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Hugo Keesing collection of popular music sheet music

Abstract

Title:
Hugo Keesing collection of popular music sheet music
Author/Creator:
Keesing, Hugo
Collection number:
97-33-KEESING
Size:
14 linear feet
Bulk dates:
1920-1940, 1970-2000
Inclusive dates:
1883-2005
Collection Area:
Special Collections in Performing Arts
Repository:
Special Collections in Performing Arts, Michelle Smith Performing Arts Library, Clarice Smith Performing Arts Center, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742. Contact the curator: http://www.lib.umd.edu/scpa/contact
Abstract:

The Hugo Keesing collection on popular music sheet music consists of sheet music, sheet music books, and other publications dedicated to sheet music from the twentieth century. The materials were collected by Hugo Keesing, a popular culture scholar and former professor of American Studies at the University of Maryland, and by Dr. Keesing's brother, Wouter Keesing. This collection contains sheet music published throughout the entire twentieth century, including music from the Tin Pan Alley era, as well as sheet music published after the rise of recorded sound and rock 'n' roll. The bulk of the materials date from 1920 - 1940 and from 1970 - 2000.

Important Information for Users of the Collection

Restrictions:

The collection is open for research use.

Preferred citation:

Hugo Keesing collection of popular music sheet music, Special Collections, University of Maryland Libraries.

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1903.1/33492
Publication rights:

There are no restricted files in this collection.

Status:

This collection is PROCESSED.

Historical Note

Experiments with recording technology at the end of the nineteenth century, as well as an increase in the dissemination of music via the radio in the mid-twentieth century, made it easy for Americans to listen to music by their favorite artists. Before this boom of recording technology, live performance was the only medium through which Americans could listen to music. Sheet music was crucial in sustaining the music industry, as it allowed people to recreate performances of popular music in their homes.

By the beginning of the twentieth century, music publishing was concentrated in New York City in what was referred to as Tin Pan Alley. The creation of popular music became more commercialized as composers and lyricists developed formulas that sped the composition process and ensured the popularity of a new piece. Sheet music from this era was typically arranged for voice and piano - an instrument found in most middle class homes - and often included tablature for popular instruments of the time, such as the ukulele and banjo. Though early popular music was rarely written for a specific performer, publishing companies worked with vaudeville performers and other artists to promote their music, and these artists are often featured on the covers of the sheet music.

By the mid-twentieth century, radio and recorded sound replaced the piano as a source of home entertainment and eventually, records replaced sheet music as the music industry's main commodity. However, even with the rise of rock 'n' roll in the 1950s and the continued emphasis on recorded sound, publications of sheet music were still available for purchase, as a supplement to recordings. Like the sheet music of earlier years, sheet music from the second half of the twentieth century was generally arranged for voice and piano, with tablature for guitarists, making it accessible for amateur musicians.

Hugo Keesing, the primary collector of the sheet music in this collection, is a popular culture scholar and a former professor of American Studies at the University of Maryland, College Park. He is particularly known for his expertise on popular music and the Vietnam War. Keesing was born in the Netherlands in 1943 and moved to the United States when he was seven years old. An avid collector, Keesing's interest in popular music began when he started collecting records in the mid-1950s. In 1996, Keesing began a partnership with Special Collections in Performing Arts at the University of Maryland, eventually donating large portions of his popular music and culture collections to the University, as well as collections amassed by his brother, Wouter Keesing.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The Hugo Keesing collection on popular music sheet music is one of several collections of materials amassed by Dr. Keesing. This collection consists of nearly 5,000 pieces of sheet music, sheet music books, and publications such as magazines containing mostly sheet music or lyrics. The majority of the music represented in this collection was published and gained popularity during the twentieth century. Though many of Keesing's collections focus on rock 'n' roll music of the 1950s and popular music of the succeeding decades, the materials in this collection span the entire twentieth century, with a large portion coming from the Tin Pan Alley era, when sheet music was the major commercial enterprise of the music industry. While the majority of this collection consists of publications from the United States, there are also several publications from England and the Netherlands.

Custodial History and Acquisition Information

Gift of Hugo Keesing received in shipments beginning in June 2008. Accruals of materials remains ongoing (as of November 2015). A portion of Keesing's collection, such as sheet music from the 1950s-1960s and sheet music related to World War II, the Vietnam War, and the Gulf Wars, has not yet been acquired.

Processing Information

Processed by:

Processed by Mary Crauderueff, Amanda Weeks, and Roslyn Brandes

Processing note:

Originally processed by Mary Crauderueff in September 2008 and later by Amanda Weeks in July 2011. Ongoing inventory, added value processing, and finding aid by Roslyn Brandes in Fall 2015. The inventory describes materials at an item level. The information includes the following information for each piece: title, associated performers, composer(s), lyricist(s), arranger(s)/editor(s), copyright dates (earliest and latest when applicable), place of publication, publishing company, and instrumentation. Original order and folder labels, as provided by Keesing, have been maintained during processing.

Encoded by:

EAD markup created using EAD database in Microsoft Access. Markup completed by John Davis, November 2015

Arrangement of Collection

This collection is organized into one series:

Detailed Description of the Collection

Series 1: Sheet Music, 1883-2005 (14 linear feet)

This collection is arranged in a single series. The order and folder labels from this collection were created by Keesing prior to donation and consequently transcribed verbatim during archival processing. The sheet music is arranged chronologically, by release/chart date, and then alphabetically. Boxes 1 through 3 contain popular music from before the rise of rock 'n' roll in the 1950s, from the golden years of Tin Pan Alley, dating predominately from the first half of the twentieth century. In Boxes 4 through 27, songs are organized by year. Box 28 contains twenty-two sheet music books. Note that there are also several sheet music books in Boxes 1 through 3. The dates collected during processing are the copyright dates on the music, which does not necessarily coincide with a song's popular history (a song may have been re-published several years after it was first popular, for example). When multiple copyright dates were listed on a piece, both the earliest and latest dates were collected, which is represented in the dates given below.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
A - 37 pieces, 1910 - 1945 series 1box 1folder 1
AM -> - 32 pieces, 1919 - 1946 series 1box 1folder 2
B - 41 pieces, 1943 and undated series 1box 1folder 3
BLUE -> -- 34 pieces, 1909 - 1942 and undated series 1box 1folder 4
C - 35 pieces, 1920 - 1952 and undated series 1box 1folder 5
CL - 21 pieces, 1911 - 1943 and various series 1box 1folder 6
D - 51 pieces, 1910 - 1968 series 1box 1folder 7
E - 20 pieces, 1911 - 1955 series 1box 1folder 8
F - 29 pieces, 1924 - 1964 series 1box 1folder 9
G - 43 pieces, 1898 - 1960 series 1box 1folder 10
H - 61 pieces, 1908 - 1996 and undated series 1box 1folder 11
I - I'LL - 32 pieces, 1922 - 1938 series 1box 1folder 12
I MA -> -- 40 pieces, 1922 - 1939 series 1box 1folder 13
I'M -> -- 52 pieces, 1918 - 1950 series 1box 1folder 14
IN -> -- 48 pieces, 1919 - 1962 and undated series 1box 1folder 15
J - 24 pieces, 1920 - 1972 and undated series 1box 1folder 16
K - 6 pieces, 1914 - 1938 series 1box 1folder 17
L - 40 pieces, 1910 - 1944 series 1box 2folder 1
LI -> -- 71 pieces, 1900 - 1964 and undated series 1box 2folder 2
M - 41 pieces, 1920 - 1974 series 1box 2folder 3
MOON -> -- 51 pieces, 1908 - 1945 and undated series 1box 2folder 4
N - 23 pieces, 1915 - 1942 series 1box 2folder 5
O - 23 pieces, 1918 - 1939 series 1box 2folder 6
ON -> -- 35 pieces, 1907 - 1967 series 1box 2folder 7
P - 36 pieces, 1911 - 1992 series 1box 2folder 8
Q - 1 piece, 1935 series 1box 2folder 9
R - 34 pieces, 1918 - 1999 and undated series 1box 2folder 10
[S] - 32 pieces, 1905 - 1955 and undated series 1box 2folder 11
SL - 51 pieces, 1904 - 1981 series 1box 2folder 12
SP - 51 pieces, 1897 - 1991 and undated series 1box 2folder 13
T - 61 pieces, 1883 - 1945 and undated series 1box 3folder 1
THI -> -- 53 pieces, 1918 - 1992 and undated series 1box 3folder 2
U - 10 pieces, 1929 - 1939 and undated series 1box 3folder 3
V - 9 pieces, 1900 - 1942 series 1box 3folder 4
[W] - 43 pieces, 1896 - 1944 series 1box 3folder 5
WHEN -> -- 47 pieces, 1912 - 1964 and undated series 1box 3folder 6
[WHO ->] - 44 pieces, 1909 - 1952 series 1box 3folder 7
[Y] - 57 pieces, 1899 - 1992 series 1box 3folder 8
[Z] - 1 piece, 1929 series 1box 3folder 9
[originally un-foldered material] - 19 pieces, 1912 - 1953 and undated series 1box 3folder 10
1970 - 191 pieces, 1933 - 1973 series 1box 4folder 1
1971 - 110 pieces, 1927 - 1973 series 1box 4folder 2
[1971] - 59 pieces, 1938 - 1971 and undated series 1box 5folder 1
1972 - 176 pieces, 1949 - 1974 and undated series 1box 5folder 2
1973 - 39 pieces series 1box 5folder 3
[1973] - 110 pieces series 1box 6folder 1
1974 - 157 pieces series 1box 6folder 2
1975 - 169 pieces series 1box 7folder 1
1976 - 106 pieces series 1box 7folder 2
[1976] - 56 pieces series 1box 8folder 1
1977 - 158 pieces series 1box 8folder 2
1978 - 59 pieces series 1box 8folder 3
[1978] - 84 pieces series 1box 9folder 1
1979 - 166 pieces series 1box 9folder 2
1980 - 127 pieces series 1box 10folder 1
1981 - 129 pieces series 1box 10folder 2
[1981] - 33 pieces series 1box 11folder 1
1982 - 204 pieces series 1box 11folder 2
1983 - 72 pieces series 1box 12folder 1
1984 A - E - 33 pieces series 1box 12folder 2
1984 F - K - 37 pieces series 1box 12folder 3
1984 L - P - 36 pieces series 1box 12folder 4
1984 R - Z - 46 pieces series 1box 13folder 1
1985 A - D - 33 pieces series 1box 13folder 2
1985 E - K - 26 pieces series 1box 13folder 3
1985 L - R - 42 pieces series 1box 13folder 4
1985 S - Z - 42 pieces series 1box 13folder 5
1986 A - E - 25 pieces series 1box 14folder 1
1986 F - K - 28 pieces series 1box 14folder 2
1986 L - R - 25 pieces series 1box 14folder 3
1986 S - T - 26 pieces series 1box 14folder 4
1986 V - Z - 21 pieces series 1box 14folder 5
1987 A - D - 34 pieces series 1box 14folder 6
1987 F - K - 34 pieces series 1box 14folder 7
1987 L - N - 27 pieces series 1box 15folder 1
1987 O - T - 28 pieces series 1box 15folder 2
1987 U - Z - 16 pieces series 1box 15folder 3
1988 - 156 pieces series 1box 16folder 1
1989 - 77 pieces series 1box 16folder 2
[1989] - 85 pieces series 1box 17folder 1
1990s - 35 pieces series 1box 18folder 1
1990s - 53 pieces series 1box 18folder 2
1990s - 22 pieces series 1box 18folder 3
1990s - 30 pieces series 1box 18folder 4
1990s - 47 pieces series 1box 18folder 5
1990s - 50 pieces series 1box 19folder 1
1990s - 54 pieces series 1box 19folder 2
1990s - 35 pieces series 1box 19folder 3
1990s - 11 pieces series 1box 19folder 4
1990s - 8 pieces series 1box 19folder 5
1990s - 29 pieces series 1box 19folder 6
1990s - 30 pieces series 1box 19folder 7
1990s - 21 pieces series 1box 20folder 1
1990s - 33 pieces series 1box 20folder 2
1990s - 30 pieces series 1box 20folder 3
1990s - 20 pieces series 1box 20folder 4
1990s - 1 piece series 1box 20folder 5
1990s - 24 pieces series 1box 20folder 6
1990s - 34 pieces series 1box 20folder 7
1990s - 49 pieces series 1box 21folder 1
1990s - 35 pieces series 1box 21folder 2
1990s - 45 pieces series 1box 21folder 3
1990s - 33 pieces series 1box 21folder 4
A - C(ome Undone), 1990s - 196 pieces series 1box 22folder 1
C(ome with Us) - F(orgive Us), 1990s - 198 pieces series 1box 23folder 1
F(orrest Gump) - I, 1990s - 217 pieces series 1box 24folder 1
I('ve Got a Date) - J(oynde), 1990s - 192 pieces series 1box 25folder 1
J - M, 1990s - 192 pieces series 1box 26folder 1
1990s - 66 pieces series 1box 27folder 1
Sheet Music Book: The Beach Boys: Song Hits Folio Number 2. Piano/Vocal, 1965 series 1box 28folder 1
Sheet Music Book: Berlin's Best Song Folio Volume 1. Piano/Vocal, 1964 series 1box 28folder 2
Sheet Music Book: The Best of Hollywood. Easy Guitar/Easy Piano, 1966 series 1box 28folder 3
Sheet Music Book: Chubby Checker's Twist Folio. Piano/Vocal, 1962 series 1box 28folder 4
Sheet Music Book: Great Themes: Hit Songs From The Stage, Motion Pictures and T.V. Piano/Vocal, 1963 series 1box 28folder 5
Sheet Music Book: The Guitar World Of The Dave Clark Five. Guitar/Vocal, 1965 series 1box 28folder 6
Sheet Music Book: Hoosier Hop. Piano/Vocal, 1946 series 1box 28folder 7
Sheet Music Book: Jimi Hendrix- pictures and easy guitar/easy piano, 1975 series 1box 28folder 8
Sheet Music Book: John Denver: Back Home Again. Piano/Vocal, 1974 series 1box 28folder 9
Sheet Music Book: John Denver's Greatest Hits. Easy Guitar (solos and/or accompaniment), 1976 series 1box 28folder 10
Sheet Music Book: The Kingston Trio: 48 Folk Song Favorites. Guitar/Vocal, 1962 series 1box 28folder 11
Sheet Music Book: Mary Travers: Mary. Guitar/Piano/Vocal, 1971 series 1box 28folder 12
Sheet Music Book: The Paul Simon Song Book: The Best of Simon and Garfunkel. Piano/Vocal, 1966 series 1box 28folder 13
Sheet Music Book: Picking with a Teen-Age Beat, 1961 series 1box 28folder 14
Sheet Music Book: Solos from the Stars. Trumpet/Piano, 1952 series 1box 28folder 15
Sheet Music Book: Song Hits Of The Fabulous Fifties. Pictures and lyrics, 1973 series 1box 28folder 16
Sheet Music Book: Songs Jimmy Wakely Sings. Guitar/Piano/Vocal, 1949 series 1box 28folder 17
Sheet Music Book: The Songs of Don McLean. Piano/Vocal, 1972 series 1box 28folder 18
Sheet Music Book: Starland Vocal Band. Piano/Vocal, 1976 series 1box 28folder 19
Sheet Music Book: Travis Tritt, 1992 series 1box 28folder 20
Sheet Music Book: Westward Ho The Wagons! Piano/Vocal, 1956 series 1box 28folder 21
Sheet Music Book: Young Pops For Piano. Easy Piano/Vocal, 1954 series 1box 28folder 22
[Oversized] Removed from Box #3 - 32 pieces, 1901 - 1971 and undated series 1box 29folder 1

Related Material

To access cataloged Keesing Collection books:

Most books from the Keesing Collection have been cataloged and are available for use at Special Collections in Performing Arts. To view the available titles, visit the Libraries' catalog. Using the "type of search" drop-down menu, select "call number" and type "MKEESING" into the word search box. This brings up a multi-page, browse-able list of Keesing Collection books.

Other archival collections:

The Hugo Keesing Collection, 1971-1981. Available for use at Hornbake Library.

The Hugo Keesing Collection on The Beatles, 1963-2000. Available for use at Special Collections in Performing Arts.

The Hugo Keesing Collection on Elvis Presley, 1974-1997. Available for use at Special Collections in Performing Arts.

The Wouter Keesing Collection on Fats Domino, 1952-2000. Available for use at Special Collections in Performing Arts.

The Hugo Keesing Collection on Roy Orbison, 1961-1995. Available for use at Special Collections in Performing Arts.

Available at the Michelle Smith Performing Arts Library:

Keesing, Hugo A. Next Stop is Vietnam: The War on Record. Bear Family Records, 2010. 13-CD boxed set and accompany 304-page book. Paged Collections, MCD 12460

Keesing, Hugo A. Incomplete Bibliography of Pop/Rock Music: Key Word Version. Reference, ML128.R6 K43 1989

Keesing, Hugo A. "Semper Fi": An Annotated Index of World War II Era Songs about the United States Marine Corps. 1997. Paged Collections, ML128.W2 K43 1997

Keesing, Hugo A. Victory Girls: An Incomplete, Annotated Index of World War II Sheet Music Depicting Women in Non-Military Work. 1997. Reference, ML128.W2 K44 1997

Keesing, Hugo A. "Youth in Transition: A Content Analysis of Two Decades of Popular Music." 1972. Lowens Special Collections Room, ML3477 .K44 1972

For other related archival and manuscript collections, please see the following subject guides.

Selected Search Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the University of Maryland Libraries' Catalog. Researchers desiring related materials about these topics, names, or places may search the Catalog using these headings.

Subjects