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Pacifica Foundation Records

Abstract

Title:
Pacifica Foundation Records
Author/Creator:
Pacifica Foundation
Collection number:
NPBA 91-195
Size:
13.50 linear feet
Bulk dates:
1950-1980
Inclusive dates:
1946-1991
Collection Area:
Mass Media and Culture
Repository:
Special Collections, University of Maryland Libraries, Hornbake Library, College Park, MD 20742. Tel: 301-405-9212, Fax: 301-314-2709, Email: askhornbake@umd.edu
Abstract:

Founded in 1946 by Lewis Hill, Eleanor McKinney and others as a noncommercial, educational, cultural radio in the San Francisco Bay area, the Pacifica Foundation has continued to flourish as a completely listener-supported radio network. The goal behind having listener support was to insure a grass-roots forum that would support diversity, freedom of speech, and promote programs according to what the listeners want, not what a corporate sponsor wants. Hill's strong beliefs in open communication and freedom of expression helped Pacifica set precedents concerning freedom of speech in broadcasting. Besides the pioneer station, KPFA (Berkeley), Pacifica radio consists of KPFK (Los Angeles), WBAI (New York), KPFT (Houston), and WPFW (Washington, DC). The collection traces the founding of Pacifica and the development of the listener-support system for radio.

Important Information for Users of the Collection

Restrictions:

This collection is open for research use.

Preferred citation:

Pacifica Foundation Records, Special Collections, University of Maryland Libraries.

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1903.1/1600
Publication rights:

Photocopies of original materials may be provided for a fee and at the discretion of the curator. Please see our Duplication of Materials page for more information.

Status:

This collection is PROCESSED.

Historical Note

In March of 1946, Lewis Hill, Eleanor McKinney and others began discussing the need for non-commercial, educational, cultural radio in the San Francisco Bay area. Frustrated with commercial radio, which they perceived as narrow in scope and rushed in delivery, Lewis Hill and this small group of people founded the Pacifica Foundation. Nearly three years after its incorporation date, Pacifica's first station, Berkeley's KPFA, went on the air.

From the station's beginning audience support was quite strong. Volunteers and donations arrived very soon after KPFA began airing, although more volunteers and more money were always needed. Pacifica was granted tax exemption on the basis of being an educational institution, and this also helped with the problems inherent in raising funds from listeners.

As Pacifica's first station, KPFA was the first listener-supported radio enterprise. The goal behind this revolutionary ideas was to serve as a grass roots forum; to support diversity, freedom of speech, to be funded by listeners and to program according to their interests and needs, not those of a corporate sponsor. These ideals were supported by the programming style at Pacifica. Examples of this practice were allowing programs to be as long or short as would be appropriate for the subject (not cutting them off to fit into tight commercial schedules), using informal speech style in order to avoid any alienation associated with more formal speech, etc.

Much of this idealism that was so identified with Pacifica was a result of the influence of Lewis Hill, the prime mover of the organization. Hill was a pacifist, who above all else, felt that communication, especially via the arts such as music, drama and literature, could form bonds among people. He also considered discussion of science, religion and philosophy ways to form such bonds, and address the quality of the human spirit. Hill believed that open controversy concerning concerning these and other such realms was a natural and necessary part of learning. As a result, Pacifica encouraged the broadcasting of differing points of view. Over the years, this dedication to freedom of expression created conflicts not only with the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), but with the Senate (1963 investigation concerning suspected Communist infiltration) and the FBI as well. In spite of a series of investigations and many complaints from listeners who were offended by their seeming lack of discrimination in programming, Pacifica stations did not lose their licenses. In fact, they set precedents concerning freedom of speech in broadcasting, from which communication media have benefited since.

Lewis Hill's vision set the stage for Pacifica and its open door programming policy. His time with the Foundation was not without problems, however. Between 1952 and 1954, KPFA experienced management related problems as a result of the clashing of the founding group's goals and new staff members' ideals. Hill resigned in 1952, and several other workers associated with the station's beginning left in protest of Hill's absence. The new management struggled, and in 1954, Hill returned.

Hill's suicide in 1954 shocked both KPFA staff and listeners. Because of his central role in creating the essence and style of the station, it was unclear how Pacifica would be affected. Instead of losing sight of Hill's vision, Pacifica began realizing plans to expand into other communities, and four stations have been added: KPFK, Los Angeles, 1959; WBAI, New York, 1960; KPFT, Houston, 1970; and WPFW, Washington, DC, 1977. Many affiliate stations have signed on in addition to these core stations. As with KPFA, each of these core stations has struggled to address its audience thoughtfully. For various reasons, each has also encountered resistance from sections of the community it serves. For example, KPFT was bombed twice in its first years, and other stations have experienced internal disagreements.

Pacifica has a unique status in broadcasting history not only for being the first listener-supported radio station, but also for breaking ground in freedom of speech issues, and for taking the risk of providing controversial programming and points of view.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The Archives of the Pacifica Foundation cover the years 1946-1991 with the bulk of the material between 1950 and 1980. The materials in the collection trace the founding of Pacifica and the development of the listener-supported system for radio. Of special interest are the FCC, FBI, and Senate investigations of Pacifica, dealing mainly with freedom of speech. Also of note is the correspondence of founder and public radio visionary, Lewis Hill. Types of documents include correspondence, memos, board minutes, statistics, news clippings, Pacifica program guides, program transcripts, and legal forms.

Custodial History and Acquisition Information

The Pacifica Foundation Records was donated to the National Public Broadcasting Archives, Special Collections, University of Maryland Libraries by Vera Hopkins in February and May of 1991 and by Adi Gevins in May of 1992.

Processing Information

Processed by:

Processed by Mary Amanda York, November 1993

Encoded by:

EAD markup created using EAD database in Microsoft Access. Markup completed by Karen E. King, April 2005.

Detailed Description of the Collection

Series 1: Basic Papers, 1947-1978 (3 folders)

This series includes articles of incorporation, by-laws, tax exemption applications, and real estate related papers. Aside from the core Pacifica material, the by-laws of the Friends of KPFK, a separate support group, are also in this series. The name of this series was derived from the 1975 filing code. The files are arranged alphabetically, with the documents in each file chronologically. They include corresondence, government forms, and legal forms such as property purchase contracts and use permit applications.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Articles of Incorporation, By-laws, 1949-1978 series 1box 1folder 1
Government Reports Due, 1947-1970 series 1box 1folder 2
Property Documents, 1959-1972 series 1box 1folder 3

Series 2: Minutes and Related Material, 1946-1991, undated (1.50 linear feet)

This series consists of minutes of the national board of directors (also known as the committee of directors and board of directors,) the executive membership, administrative council, and local station boards. Material related to the minutes includes board members lists, reports from stations and from presidents and managers, resolutions submitted for consideration, and some supplementary corresondence. National board material comprises the bulk of this series. The local board material refers mainly to Pacifica's California stations, KPFA and KPFK. These board files are arranged from national board, executive board, administrative council to local station boards. They are arranged chronologically within each board group.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Committee of Directors, 1946-1959 series 2box 1folder 4
Committee of Directors, 1946-1959 series 2box 1folder 5
Committee of Directors, 1946-1959 series 2box 1folder 6
Committee of Directors, 1946-1959 series 2box 1folder 7
Committee of Directors/Board of Directors, 1960-1964 series 2box 1folder 8
Board of Directors, 1965-1966 series 2box 1folder 9
Board of Directors, 1965-1966 series 2box 1folder 10
Board of Directors, 1965-1966 series 2box 1folder 11
Board of Directors, 1965-1966 series 2box 1folder 12
Board of Directors, 1965-1966 series 2box 1folder 13
National Board of Directors, 1967-1979 series 2box 1folder 14
National Board of Directors, 1967-1979 series 2box 1folder 15
National Board of Directors, 1967-1979 series 2box 1folder 16
National Board of Directors, 1967-1979 series 2box 1folder 17
National Board of Directors, 1967-1979 series 2box 1folder 18
National Board of Directors, 1967-1979 series 2box 1folder 19
National Board of Directors, 1967-1979 series 2box 1folder 20
National Board of Directors, 1967-1979 series 2box 1folder 21
National Board of Directors, 1967-1979 series 2box 1folder 22
National Board of Directors, 1967-1979 series 2box 1folder 23
National Board of Directors, 1980-1991 series 2box 2folder 1
National Board of Directors, 1980-1991 series 2box 2folder 2
National Board of Directors, 1980-1991 series 2box 2folder 3
National Board of Directors, 1980-1991 series 2box 2folder 4
National Board of Directors, 1980-1991 series 2box 2folder 5
National Board of Directors, 1980-1991 series 2box 2folder 6
Executive Membership, 1947-1982 series 2box 2folder 7
Executive Membership, 1947-1982 series 2box 2folder 8
Administrative Council, 1972-1975 series 2box 2folder 9
Local Board Meetings, 1953-1986 series 2box 2folder 10
Local Board Meetings, 1953-1986 series 2box 2folder 11
Local Board Meetings, 1953-1986 series 2box 2folder 12
Local Board Meetings, 1953-1986 series 2box 2folder 13
Local Board Meetings, 1953-1986 series 2box 2folder 14
Agendas and Notices of Meetings, 1953-1987 series 2box 2folder 15

Series 3: Administrative, 1949-1977, undated (4 folders)

Policy concerning a variety of administrative areas such as bank loans, FCC correspondence, station identification, programming, payola, and minute taking at meetings are covered in this series. Also included are contracts and correspondence describing Pacifica's relationship with the Fresno Free College, a special affiliate. The files are arranged alphabetically, and chronologically within each file. They consist mostly of internal memos and correspondence.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Fresno Free College, 1972-1977, undated series 3box 2folder 16
Forms, 1965-1968, undated series 3box 2folder 17
Payola, 1960-1975 series 3box 2folder 18
Policy, 1949-1977, undated series 3box 2folder 19

Series 4: General Correspondence, 1947-1985, undated (0.50 linear foot)

This series contains memoes and correspondence concerning various subjects, such as fundraising, personnel issues, plans for special events, archives, and more. Of special note are letters to and from Lewis Hill, referring to Pacifica's founding and to Hill's own resignation in 1952. Lists of awards received as well as some information about Pacifica's annual music competition are also included. The materials are arranged chronologically.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
General Correspondence, 1947-1974 series 4box 2folder 20
General Correspondence, 1947-1974 series 4box 2folder 21
General Correspondence, 1947-1974 series 4box 2folder 22
General Correspondence, 1947-1974 series 4box 2folder 23
General Correspondence, 1947-1974 series 4box 2folder 24
General Correspondence, 1947-1974 series 4box 2folder 25
General Correspondence, 1975-1985 series 4box 3folder 1
General Correspondence, 1975-1985 series 4box 3folder 2
General Correspondence, undated series 4box 3folder 3
Archives Correspondence, 1983 series 4box 3folder 4
Awards, 1956-1979 series 4box 3folder 5

Series 5: Personnel, 1953-1986, undated (0.25 linear foot)

Subjects in this series include job descriptions and applications, staff lists, strikes, union agreements and proposals, and letters concerning resignations, hirings, and firings. This material is arranged alphabetically by file name, and chronologically within each file, and does include undated items. It consists mainly of memos, correspondence and contracts.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Arbitration, 1967 series 5box 3folder 6
EEOC and NLRB Problems (Jeff Echeverria Problem), 1973 series 5box 3folder 7
Elsa Knight Thompson File, 1957-1983 series 5box 3folder 8
Job Applications Received, 1968-1980 series 5box 3folder 9
Job Descriptions, 1961-1986, undated series 5box 3folder 10
Memos, 1953-1980, undated series 5box 3folder 11
Memos, 1953-1980, undated series 5box 3folder 12
Staff Lists, 1954-1980, undated series 5box 3folder 13
Strikes: Agreements and Proposals, 1964-1976, undated series 5box 3folder 14
Strikes: Correspondence, 1964-1974 series 5box 3folder 15
Unions, 1957-1977, undated series 5box 3folder 16

Series 6: Business/Financial, 1947-1975 (3 folders)

This series, made up by memos and correspondence, contains information concerning grants, bequests, loans, stocks and taxes. The material is arranged alphabetically by file name, and chronologically within each file. Information on subscription and donation matters can be found in the subscription subseries of the publications series.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Fundraising: Grants, 1959, undated series 6box 3folder 17
Memos, 1947-1975 series 6box 3folder 18
Stocks, 1968-1975 series 6box 3folder 19

Series 7: Programming, 1949-1990, undated (1.50 linear feet)

The bulk of this series consists of letters from KPFA listeners, which give general comments and specific programming complaints, praise and requests. Letters from Marion Wylie are filed seperately because she was a regular and frequent writer, whose epistles appear to have been routinely posted on the Pacifica billboard. Letters from prisoners in the listening area requesting free subscriptions can also be found in this series. Apart from listener mail, there are memos and correspondence covering topics such as the Ku Klux Klan's right to broadcast, the recording of contemporary philosophers, and opposition to the airing of popular rather than classical music. Some programming schedules are also included. This series also contains transcripts of programs, some of which caused FCC problems for Pacifica. The material in this series is arranged alphabetically by file name and chronologically within each file.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Listener Mail, 1960-1978, undated series 7box 3folder 20
Listener Mail, 1960-1978, undated series 7box 3folder 21
Listener Mail, 1960-1978, undated series 7box 3folder 22
Listener Mail, 1960-1978, undated series 7box 3folder 23
Listener Mail, 1960-1978, undated series 7box 3folder 24
Listener Mail, 1960-1978, undated series 7box 3folder 25
Listener Mail, 1960-1978, undated series 7box 3folder 26
Listener Mail, 1960-1978, undated series 7box 3folder 27
Listener Mail, 1978-1980, undated series 7box 4folder 1
Listener Mail, 1978-1980, undated series 7box 4folder 2
Listener Mail, 1978-1980, undated series 7box 4folder 3
Listener Mail, 1978-1980, undated series 7box 4folder 4
Listener Mail, 1978-1980, undated series 7box 4folder 5
Listener Mail, 1978-1980, undated series 7box 4folder 6
Listener Mail, 1978-1980, undated series 7box 4folder 7
Listener Mail, 1978-1980, undated series 7box 4folder 8
Listener Mail, 1978-1980, undated series 7box 4folder 9
Listener Mail, 1981, undated series 7box 4folder 10
Listener Mail, 1981, undated series 7box 4folder 11
Listener Mail, 1981, undated series 7box 4folder 12
Listener Mail, 1981, undated series 7box 4folder 13
Listener Mail, 1982-1983, undated series 7box 4folder 14
Listener Mail, 1982-1983, undated series 7box 4folder 15
Listener Mail, 1982-1983, undated series 7box 4folder 16
Listener Mail, 1982-1983, undated series 7box 4folder 17
Listener Mail, 1982-1983, undated series 7box 4folder 18
Listener Mail, 1982-1983, undated series 7box 4folder 19
Listener Mail, undated series 7box 4folder 20
Summaries, 1976-1977 series 7box 4folder 21
Marion Wylie Letters, 1977-1983, undated series 7box 4folder 22
Memos, 1949-1990, undated series 7box 5folder 1
Submission Rejection Letters, 1958-1959, undated series 7box 5folder 2
Transcripts, 1950-1962 series 7box 5folder 3
Transcripts, 1962-1973 series 7box 5folder 4
Transcripts, undated series 7box 5folder 5

Series 8: Publications, 1949-1991, undated (2.00 linear feet)

This series covers the Pacifica Tape Library (catalogs, correspondence, offer sheets, subject guides), publicity such as brochures, press releases, and KPFA intra-station newsletters. Approximately one half of this series is comprised of the subscriptions subseries, which includes copies of and clippings from the subscribers' program guide (Folio), plus memos, correspondence, and station statistics. Because of Pacifica's pioneering role in listener supported radio, the history of their subscription system is of special note. The material in this section is arranged alphabetically by file group and chronologically within each group.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Newsletters, 1972-1979 series 8box 5folder 6
Pacifica Tape Library -- Catalogs and Supplements, 1960-1969 series 8box 5folder 7
Pacifica Tape Library -- Catalogs and Supplements, 1969-1975 series 8box 5folder 8
Pacifica Tape Library -- Financial Statements, 1970 series 8box 5folder 9
Pacifica Tape Library -- Correspondence, 1954-1979, undated series 8box 5folder 10
Pacifica Tape Library -- Offer Sheets, 1969-1971 series 8box 5folder 11
Pacifica Tape Library -- Offer Sheets Memos, 1969-1970 series 8box 5folder 12
Pacifica Tape Library -- Price List, 1966 series 8box 5folder 13
Pacifica Tape Library -- Program Printout Manual, 1971 series 8box 5folder 14
Pacifica Tape Library -- Subject Guides, 1972-1974 series 8box 5folder 15
Press Releases, 1949-1975 series 8box 5folder 16
Publicity (Brochures, etc. by Pacifica), 1951-1991 series 8box 5folder 17
Station Tape Catalogs and Scripts, 1955-1966 series 8box 5folder 18
Station Tape Catalogs and Scripts, 1961-1966, undated series 8box 5folder 19
Subscriptions: Automation Memos, 1971-1975 series 8box 5folder 20
Subscriptions: Automation Memos, 1976-1978, undated series 8box 5folder 21
Subscriptions -- Folio, Original Copies -- KPFA, 1949-1963, undated series 8box 6folder 1
Subscriptions -- Folio, Original Copies -- KPFA, 1949-1963, undated series 8box 6folder 2
Subscriptions -- Folio, Original Copies -- KPFA, 1949-1963, undated series 8box 6folder 3
Subscriptions -- Folio, Original Copies -- KPFA, 1949-1963, undated series 8box 6folder 4
Subscriptions -- Folio, Original Copies -- KPFA, 1966-1981 series 8box 6folder 5
Subscriptions -- Folio, Original Copies -- KPFA, 1966-1981 series 8box 6folder 6
Subscriptions -- Folio, Original Copies -- KPFA, 1966-1981 series 8box 6folder 7
Subscriptions -- Folio, Original Copies -- KPFA, 1966-1981 series 8box 6folder 8
Subscriptions -- Folio, Original Copies -- KPFA, 1982-1991 series 8box 6folder 9
Subscriptions -- Folio, Original Copies -- KPFA, 1982-1991 series 8box 6folder 10
Subscriptions -- Folio, Original Copies -- KPFA, 1982-1991 series 8box 6folder 11
Subscriptions -- Folio, Original Copies -- KPFA, 1982-1991 series 8box 6folder 12
Subscriptions -- Folio, Original Copies -- KPFK, 1959-1962 series 8box 6folder 13
Subscriptions -- Folio, Original Copies -- KPFK, 1959-1962 series 8box 6folder 14
Subscriptions -- Folio, Original Copies -- KPFK, 1959-1962 series 8box 6folder 15
Subscriptions -- Folio, Original Copies -- KPFK, 1963-1979 series 8box 7folder 1
Subscriptions -- Folio, Original Copies -- KPFK, 1963-1979 series 8box 7folder 2
Subscriptions -- Folio, Original Copies -- KPFK, 1963-1979 series 8box 7folder 3
Subscriptions -- Folio, Original Copies -- KPFK, 1963-1979 series 8box 7folder 4
Subscriptions -- Folio, Original Copies -- KPFK, 1963-1979 series 8box 7folder 5
Subscriptions -- Folio, Original Copies -- WBAI, 1966-1979 series 8box 7folder 6
Subscriptions -- Folio, Original Copies -- Affiliates, 1970, undated series 8box 7folder 7
Subscriptions -- Folio, Clippings -- KPFA Manager Reports to Listener, 1978-1981, undated series 8box 7folder 8
Subscriptions -- Folio, Clippings -- KPFA Listener Survey, 1980 series 8box 7folder 9
Subscriptions -- Folio, Clippings -- KPFA Lemon-Aid, 1979-1981 series 8box 7folder 10
Subscriptions -- Folio, Clippings -- FolioCovers, 1961-1980 series 8box 7folder 11
Subscriptions -- Folio, Clippings -- Report from Pacifica, 1979-1981 series 8box 7folder 12
Subscriptions -- Folio, Clippings -- KPFA Staff Lists, 1970-1981 series 8box 7folder 13
Subscriptions -- Folio, Clippings -- Staff and Volunteer Biographies, 1965-1981 series 8box 7folder 14
Subscriptions -- Folio, Clippings -- About Programs, 1978-1981 series 8box 7folder 15
Subscriptions -- Folio, Clippings -- Miscellaneous, 1949-1981 series 8box 7folder 16
Subscriptions -- Form Letters, 1954-1983, undated series 8box 7folder 17
Subscriptions -- Correspondence, 1957-1980, undated series 8box 7folder 18
Subscriptions -- Folio Correspondence, 1954-1979, undated series 8box 7folder 19
Subscriptions -- Non-FolioPublications -- Annual Annual, 1965 series 8box 7folder 20
Subscriptions -- Non-FolioPublications -- Printed Circuit, 1983 series 8box 7folder 21
Subscriptions -- Phone Project, Memos, 1976 undated series 8box 7folder 22
Subscriptions -- Phone Project, KPFT Pledge Forms, 1977 series 8box 7folder 23
Subscriptions -- Phone Project, KPFA Survey Forms, undated series 8box 7folder 24
Subscriptions -- Statistics, undated series 8box 7folder 25

Series 9: Mimeo Literature, 1946-1989, undated (0.50 linear foot)

Topics include the investigation by the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee, the early founding days of Pacifica, obscenity charges and freedom of speech, the first mention of National Public Radio , and personal views and recollections of Pacifica. The information in this series provides a good introduction to the history of Pacifica. It is composed of dissertations, papers, chronologies, and brief narrative histories. It is arranged alphabetically by file name and chronologically within the files.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Basic Histories, 1950-1981 series 9box 8folder 1
Burnham Dissertation. The Public Interest and Freedom of Speech in Broadcasting, 1972 series 9box 8folder 2
Chronologies, 1946-1977 series 9box 8folder 3
General Surveys and Reports, 1948-1989 series 9box 8folder 4
Pacifica and National Public Radio: First Mention of NPR, 1969-1974 series 9box 8folder 5
Personal Views and Recollections by Vera, 1969-1979 series 9box 8folder 6
Quotes Compiled about Pacifica, 1952-1977, undated series 9box 8folder 7
Schutz Paper. The Senate Investigation and the Satisfaction of the FCC, 1964-1967 series 9box 8folder 8
Stebbins Dissertation. Listener-Sponsored Radio: The Pacifica Stations, 1969 series 9box 8folder 9
Stebbins Dissertation. Listener-Sponsored Radio: The Pacifica Stations, 1969 series 9box 8folder 10
Topical Histories, 1959-1980, undated series 9box 8folder 11

Series 10: United States Government, 1953-1989, undated (0.25 linear foot)

This series includes documents relating to the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Federal Communications Commission, and the U.S. Senate. The FBI files are notes which describe the contents of the files kept on Pacifica by the FBI. The FCC materials include broadcast applications, permits, correspondence, rules and regulations, and some complaints filed. Evidence of the relationship between Pacifica and the FCC can also be found throughout this collection, in such series as general correspondence, news clippings, etc. The Senate file is concerned with government regulations and freedom of speech in broadcasting. These files are arranged alphabetically by name and chronologically within files. They consists mainly of memos and correspondence, notes, and hearing transcripts. In the 1975 filing code, the files for these three government institutions were kept seperately, but have been combined here for research access.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Federal Bureau of Investigation: File on Pacifica, 1958-1973 series 10box 8folder 12
Federal Communications Commission -- Applications and Permits, 1958-1977 series 10box 8folder 13
Federal Communications Commission -- Applications and Permits, Correspondence, 1953-1974 series 10box 8folder 14
Federal Communications Commission -- Complaints, 1963-1970, undated series 10box 8folder 15
Federal Communications Commission -- Equal Time / Fairness, 1963-1975 series 10box 8folder 16
Federal Communications Commission -- FCC Exhibits Prepared in 1970, 1959-1970 series 10box 8folder 17
Federal Communications Commission -- Memos on Radio, General, 1954-1987 series 10box 8folder 18
Federal Communications Commission -- Memos on Rules and Regulations, 1953-1989 series 10box 8folder 19
Federal Communications Commission -- Rules and Regulations, 1969-1978, undated series 10box 8folder 20
Senate Internal Security Subcommittee -- Correspondence, 1962-1979, undated series 10box 8folder 21
Senate Internal Security Subcommittee -- Hearings, 1963 series 10box 8folder 22

Series 11: News Clippings, 1949-1981, undated (0.25 linear foot)

Topics covered include programming, FCC problems, Lewis Hill's resignation, awards received, and debates on the success of listener supported radio. This material has been gathered from newspapers, magazines, and other sources, and is arranged chronologically.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
News Clippings, 1949-1981, undated series 11box 8folder 23
News Clippings, 1949-1981, undated series 11box 8folder 24

Series 12: Notecards, 1946-1987 (1.00 linear foot)

This series was created as a quick reference source for information relating to staff members, main points and quotes from board meetings, programs, and Pacifica's history in general. The history group includes a card which speculates on the cause of Lewis Hill's suicide, a question not specifically adressed elsewhere in this collection. The cards in this series are arranged alphabetically, except for the board minute and history groups, which are arranged chronologically.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Administrative, 1960-1977 series 12box 9folder 1
History, 1946-1987 series 12box 9folder 2
National Board Minutes, and Quotes, 1954-1977, 1946-1975 series 12box 9folder 3
Programming, 1964-1967 series 12box 9folder 4
Staff File, Stations Intermixed, 1949-1974 series 12box 9folder 5
Staff Files, KPFA, KPFK, WBAI, 1960-1964 series 12box 9folder 6
Famous People, 1980 series 12box 9folder 7
Index. Key, 1977 series 12box 9folder 8

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