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Ruth Lawless Busbey papers

Abstract

Title:
Ruth Lawless Busbey papers
Author/Creator:
Busbey, Ruth Lawless
Collection number:
2008-53
Size:
1.50 linear feet
Bulk dates:
1934-1971
Inclusive dates:
1922-1990
Collection Area:
State of Maryland and Historical Collections
Repository:
Special Collections, University of Maryland Libraries, Hornbake Library, College Park, MD 20742. Tel: 301-405-9212, Fax: 301-314-2709, Email: askhornbake@umd.edu
Abstract:

This collection documents the career of Ruth Lawless Busbey, who received her B.S. (1930) and M.S. (1931) in chemistry from the University of Maryland and a second M.S. in languages (Russian) from Georgetown University in 1964. Ruth Busbey was a chemist for the United States Department of Agriculture throughout her career. Her papers consist of academic records, personnel files, correspondence, biographical information, and publications. Files documenting Busbey's 1966 information exchange trip to the former Soviet Union and copies of several chemistry articles and one major chemistry text Busbey translated from Russian to English are also part of the collection.

Important Information for Users of the Collection

Restrictions:

This collection is open for research. There are no restricted files.

Preferred citation:

Ruth Lawless Busbey papers, Special Collections, University of Maryland Libraries.

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1903.1/4579
Publication rights:

Photocopies of original materials may be provided for a fee and at the discretion of the curator. Please see our Duplication of Materials policy for more information.

Status:

This collection is PROCESSED.

Historical Note

Ruth Charlotte Lawless was born on March 7, 1909, in Stanfordville, New York, and grew up in Washington, DC, graduating from Central High School in 1926. She received both her B.S. (1930) and M.S. (1931) degrees in chemistry from the University of Maryland. In 1931, she married Ridgaway J. Busbey (died 1941). Together they had two children, William Robert (1932-1972) and Emma B. Ditman (1933- ).

While completing her degrees, Ruth Busbey began working part time as a chemist with the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Bureau of Entomology, which, in those years, maintained a laboratory on the University of Maryland's College Park campus. Her entire professional career was subsequently spent with the Bureau and its successor, the Entomology Research Division. In 1938 Ruth Busbey transferred to Whittier, California, where she worked on the application of cyanide to eradicate red scale, an insect that infests citrus trees. In 1943 Busbey returned to Maryland and continued work with the Bureau's Pesticide Chemicals Research Branch, now located at the Beltsville Agricultural Research Center. Throughout the 1940s Ruth Busbey continued to research and publish while assuming increasing administrative responsibilities. She was eventually promoted to Assistant to the Branch Chief, a position she held until her retirement in 1970.

In order to read and translate articles on insecticide research published in Russian journals, Ruth Busbey began studying Russian at the USDA Graduate School during the 1950s. She eventually earned an M.S. in languages from Georgetown University in 1964. In 1966 she represented the Agricultural Research Service during a five-week information exchange tour of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). She visited many institutes engaged in pesticide research and established relationships with several researchers, keeping in contact with them after her return to the United States. In 1969 Ruth Busbey began translation of a major text, N. N. Melnikov's Chemistry of Pesticides; the translation was published in 1971.

After her retirement in 1970, Ruth Busbey volunteered her time to various organizations, including the National Association of Retired Federal Employees, Koininia Agapes, Inc., the Retired Chemists Group of the Chemical Society of Washington, and the Prince George's County Human Relations Committee. Ruth Busbey died March 27, 1990.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The papers of Ruth Lawless Busbey include materials dating from 1922 to 1990. The collection contains records related to Busbey's education and career as a chemist, personal and professional correspondence, and various publications, including English translations of several articles and a copy of the English-language edition of N. N. Melnkiov's Chemistry of Pesticides. The collection also includes a journal account of Busbey's trip to the USSR, photographs, a map, and ephemera.

Custodial History and Acquisition Information

The University of Maryland Libraries received the papers of Ruth Lawless Busbey from her daughter, Emma Ditman, in December 2007. Additional materials were donated by Emma Ditman in November of 2008.

Processing Information

Processed by:

Processed by Amy French, October 2008.

Processing note:

Four series were created from the papers of Ruth Lawless Busbey. All paper clips and the majority of staples were removed from the collection and replaced by plastic clips over strips of acid-free paper. Sticky notes, pages with tape, brittle papers, and newsprint were photocopied on acid-free paper; originals were discarded. Obviously misfiled items were re-filed as appropriate, and duplicate copies of documents were discarded. The paper documents were placed in acid-free folders and boxes. Rolled oversized items were flattened and placed in custom-sized acid-free folders for storage in mapcase drawers. The photographs were sleeved and transferred to the photograph collection.

Encoded by:

EAD markup created using EAD database in Microsoft Access. Markup completed by Amy French, October 2008. Markup edited by Amy French in May 2009 to incorporate accession of additional materials.

Arrangement of Collection

This collection is divided into four series.

Detailed Description of the Collection

Series 1: Personal, 1922-1990 and undated (0.25 linear feet)

This series consists largely of educational records and correspondence related to Ruth Busbey's second master's degree (M.S., languages, Georgetown University), a copy of her Georgetown master's thesis, and records related to her earlier education (B.S. and M.S., chemistry, University of Maryland). There are several certificates and diplomas, as well. Also included is biographical information in the form of notes outlining the dates of various educational achievements, a 1970 newsletter and memo that catalogue Busbey's personal and professional accomplishments, a certificate that records her travel across the equator, several obituaries, a letter discussing her qualifications for a community service position, a poem, a copy of her death certificate, and two letters acknowledging donations made to her church in her memory. This series is arranged alphabetically by subject.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Biographical Information, 1943-1990, and undated series 1box 1folder 1
The Development of Russian Chemical Terminology, M.S. Thesis, Georgetown University, 1964 series 1box 1folder 2
Educational Certificates and Diplomas, 1922-1935, 1964 series 1box 1folder 3
Educational Records and Correspondence, [1931], 1959-1964, 1967, and undated series 1box 1folder 4

Series 2: Professional, 1931-[1976] and undated (1.25 linear feet)

This series consists of records and papers related to Ruth Busbey's professional career. Various documents, including awards, correspondence, performance ratings, applications, and memoranda, outline her employment as a chemist with the United States Department of Agriculture. In addition, there are reprints of Busbey's research publications, translations and summaries of Russian insecticide research articles, and USDA departmental reports. Of special interest are correspondence, receipts, travel vouchers, and other miscellanea documenting Busbey's 1966 information exchange trip to the USSR. Busbey's personal account of the trip, in the form of a journal and several drafts of a report and its ancillary documents, are included as well. A copy of the book Chemistry of Pesticides by author N. N. Melnikov, which Ruth Busbey translated from the Russian in 1971, and records and correspondence related to the task of its translation, are also part of this series. Arrangement is chronological.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
USDA, Reports and Summary, 1931-1950 series 2box 1folder 1
Employment, 1934-1953 series 2box 1folder 2
Employment, 1954-1970 and undated series 2box 1folder 3
Reprints, Ruth Lawless Busbey, 1937-1966 series 2box 1folder 4
Translations and Summaries, Insecticide Research Publications (Russian), 1959-1962 series 2box 1folder 5
Translations and Summaries, Insecticide Research Publications (Russian), 1962-1968 and undated series 2box 1folder 6
USSR -- Notes on USSR Trip, 1966 series 2box 2folder 1
USSR -- Report of Visit to the Soviet Union, August 15-September 18, 1966 and Ancillary Materials, Ruth Lawless Busbey, 1966 series 2box 2folder 2
USSR -- Report of Visit to the Soviet Union, August 15-September 18, 1966 and Ancillary Materials, Ruth Lawless Busbey, 1966 series 2box 2folder 3
USSR -- Talk on USSR Trip, Ruth Lawless Busbey, [1966-1967] series 2box 2folder 4
USSR -- Information Exchange Trip Correspondence, 1966-1967 series 2box 2folder 5
USSR -- Information Exchange Trip, 1966-1976 series 2box 2folder 6
USSR -- Information Exchange Trip, 1966-1976 series 2box 2folder 7
Chemistry of Pesticides, Records and Correspondence, 1969-1971 series 2box 3folder 1
Chemistry of Pesticides, Residue Reviews, Volume 36, Springer-Verlag, 1971 series 2box 3folder 2

Series 3: Photographs, 1943-1968 and undated (39 items)

This series consists of 39 photographs related to Ruth Busbey's personal and professional life. Included in the personal set are eight photographs showing Busbey alone or among family and friends; several are from travels abroad. Included in the professional set are five black and white images depicting an awards ceremony, 13 black and white and four color images from Busbey's 1966 trip to the USSR, and five black and white photographs of Russian visitors to Beltsville, MD, along with Busbey and her colleagues.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / FrameItem
Photographs -- Personal, 1943-1948, 1971, 1980, and undated series 3box 1folder 1
A black and white photograph of Ruth Busbey with children Emma and Billy, California, 1943 series 3box 1folder 1item 1
A color photo of Ruth Busbey with a great grandchild, undated series 3box 1folder 1item 2
Color photograph of Ruth Busbey from travel abroad (?), undated series 3box 1folder 1item 3
Color photograph of Ruth Busbey holding a koala bear. Lone Pine Koala Sanctuary, Brisbane, Australia, 1980 series 3box 1folder 1item 4
Black and white portrait photograph of Ruth Busbey, ca. 1948 series 3box 1folder 1item 5
Black and white group portrait of Ruth Busbey and others. Sun Rise Holiday Tour, Japan Travel Bureau, 1971 series 3box 1folder 1item 6
Black and white photograph of Ruth Busbey and others riding an elephant, undated series 3box 1folder 1item 7
Color portrait of Ruth Busbey and others. Athabasca Glacier, undated series 3box 1folder 1item 8
Photographs -- Professional, 1948, 1966-1968, and undated series 3box 1folder 2
Black and white photograph depicting Ruth Busbey receiving award. Found with a program for the Honor Award Ceremony, United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Center, [June 25, 1948] series 3box 1folder 2item 1
Black and white photograph depicting unidentified person receiving award. Found with a program for the Honor Award Ceremony, United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Center, [June 25, 1948] series 3box 1folder 2item 2
Black and white photograph depicting unidentified person receiving award. Found with a program for the Honor Award Ceremony, United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Center, [June 25, 1948] series 3box 1folder 2item 3
Black and white photograph depicting unidentified person receiving award. Found with a program for the Honor Award Ceremony, United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Center, [June 25, 1948] series 3box 1folder 2item 4
Black and white photograph depicting unidentified person receiving award. Found with a program for the Honor Award Ceremony, United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Center, [June 25, 1948] series 3box 1folder 2item 5
A single black and white group photo depicts participants of the Supervisory Development Program at the Motel Washingtonian, Gaithersburg, Maryland, February 11-15, 1963 series 3box 1folder 2item 6
A black and white photograph of three women seated at desk. Ruth Busbey sits center. All-Union Institute of Plant Protection, Leningrad, Dr. Shumakova and Gusilya, 1966 series 3box 1folder 2item 7
A black and white photograph of man and woman seated at desk. All-Union Institute of Plant Protection, Leningrad, Dr. Shumakov and Dr. Edelman (f), 1966 series 3box 1folder 2item 8
A black and white photograph of two men standing. All-Union Institute of Plant Protection, Leningrad, Drs. Gusev, Sazonov, 1966 series 3box 1folder 2item 9
A black and white photograph of three individuals standing in laboratory. Label identifies place as laboratory at Institute of Heteroorganic Chemistry, Moscow; people pictured are Dr. Kabachink, one of his assistants, and Busbeys Moscow interpreter, Clau, August 19, 1966 series 3box 1folder 2item 10
Black and white photograph of Ruth Busbey and others seated at dining table. Luncheon given by staff at All-Union Institute of Plant Protection, Leningrad. Several signatures are on back of photograph, 1966 series 3box 1folder 2item 11
Black and white photograph of Ruth Busbey and others seated at dining table. Cherkassy. Several names (in Russian) are on back of photograph, 1966 series 3box 1folder 2item 12
Black and white photograph of Ruth Busbey and six others. Ukrainian Institute of Organic Chemistry, Kiev. Several names listed on back of photograph, as well, 1966 series 3box 1folder 2item 13
Black and white photograph of Ruth Busbey and three others, standing. All-Union Institute of Plant Protection, Leningrad, Drs. Shipinov, Detunova, Dr. Andreev, 1966 series 3box 1folder 2item 14
Black and white photograph of Ruth Busbey and six others, standing. Institute of Chemical Agents for Plant Protection, Moscow, Dr. Melnikovs staff. Several signatures are on back of photograph, 1966 series 3box 1folder 2item 15
Black and white photograph of ornate archway and columns. Archangel in Kremlin, 1966 series 3box 1folder 2item 16
Black and white photograph of Ruth Busbey and others seated at dining table. Collective Farm 'Dnipro' near Cherkassy in the Ukraine. Several names listed on back of photograph., 1966 series 3box 1folder 2item 17
Black and white photograph of Ruth Busbey and others, standing. All-Union Institute of Hygiene and Toxicology of Pesticides, Polymers, and Plastics, Kiev. Several names listed on back of photograph, 1966 series 3box 1folder 2item 18
Black and white photograph of Ruth Busbey and others, standing. All-Union Institute of Plant Protection, Leningrad, Dr. Andreev and assistants. Note (in Russian) on back of photograph, 1966 series 3box 1folder 2item 19
Black and white photograph of Dr. A. A. Potapov with camera. Found with paper with label identifying images as showing visitors to Beltsville, January 24, 1968 series 3box 1folder 2item 20
Black and white photograph of Dr. A. A. Potapov and Dr. D. J. Vooden. Found with paper with label identifying images as showing visitors to Beltsville, January 24, 1968. series 3box 1folder 2item 21
Black and white photograph of Dr. A. A. Potapov and Russian conversational group. Found with paper with label identifying images as showing visitors to Beltsville, January 24, 1968. series 3box 1folder 2item 22
Black and white photograph of Ruth Busbey taken by Dr. Andreev. Found with paper with label identifying images as showing visitors to Beltsville, 1965 series 3box 1folder 2item 23
Black and white photograph of Stan Hall and William Sullivan. Found with paper with label identifying images as showing visitors to Beltsville, undated series 3box 1folder 2item 24
Black and white photograph of Ruth Busbey, undated series 3box 1folder 2item 25
Black and white photograph of Ruth Busbey and several others. Note in Russian on back, 1968 series 3box 1folder 2item 26
Black and white photograph of Ruth Busbey. Note in Russian on back, 1968 series 3box 1folder 2item 27
Color photograph from Ruth Busbey's trip to the USSR. Image is of statue. Label on back in Russian, 1966 series 3box 1folder 2item 28
Color photograph from Ruth Busbey's trip to the USSR. Image is of building. Label on back in Russian, 1966 series 3box 1folder 2item 29
Color photograph from Ruth Busbey's trip to the USSR. Image is of building, 1966 series 3box 1folder 2item 30
Color photograph from Ruth Busbey's trip to the USSR. Image is of building, 1966 series 3box 1folder 2item 31

Series 4: Memorabilia, 1926-1927, 1930 (2 items)

This series consists of two honor society pins awarded to Ruth Busbey for her educational achievements.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / FrameItem
Memorabilia, 1926-1927, 1930 series 4box 1folder 1
Phi Kappa Phi pin. Back is engraved "R.C.L. Univ. of MD. 1930", 1930 series 4box 1folder 1item 1
Sigma Phi Sigma pin. Front is engraved "Scholarship Univ. of MD." Back reads "Won by Ruth Charlotte Lawless, Freshman Class, 1926-1927", 1926-1927 series 4box 1folder 1item 2

Related Material

McKeldin Library holds a copy of N. N. Mel'nikov's Chemistry of Pesticides, translated from the Russian by Ruth L. Busbey. The call number is SB951 .M413. Copies of Busbey's master's thesis, "The toxicity of thiocyanates and isothiocyanates toward goldfish," are held in both White Memorial (Chemistry) Library and Hornbake Library. The call number for this text is LD3231 .M70m.

For other related archival and manuscript collections, please see the following subject guides.

Selected Search Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the University of Maryland Libraries' Catalog. Researchers desiring related materials about these topics, names, or places may search the Catalog using these headings.

Subjects

Names (Added Entries)