTA; and the Archives of the Prince George's County PTA.

The United States Commission on Civil Rights publication 52, A Long Day's Journey into Light: School Desegregation in Prince George's County is available in the Maryland Room, call number LC214.22 M4U5.

For other related archival and manuscript collections, please see the following subject guides.

Selected Search Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the University of Maryland Libraries' Catalog. Researchers desiring related materials about these topics, names, or places may search the Catalog using these headings.

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