Chalmers Marquis Papers
In 1955, Chalmers Marquis began his public broadcasting career at WTTW, Chicago, where he served as a Producer and Director in Promotion, Development, Fundraising and as Director of Programming. Before he worked as WTTW, he worked as a producer and director at CBS TV and WGN Chicago. In 1965, he became the first full-time executive director of the Educational Television Service (ETS), the educational television division of the NAEB. There, he was instrumental in the establishment of the ETS Program Service which later became the Public Television Library. Later, Marquis played an active role in the creation of the Corporation for Public Broadcasting and the extension of the matching grants program. He also served as the executive vice-president of NAEB (1970), as an executive at the Public Broadcasting Service, and served as the legislative liaison for the National Association of Public Television (NAPTS). In January 1971, he represented education at meeting of Advisory Panel to the State Department at the United States Delegation on International Copyright Revision. In 1973, Marquis became PBS Vice President of Natural Affairs. Then, in 1978 he served as project director for the Joint Council on Educational Telecommunications' five month study to analyze document needs and opportunities for educational telecommunications. Finally, Marquis frequently lobbied Congress on behalf of the Children's Television Workshop. This collection documents Marquis' work as a lobbyist for the Children's Television Workshop.
Important Information for Users of the Collection
This collection is open for research use.
Chalmers Marquis Papers, Special Collections, University of Maryland Libraries.
Photocopies of original materials may be provided for a fee and at the discretion of the curator. Please see our Duplication of Materials page for more information. Queries regarding publication rights and copyright status of materials within this collection should be directed to the appropriate curator.
This collection is PROCESSED.
Chalmers Marquis, a longtime lobbyist for educational television, attended the University of Chicago College before moving on to the University of Illinois, where he trained in journalism and broadcasting and studied under Frank Schooley. While at the University, Marquis created a campus radio station that broadcast from a photography store in Urbana. Upon completion of his courses in 1950, Marquis accepted a job as a "dolly-pusher" at WGN TV, where he remained for three years. He then took a position at WBBM TV, the CBS affiliate in Chicago. There, he produced and directed numerous commercials in addition to his work with regular programming.
Marquis's desire to see television used as an instrument of learning rather than merely passive entertainment prompted his acceptance in 1955 of a position with WTTW, Chicago's public television station. First working as a producer/director, Marquis soon moved into the realm of public relations and development, and eventually became director of programming. He remained with WTTW for nine years, during which time the station was the largest public broadcaster in the United States, setting the standard for educational broadcasting.
Despite various obstacles, such as a lack of funding and a kilowatt signal approximately one quarter as powerful as those of commercial stations, Marquis fostered the genesis of numerous projects and expanded WTTW. He organized Chicago Area School Television (CAST), which broadcasted two channels into local classrooms.
In 1965 Marquis became the first full-time executive director of Educational Television Stations (ETS, created in 1963), the newly-formed television arm of the National Association of Educational Broadcasters (NAEB). He participated in the establishment of the Educational Television Stations Program Service (later the Public Television Library), which supplied programming to public television stations. He was also involved in the movement to create the Corporation for Public Broadcasting (CPB).
Due to the consistent lack of funding for public television stations, Marquis spent increasing amounts of time lobbying for government funding, particularly from administrative departments such as Health, Education, and Welfare. He fought to push through the House of Representatives legislation that eventually became the Public Broadcasting Act of 1967.
Marquis's work at ETS led to his position in 1970 as Executive Vice President of NAEB, which he followed with a term at the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS). Marquis then became a full-time lobbyist as legislative liaison for the National Association of Public Television Stations (NAPTS), which later became America's Association of Public Television, Inc. (APTV), a lobbying arm of the Association of America's Public Television Stations (APTS).
Along with his work for NAPTS, Marquis frequently lobbied Congress on behalf of the Children's Television Workshop. He spent much of his time gathering evidence, later presented to various congressional committees, demonstrating the positive impact of public broadcasting and the necessity for its continued existence. His work involved efforts to obtain funds from the National Science Foundation, to procure government funding for CTW programs such as 3-2-1 Contact, Square One TV, and Ghostwriter, and to further the development of the National Endowment for Children's Educational Television.
Scope and Contents of the Collection
The Chalmers Marquis Papers covers the years 1978 to 1993 and also contain some undated material. The bulk of the material ranges from 1985 to 1992. Correspondence, reports, congressional hearings, speeches and writings, program materials, news clippings, and press releases focus primarily on Marquis's work as a lobbyist for the Children's Television Workshop.
Custodial History and Acquisition Information
The Chalmers Marquis Papers was donated to the National Public Broadcasting Archives, University of Maryland Libraries by Chalmers Marquis in January of 1991, October of 1992, and June of 1995.
Processed by Shana L. Visser, June 1996
EAD markup created using EAD database in Microsoft Access. Markup completed by Scott Prouty and Karen E. King, May 2005.
Arrangement of Collection
Organized as two series.
Detailed Description of the Collection
Series 1: Children's Television Workshop, 1978-1993 (1.75 linear feet)
This series chronicles various aspects of Marquis's association with the Children's Television Workshop.
Subseries 1.1: Subject Files, 1978-1993 (0.50 linear foot)
This subseries documents CTW events and special programs, including the Sesame Street Preschool Education Project and Sesame Street Live. Also included are Marquis's lobbying reports. The files are arranged alphabetically by folder title.
|Description||Series||Box / Reel||Folder / Frame|
|3-2-1 Contact Rainforest "Extra" 1990, 1990||series 1.1||box 1||folder 1|
|Annual Meeting of Public Television; Joan Ganz Cooney's speech 3/30/84, March 30, 1984||series 1.1||box 1||folder 2|
|Bauer, Gary. Appointment as Undersecretary of Education 1985, 1985||series 1.1||box 1||folder 3|
|Board of Trustees List, March 1992||series 1.1||box 1||folder 4|
|CPB Joan Ganz Cooney's letters of congratulation to new board members, July 7, 1987||series 1.1||box 1||folder 5|
|The Electric Company -- news release announcing the termination of broadcasting, February 21, 1985||series 1.1||box 1||folder 6|
|Healy, Jane. Article in Education Week and responses, September 19, 1990||series 1.1||box 1||folder 7|
|Hill set visit to Sesame Street and WNET, October 1992||series 1.1||box 1||folder 8|
|Inaugural Parade Activities, January 1993||series 1.1||box 1||folder 9|
|Lobbying Reports, 1978-1993||series 1.1||box 1||folder 10|
|Mielke, Keith W. "Making Information Contact" article for submission to the National Science Teachers Association for the Yearbook on Informal Science Education, January 1987||series 1.1||box 1||folder 11|
|National Hazards Workshop, 1985||series 1.1||box 1||folder 12|
|Program Information, 1993||series 1.1||box 1||folder 13|
|Sesame Street -- International, 1985, 1991||series 1.1||box 1||folder 14|
|Sesame Street Live, 1984-1992||series 1.1||box 1||folder 15|
|Sesame Street Preschool Education Project (SSPEP), 1990-1993||series 1.1||box 1||folder 16|
|Sesame Street 20th Anniversary articles: New York Times, Los Angeles Times, November 1988||series 1.1||box 1||folder 17|
|Skloot, Edward. "Enterprise and Commerce in Nonprofit Organization" Citation of CTW, 1987||series 1.1||box 1||folder 18|
|"Tech Fair", March 4-6, 1991||series 1.1||box 1||folder 19|
|"Television and the Preparation of the Mind for Learning" Conference, October 2, 1992||series 1.1||box 1||folder 20|
Subseries 1.2: Legislative Activities, 1978-1993 (1.25 linear feet)
This subseries documents Marquis's work as a legislative lobbyist for the Children's Television Workshop. Materials include congressional testimony from CTW executives and others involved in public broadcasting, correspondence with the congressional and executive branches of government, and background information designed to further the progress of specific legislation. The folders are arranged by legislation and then chronologically.
|Description||Series||Box / Reel||Folder / Frame|
|Hill correspondence, 1978-1985||series 1.2||box 1||folder 21|
|Labor-HEW Appropriations Bill, FY 1979, 1980, undated||series 1.2||box 1||folder 22|
|Joan Ganz Cooney and Secretary of Education Terrell Bell -- correspondence concerning funding for the creation of Square One TV, 1983, 1984||series 1.2||box 1||folder 23|
|Correspondence, etc. concerning Department of Education funding for Square One TV's second season, 1986-1988||series 1.2||box 1||folder 24|
|Square One TV -- media reaction, background information, congressional correspondence, 1986-1991, undated||series 1.2||box 2||folder 1|
|Nina Link's testimony before the Postal Service Appropriations Subcommittee, 1983, 1986||series 1.2||box 2||folder 2|
|Alliance of Nonprofit Mailers -- testimony before the House Subcommittee on Treasury, Postal Service, and General Government: correspondence, 1991, 1992||series 1.2||box 2||folder 3|
|Hearings before the Appropriations Subcommittee on the Departments of Labor, HHS, and Education re: CTW funding, 1986, 1987||series 1.2||box 2||folder 4|
|Unrelated Business Income Tax (UBIT) -- Bill language, background information, 1987-1988, undated||series 1.2||box 2||folder 5|
|Unrelated Business Income Tax (UBIT) -- Congressional correspondence, David Britt's, 1986-1991, undated||series 1.2||box 2||folder 6|
|Correspondence, etc. concerning CTW funding from the National Science Foundation (NSF), 1986-1991, undated||series 1.2||box 2||folder 7|
|Senator D'Amato's speech celebrating 20 years of public broadcasting, thanking Secretary Bennett for providing CTW funding, 1987||series 1.2||box 2||folder 8|
|David Britt's testimony before the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation, Subcommittee on Communication, March 15, 1988||series 1.2||box 2||folder 9|
|David Britt's testimony before the House Appropriations Subcommittee on Labor-HHS-Education re: CTW funding for FY 1992, May 4, 1989||series 1.2||box 2||folder 10|
|Senate Labor and Human Resources Committee -- Child Care Initiative/Child Care and Development block grant, 1989, 1990||series 1.2||box 2||folder 11|
|CPB "Public Telecommunications Act of 1991", November 4, 1990||series 1.2||box 2||folder 12|
|HR3 S5 Congressional Quarterly articles on progress of Child Care Legislation / Testimony re: compliance with Children's Television Act, 1990, 1993, undated||series 1.2||box 2||folder 13|
|Senators Cochran and Inouye -- amendment #3014 requesting Ghostwriter funding, 1990, 1993, undated||series 1.2||box 2||folder 14|
|Department of Education denial of Ghostwriter funding for FY '92, newspaper clippings, 1991, 1992||series 1.2||box 2||folder 15|
|Grant application to the Department of Education for Ghostwriter funding, 1992||series 1.2||box 2||folder 16|
|S551 "Parents as Teachers: the Family Involvement in Education Act of 1991" / Background on Ghostwriter, 1991||series 1.2||box 3||folder 1|
|S797 National Endowment for Children's Educational Television, 1989-1991||series 1.2||box 3||folder 2|
|HR5678 Testimony before Congress re: National Endowment for Children's Educational Television -- continued funding, 1989-1992||series 1.2||box 3||folder 3|
|Department of Commerce National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) Docket #930231-3031 Notice of Availability of Funds for the National Endowment for Children's Educational Television, 1991||series 1.2||box 3||folder 4|
|Congressional testimony and correspondence re: National Endowment for Children's Educational Television and the National Science Foundation, 1992||series 1.2||box 3||folder 5|
|S1504 "Public Broadcasting Authorization Bill" -- Testimony, information on CTW projects, 1991-1992, undated||series 1.2||box 3||folder 6|
|S1504 "Public Broadcasting Authorization Bill" -- Testimony, information on CTW projects, 1991-1992, undated||series 1.2||box 3||folder 7|
|S1504 "Public Broadcasting Authorization Bill" -- Senator Dole's statement and CTW's response, 1992, undated||series 1.2||box 3||folder 8|
|S1504 "Public Broadcasting Authorization Bill" -- Senator Dole's March 23, 1992Los Angeles Times column supporting privatization of public broadcasting, CTW response, 1992||series 1.2||box 3||folder 9|
|S1504 "Public Broadcasting Authorization Bill" -- Testimony, correspondence, March 1992, undated||series 1.2||box 3||folder 10|
|S1504 "Public Broadcasting Authorization Bill" -- CTW response to Dole's floor statement, June 19, 1992||series 1.2||box 3||folder 11|
|HR4288 Seeking to Eliminate Funding for CPB / 1504 George Will's April 3, 1992 Washington Post column and responses, 1992||series 1.2||box 4||folder 1|
|HR4014 "Educational Research, Development and Dissemination Excellence Act" -- Office of Educational Research and Improvement (OERI), 1989-1993, undated||series 1.2||box 4||folder 2|
|HR4014 "Educational Research, Development and Dissemination Excellence Act" -- Authorization Bill for OERI, 1992||series 1.2||box 4||folder 3|
|HR4014 "Educational Research, Development and Dissemination Excellence Act" -- OERI bill language, 1992, undated||series 1.2||box 4||folder 4|
|HR4014 "Educational Research, Development and Dissemination Excellence Act" -- OERI Act / National Education Dissemination System, 1992||series 1.2||box 4||folder 5|
|"Ready to Learn Act of 1992" -- HR5357 Correspondence, position paper, 1992, 1993||series 1.2||box 4||folder 6|
|"Ready to Learn Act of 1992" -- S3134 correspondence, testimony / CPB hearing on Educational Television, 1992||series 1.2||box 4||folder 7|
|"Ready to Learn Act of 1992" -- Excerpts from Congressional Record re: Ready to Learn Act and NTIA authorization, October 1992||series 1.2||box 4||folder 8|
|Senator Natcher's report on the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services and Education Appropriation Bill, 1992, undated||series 1.2||box 4||folder 9|
|Congressional Speech List March 26, 1992 "CTW Builds Public / Private Parterships", 1992||series 1.2||box 4||folder 10|
|Association of Science-Technology Centers (ASTC) Funding from the National Science Foundation for Informal Science Education, 1990, 1992||series 1.2||box 4||folder 11|
|Testimony for Senate and House subcommittees on Labor, HHS, and Education re: funding for FY'93 / Joan Ganz Cooney and David Britt Congressional Correspondence, 1992||series 1.2||box 4||folder 12|
|Technology for Education Act of 1993, 1993||series 1.2||box 4||folder 13|
Series 2: American Open University, 1979-1985 and undated (5 folders)
This series consists of five folders detailing Marquis's involvement with the American Open University and its merger with the New York Institute of Technology. Materials include correspondence with Donald R. McNeil and Secretary of Education Terrell Bell, a student handbook and application, and press releases. The folders are arranged chronologically.
|Description||Series||Box / Reel||Folder / Frame|
|University of Mid-America. "An Introduction to WORLD FOOD PROBLEMS," a UMA developed course., circa 1979||series 2||box 4||folder 14|
|Policy Working Group on Fund Raising and Underwriting report to The Interregional Council on Public Television Policy, November 11, 1979||series 2||box 4||folder 15|
|Correspondence: Marquis, Don McNeil, Secretary of Education T.H. Bell, 1982, 1983||series 2||box 4||folder 16|
|Student Handbook, application, press releases, 1983-1984||series 2||box 4||folder 17|
|Update to the Board of Trustees, November 4, 1985||series 2||box 4||folder 18|
For other related archival and manuscript collections, please see the following subject guides.
Selected Search Terms
This collection is indexed under the following headings in the University of Maryland Libraries' Catalog. Researchers desiring related materials about these topics, names, or places may search the Catalog using these headings.
- American Open University -- History -- Sources.
- Children's Television Workshop -- History -- Sources.
- Marquis, Chalmers H. -- Archives.