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Archives of the Bureau of Business and Economic Research

Abstract

Title:
Archives of the Bureau of Business and Economic Research
Author/Creator:
Bureau of Business and Economic Research (BBER)
Collection number:
72-104
Size:
22.25 linear feet
Bulk dates:
1953-1966
Inclusive dates:
1946-1970
Collection Area:
University of Maryland
Repository:
Special Collections, University of Maryland Libraries, Hornbake Library, College Park, MD 20742. Tel: 301-405-9212, Fax: 301-314-2709, Email: askhornbake@umd.edu
Abstract:

The Bureau of Business and Economic Research was founded in 1946 to conduct academic research into regional economic concerns. The administrative records of the Bureau include reports, computer printouts, book manuscripts, and publications, concerning such subjects as a Maryland tax study, state and local government, conservation, industrial planning and development, and demographic processes.

Important Information for Users of the Collection

Restrictions:

This collection is open for research.

Preferred citation:

Archives of the Bureau of Business and Economic Research, Special Collections, University of Maryland Libraries.

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1903.1/1426
Publication rights:

Photocopies of original materials may be provided for a fee and at the discretion of the curator. Please see our Duplication of Materials policy for more information. Queries regarding publication rights and copyright status of materials within this collection should be directed to the appropriate curator.

Status:

This collection is PROCESSED.

Historical Note

The University of Maryland Bureau of Business and Economic Research was created in 1946 with the hiring of economist Dr. John Cover to organize and direct the Bureau. Cover headed the BBER until his retirement in 1962. As with similar bureaus in most other major land-grant universities, the BBER has provided academic research into regional economic concerns. The Bureau's stated purpose is to provide research, education, and service to the university and the state. In particular, the BBER's research has focused on the economic, environmental, and fiscal problems facing Maryland and its local governments.

One such study, documented in depth here, was the Maryland Tax Study, a project undertaken at the request of the State of Maryland. The research for this project, led by Dr. Samuel B. Chase, took place in 1963-1964. The final report, published in 1965, provided data and analytic material, while avoiding specific policy recommendations, on projections of Maryland state and local taxes, revenues, and expenditures.

From 1947 to 1961 the Bureau published the quarterly Studies in Business and Economics to disseminate the results of the research. After 1962, the BBER concentrated on supporting research for publication in scholarly journals and monographs. Throughout the Bureau's history, areas of research included state economic development, state and local public finance, and natural resources and the environment. Of particular concern was the environmentally-sound development of the resources of the Chesapeake Bay. Although the Bureau was independent of the various academic departments of the University, its researchers also taught in the Department of Education. At one time, it was part of the Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The records of the Bureau of Business and Economic Research covers the years 1946 to 1970. The bulk of the material dates from 1953 to 1966. The records include correspondence, memoranda, reports, computer printouts, notes, book chapter drafts, and printed matter. Out of this mateiral two main areas emerge. First, a large body of administrative records deals with the range of activities concerning the operation of the Bureau and its relations with similar organizations. Second, research material covers the projects constituting the core of the Bureau's work. Particularly important are taxes, state and local government, conservation, industrial planning and development and demographic proceseses.

Custodial History and Acquisition Information

Precise information concerning the donation of the records of the Bureau is not available. It is believed the files were received during the 1970s.

Processing Information

Processed by:

Revised by Thomas L. Edsall, June 1987.

Processing note:

Series I consists of the first set of documents received from the BBER. Rusty staples and paper clips were replaced with plastic clips, materials were placed in acid-free folders and boxes, and an inventory was prepared.

Materials in Series II and III arrived with a hodgepodge of labelling apparently added just prior to shipment. All folders remained intact but folder headings were created to systematically reflect folder contents. Paper clips and rusty staples were removed and replaced with plastic clips over acid-free paper strips. All materials were placed in acid-free folders and boxes. Finally, the guide was expanded and reformatted.

Encoded by:

EAD markup created using EAD database in Microsoft Access. Abstract Markup completed by Jennie A. Levine. Full finding aid markup completed by Malissa Ruffner, August 2009.

Detailed Description of the Collection

Series 1: Maryland Tax Study, 1954-1965 (19.25 linear feet)

Series I contains correspondence, memoranda, reports, chapter drafts, research notes, and computer printouts relating to the preparation of the 1965 Maryland Tax Study. The bulk of the material covers the years 1963 to 1965.

Central to the Tax Study, and thus to the chapter drafts, research notes, and computer printouts, are reports on and projections of state and local government expenditures and revenues. Of particular concern are the various state and local taxes, industrial and demographic trends, and shifts in government spending. In addition, Series I includes material on Director Samuel B. Chase and administrative matters concerning the research project.

Arrangement is by subseries.

Subseries 1.1: Administration and Chapter Drafts, 1959-1965 (1.5 linear feet)

Subseries I includes a number of administrative files, arranged alphabetically, followed by chapter drafts of the book.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Bibliography, undatedseries 1.1box 1folder 1
Correspondence, 1962-1965series 1.1box 1folder 2
Correspondence, 1962-1965series 1.1box 1folder 3
Director's memos to Committee, 1959-190series 1.1box 1folder 4
Documents -- Miscellaneous, 1963-1965series 1.1box 1folder 5
Prospectus, 1963series 1.1box 1folder 6
Chapter 1 The Maryland Economy, undatedseries 1.1box 1folder 7
Chapter 3 A Survey of Government Expenditure and Revenue in Maryland, undatedseries 1.1box 1folder 8
Chapter 5 State and Local Governments of Maryland, undatedseries 1.1box 1folder 9
Chapter 5 Expenditure and Revenue Projections, undatedseries 1.1box 1folder 10
Chapter 5 Expenditure and Revenue Projections, undatedseries 1.1box 1folder 11
Chapter 6 Summary of Expenditure -Revenue Projections, undatedseries 1.1box 1folder 12
Chapter 7 Local Government Finances in Maryland, undatedseries 1.1box 1folder 13
Chapter 7 Local Government Finances in Maryland, undatedseries 1.1box 1folder 14
Chapter 8 An Overall View of the Maryland Tax System, undatedseries 1.1box 1folder 15
Chapter 9 The Distribution of Tax Burdens on Households by Income Classes, 1964 and undatedseries 1.1box 2folder 1
Chapter 10 The Individual Income Tax, undatedseries 1.1box 2folder 2
Chapter 10 The Individual Income Tax, undatedseries 1.1box 2folder 3
Chapter 11 Effects of Possible Changes in the Individual Income Tax, undatedseries 1.1box 2folder 4
Chapter 12 Retail and Sales Use Tax, undatedseries 1.1box 2folder 5
Chapter 13 Property Tax, undatedseries 1.1box 2folder 6
Chapter 14 Motor Vehicle Tax, undatedseries 1.1box 2folder 7
Chapter 15 Taxes on Alcohol, Tobacco and Horse Racing, undatedseries 1.1box 2folder 8
Chapter 16 Taxes on Business, 1963 and undatedseries 1.1box 2folder 9
Chapter 16 Taxes on Business, 1963 and undatedseries 1.1box 2folder 10
Chapter 17 The Shared Taxes, undatedseries 1.1box 3folder 1
Chapter 18 The Question of Local Sales Taxes, undatedseries 1.1box 3folder 2
Chapter 19 Income Tax and Local Finance, undatedseries 1.1box 3folder 3
Supplementary Tables, undatedseries 1.1box 3folder 4

Subseries 1.2: Research Notes, 1954-1965 (2.50 linear feet)

Subseries II consists of subject files, also arranged alphabetically, containing the the research material on which the Tax Study was based.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Background Data on Maryland, undatedseries 1.2box 4folder 1
Baltimore City Tax Study, 1957-1960series 1.2box 4folder 2
Beaves Regressions, 1963series 1.2box 4folder 3
Capital Gains, 1960 and undatedseries 1.2box 4folder 4
Capital Gains in Personal Income Tax, undatedseries 1.2box 4folder 5
Cigarette Tax Rates, 1963series 1.2box 4folder 6
Commuting Estimates, undatedseries 1.2box 4folder 7
Consumer Expenditures, 1963series 1.2box 4folder 8
County Economic Study, undatedseries 1.2box 4folder 9
County Expenditures-Actual, undatedseries 1.2box 4folder 10
County Expenditures-Estimates, 1960-1963series 1.2box 4folder 11
County Government Finances, undatedseries 1.2box 4folder 12
County Questionnaire, 1960 and undatedseries 1.2box 4folder 13
Debt and Capital Studies, undatedseries 1.2box 5folder 1
Direct General Expenditures, 1964 and undatedseries 1.2box 5folder 2
Direct General Expenditures and Projections, undatedseries 1.2box 5folder 3
Eckstein-Netzer Expenditure Estimates, undatedseries 1.2box 5folder 4
Education, 1959-1961 and undatedseries 1.2box 5folder 5
Employment Projections, undatedseries 1.2box 5folder 6
Employment Statistics, undatedseries 1.2box 5folder 7
Excise Taxes on Cigarettes and Alcohol, 1963 and undatedseries 1.2box 5folder 8
Exempt Property, undatedseries 1.2box 5folder 9
Expenditures, undatedseries 1.2box 5folder 10
Expenditure Projections, undatedseries 1.2box 5folder 11
Farm Taxes, 1963series 1.2box 6folder 1
Federal Tax Percentage of Personal Income, 1963 and undatedseries 1.2box 6folder 2
Fiscal Effort and Capacity, 1965 and undatedseries 1.2box 6folder 3
Funds Distributed to Subdivisions, undatedseries 1.2box 6folder 4
General Fund Surplus, 1963series 1.2box 6folder 5
Government Expenditures, Selected Years, undatedseries 1.2box 6folder 6
Health, 1960 and undatedseries 1.2box 6folder 7
Highways, 1960-1963 and undatedseries 1.2box 6folder 8
Income Distribution, undatedseries 1.2box 6folder 9
Income Level Changes, 1963series 1.2box 6folder 10
Income Tax, undatedseries 1.2box 6folder 11
Income Tax Projections, undatedseries 1.2box 6folder 12
Income Tax Rate Changes, undatedseries 1.2box 6folder 13
Income and Inheritance Tax, undatedseries 1.2box 6folder 14
Industrial Growth, 1954-1955 and undatedseries 1.2box 6folder 15
Insurance Premiums, undatedseries 1.2box 6folder 16
Inter-Industry Study, undatedseries 1.2box 6folder 17
Local Units Financial Data, 1960-1964 and undatedseries 1.2box 6folder 18
Manufacturers, undatedseries 1.2box 7folder 1
Moore Plan, undatedseries 1.2box 7folder 2
Motor Fuel Tax, undatedseries 1.2box 7folder 3
Motor Vehicle Tax, undatedseries 1.2box 7folder 4
Municipalities, undatedseries 1.2box 7folder 5
Municipality and Special Districts Data, undatedseries 1.2box 7folder 6
Municipality and Special Districts Data, undatedseries 1.2box 7folder 7
Municipality and Special Districts Data, undatedseries 1.2box 7folder 8
Personal Income, undatedseries 1.2box 7folder 9
Population, undatedseries 1.2box 7folder 10
Population estimate, undatedseries 1.2box 7folder 11
Population Growth by Counties, undatedseries 1.2box 7folder 12
Population Projections, 1963 and undatedseries 1.2box 7folder 13
Population Projections, 1963 and undatedseries 1.2box 7folder 14
Population Projections, 1963 and undatedseries 1.2box 7folder 15
Projection, undatedseries 1.2box 8folder 1
Public Utilities, 1963 and undatedseries 1.2box 8folder 2
Real Property Tax, 1963 and undatedseries 1.2box 8folder 3
Real and Personal Property Assessable Bias, undatedseries 1.2box 8folder 4
Recreations, 1963series 1.2box 8folder 5
Retail Sales Tax, 1962-1963series 1.2box 8folder 6
Revenue and Expenditures-Baltimore, undatedseries 1.2box 8folder 7
Sales Tax, undatedseries 1.2box 8folder 8
Sales and Property Tax, 1964series 1.2box 8folder 9
Sample Design-Income Tax Returns, undatedseries 1.2box 8folder 10
Sample Program Instructions, undatedseries 1.2box 8folder 11
Shared Tax, undatedseries 1.2box 8folder 12
Sherlow Report, undatedseries 1.2box 8folder 13
State Income Tax Differentials, undatedseries 1.2box 8folder 14
Tax Distribution by Income Class, undatedseries 1.2box 8folder 15
Tax Statistics, undatedseries 1.2box 8folder 16
Welfare, 1964series 1.2box 8folder 17

Subseries 1.3: Program and Printouts, 1963-1964 and undated (15.25 linear feet)

Subseries III is arranged chronologically, when possible, within each printout type.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Program, undatedseries 1.3box 9folder 1
Regressions, undatedseries 1.3box 10folder 1
Rate Structure and Tabulated Sheets, 1964series 1.3box 11folder 1
Tabulated Sheets, undatedseries 1.3box 12folder 1
Tabulated Sheets, undatedseries 1.3box 13folder 1
Tabulated Sheets, undatedseries 1.3box 14folder 1
Classified Returns, undatedseries 1.3box 15folder 1
Classified Returns, undatedseries 1.3box 16folder 1
Classified Returns, undatedseries 1.3box 17folder 1
Miscellaneous, 1963 and undatedseries 1.3box 18folder 1

Series 2: Correspondence, 1946-1967 (2.00 linear feet)

Series II contains correspondence relating to the administrative and research concerns of the BBER. The bulk of the material covers the years 1953 to 1966.

Correspondence focuses on the conferences and meetings, recruitment of researchers, fellowships and grants, plans for future publications, and requests (incoming and outgoing) for publications and research materials. Further, the files document the BBER's activity in research relating to conservation, planning and development, parks and recreation. But relatively little material on specific research projects is included.

Arrangement is alphabetical by initial letter of correspondent's name, then chronological. Following the initial alphabet is a second alphabet of individual - or institution-oriented files large enough to warrant individual treatment.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
B, 1954-1966 series 2box 1folder 1
B, 1954-1966 series 2box 1folder 2
E, 1955-1965 series 2box 1folder 3
F, 1953-1967 series 2box 1folder 4
F, 1953-1967 series 2box 1folder 5
G, 1963-1966 series 2box 1folder 6
G, 1963-1966 series 2box 1folder 7
H, 1956-1966 series 2box 1folder 8
I, 1956-1964 series 2box 2folder 1
I, 1956-1964 series 2box 2folder 2
J, 1953-1965 series 2box 2folder 3
K, 1954-1966 series 2box 2folder 4
L, 1956-1966 series 2box 2folder 5
Mc, 1946-1965 series 2box 2folder 6
M, 1954-1966 series 2box 2folder 7
M, 1954-1966 series 2box 2folder 8
N, 1955-1967 series 2box 2folder 9
O, 1946-1965 series 2box 2folder 10
P, 1948-1966 series 2box 3folder 1
P, 1948-1966 series 2box 3folder 2
R, 1957-1966 series 2box 3folder 3
S, 1949-1966 series 2box 3folder 4
T, 1957-1966 series 2box 3folder 5
U, 1946-1966 series 2box 3folder 6
V, 1950-1964 series 2box 3folder 7
W, 1956-1965 series 2box 3folder 8
Y-Z, 1958-1966 series 2box 3folder 9
Baltimore Association of Commerce, 1946-1963 series 2box 4folder 1
Baltimore Sun, 1946-1959 series 2box 4folder 2
Richard W. Case, 1951-1961 series 2box 4folder 3
Chesapeake and Potomac Telephone Company, 1949-1960 series 2box 4folder 4
Robert P. Fairbanks, 1964-1965 series 2box 4folder 4
Ford Foundation, 1956-1958 series 2box 4folder 5
French-Bray Printing Company, 1948-1960 series 2box 4folder 6
Harold A. Knapp, Jr., 1961 series 2box 4folder 7
Lucie G. Krassa, 1960-1961 series 2box 4folder 8
Maryland -National Capital Park and Planning Commission, 1948-1962 series 2box 4folder 9
National Parks Association, 1959-1961 series 2box 4folder 10
National Planning Association, 1958-1966 series 2box 4folder 11
J. Freeman Pyle, Dean, 1951-1961 series 2box 4folder 12
Social Science Research Council, 1947-1959 series 2box 4folder 13

Series 3: Subject Files, 1947-1970 (1.00 linear foot)

Series III contains correspondence, memoranda, reports, notes, and printed material relating to the BBER's research interests. The bulk of the material covers the years 1953 to 1965.

The key areas covered in the subject files reflect the Bureau's research interests: conservation, local government, population and employment, local industry and agriculture, and energy. Arrangement is alphabetical by subject.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Atomic Energy, 1957-1960 series 3box 1folder 1
Baltimore, 1948-1960 series 3box 1folder 2
Bureau of Business and Economic Research, 1947-1960 series 3box 1folder 3
Camps, 1969-1970 series 3box 1folder 4
Conservation, 1956-1961 series 3box 1folder 5
Conservation Organizations, 1955-1961 series 3box 1folder 6
Conservation-Printed Material, 1956-1961 and undated series 3box 1folder 7
Conservation-Printed Material, 1956-1961 and undated series 3box 1folder 8
Crisfield, 1959-1960 series 3box 1folder 9
Cumberland, Maryland, 1947-1950 series 3box 1folder 10
District of Columbia, 1950-1962 series 3box 2folder 1
Electrical Energy Data, 1947-1963 series 3box 2folder 2
Electrical Energy Data, 1947-1963 series 3box 2folder 3
Industrial Location, 1949-1959 series 3box 2folder 4
Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments, 1964 series 3box 2folder 5
NASA, 1966 series 3box 2folder 6
Natural Resources, Board of, 1964-1967 series 3box 2folder 7
Natural Resources, Board of, 1964-1967 series 3box 2folder 8
Planning and Development, 1953-1959 series 3box 3folder 1
Planning and Development, 1953-1959 series 3box 3folder 2
Population, 1958-1960 series 3box 3folder 3
Potomac River Basin, The Corps of Engineers' Plans for Development of, 1964 series 3box 3folder 4
Service, 1961-1962 series 3box 3folder 5
State Technical Services, 1964-1966 series 3box 3folder 6
Tobacco, 1953-1956 series 3box 3folder 7
Transportation, 1957-1960 series 3box 3folder 8
Virginia, 1948-1960 series 3box 3folder 9

Related Material

Publications issued by the Bureau of Business and Economic Research are located in the University Publications collection in the Archives and Manuscripts Department, cataloged under B12. In addition, there are two small, unprocessed accessions of records from the Bureau.

For other related archival and manuscript collections, please see the following subject guides.

Selected Search Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the University of Maryland Libraries' Catalog. Researchers desiring related materials about these topics, names, or places may search the Catalog using these headings.

Subjects