Mary L. Nock papers
Mary Layfield Nock (1903-1987) was a politician (Democrat) who served in the Maryland State Legislature from 1947 through 1974. Nock was an advocate for women's issues, higher education, and the use of television as an educational tool. In addition to serving on various councils, committees, and commissions, Nock was also an honorary member of Soroptimists International, the Maryland Congress of Parents and Teachers, the Delta Kappa Gamma Society, and many others. During her tenure, Mary Nock interacted with such notable figures as John F. Kennedy, Hubert H. Humphrey, George McGovern, and several of Maryland's governors. The collection consists of materials related to her political career, including speeches and addresses, correspondence, clippings, a brochure, a newsletter, and a certificate from the 1960 Democratic National Convention.
Important Information for Users of the Collection
This collection is open for research.
Mary L. Nock papers, Special Collections, University of Maryland Libraries.
Photocopies of original materials may be provided for a fee and at the discretion of the curator. Please see our Duplication of Materials policy for more information. Queries regarding publication rights and copyright status of materials within this collection should be directed to the appropriate curator.
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Mary Layfield Nock was a politician who served in the Maryland State Legislature from 1947 through 1974. She was born on September 4, 1903, in Green Hill, Wicomico County, Maryland. At the age of four she and her family moved nearby to the town of Quantico. She later attended one of the branches of Beacom Business College (now Goldey-Beacom College) in Salisbury, Maryland. On April 11, 1925, she married Garland Nock, a Salisbury construction official.
After graduation, Nock's active involvement in politics began in the mid-1920s when she took over her Aunt Ola's job as secretary for David J. Ward, a Wicomico County businessman. Nock continued to work as Ward's secretary when he became a Maryland State Senator (1926 through 1934 and 1938 through 1939) and then U. S. Representative from Maryland (1939 through 1945) and traveled with him to work in Washington, D. C. and in Annapolis, Maryland for several days a week. According to Nock, she "went to Washington every Monday morning[and] return[ed] to Salisbury by bus on Wednesday evening to keep [Ward's] Salisbury office open on Thursday, Friday, and Saturday" (It was a Joy and a Pleasure, 13). After Ward lost his bid for re-election in 1944, Nock returned home to Wicomico County.
In 1946, she ran successfully for a seat in the Maryland House of Delegates. Nock was the first woman from Wicomico County to be elected to the Maryland General Assembly and remained in office until 1955. Then, from 1955 to 1974, she served in the Maryland Senate. During her tenure in the legislature, Nock interacted with several of Maryland's governors including William Preston Lane, Jr., Theodore R. McKeldin, J. Millard Tawes, Spiro T. Agnew, and Marvin Mandel. She was an advocate for women's issues, higher education, and the use of television as an educational tool. She served on various councils, committees, and commissions, including the Southern Regional Education Board, the Education Commission of the States, and the National Conference of Legislative Leaders. She was an honorary member of the Soroptimists International, the Maryland Congress of Parents and Teachers, the Delta Kappa Gamma Society, and many others. In 1979, Nock wrote and published It Was a Joy and a Pleasure, a narrative of her life experiences.
After sixty-two years of marriage, Mary Nock died on May 20, 1987, at the age of eighty-three. She and Garland did not have children.
Scope and Contents of the Collection
The Papers of Mary L. Nock span the years 1959 to 1974 and consist entirely of materials related to her political career, including speeches and addresses, correspondence, clippings, a brochure, a newsletter, and a certificate. Subjects include education, the political process, and women's issues. Correspondents include John F. Kennedy, Hubert H. Humphrey, and George McGovern.
Custodial History and Acquisition Information
Mary L. Nock donated her papers to the University of Maryland Libraries on March 11, 1975.
Processed by Greg C. Adams, October 2004.
The speeches and addresses, correspondence, and printed matter were arranged chronologically and placed in acid free folders and boxes. The 1960 Democratic National Convention certificate was removed, unfolded, placed in an acid-free folder, and stored in a mapcase. Both newspaper clippings were photocopied onto acid-free paper. Staples were removed from all documents and replaced with plastic clips.
EAD markup created using EAD database in Microsoft Access. Markup completed by Jennie A. Levine, October 2004.
Arrangement of Collection
collection is organized into two series:
Detailed Description of the Collection
Series 1: Speeches and Address, 1964-1972 (9 items)
Series I consists of the typescripts of nine speeches and addresses delivered by Nock. Each speech or address covers a variety of topics, including a graduation ceremony for a nursing program, political issues at the state level, women's issues, the history of Maryland, the aftermath of a tumultuous student confrontation at the University of Maryland, and issues related to education and educational television.
Arrangement is chronological
|Description||Series||Box / Reel||Folder / Frame|
|Speeches and Addresses, 1964-1972||series 1||box 1||folder 1|
Series 2: Political Career, 1959-1974 (15 items)
Series II consists of two groups: correspondence and printed matter. Spanning the years 1960 through 1972, the correspondence contains letters from politicians, chairpersons, and a vice-presidential birthday committee invitation. Highlights include letters from John F. Kennedy, the chairman for the committee to elect Robert F. Kennedy for president, Hubert H. Humphrey, George McGovern, Edmund S. Muskie, and Maryland State Senator Daniel B. Brewster.
The printed matter consists of two newspaper clippings about Nock, a 1972 brochure entitled "Terry Sanford Speaks Out," a 1965 newsletter from United States Senator Joseph D. Tydings, and a 1960 Democratic National Convention Certificate.
Arrangement is alphabetical.
|Description||Series||Box / Reel||Folder / Frame|
|Clippings, 1959, 1974||series 2||box 1||folder 2|
|Correspondence, 1960-1972||series 2||box 1||folder 3|
|Democratic National Convention Certificate (Oversize), 1960||series 2||box 1||folder 4|
|On The Record, Joseph D. Tydings [newsletter], 1965||series 2||box 1||folder 5|
|Terry Sanford Speaks Out [brochure], [1970s]||series 2||box 1||folder 6|
The Maryland State Archives website includes Nock in its "Maryland Women's Hall of Fame" http://www.mdarchives.state.md.us/msa/educ/exhibits/womenshall/html/nock.html (accessed August 18, 2004). The Archives and Manuscripts Department, University of Maryland Libraries, holds the papers of four governors for whom Nock worked: William Preston Lane, Jr., Theodore R. McKeldin, Spiro T. Agnew, and Marvin Mandel (as part of the Papers of the Mandel Family). Other Archives and Manuscripts Department holdings which may also document Nock's work include the Records of the Central Atlantic Environment Center, the Papers of Daniel B. Brewster, and the Papers of Joseph D. Tydings. A copy of Nock's book, It was a Joy and a Pleasure, is located in the University of Maryland Libraries, Marylandia and Rare Books Department (Maryland Stacks, F186.2.N62 A3).
The Goucher College Archives in Towson, Maryland, contains an oral history interview with Mary Nock from 1980 in its Maryland Women Lawmakers Oral History Project Collection.
For other related archival and manuscript collections, please see the following subject guides.
Selected Search Terms
This collection is indexed under the following headings in the University of Maryland Libraries' Catalog. Researchers desiring related materials about these topics, names, or places may search the Catalog using these headings.
- Legislators -- Maryland -- History -- Sources
- Maryland -- Politics and government -- 1951- -- History -- Sources
- Women in politics -- Maryland -- History -- Sources
Names (Added Entries)
- Humphrey, Hubert H. (Hubert Horatio), 1911-1978
- Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963
- McGovern, George S. (George Stanley), 1922-