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Margaret Chisholm Papers

Abstract

Title:
Margaret Chisholm Papers
Author/Creator:
Chisholm, Margaret E.
Collection number:
NPBA 94-25
Size:
3.00 linear feet
Bulk dates:
1987-1989
Inclusive dates:
1979 - 1991
Collection Area:
Mass Media and Culture
Repository:
Special Collections, University of Maryland Libraries, Hornbake Library, College Park, MD 20742. Tel: 301-405-9212, Fax: 301-314-2709, Email: askhornbake@umd.edu
Abstract:

Margaret Chisholm's first involvement with educational broadcasting started from positive reviews of a televised course she taught on children's literature at the University of Oregon. In 1967, she accepted an offer to direct the media program of the Seattle school system as well as the area libraries. This job put her on the executive board of public television station KCTS. Later, while serving on the Public Broadcasting Service's Board of Directors, Chisholm participated in the decision to create a new organization to represent public television station managers' interests and to deal with lobbying and planning efforts of public television while PBS concentrated on programming. Chisholm served on the interim board of trustees of the new entity, Association for Public Broadcasting (APB). She served several terms on the APB Board and remains a trustee at large with the organized renamed Association of America's Public Television Stations (APTS). She also served as vice president of the APB lobbying arm National Association of Public Television Stations' Executive Committee from 1979 to 1983. The collection documents Chisholm's involvement with PBS and APTS.

Important Information for Users of the Collection

Restrictions:

This collection is open for research use.

Preferred citation:

Margaret Chisholm Papers, Special Collections, University of Maryland Libraries.

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1903.1/1569
Publication rights:

Photocopies of original materials may be provided for a fee and at the discretion of the curator. Please see our Duplication of Materials page for more information. Queries regarding publication rights and copyright status of materials within this collection should be directed to the appropriate curator.

Status:

This collection is PROCESSED.

Historical Note

Margaret Chisholm grew up in a small town in Minnesota. She attended St. Cloud State College because of her interest in teaching and the fact that at St. Cloud she could receive a teacher's certificate in only two years. After teaching school for several years, her husband's job transfer took her to Everett, Washington. She continued to teach there and work toward her bachelors degree in education, which she received in 1957.

The next year she was awarded her Masters degree in library science from the University of Washington. She then began working toward a Ph.D. in administration of higher education. Her first library job was as supervisor of elementary school libraries in the Everett community. That job eventually led her to a position as librarian at the Everett Community College.

The University of Oregon heard of her work and hired her to teach summer school courses. Eventually she was offered and accepted a full time faculty position there. Her first involvement with educational broadcasting was when she was asked to teach a televised course in children's literature. The positive reviews her course received made Dr. Chisholm aware of the power and utility of public educational broadcasting. It was also during this time that she completed her dissertation and earned her Ph.D.

In 1967, she accepted an offer to head up the media program of the Seattle school system as well as the area libraries. During this time that she came into contact with the Washington University television station KCTS as her job put her on KCTS' executive board representing the Seattle school system. As of 1990, Chisholm was still a member of the KCTS/Channel 9 Board.

For a time, Dr. Chisholm was dean of the College of Library and Information Services at the University of Maryland. She then moved back to Washington State and became Vice President of University Relations at the University of Washington. As it happened, KCTS's license was owned by the University and Dr. Chisholm's position as Vice President also made her the chairman of the station. During Dr. Chisholm's tenure KCTS expanded from a primarily university station to a community/public broadcasting station.

During this time, Dr. Chisholm became active in public broadcasting efforts nationally. Through contact with Ralph Rogers she was nominated to the Board of Directors of the Public Broadcasting Service. While serving on the PBS Board, Dr. Chisholm was involved in PBS's decision to create a new organization to represent public television station managers' interests and to deal with lobbying and planning efforts of public TV while PBS concentrated on programming. Dr. Chisholm was a member of several organizing committees that led to the creation of the new entity, the Association for Public Broadcasting. She served on its interim board of trustees and participated in the search for its first chief executive. From 1979 to 1983, she served as the vice president of the National Association of Public Television Stations (NAPTS) executive committee. Dr. Chisholm served several terms on the APB Board and today remains a trustee at large with the organization renamed Association of America's Public Television Stations (APTS). [see below]

Dr. Chisholm later left the job of Vice President of University Relations at the University of Washington to become the dean of its graduate school of library science. She retired in 1992.

Dr. Chisholm's other public involvements include serving on the Seattle/King County Convention and Visitor's Bureau Board from 1975 to 1981, the board of directors of the United Way of King County from 1976 to 1980, the commissioner of the Western Interstate Commission on Higher Education from 1981 to 1985, and on the national White House Conference on Library and Information Services Committee to plan the Conference in 1989. Dr. Chisholm has also published on issues in media management.

Dr. Margaret Chisholm died in 1999.

ADMINISTRATIVE HISTORY: APB, NAPTS, APTS

The Association for Public Broadcasting (APB) was created by public television station managers in 1979 to better represent their interests in Washington before Congress, the FCC, and other federal agencies. Congress also wanted a separate organization to deal with funding and lobbying apart from PBS, which handled programming. The offices opened in January 1980, and in May 1980, adopted the trade name National Association of Public Television Stations (NAPTS) to emphasize the relationship with the stations.

The APB was a 501(c)(3) corporation which meant for tax purposes that it had limited lobbying ability without jeopardizing its tax exempt status. In May 1980 with a need to increase lobbying, a new corporate entity was created that would be a 501(c)(4) corporation which allowed greater lobbying efforts. Since "APB" was already taken, the corporation used the trade name "NAPTS."

The NAPTS was perceived within the organization as merely a lobbying arm of the APB and hence no need of public awareness. All employees were considered employees of the APB and all operations and contracts were undertaken by the APB. Despite this, "APB" and "NAPTS" were used interchangeably, which created much confusion, created inaccuracy, and drew attention away from the purpose of the organization in the first place.

Eventually in 1991, the APB and NAPTS formally changed their identity. The APB became the Association of America's Public Television Stations (APTS), and the NAPTS became America's Association of Public Television, Inc. (APTV). It is the former acronym that is encouraged today. The name change also was a better representation of the company's interests--America's public television stations, as opposed to a "national" organization.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The Margaret Chisholm Papers cover the years 1979 to 1991 with the bulk of the collection from 1987 to 1989. The collection documents Chisholm's involvement with several public broadcasting organizations; the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS), the Corporation for Public Broadcasting (CPB), and the Association for Public Broadcasting (APB) [which was also known as the National Association of Public Television Stations (NAPTS) and later became known as the Association of America's Public Television Stations (APTS.)] Types of documents in the collection include correspondence, memoranda, minutes, reports, speeches, newsletters and bulletins, and printed material.

Custodial History and Acquisition Information

The Margaret Chisholm Papers were donated to the National Public Broadcasting Archives, University of Maryland Libraries by Margaret Chisholm in September of 1994.

Processing Information

Processed by:

Processed by Greg Pike, April 1996

Encoded by:

EAD markup created using EAD database in Microsoft Access. Markup completed by Scott Prouty, January 2005.

Detailed Description of the Collection

Series 1: Public Broadcasting Service and Corporation for Public Broadcasting, 1978-1991 (1.00 linear foot)

This series documents Dr. Chisholm's involvement with the PBS (of which she was a member) and the CPB. The series reflects PBS's long standing tradition of sending advance copies of its board meetings to its sister organizations--which included the Association of Public Broadcasting (APB), of which Dr. Chisholm was also a prominent member and trustee--inviting said trustees to their meetings. Documents include minutes, reports, and correspondence. Topics include future technology, funding strategies, and program reform. Folders are arranged in alphabetical order by topic and then chronologically.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
PBS -- Committees -- Comm. on Development/Info., 1978-1979 series 1box 1folder 1
PBS -- Committees -- Committee on Copyrights, April 1979-1980 series 1box 1folder 2
PBS -- Committees -- Future Services Task Force, November 1983 series 1box 1folder 3
PBS -- Executive Board of Directors Meetings -- Annual Meeting, June 1980 series 1box 1folder 4
PBS -- Executive Board of Directors Meetings -- Meeting, December 1987 series 1box 1folder 5
PBS -- Executive Board of Directors Meetings -- Meeting, December 1987 series 1box 1folder 6
PBS -- Executive Board of Directors Meetings -- Meeting, December 1987 series 1box 1folder 7
PBS -- Executive Board of Directors Meetings -- Annual Meeting, April 1988 series 1box 1folder 8
PBS -- Executive Board of Directors Meetings -- Annual Meeting, April 1988 series 1box 1folder 9
PBS -- Executive Board of Directors Meetings -- Annual Meeting, April 1988 series 1box 1folder 10
PBS -- Executive Board of Directors Meetings -- Meeting, December 1988 series 1box 1folder 11
PBS -- Executive Board of Directors Meetings -- Annual Meeting, April 1989 series 1box 1folder 12
PBS -- Executive Board of Directors Meetings -- Annual Meeting, April 1989 series 1box 2folder 1
PBS -- Executive Board of Directors Meetings -- Meeting, December 1989 series 1box 2folder 2
PBS -- Executive Board of Directors Meetings -- Meeting, December 1989 series 1box 2folder 3
PBS -- Executive Board of Directors Meetings -- Meeting, November 1990 series 1box 2folder 4
PBS -- Executive Board of Directors Meetings -- Annual Meeting, June 1991 series 1box 2folder 5
PBS -- Reports, Messages, and Speeches, June 1981-December 1983 series 1box 2folder 6
CPB -- Correspondence, Board Listings, Newsletters, 1978-1990 series 1box 2folder 7

Series 2: Association for Public Broadcasting, 1979-1989 (8 folders)

This series documents the formative years of the APB. It is composed mostly of minutes and correspondence. Topics include public television legislative principles and licensee initiatives. Folders are arranged in alphabetical order by topic and then chronologically.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Applications for APB President, February 1980 series 2box 2folder 8
Board of Trustees Meetings -- Interim Board of Trustees Meeting, October - November 1979 series 2box 2folder 9
Board of Trustees Meetings -- Annual Meeting, June 1980 series 2box 2folder 10
Board of Trustees Meetings -- Annual Meeting, October 1989 series 2box 2folder 11
Correspondence, 1979-1980 series 2box 2folder 12
Correspondence, July - September 1980 series 2box 3folder 1
Documents of Formation, Incorporation -- Notes, Articles of Incorporation, By-Laws, 1979 series 2box 3folder 2
Telephone Contact Network -- Draft and revised copies, January - March 1980 series 2box 3folder 3

Series 3: National Association of Public Television Stations and APTS, 1979-1991 (1.00 linear foot)

This series further documents Dr. Chisholm's involvement with the NAPTS. Documents include minutes, financial documents, lists, reports, and printed legislative material. Topics include legislation, grassroots lobbying, restructuring of corporate identity, goals, and missions. Folders are arranged in alphabetical order by topic and then chronologically.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
NAPTS -- Ad Hoc Committee on Funding Telephone Conference Call, October 1980 series 3box 3folder 4
NAPTS -- Advocacy Plan, January 1990 series 3box 3folder 5
NAPTS -- Annual Meeting Committee, September-November 1989 series 3box 3folder 6
NAPTS -- Board of Trustees Meetings -- Meeting, October 1980 series 3box 3folder 7
NAPTS -- Board of Trustees Meetings -- Board Retreat, October 1983 series 3box 3folder 8
NAPTS -- Board of Trustees Meetings -- Meeting, January 1984 series 3box 3folder 9
NAPTS -- Board of Trustees Meetings -- Annual Membership Meeting, April 1986 series 3box 3folder 10
NAPTS -- Board of Trustees Meetings -- Annual Membership Meeting, April 1987 series 3box 3folder 11
NAPTS -- Board of Trustees Meetings -- Meeting, July 1987 series 3box 3folder 12
NAPTS -- Board of Trustees Meetings -- Board Retreat, September 1987 series 3box 3folder 13
NAPTS -- Board of Trustees Meetings -- Meeting, January 1988 series 3box 3folder 14
NAPTS -- Board of Trustees Meetings -- Annual Meeting, April 1988 series 3box 4folder 1
NAPTS -- Board of Trustees Meetings -- Board Retreat, September 1988 series 3box 4folder 2
NAPTS -- Board of Trustees Meetings -- Board Retreat, September 1988 series 3box 4folder 3
NAPTS -- Board of Trustees Meetings -- meeting -- partial, February 1989 series 3box 4folder 4
NAPTS -- Board of Trustees Meetings -- Annual Meeting, April 1989 series 3box 4folder 5
NAPTS -- Board of Trustees Meetings -- Board Retreat, October 1989 series 3box 4folder 6
NAPTS -- Board of Trustees Meetings -- Annual Meeting, January 1990 series 3box 4folder 7
NAPTS -- Board of Trustees Meetings -- Annual Meeting, June 1990 series 3box 4folder 8
NAPTS -- Corporate Information -- Financial Statements, 1982-1983, 1985-1988 series 3box 4folder 9
NAPTS -- Corporate Information -- Membership Lists -- Delegate Membership Rosters, 1980-1987 series 3box 4folder 10
NAPTS -- Corporate Information -- Membership Lists -- Trustee Membership Rosters, 1979-1991 series 3box 5folder 1
NAPTS -- Corporate Information -- Membership Survey -- Draft and Revised Copies, 1987 series 3box 5folder 2
NAPTS -- Correspondence, May 1986 series 3box 5folder 3
NAPTS -- Legislative Packet, 1989 series 3box 5folder 4
NAPTS -- National Program Task Force Meeting and Report, January 1989 series 3box 5folder 5
NAPTS -- "Public Television in the 1990's"--report by NAPTS: Draft and revised copies, July 1987 series 3box 5folder 6
APTS -- Board of Trustees Meeting/Retreat, September 1991 series 3box 5folder 7

Series 4: Chronological Files, 1980-1991 (0.50 linear foot)

This series further documents the business of the APB, NAPTS, and APTS. Documents consist of memoranda, reports, news bulletins, teletype, and printed materials. The broad range of topics covers external matters--outside legislation, dealings with the FCC, and changes in public television's focus and internal matters--future conventions, election of trustees/delegates. Included are a short biography of Dr. Chisholm and a detail memorandum explaining the history and evolution of APB's corporate identity, which is essentially summarized above. Folders are arranged in chronological order.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Chronological Files, 1980-1983 series 4box 5folder 8
Chronological Files, 1984 series 4box 5folder 9
Chronological Files, 1985 series 4box 5folder 10
Chronological Files, 1986 series 4box 5folder 11
Chronological Files, 1987 series 4box 5folder 12
Chronological Files, 1987 series 4box 6folder 1
Chronological Files, 1988 series 4box 6folder 2
Chronological Files, 1988 series 4box 6folder 3
Chronological Files, 1989 series 4box 6folder 4
Chronological Files, 1989 series 4box 6folder 5
Chronological Files, 1990 series 4box 6folder 6
Chronological Files, 1991 series 4box 6folder 7

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