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Alexander Siloti Collection

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1903.1/24333

Abstract

Title:
Alexander Siloti Collection
Author/Creator:
Siloti, Alexander
Collection number:
0
Size:
12.00 linear feet
Bulk dates:
1914-1930
Inclusive dates:
1859-1983
Collection Area:
International Piano Archives at Maryland
Repository:
International Piano Archives at Maryland, University of Maryland Libraries, College Park, MD 20741, Tel: 301.405.9224, Email: godowsky@umd.edu
Abstract:

Alexander Siloti (a.k.a. Ziloti) (1863-1945) was a piano performer, conductor, and music teacher. He performed in Europe and the United States, as well as conducting orchestras in Moscow and St. Petersburg. In addition, Siloti taught piano lessons at the Moscow Conservatory, was a member of the faculty at the Juilliard School, and was known for his transcriptions, arrangements, and editions of various pieces. This collection contains 12.00 linear feet of scores, programs, publicity brochures, correspondence, clippings, books, and notebooks related to Silotis career, the orchestras he played with, and his relationships with his close colleagues, including Sergei Rachmaninoff, Franz Liszt, and his daughter, Kyriena Siloti.

Important Information for Users of the Collection

Restrictions:

There are no restricted files in this collection.

Preferred citation:

Alexander Siloti Collection, Special Collections, University of Maryland Libraries.

Status:

This collection is PROCESSED.

Historical Note

Summary: Alexander Ilyich Siloti (Ziloti) was born near Kharkov in the Ukraine on October 9, 1863 and died in New York City December 8, 1945. He studied composition with Tchaikovsky at the Moscow Conservatory and was a pupil of Franz Liszt at Weimar (1883-1886). He returned to the Moscow Conservatory to teach (1887), where he taught his younger cousin, Sergei Rachmaninoff. Siloti also pursued a career as concert pianist (1891-1901) in Frankfurt am Main, Antwerp, and Leipzig, and in the United States (1898-1899).

Siloti began a conducting career by accepting the directorship of the Moscow Philharmonic (1901). He also founded his own orchestra in St. Petersburg, where he introduced much new music, such as works by French impressionists (1903). He continued with his orchestra for 15 years, becoming Manager of the St. Petersburg State Opera (1917). After immigrating to the United States (1922), he became a member of the faculty at the Juilliard School (1924-1942), where he stayed until his retirement.

Siloti made major contributions to music literature through his transcriptions, arrangements, and editions of many pieces, particularly his concert transcription of the B minor Prelude from Bach's Clavier-Buechlein and his important revisions to the first and second piano concertos of Tchaikovsky.

Full History: Alexander Ilyich Siloti (Ziloti), one of the few pianists to carry into the 20th century the "grand manner" of pianistic interpretations typified by the Liszt-Rubinstein schools, was born near Kharkov in the Ukraine on October 9, 1863 and died in New York City December 8, 1945. At the Moscow Conservatory he studied piano with Zverev and Nicholas Rubinstein (and for a brief time with Nicholas's brother Anton), and composition with Tchaikovsky. He was a pupil of Franz Liszt at Weimar from 1883 to 1886 and became the master's devoted disciple. Returning to the Moscow Conservatory in 1887 he taught (among others) his younger cousin, Sergei Rachmaninoff. Between 1891 and 1901 he lived in Frankfurt am Main, Antwerp, and Leipzig, pursuing a career as concert pianist. He played in the United States in 1898 and 1899.

Siloti began a conducting career in 1901 by accepting the directorship of the Moscow Philharmonic. In 1903 he founded his own orchestra in St. Petersburg with which he introduced much new music, including works of the French impressionists and Elgar. He also championed the music of Liszt and the younger Russian composers (including Gnessin, Glazunov, Stravinsky, Scriabin, Prokofiev, and, of course, Rachmaninoff), As a conductor he offered performance opportunities to young artists such as Pablo Casals, Wanda Landowska, Fritz Kreisler, and Rosina Lhevinne. He continued with his orchestra for 15 years, becoming Manager of the St. Petersburg State Opera in 1917.

He escaped Bolshevik Russia in 1920 and lived in Finland, France, and England before immigrating to the United States in 1922. From 1924 until his retirement in 1942 he was a prominent and highly respected member of the faculty at the Juilliard School.

Siloti made major contributions to music literature through his transcriptions, arrangements, and editions of the music of Liszt, Bach, Vivaldi, Tchaikovsky, Arensky, and others. Perhaps his most famous publication was his concert transcription of the B minor Prelude from Bach's Clavier-Buechlein, dedicated to his daughter Kyriena. It was played by many of the great pianists, especially the Russians, and has been recorded by Emil Gilels. He also made important revisions to the first and second piano concertos of Tchaikovsky, with the composer's consent.

As a teacher, Siloti influenced such diverse artists as Constantine Igumnov (teacher of Vladimir Ashkenazy and Bella Davidovich), Bernhard Stavenhagen (another Liszt pupil), Alexei Haieff, Marc Blitzstein, and, of course, Rachmaninoff.

Alexander Siloti was dedicatee of Rachmaninoff's first Piano Concerto and his ten Preludes op. 23 and Stravinsky's Scherzo (1908).`

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The Alexander Siloti Collection covers the period from 1859 to 1983; the bulk of the materials date from 1914 to 1930, and the collection is 12.00 linear feet. The collection consists of scores, programs, publicity brochures, correspondence, clippings, books, and notebooks related to Silotis career, including his performances in New York, Boston, London, and St. Petersburg, and his transcriptions of various scores.

Custodial History and Acquisition Information

Donated in 1990; donator unknown.

Processing Information

Processed by:

This finding aid was prepared by John J. Church in August 1993. The materials description was done by Neil Ratliff.

Encoded by:

EAD markup created using EAD database in Microsoft Access. Markup completed by Elizabeth J. Mason, May 2013.

Detailed Description of the Collection

Series 1: Music Scores, 1859-1936, and Undated (10.00 linear feet)

Here are found music scores in the collection. These scores comprise the majority of the collection and sometimes contain extensive editorial markings by Siloti. Some of the scores also contain complete (or near-complete) sets of orchestral parts. This series is divided into four subseries, and is located in boxes 1 - 18.

Subseries 1.1: Siloti editions with markings, 1917-1936, and Undated

This subseries contains manuscript editions of scores of instrumental pieces that Siloti revised, including works of Bach, Beethoven, Liszt, Rachmaninoff, and Tchaikovsky.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / FrameItem
Arensky -- Piano Quintet in D major; Variations on a theme of Tchaikovsky (Op. 54, No. 5) for string orchestra -- Two folders, 1925, and Undatedseries 1.1box 1folder 1
Bach -- Andante from the Italian Concerto -- Arr. for piano, 4-hands, by A. Siloti, Undatedseries 1.1box 1folder 2
Bach -- Arias from Cantatas -- No. 54 and No. 105 -- Two folders, Undatedseries 1.1box 1folder 3
Bach -- Concertos, Choral Prelude, Undatedseries 1.1box 2folder 1
Bach. Brandenburg Concerto 5. Concert arrangement after the edition of the Bach-Gesellschaft by A. Siloti. Leipzig: Jul. Heinz Zimmermann. Ptib. pl. No. Z.4566. Orchestral parts (33), some marked "Neubearbeitete Ausgabe.", Undatedseries 1.1box 2folder 1item 1.0
Bach. Choral-Prelude "Ich ruf zu Dir, Herr Jesu Christ" for string orchestra and organ by A. Siloti, Undatedseries 1.1box 2folder 1item 2.0
Bach. Concerto in D major for piano and strings. Revised version by A. Siloti., Undatedseries 1.1box 2folder 1item 3.0
Bach -- Concerto in F Major, Preludes, Sonatas, Undatedseries 1.1box 3folder 1
Beethoven -- Concerto for piano and orchestra No. 51 Op. 73; Sonata for cello and piano No. 3 in A major, Op. 69 -- Two folders, 1918, and Undatedseries 1.1box 4folder 1
Grieg -- Concerto for piano in A minor -- Score for two pianos, Undatedseries 1.1box 4folder 2
Rimsky-Korsakov -- Ouverture "La grande Paque Russe" [Russian Easter Overture) -- Orchestral parts (58) with some rehearsal markings, Undatedseries 1.1box 5folder 1
Liszt, Undatedseries 1.1box 5folder 2
Liszt. Concerto No. 1 for piano .in Eb major. Piano part only., Undatedseries 1.1box 5folder 2item 1.0
Liszt. Concerto No. 2 for Piano in A major. New (revised and shortened) edition by A. Siloti., Undatedseries 1.1box 5folder 2item 2.0
Liszt -- Concerto No. 2 for piano -- "New edition by A. Siloti" -- String Parts, 1917series 1.1box 6folder 1
Liszt -- Concerto No. 2 for piano -- "New edition by A. Siloti" -- Parts: Percussion, Brass, Wind, 2a, 1917series 1.1box 7folder 1
Liszt -- Totentanz (Danse Macabre) -- Neue Ausgabe von A. Siloti, 1930?series 1.1box 8folder 1
Liszt -- Der Tanz in der Dorfschemre (Erster Mephisto-Walzer) -- "New Edition by A. Siloti. " -- Score, Parts: Percussion, Brass, Winds, 1936series 1.1box 9folder 1
Liszt -- Der Tanz in der Dorfschemre (Erster Mephisto-Walzer) -- "New Edition by A. Siloti. " -- Parts: Violin I and II, Viola, Cello, Bass, 1936series 1.1box 10folder 1
Tchaikovsky -- Concerto for piano, No. 1, Op. 23 -- Orchestra parts (20) revised by A. Siloti, Undatedseries 1.1box 11folder 1
Rachmaninoff -- Vocalise, Op. 34, No. 14 -- Score 10 p. and orchestral parts (34), 1919series 1.1box 11folder 2
Schubert-Liszt -- "Wanderer" Fantasie -- Score and orchestral parts (40?), 1930?series 1.1box 11folder 3
Schubert-Liszt -- Fantasie, Op. 15, for piano and orchestra -- Orchestra parts ( 45) revised by A. Siloti., 1930?series 1.1box 12folder 1
Tchaikovsky -- Symphony No. 6 -- Parts: Violin I and II, Viola, Undatedseries 1.1box 13folder 1
Tchaikovsky -- Symphony No. 6 -- Parts: Cello, Bass, Percussion, Brass, Winds, Undatedseries 1.1box 14folder 1

Subseries 1.2: Siloti published editions (without markings mostly), 1859-1925, and Undated

This subseries contains published editions of scores of instrumental pieces that Siloti did not revise, including works of Bach, Liszt, and Tchaikovsky.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Bach -- Adagio from the Toccata in C major for organ -- Transcribed by Alexander Siloti for string orchestra, 1925series 1.2box 15folder 1
Bach -- Cantatas -- Three Folders, Undatedseries 1.2box 15folder 2
Bach -- Chamber Music, Geistliches Lied "Komm", Gigue -- Three Folders, 1859-1923series 1.2box 15folder 3
Bach -- Organ Preludes -- Two Folders, 1923-1924series 1.2box 15folder 4
Bach -- Organ Works, Vol. I & III -- Two Folders, 1914-1915?series 1.2box 15folder 5
Bach -- Paraphrase on the Prelude in C# minor; Prelude for organ and orchestra, from Cantate No. 29 -- Two Folders, 1924, and Undatedseries 1.2box 15folder 6
Bach -- Three Folders, 1909, and Undatedseries 1.2box 16folder 1
Beethoven -- Sonata for violin and piano, Op. 47 (Kreutzer), Undatedseries 1.2box 16folder 2
Glazunov -- Tableau Symplwnique Tire de la Suite ''Moyen-Age", Op. 79., Undatedseries 1.2box 16folder 3
Gnessin -- Lied des Fagen Aliskan, Undatedseries 1.2box 17folder 1
Liadov -- Two Folders, 1923, and Undatedseries 1.2box 17folder 2
Liszt -- Two Folders, Undatedseries 1.2box 17folder 3
Siloti published editions (without markings mostly) -- M-T -- Miaskovsky, Purcell, Roger-Ducasse, Scriabin, Tchaikovsky, 1920-1923, and Undatedseries 1.2box 17folder 4

Subseries 1.3: Songs (with editorial markings or changes by A. Siloti), 1907-1926, and Undated

This subseries contains scores of songs with editorial markings and changes by Siloti, including works of Arensky, Rachmaninoff, and Tchaikovsky.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Arensky Songs -- Two Folders, 1907, and Undatedseries 1.3box 18folder 1
Songs (with editorial markings or changes by A. Siloti) -- G-R -- Glinka, Moussorgsky, Rachmaninoff, 1926, and Undatedseries 1.3box 18folder 2
Tchaikovsky Songs -- Two Folders, 1921-1922series 1.3box 18folder 3

Subseries 1.4: Songs (editions which belonged to Siloti but have no markings), 1860-1924, and Undated

This subseries contains editions of scores of songs that Siloti owned but did not revise, including works of Arensky, Moussorgsky, Liszt, Rachmaninoff, and Tchaikovsky.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Arensky Songs -- Three Folders, 1923-1924, and Undatedseries 1.4box 18folder 4
Songs (editions which belonged to Siloti but have no markings) -- B-G -- Balakireff, Giordan, Gnesin, 1914-1921, and Undatedseries 1.4box 18folder 5
Liszt Songs -- Two Folders, 1901-1908series 1.4box 18folder 6
Moussorgsky -- Four Folders, 1908-1921, and Undatedseries 1.4box 18folder 7
Mozart -- Hoerl auf den Klang der Ziller (from Don Juan). -- Two Editions, Undatedseries 1.4box 18folder 8
O la sombre nuit -- Chanson des Tsiganes Moscovites, Undatedseries 1.4box 18folder 9
Rachmaninoff -- Two Songs, 1921, and Undatedseries 1.4box 18folder 10
Ravel -- Deux Melodies Hebraiques, 1920series 1.4box 18folder 11
Rimsky-Korsakoff -- Hymn to the Sun, from "The Golden Cockerel", 1917series 1.4box 18folder 12
Rosa -- Only smile, I will ask nothing more, 1887series 1.4box 18folder 13
Schubert -- Des Maedchens Klage, 1860series 1.4box 18folder 14
Tchaikovsky -- Two Folders, 1893-1924, and Undatedseries 1.4box 18folder 15

Series 2: Siloti Concert Programs, Publicity Brochures, 1898-1936, and Undated (null)

Here are found 11 Siloti concert programs from 1898 to 1936. Some have multiple copies. There is also a publicity brochure issued by Carl Fischer, Inc. 1bis series is located in box 19.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Siloti Concert Programs and Publicity Brochures, 1898-1936 series 2box 19folder 1

Series 3: Correspondence, 1935-1950s, and Undated (null)

Here are found 17 letters (mostly to Kyriena Siloti, in Russian, and from the 1950s); a letter from Richard Aldrich, and several pages of notes in Russian. This series is located in box 19.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Correspondence, 1935-1950s, and Undated series 3box 19folder 2

Series 4: Miscellaneous, 1923-1983, and Undated (null)

Here are found clippings that are mostly about concerts. There are two articles published in Musical America, and several unrelated, incomplete documents. This series is located in box 19.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Beethoven's Ninth Symphony -- Commentary, 1939 series 4box 19folder 3
Two leaves of music manuscript, Undated series 4box 19folder 4
Chopin Sonata for cello and piano -- Incomplete Cello Part, Undated series 4box 19folder 5
Bach-Gesellschaft -- Incomplete membership list, Undated series 4box 19folder 6
Musical America Articles -- Two Folders, 1923-1928 series 4box 19folder 7
Clippings -- Miscellaneous -- Nine Folders, 1929-1983, and Undated series 4box 19folder 8

Series 5: Books, Notebooks, 1891-1970, and Undated (2.00 linear feet)

Here are found several books, Kyriena Siloti's Memoirs[?], Sophie Satin's translation of the Rachmaninoff Collection in the National Museum, and two notebooks of concerts of A.S., translated from Russian and editedby Maria Siloti. This series is located in boxes 20 - 22.

Subseries 5.1: Books, 1891-1970, and Undated

This subseries contains books that Siloti owned, including a counterpoint book, Kyriena Silotis memoirs, and biographies of Liszt and Rachmaninoff.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Kyriena's Book, 1936-1939series 5.1box 20folder 1
Antoine Rubinstein -- La rnusique et ses representants, 1891series 5.1box 20folder 2
Robert Bory -- La vie de Franz Liszt par l'image, 1936series 5.1box 21folder 1
Sophie Satin -- Rachmaninoff Collection in the National Museum, 1970series 5.1box 21folder 2
Tanyev -- Counterpoint book(?) in Russian, 1934series 5.1box 21folder 3

Subseries 5.2: Notebooks, 1903-1913

This subseries contains notebooks of concerts that Siloti performed.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / FrameItem
Notebooks, 1903-1913series 5.2box 22folder 1
St. Petersburg. Concerts of A. Siloti. Programs of concerts of 10 seasons., 1903-1913series 5.2box 22folder 1item 1.0
Small loose-leaf ring binder, 1913series 5.2box 22folder 1item 2.0

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