Richard Hubbard Howland papers
Richard Hubbard Howland (b. 1910, Providence, Rhode Island) was the first president of the National Trust for Historic Preservation. He received a Bachelor of Arts from Brown University in 1931, a Master of Arts from Harvard in 1933, and a Ph.D. from Johns Hopkins University in Classical Archaelogy in 1946. He spent five years at the American School of Classical Studies in Athens (1933-1938), before returning to the U. S. , where he taught at Wellesley College in Boston. He spent ten years (1946-1956) at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland, where he was chairman and founder of the Department of Art History. After serving as President of the National Trust for Historic Preservation from 1956 to 1960, Howland went to work at the Smithsonian Institution where he was Chairman of the Department of Civil History at the Museum of History and Technology until 1967, and then Special Assistant to Secretary S. Dillon Ripley until 1985. Howland's papers contain correspondence, memoranda, minutes, reports, writings and publications, research material and lecture notes, photographs, appointment books, awards and certificates, clippings, programs and brochures, and directories documenting his career primarily at the National Trust for Historic Preservation, as well as activities in various cultural and social organizations.
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There are restricted files in Series I of this collection.
Richard Hubbard Howland papers, Special Collections, University of Maryland Libraries.
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Richard Hubbard Howland was an architectural and art historian who, over the course of his career, worked for the appreciation and preservation of America's artistic and architectural heritage. Howland was a classical archaeologist, art history professor, author, and speaker. He served as the first president of the National Trust for Historic Preservation and was a leader in numerous national and international art, architectural, and historical organizations.
Howland was born in Providence, Rhode Island, on August 23, 1910, to S. Carl Badger Howland and Cora Augusta Hubbard. His only sibling, Carl Badger Howland, Jr., was born in 1914 and was later killed during World War II. Howland graduated from Providence Classical High School at the age of 16. He earned a Bachelor of Arts in literature from Brown University in 1931, and a Master of Arts in art history from Harvard University in 1933.
In 1933 Howland was awarded the Charles Eliot Norton Fellowship and spent the academic year in Greece at the American School of Classical Studies in Athens (ASCSA). He was able to extend his stay at ASCSA from 1934 to 1935 through the American School Fellowship and participated in archaeological excavations at Corinth. From 1935 to 1938, Howland served as a staff member of the Agora Excavations at Athens and founded the Society for the Preservation of Greek Antiquities. During this time, he married Caroline Marie Bullard of Chicago. The marriage ended in divorce in 1942. In 1938, the ASCSA published Howland's book, Greek Lamps and their Survivals, which became an important archaeological field guide. Howland's ties to the American School of Classical Studies at Athens remained strong throughout his life, and he served on the ASCSA Managing Committee from 1947 to 1975.
Howland returned to the United States in 1939 and taught art history, classical archaeology, and the history of architecture at Wellesley College in Massachusetts. During World War II, he served as section chief in charge of pictorial records in the Office of Strategic Services -- precursor to the Central Intelligence Agency -- in Washington, D.C., and elsewhere. In 1946, Howland received a Ph.D. in classical archeology from the Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland. He served as a professor of art history at Johns Hopkins from 1947 to 1956 and was both founder and chair of the university's Department of Art History.
In 1953, Howland co-authored The Architecture of Baltimore with art scholar Eleanor P. Spencer. A revised edition of this book was published in 2004 with a forward by Howland. Richard Hubbard Howland fully transitioned into the world of historic preservation in 1956 when he became the first president of the National Trust for Historic Preservation. As president, Howland devised a plan for the future course of the National Trust, resulting in its first important endowment fund: a $1 million gift from Paul Mellon. He strengthened the organization's program areas, including professional and public education, publications, property and object preservation, maintenance and interpretation, and fund raising. Howland resigned the presidency of the National Trust in 1960 when he accepted the position of Chairman of the Smithsonian Institution's Department of Civil History at the Museum of History and Technology.
Howland served in this post at the Smithsonian Institution from 1960 to 1967. In 1967 he was appointed as the Special Assistant to Smithsonian Secretary S. Dillon Ripley, a position he held until his retirement in 1985. Howland was closely involved in the restoration of the original nineteenth-century Smithsonian Institution Building -- popularly known as the Castle -- and established its collection of Victorian furnishings. He inaugurated and led Smithsonian study tours abroad focusing on classical Greece and Rome. As Special Assistant to the Secretary, Howland served as the liaison between the Smithsonian Institution and White House staff and committee members associated with the historic refurnishing program. He was responsible for hiring the first Curator of the White House, supervision of the exhibition program in the White House corridors, and implementation of House Resolution 7997 that authorizes the transference of White House furnishings of historic interest to the Smithsonian Institution.
Howland's sphere of influence was also felt abroad. In 1965 he helped to found the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) and served as the Secretary-Treasurer for the United States branch of ICOMOS from 1967 to 1969. In 1966 he headed a United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) mission to Ethiopia to help organize an effort to preserve ancient monuments and artistic treasures; most notably he prepared an organizational plan for the Ethiopian Antiquities Administration. In 1969, on behalf of the trustees of the John D. Rockefeller III Fund, he undertook a similar mission to Nepal to begin the conservation of historic structures in the Kathmandu Valley. In 1991, Howland was made an Officer of the British Empire by Queen Elizabeth II.
Over the course of his career, Howland was actively involved in numerous preservation-related organizations on which he often served as a board or charter member. He was a trustee of the Archaeological Institute of America and a founding member of the Society of Architectural Historians. He co-founded the Preservation Round Table in Washington, D.C., and was a member of the Washington Cathedral Building Committee. He also served the Irish Georgian Society, the Victorian Society in America, and the Washington branch of the English Speaking Union. Howland was a member of prominent Washington, D.C. social organizations such as the Nineteen-Twenty-Five F Street Club, and the Cosmos Club.
Richard Hubbard Howland died at his home in Washington, DC, on October 24, 2006, at the age of 96.
Scope and Contents of the Collection
The Papers of Richard Hubbard Howland consist of materials that document Howland's career in both the public and private sector. The collection dates from 1879 to 2006, with the bulk of the material dating between 1947 and 2000. It includes correspondence, memoranda, minutes, reports, writings and publications, research material and lecture notes, photographs, appointment books, awards and certificates, clippings, programs and brochures, and directories. Howland's papers document the evolution of his career and his personal involvement in numerous cultural and social organizations. Much of Howland's research material provides information about the architectural heritage of Baltimore, Maryland. The collection also provides insight into the early years of the National Trust for Historic Preservation, the interaction between the Smithsonian Institution and the White House during the Kennedy and Johnson administrations, and the activities of numerous national and international art, architectural, and historic preservation organizations. Prominent correspondents include Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent, and author and conservationist Desmond Guinness, son of the brewer Bryan Guinness.
Custodial History and Acquisition Information
Richard Hubbard Howland donated the bulk of his papers to the University of Maryland Libraries in 2004. Howland's estate donated additional materials in 2007. Material related to Howland's study tour of Dublin, Ireland, was donated in 2007 by the National Trust for Historic Preservation.
Processed by Ashley Locke, September 2007
The arrangement of the papers of Richard Hubbard Howland retains the original order imposed by Howland where possible. The bulk of the collection consists of material pertaining to Howland's professional activities, and this material had been well-organized by Howland. Other material was found loosely grouped according to subject or format such as appointment books, awards and certificates, curricula vitae, and correspondence. Series IV was determined by Howland's original arrangement of his professional materials, and the remaining series were created by the processing archivist to lend clarity to those documents already loosely grouped by Howland.
Photographs were separated from Series I and IV and placed in a new series. Oversize materials were housed in oversize boxes. A separation sheet marks the original location of each oversize item and separated photograph. Newsprint clippings have been photocopied onto acid-free paper and the original newsprint discarded. Rubber bands and metal fasteners have been removed and replaced with plastic clips. Howland's copy of The Architecture of Baltimore has been cataloged and added to the book collection of the National Trust for Historic Preservation Library (Folio NA735.B3 H68).
EAD markup created using EAD database in Microsoft Access. Markup completed by Jennie A. Levine.
Arrangement of Collection
This collection is arranged as five series.
Detailed Description of the Collection
Series 1: Personal, 1928-2006 and undated (0.25 linear feet)
This series contains materials that document the major events in Richard Hubbard Howland's life. Included in this series are biographical essays and statements of qualifications written by Howland, as well as versions of his curricula vitae. There are documents pertaining to Howland's education at Brown University, clippings about Howland's ex-wife, Caroline Marie Bullard, and material pertaining to Howland's death and memorial service. This series also includes personal correspondence some of which is restricted for privacy reasons. Arrangement is alphabetical by subject.
|Description||Series||Box / Reel||Folder / Frame|
|Biographical -- Curricula Vitae, 1956-1991||series 1||box 1||folder 1|
|Biographical -- Essays, 1961-1992||series 1||box 1||folder 2|
|Brown University, 1928-1960||series 1||box 1||folder 3|
|Correspondence, 1955-2006 [Restricted]||series 1||box 1||folder 4|
|Memorial Service and Obituary, 2006||series 1||box 1||folder 5|
|Miscellaneous, 1937-1986||series 1||box 1||folder 6|
Series 2: Appointment Books, 1947-1948, 1951-2005 (0.75 linear feet)
Series II contains the appointment books that Howland kept throughout his life. Howland noted his personal and professional daily commitments in his pocket-sized planners, as well as important names and contact information. Arrangement is chronological.
|Description||Series||Box / Reel||Folder / Frame|
|Appointment Books, 1947, 1948, 1951||series 2||box 1||folder 7|
|Appointment Books, 1952-1954||series 2||box 1||folder 8|
|Appointment Books, 1955-1957||series 2||box 1||folder 9|
|Appointment Books, 1958-1960||series 2||box 1||folder 10|
|Appointment Books, 1961-1963||series 2||box 1||folder 11|
|Appointment Books, 1964-1966||series 2||box 1||folder 12|
|Appointment Books, 1967-1969||series 2||box 1||folder 13|
|Appointment Books, 1970-1972||series 2||box 2||folder 1|
|Appointment Books, 1973-1974||series 2||box 2||folder 2|
|Appointment Books, 1975-1977||series 2||box 2||folder 3|
|Appointment Books, 1978-1980||series 2||box 2||folder 4|
|Appointment Books, 1981-1983||series 2||box 2||folder 5|
|Appointment Books, 1984-1986||series 2||box 2||folder 6|
|Appointment Books, 1987-1989||series 2||box 2||folder 7|
|Appointment Books, 1990-1992||series 2||box 2||folder 8|
|Appointment Books, 1993-1995||series 2||box 2||folder 9|
|Appointment Books, 1995-1997||series 2||box 2||folder 10|
|Appointment Books, 1998-2000||series 2||box 2||folder 11|
|Appointment Books, 2001-2003||series 2||box 3||folder 1|
|Appointment Books, 2004-2005||series 2||box 3||folder 2|
Series 3: Awards and Certificates, 1933-2002 (23 items)
This series consists of awards and certificates presented to Richard Hubbard Howland throughout his lifetime. It includes diplomas, fellowship awards, and membership certificates, as well as a notice of Howland's service in the Office of Strategic Services during World War II. Arrangement is chronological.
|Description||Series||Box / Reel||Folder / Frame|
|Awards and Certificates (Includes Oversize), 1933-2002||series 3||box 3||folder 3|
Series 4: Professional, 1879-2006 (2.25 linear feet)
This series includes correspondence, clippings, invitations, speeches, minutes, reports, and research related to Richard Hubbard Howland's employment at the Johns Hopkins University, the National Trust for Historic Preservation, and the Smithsonian Institution. Materials documenting Howland's presidency of the National Trust for Historic Preservation includes drafts of and correspondence related to Howland's 1956 study outlining the future programmatic and organizational needs of the National Trust that eventually led to the organization's first significant endowment. Also of note is correspondence concerning Howland's resignation from the National Trust in 1960. Material concerning Howland's employment as Special Assistant to Smithsonian Secretary S. Dillon Ripley includes correspondence and minutes related to meetings with First Ladies Jacqueline Kennedy and Lady Bird Johnson.
Also documented are Howland's membership activities in numerous organizations and boards and his publications The Architecture of Baltimore, and other scholarly work. Most of the research and manuscript material concerns Baltimore and Maryland architecture.
The series also includes documents related to Howland's many trips abroad for scholarly and professional reasons, most of which concerns Howland's trips to Greece and his organization of a trip to Dublin, Ireland, in 1959 on behalf of the Society of Architectural Historians.
The bulk of the material in this series dates from 1947 to 1997. Material is arranged alphabetically by type of activity: employment, organizations and boards, publications, research, and travel, which reflects the original arrangement by Howland.
|Description||Series||Box / Reel||Folder / Frame|
|Employment -- Johns Hopkins University, 1947-1956||series 4||box 3||folder 4|
|Employment -- National Trust for Historic Preservation -- Clippings, 1957-1916||series 4||box 3||folder 5|
|Employment -- National Trust for Historic Preservation -- General, 1956-1992||series 4||box 3||folder 6|
|Employment -- National Trust for Historic Preservation -- Resignation, 1960||series 4||box 3||folder 7|
|Employment -- Smithsonian/White House Projects, 1961-1970||series 4||box 3||folder 8|
|Employment -- Wellesley College, undated||series 4||box 3||folder 9|
|Organizations and Boards -- 14 West Hamilton Street Club, 1947||series 4||box 4||folder 1|
|Organizations and Boards -- Accokeek Foundation, 1994-1997||series 4||box 4||folder 2|
|Organizations and Boards -- American School for Classical Studies at Athens, 1963-1999||series 4||box 4||folder 3|
|Organizations and Boards -- Anderson House [Society of the Cincinnati], 1986-1995||series 4||box 4||folder 4|
|Organizations and Boards -- Archeological Institute of America, 1961-1988||series 4||box 4||folder 5|
|Organizations and Boards -- Art Deco Society of Washington, 1981-1983||series 4||box 4||folder 6|
|Organizations and Boards -- Athenaeum of Philadelphia, 1976-1999||series 4||box 4||folder 7|
|Organizations and Boards -- Baltimore City Life Museums, 1992||series 4||box 4||folder 8|
|Organizations and Boards -- Canterbury Cathedral Trust in America, 1977-1997||series 4||box 4||folder 9|
|Organizations and Boards -- Coping Associates, Ltd., 1984-1997||series 4||box 4||folder 10|
|Organizations and Boards -- Cosmos Club, 1982-1984||series 4||box 4||folder 11|
|Organizations and Boards -- DACOR Bacon House, undated||series 4||box 4||folder 12|
|Organizations and Boards -- Dinner Clubs, 1985-1991||series 4||box 4||folder 13|
|Organizations and Boards -- Dow Project, 1973||series 4||box 4||folder 14|
|Organizations and Boards -- Friends of the Benaki Museum in America, 1981-1987||series 4||box 4||folder 15|
|Organizations and Boards -- Friends of Mount Athos, 2000||series 4||box 4||folder 16|
|Organizations and Boards -- General Society of Colonial Wars, 2005||series 4||box 4||folder 17|
|Organizations and Boards -- Irish Georgian Society, Inc, undated||series 4||box 4||folder 18|
|Organizations and Boards -- Morris and Gwendolyn Cafritz Foundation, 2002||series 4||box 4||folder 19|
|Organizations and Boards -- Nineteen Twenty Five F Street Club, 1955-1998||series 4||box 4||folder 20|
|Organizations and Boards -- Pilgrim John Howland Society, 1957||series 4||box 4||folder 21|
|Organizations and Boards -- Preservation Roundtable, 2005||series 4||box 4||folder 22|
|Organizations and Boards -- Order of St. John, 2006||series 4||box 4||folder 23|
|Organizations and Boards -- Royal Oak Foundation, 1985-1990||series 4||box 4||folder 24|
|Organizations and Boards -- Society of Architectural Historians, 1997-2004||series 4||box 4||folder 25|
|Organizations and Boards -- Society of the Cincinnati, 1982-1986||series 4||box 5||folder 1|
|Organizations and Boards -- Sutton Place Heritage Trust, 1983-1984||series 4||box 5||folder 2|
|Organizations and Boards -- Victorian Society in America, 1967-1984||series 4||box 5||folder 3|
|Organizations and Boards -- Washington Cathedral Building Committee, 1973-1978||series 4||box 5||folder 4|
|Publications -- Architecture of Baltimore, 1951-2001||series 4||box 5||folder 5|
|Publications -- General, 1941-1996||series 4||box 5||folder 6|
|Research Materials -- Baltimore Architecture, 1949-1956||series 4||box 5||folder 7|
|Research Materials -- Baltimore Architecture, 1879-1997||series 4||box 5||folder 8|
|Research Materials -- Baltimore Architecture -- Notes, undated||series 4||box 5||folder 9|
|Research Materials -- Lecture Notes, 1956-1985||series 4||box 6||folder 1|
|Research Materials -- Lecture Notes, 1956-1985||series 4||box 6||folder 2|
|Research Materials -- Lecture Notes, 1956-1985||series 4||box 6||folder 3|
|Research Materials -- Lecture Notes, 1956-1985||series 4||box 6||folder 4|
|Research Materials -- Lecture Notes, 1956-1985||series 4||box 6||folder 5|
|Research Materials -- Maryland (Non-Baltimore), undated||series 4||box 6||folder 6|
|Travel -- Dublin (Ireland) -- Accommodations, 1958-1959||series 4||box 7||folder 1|
|Travel -- Dublin (Ireland) -- Addresses and Notes, 1958-1959||series 4||box 7||folder 2|
|Travel -- Dublin (Ireland) -- Brochures/Souveniers (Includes Oversize), 1951-1959||series 4||box 7||folder 3|
|Travel -- Dublin (Ireland) -- Correspondence -- General, 1958-1960||series 4||box 7||folder 4|
|Travel -- Dublin (Ireland) -- Correspondence -- Thank-you Letters, 1958-1959||series 4||box 7||folder 5|
|Travel -- Dublin (Ireland) -- Directories, 1959||series 4||box 7||folder 6|
|Travel -- Dublin (Ireland) -- Guides, 1958-1959||series 4||box 7||folder 7|
|Travel -- Dublin (Ireland) -- Irish Georgian Society, 1959-1960||series 4||box 7||folder 8|
|Travel -- Dublin (Ireland) -- Itineraries, 1958-1959||series 4||box 7||folder 9|
|Travel -- Dublin (Ireland) -- Publicity, 1959||series 4||box 7||folder 10|
|Travel -- Dublin (Ireland) -- Reservations, 1958-1959||series 4||box 7||folder 11|
|Travel -- Dublin (Ireland) -- Transportation, 1959||series 4||box 7||folder 12|
|Travel -- Dublin (Ireland) -- Trinity College, 1959-1960||series 4||box 7||folder 13|
|Travel -- Ethiopia and East Africa -- Archaeological Institute of America, 1967||series 4||box 7||folder 14|
|Travel -- Greece, 1933-1972||series 4||box 7||folder 15|
|Travel -- Nepal, 1967-1979||series 4||box 7||folder 16|
|Travel -- Spain, 1963-1965||series 4||box 7||folder 17|
Series 5: Photographs, 1929-1996 and undated (125 items)
This series is comprised of black-and-white and color photographs and negatives. The photographs were separated from Series I and IV during processing. Images found in this series include photographs of Richard Hubbard Howland in his home, at social gatherings, and at special events, as well as images of Caroline Marie Bullard Howland. The series also contains photographs of Howland's travels abroad in Greece and Dublin, as well as photographs documenting historic structures and art objects. Arrangement follows the order of the series, boxes, and folders in which the photographs were originally filed.
|Description||Series||Box / Reel||Folder / Frame|
|Series I, Box 1 (6 items) Personal -- Brown University, 1929-1931||series 5||box 8||folder 1|
|Series I, Box 1 (35 items) Personal -- Miscellaneous (Includes Oversize), 1937-1996 and undated||series 5||box 8||folder 2|
|Series IV, Box 4 (2 items) Professional -- Organizations and Boards -- American School, 1996 and undated||series 5||box 8||folder 3|
|Series IV, Box 4 (2 items) Professional -- Organizations and Boards -- Anderson House, undated||series 5||box 8||folder 4|
|Series IV, Box 5 (2 items) Professiona -- Organizations and Boards -- Sutton Place, undated||series 5||box 8||folder 5|
|Series IV, Box 5 (21 items) Professional -- Research -- Baltimore Architecture, undated||series 5||box 8||folder 6|
|Series IV, Box 6 (6 items) Professional -- Research -- Maryland, undated||series 5||box 8||folder 7|
|Series IV, Box 7 (35 items) Professional -- Travel -- Dublin -- Brochures/Souvenirs, 1958-1959||series 5||box 8||folder 8|
|Series IV, Box 7 (16 items) Professional -- Travel -- Greece, 1933-1972||series 5||box 8||folder 9|
The Smithsonian Institution Archives holds the records of the Office of the Secretary during Howland's tenure as Special Assistant to the Secretary from 1958 to 1985. These records provide documentation of Howland's work as Head Curator and Chairman of Civil History, National Museum of American History from 1960 to 1963, as well as his appointment as Special Assistant to the Smithsonian Secretary. There is also material documenting Howland's work on the Smithsonian Associates' program of travel tours, as well files of information on the Archaeological Institute of America and the American School of Classical Studies in Athens. An addendum to the collection consists of records created by Richard H. Howland to study the feasibility of establishing a national furniture museum.
The archives of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens holds a collection of Richard Hubbard Howland's papers, including photographs of his excavations at Corinth.
The Archives and Manuscripts Department of the University of Maryland Libraries holds the papers of Frederick L. Rath, the first director of the National Trust for Historic Preservation; the papers of William J. Murtagh, the first Keeper of the National Register of Historic Places and a leader within the National Trust; the papers of Charles Hosmer, author of Preservation Comes of Age; and the papers of Charles E. Peterson, founder of the Historic American Buildings Survey. The National Trust for Historic Preservation Library Collection also includes over 100 linear feet of vertical files assembled by staff at the National Trust.
The National Archives and Records Administration is the legal repository for the organizational records of the National Trust for Historic Preservation prior to 1992.
For other related archival and manuscript collections, please see the following subject guides.
Selected Search Terms
This collection is indexed under the following headings in the University of Maryland Libraries' Catalog. Researchers desiring related materials about these topics, names, or places may search the Catalog using these headings.
- Architectural historians -- Archives
- Art historians -- Archives
- Baltimore (Md) -- Buildings, structures, etc
- Historic buildings -- Maryland -- Baltimore
- Historic preservation -- Maryland
- Historic preservation -- United States -- History -- Sources
- Howland, Ricahrd Hubbard -- Archives
- National Trust for Historic Preservation in the United States -- Archives
- Smithsonian Institution
Names (Added Entries)
- Howland, Richard Hubbard -- Architecture of Baltimore
- Howland, Richard Hubbard -- Greek lamps and their survivals