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Frank E. Schooley Papers

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1903.1/1610

Abstract

Title:
Frank E. Schooley Papers
Author/Creator:
Schooley, Frank E.
Collection number:
NPBA 93-78
Size:
0.50 linear foot
Bulk dates:
1929-1972
Inclusive dates:
1918-1987, and undated
Collection Area:
Mass Media and Culture
Repository:
Special Collections, University of Maryland Libraries, Hornbake Library, College Park, MD 20742. Tel: 301-405-9212, Fax: 301-314-2709, Email: askhornbake@umd.edu
Abstract:

Frank Ellsworth Schooley started his distinguished career in educational broadcasting and journalism at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in 1929. Soon, he was given the daily responsibility of running the radio station WILL. In 1948, Schooley succeeded station manager Joseph Wright. When WILL-TV began in 1955, he became Director of Broadcasting, a position held until 1972. Schooley's other professional activities included a long affiliation with the National Association of Educational Broadcasters. His positions included executive secretary, president, treasurer, and board member. He also served on the Joint Council on Educational Television in the 1950s. Finally, in 1968, President Johnson appointed him to the Board of Directors of the Corporation for Public Broadcasting as the only educational broadcaster. The collection primarily focuses on Schooley's forty-three year career in educational and public broadcasting at the University of Illinois and his professional involvement in various organizations.

Important Information for Users of the Collection

Restrictions:

This collection is open for research use.

Preferred citation:

Frank E. Schooley Papers, Special Collections, University of Maryland Libraries.

Publication rights:

Photocopies of original materials may be provided for a fee and at the discretion of the curator. Please see our Duplication of Materials page for more information. Queries regarding publicatioght status of materials within this collection should be directed to the appropriate curator.

Status:

This collection is PROCESSED.

Historical Note

Frank Ellsworth Schooley, the son of Ellsworth B. and Viola (Hasbrouck), was born in Effingham, Illinois on March 1, 1906. After graduating from Effingham High in 1923, he attended the University of Illinois where he received a Bachelor of Science degree in Journalism in 1929. On July 22, 1937, Schooley married Eleanor Brown. They became the parents of six children: Frank, Fred, Jane, Betsy, Mary Lou, and Jean.

Schooley began his forty-three year career in broadcasting in 1929 when he was offered the position of Assistant to the Publicity Director, and Assistant in Journalism at the University of Illinois. Josef Wright, who was then the publicity director and the director of the university's radio station, WILL, turned over to Schooley the day-to-day responsibility of running the radio station. He became the first full time employee at the station, supervising two part-time announcers, and one part-time engineer. His duties encompassed a wide range of activities which included announcing, doing remote broadcasts, technical work, and handling the administration of the radio station's operations.

WILL, originally called WRM, was created when Boetious H. Sullivan gave the University of Illinois $50,000 to start a educational radio station. It was often referred to as the Roger C. Sullivan Memorial Station. It was built by students in the Department of Engineering, who than gave it to the University's Public Information Office to operate. Under Schooley's administration, WILL began broadcasting the University of Illinois's football and basketball games. After Wright retired from broadcasting in 1948, Schooley received the title of station manager and in 1955, the year that WILL-TV was established and WILL-FM was granted its present frequency, he was named Director of Broadcasting, a position he held until 1972. That same year he was honored for his many years in broadcasting by the formation of the Frank E. Schooley Radio-TV Fund, created by the University of Illinois Foundation to benefit the WILL-Radio and TV station.

In addition to his work at WILL, Schooley taught in the School of Journalism at the University of Illinois. He helped establish courses in radio and television, and taught courses in radio and television station management, and radio and television regulations. In 1968 he was made a full professor of radio and television. He was selected to appear in the 1970 edition of "Outstanding Educators of America."

Schooley also actively participated in many university associations. As a student he was chief news editor of The Daily Illini. As a professor of broadcasting he belonged to the Board of Directors of the Illini Publishing Company for eleven years, ten of which he served as chairman. He was the faculty advisor to Ma-Wan-Da, the senior honorary society for men on the University of Illinois campus, and was a former head of the Central Illinois professional chapter of Signa Delta Chi, a national professional journalism fraternity. He was also a member of Kappa Tau Alpha, a national honorary journalism society, and was an active member in the University of Illinois Alumni Association.

Frank E. Schooley's other professional activities included a long affiliation with the National Association of Educational Broadcasters. He held the position of Executive Secretary from 1937 to 1943 and again in 1952. He served as president from 1944 to 1945 and from 1955 to 1956. He was treasurer from 1951 to 1954, and a member of the Board of Directors in 1947. He also served on the Joint Council on Educational Television in the 1950's. In 1968, President Johnson appointed Schooley to the Board of Directors of the Corporation for Public Broadcasting as the only educational broadcaster.

Frank E. Schooley was also very active in service to his community. He served as secretary of the Exchange Club of Champaign, a local service club, from 1941 to 1951, and as president in 1951. He was selected by this organization to receive the "Golden Deeds Award," given in recognition of his unselfish, distinguished service to his community. At one time he served as the state president of the Illinois State Exchange Clubs. He was chairman of the board of directors of the Champaign County Chapter of the America Red Cross from 1960 to 1961. In addition to all his other civic activities, Schooley served as a Champaign city councilman from 1959 to 1969.

Frank E. Schooley died on June 12, 1987 at the age of 81.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The Frank E. Schooley Papers covers the years 1918 to 1987, with the bulk of the collection dating from 1929 to 1972. The collection primarily focuses on Schooley's forty-three year career in educational public broadcasting at the University of Illinois, and his involvement with various professional affiliations in the educational and public broadcasting field. The collection also includes a significant amount of materials relating to his life outside of his career. Types of documents found in the collection include correspondence, newsclippings, articles, printed ephemera, certificates, and photographs.

Custodial History and Acquisition Information

The Frank E. Schooley Papers was donated to the National Public Broadcasting Archives, University of Maryland Libraries by his son Fred Schooley in May of 1993.

Processing Information

Processed by:

Processed by Debra Gousha, November 1994

Encoded by:

EAD markup created using EAD database in Microsoft Access.

Detailed Description of the Collection

Series 1: Personal Papers, 1918-1987, and undated (9 folders)

This series documents Frank E. Schooley's personal and family life. It includes newsclippings, articles, and programs that chronicle various events and civic activities important to Frank E. Schooley and his family. It also contains a good deal of correspondence relating to Schooley family news with brief references to professional associations and his career in public broadcasting. This series is arranged alphabetically by subject and/or document type.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Biographical Materials, 1947-1987; undated series 1box 1folder 1
Correspondence -- Family newsletters, 1934-1949 series 1box 1folder 2
Correspondence -- Family newsletters, 1952-1969; undated series 1box 1folder 3
Correspondence -- General, 1923-1934 series 1box 1folder 4
Correspondence -- General, 1943-1970 series 1box 1folder 5
Correspondence -- General, 1971-1982; undated series 1box 1folder 6
News clippings, 1918-1986; undated series 1box 1folder 7
Notes, undated series 1box 1folder 8
Programs, 1941, 1957 series 1box 1folder 9

Series 2: The University of Illinois, 1925-1973, and undated (0.25 linear foot)

This series chronicles Frank E. Schooley's long association with the University of Illinois. It includes early school records, newsclippings, contracts, fan letters, articles, printed ephemera, and correspondence relating to Schooley's student activities, his teaching career, and his work as a manager at the University of Illinois public broadcasting station, WILL. The series is arranged alphabetically by subject and/or document type.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Alumni Association, 1942-1972, undated series 2box 1folder 10
Alumni Association -- news clippings, 1934-1966, undated series 2box 1folder 11
Correspondence, 1930-1946 series 2box 1folder 12
Correspondence, 1950-1973, undated series 2box 1folder 13
The Daily Illini, 1926-1929, undated series 2box 1folder 14
The Daily Illini -- news clippings, 1928-1940, undated series 2box 1folder 15
Employment Contracts, 1929-1933 series 2box 1folder 16
Fraternal Organizations, 1927-1968, undated series 2box 1folder 17
Fraternal Organizations -- news clippings, 1928, undated series 2box 1folder 18
Illini Publishing Company, 1961, undated series 2box 1folder 19
Illini Publishing Company -- news clippings, 1950, 1961 series 2box 1folder 20
Newsclippings, 1929-1970, undated series 2box 1folder 21
Printed Ephemera, 1954-1960, undated series 2box 1folder 22
School of Journalism, 1925-1929 series 2box 1folder 23
Speeches, 1954-1956 series 2box 1folder 24
WILL Fan Letters, 1933, undated series 2box 1folder 25
WILL Program Guides, 1961-1973, undated series 2box 1folder 26
WILL Promotional Materials, 1951-1961, undated series 2box 1folder 27
Travelogues, 1954-1955 series 2box 1folder 28

Series 3: Educational/Public Broadcasting Professional Affiliations, 1934-1976 and undated (6 folders)

This series consists of materials documenting Frank E. Schooley's involvement with various professional organizations, focussing on his association with the National Association of Educational Broadcasters, and his membership on the Board of Directors for the Corporation for Public Broadcasting. It includes correspondence, newsclippings, certificates, and printed ephemera. Notable correspondents include former NBC president Robert W. Sarnoff and William G. Harley, former president of the National Association of Educational Broadcasters. The series is arranged alphabetically by subject and/or document type.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Certificates, 1945-1970 series 3box 1folder 29
Corporation for Public Broadcasting, 1974-1976, undated series 3box 1folder 30
Corporation for Public Broadcasting -- news clippings, 1967-1968 series 3box 1folder 31
National Association of Educational Broadcasters, 1944-1973 series 3box 1folder 32
National Association of Educational Broadcasters -- news clippings, 1941-1959 series 3box 1folder 33
Printed Ephemera, 1934-1965, undated series 3box 1folder 34

Series 4: Photograph Collection, 1955-1974 (1 folder)

This series consists of fourteen photographs of Frank E. Schooley by himself and with various other persons. The majority of the photographs are undated and the subjects unidentified. Photographs that are dated span the years 1955-1974. Some of the persons identified include Howard Bell, Charles R. Cook, and John Regnell.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Photographs, 1955-1974, undated series 4box 1folder 35

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