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Department of Botany records

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1903.1/1681

Abstract

Title:
Department of Botany records
Author/Creator:
Botany, Department of
Collection number:
74-15
Size:
14.00 linear feet
Bulk dates:
1898-1980
Inclusive dates:
1898-1980
Collection Area:
University of Maryland
Repository:
Special Collections, University of Maryland Libraries, Hornbake Library, College Park, MD 20742. Tel: 301-405-9212, Fax: 301-314-2709, Email: askhornbake@umd.edu
Abstract:

The Department of Botany was established in 1859 as one of the original units of the Maryland Agricultural College. The records of the department consist of correspondence, research notebooks, publications, administrative subject files, and photographs.

Important Information for Users of the Collection

Restrictions:

This collection is open for research.

Preferred citation:

Department of Botany records, Special Collections, University of Maryland Libraries.

Publication rights:

Photocopies of original materials may be provided for a fee and at the discretion of the curator. Please see our Duplication of Materials policy for more information. Queries regarding publication rights and copyright status of materials within this collection should be directed to the appropriate curator.

Status:

This collection is PROCESSED.

Historical Note

The Department of Botany at the University of Maryland has a long history, dating back over one hundred years to the founding of the Maryland Agricultural College (MAC). In 1856, the founders of the college established five schools or departments, including the Department of Natural Science. Classes in botany, chemistry, entomology, geology, physics, and practical farming were offered by this department when the college first opened in 1859. Townend Glover, the first Entomologist of the United States, was the first professor of botany at the college.

Throughout the history of MAC and the University of Maryland, various departments offered courses in botany. A general history, taken from course catalogs available from the period, lists the departments as:

1859-1874School of Natural Science
1875-1879Department of Agriculture, Architecture and Drawing
1880-1882?Department of Agriculture and Natural History
1883-1887 Department of Agriculture
1889-1892Department of Natural Science, which included a botany branch
1893-1894Botanical and Horticultural Department
1897-1898[Scientific Course]
1898-1899Department of Botany and Pathology
1899-1902Department of Botany and Plant Pathology
1903-1918Department of Botany and Vegetable Pathology
1918-1919Department of Economic Botany (within the School of Agriculture, Division of Plant Industry)
1919-1921Botanical Group (within School of Agriculture, Division of Plant Industry)
1921-1923Department of General Botany (within College of Arts and Sciences)
1923-1926Department of Botany (within College of Arts and Sciences)
1926-1974Department of Botany (within College of Agriculture)
1974-1987Department of Botany (within the Division of Agricultural and Life Sciences)
1987-1995Department of Botany (within College of Life Sciences)
1995-1999Department of Plant Biology (within College of Life Sciences)
1999-Consolidated programs in Microbiology and Plant Biology into a single program, Cell Biology and Molecular Genetics

The program in botany described in the 1899-1900 course catalog included six courses, five of which were mandatory, to be taken from freshman to senior year. By 1919, the Botanical Group offered courses in botany, plant morphology and mycology, plant physiology, and plant pathology. Thirteen courses, eleven undergraduate and two graduate, were offered in 1921. The curriculum focused on preparing students for careers as "teachers, investigators in state or government experiment stations, inspectors in the field, or for any other vocations which botanists follow."

The Department of Botany did not expand significantly until the 1936-1937 academic year when it enlarged its teaching staff and began to offer a greater number of courses in "three major lines of work: general botany and morphology, plant physiology, and plant pathology." Several years later, the scope of the curriculum was again expanded and described in the 1938-1939 course catalog as a

foundation for students who wish to pursue graduate work in botanical science in preparation for college teaching and for research in state experiment stations, in the United States Department of Agriculture, and in private research institutions and laboratories. Also to provide training for other vocations involving various botanical applications, such as extension work, and positions with seed companies, canning companies, companies making spray materials, and with other commercial concerns.

Over the years, the department increased the scope of courses offered in its three major fields of study to include cytology, cytogenetics and taxonomy, ecology, mycology, marine botany, nematology, virology, and phycology. In 1995, the Botany Department was renamed the Department of Plant Biology. In 1999, Microbiology and Plant Biology were consolidated into a single program, Cell Biology and Molecular Genetics.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The records of the Department of Botany span the period 1898 to 1980. The collection includes research notebooks compiled by department staff and students, publications by faculty member J. B. S. Norton, lists of publications by other faculty members, news clippings related to the department and its faculty, and administrative files. The records also consist of correspondence, covering requests to and from the department for publications, identifications of plant samples sent in to the department, and correspondence with colleagues and former students, a number of whom were serving in World War II. The collection also contains photographs, negatives, and slides of faculty, students, and activities of the Department of Botany.

Custodial History and Acquisition Information

The records of the Department of Botany were originally transferred to the University of Maryland Libraries in October 1973. Dana Thomas donated another group of records in July 1992. The Department of Plant Biology transferred a third accretion of records in January 1997. James Reveal donated a fourth group of records in May 1998. One folder of research materials, "Notes - Tulipa Research - Botanical Description of Species and Varieties . . . ", by M. W. Woods (a student in the Department of Botany), was transferred to the Records of the Department of Botany (Series II, Box 6, Research Notes) from the Papers of James Reveal in January 2003.

Processing Information

Processed by:

Processed by: Sara Pfaffenbach and Michelle DeMartino, February 1997. Addenda incorporated and guide revised by: Jill F. Reilly, July 2002 and January 2003.

Processing note:

Processing of the records of the Department of Botany began in 1996. The personal papers of Dr. Ronald Bamford, former professor and head of the department, were removed and processed as a separate collection. Three blueprints of campus greenhouses were removed from Series IV, Administrative Subject Files, for oversize storage. Issues of the Botany Chronicle and other departmental publications were added to the University Publications collection. The photographs were sleeved in Mylar and placed in photo binders. A scrapbook was disassembled, photocopied, and placed in a photo binder, alternating photocopies and sleeved photographs. Oversized photographs, slides, and negatives are stored flat. Other oversized materials, such as charts, maps, and blueprints, were unfolded, separated from the collection, and placed in a map case. All materials were placed in acid-free folders and boxes, and duplicate materials and materials not relevant to the official functions of the department were discarded. Processing of the records was completed in February 1997, and the guide was written. The addenda to the collection were processed in July 2002, and the guide was revised to reflect the new materials, which comprised of research notebooks and notes, publications, photographs, slides, and a scrapbook.

Encoded by:

EAD markup created using EAD database in Microsoft Access. Markup completed by Elizabeth A. McAllister, April 2006. Markup checked and verified by Jennie A. Levine, April 2006.

Arrangement of Collection

The records of the Department of Botany have been divided into five series.

Detailed Description of the Collection

Series 1: Correspondence, 1898-1965 (3.50 linear feet)

The earliest correspondence in the series consists of eight letterpress books, dating from July 1898 to November 1904 and containing copies of outgoing correspondence of the state pathologist. There is one letter from the United States Department of Agriculture to Professor J. B. S. Norton of the Maryland Agricultural Experiment Station, dated July 3, 1917. Later correspondence, dating from 1937 to 1965, includes the incoming and outgoing correspondence of faculty and staff members, as well as incoming letters from former students of the department, a number of whom were serving in World War II. Arrangement is chronological.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Letterpress Books, July 1898-March 1901 series 1box 1folder 1
Letterpress Books, July 1898-March 1901 series 1box 1folder 2
Letterpress Books, July 1898-March 1901 series 1box 1folder 3
Letterpress Books, July 1898-March 1901 series 1box 1folder 4
Letterpress Books, May 1901-November 1904 series 1box 2folder 1
Letterpress Books, May 1901-November 1904 series 1box 2folder 2
Letterpress Books, May 1901-November 1904 series 1box 2folder 3
Letterpress Books, May 1901-November 1904 series 1box 2folder 4
Correspondence, 1917, 1937-1965 series 1box 3folder 1
Correspondence, 1917, 1937-1965 series 1box 3folder 2
Correspondence, 1917, 1937-1965 series 1box 3folder 3
Correspondence, 1917, 1937-1965 series 1box 3folder 4
Correspondence, 1917, 1937-1965 series 1box 3folder 5
Correspondence, 1917, 1937-1965 series 1box 3folder 6
Correspondence, 1917, 1937-1965 series 1box 3folder 7
Correspondence, 1917, 1937-1965 series 1box 3folder 8
Correspondence, 1917, 1937-1965 series 1box 3folder 9

Series 2: Research, 1912-1942 (3.25 linear feet and 15 oversize items)

This series contains the research notebooks of various members of the Department of Botany and their students. Research notes and thesis research by graduate students are also included. Topics include research on gladioli, peat moss, plant diseases, pollination, tomatoes, and tulips. The oversize materials consist of research charts and maps. Arrangement is alphabetical by topic within four large categories: Research Notebooks, Research Notes, Research Reports, and Thesis Research.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Research Notebooks, 1935-1940 and undated series 2box 1folder 1
Research Notebooks, 1935-1940 and undated series 2box 1folder 2
Research Notebooks, 1935-1940 and undated series 2box 1folder 3
Research Notebooks -- Botany, W. P. Snyder, [undated] series 2box 1folder 4
Research Notebooks -- Colloid Chemistry (Applied), Russell Brown, [undated] series 2box 1folder 5
Research Notebooks -- Cultures, [1914-1915] series 2box 1folder 6
Research Notebooks -- Cultures, [1915-1919] series 2box 1folder 7
Research Notebooks -- Embryo Sac Fixations, Anther and Developing Seed [R. Stewart] Fixations, Gladiolus, [1940] series 2box 2folder 1
Research Notebooks -- Colchicine, 1940-1942 series 2box 2folder 2
Research Notebooks -- Gladiolus Fixations, 1931-1934 series 2box 2folder 3
Research Notebooks -- Gladiolus Fixations, 1934-1937 series 2box 2folder 4
Research Notebooks -- Inventories by Years, Tulip Hybrids, 1938-1939 series 2box 2folder 5
Research Notebooks -- Commercial Varieties Species, 1938-1939 series 2box 2folder 6
Research Notebooks -- Fixations, 1941 series 2box 2folder 7
Research Notebooks -- [J. B. S. Norton], [undated] series 2box 2folder 8
Research Notebooks -- Notebook A, [1908, 1912-1913] series 2box 2folder 9
Research Notebooks -- [Notes, J. B. S. Norton], [1909, 1911] series 2box 2folder 10
Research Notebooks -- Notes and Drawings, F. E. Rumig, 1907 series 2box 3folder 1
Research Notebooks -- Notes on Sections of Close and Whilt Fertilizer Variation Plots, J. B. S. Norton, [1911-1914] series 2box 3folder 2
Research Notebooks -- Physiological Chem., Gas Analysis, Russell Brown, [undated] series 2box 3folder 3
Research Notebooks -- Plant Biochemistry, Russell Brown, [undated] series 2box 3folder 4
Research Notebooks -- Plant Diseases [J. B. S. Norton], [1914] series 2box 3folder 5
Research Notebooks -- Pollen Notes, J. B. S. Norton, [undated] series 2box 3folder 6
Research Notebooks -- Pollinations, 1934-1935 series 2box 3folder 7
Research Notebooks -- Pollinations, 1935-1936 series 2box 3folder 8
Research Notebooks -- Pollinations, 1936-1937 series 2box 4folder 1
Research Notebooks -- Pollinations, 1937-1938 series 2box 4folder 2
Research Notebooks -- Pollinations, 1938-1939a series 2box 4folder 3
Research Notebooks -- Pollinations, 1938-1939b series 2box 4folder 4
Research Notebooks -- Pollinations, 1939-1940 series 2box 4folder 5
Research Notebooks -- Pollinations, 1939-1940 series 2box 4folder 6
Research Notebooks -- References on Part I Influences of Chem. On Cell Structure, Part II Influences of Chem. On Variation, J. B. S. Norton, [1907] series 2box 4folder 7
Research Notebooks -- Research Book I, Russell Brown, 1931-1932 series 2box 4folder 8
Research Notebooks -- Researches by C. C. Leaters, 1917-1918 series 2box 4folder 9
Research Notebooks -- Studies on the Apothecial Stage of Sclerontinia Fructicola, J. W. Heuberger, [undated] series 2box 4folder 10
Research Notebooks -- [Tomato, J. B. S. Norton], [1907-1913] series 2box 4folder 11
Research Notebooks -- [Tomato Field], [1917-1918] series 2box 4folder 12
Research Notebooks -- [Tomato Field Plots Experiment], [1915] series 2box 5folder 1
Research Notebooks -- Tomato Generations Record, J. B. S. Norton, [1912-1916] series 2box 5folder 2
Research Notebooks -- Tomato Notes, Part II. Special, J. B. S. Norton, [undated] series 2box 5folder 3
Research Notebooks -- Tulipa Fixations, 1935-1940 series 2box 5folder 4
Research Notebooks -- TULIPA Pollinations, 1935-1939 series 2box 5folder 5
Research Notebooks -- United States Department of Agriculture Plant Disease Survey, [undated] series 2box 5folder 6
Research Notebooks -- Time Book, W. H. White, 1912 series 2box 5folder 7
Research Notebooks -- Walter N. Ezekiel, [1918] series 2box 5folder 8
Research Notes -- Collections, [Scerotinia, Apples, Peaches], J. W. Heuberger, [1932-1933] series 2box 5folder 9
Research Notes -- Comparison of Cultures, [Single Spore Cultures], J. W. Heuberger, [1932-1933] series 2box 5folder 10
Research Notes -- Development of Apothecia, J. W. Heuberger, [1932-1934] series 2box 5folder 11
Research Notes -- Development of Microconidia, J. W. Heuberger, [1932-1934] series 2box 5folder 12
Research Notes -- Experiments on Microconidia, J. W. Heuberger, [1932] series 2box 5folder 13
Research Notes -- Experiments, Stem-End Browning of Potatoes, Downy Mildew of Tobacco, Disease of Pine Roots, J. W. Heuberger Tobacco, Disease of Pine Roots, J. W. Heuberger, [1932] series 2box 6folder 1
Research Notes -- Field Experiments on Loss, J. W. Heuberger, 1931 series 2box 6folder 2
Research Notes -- Germination of Microconidia Conidia, J. W. Heuberger, [1933-1934] series 2box 6folder 3
Research Notes -- [Peat Moss, Dachnowski], [undated] series 2box 6folder 4
Research Notes -- [Photos and Pictures, Dachnowski], [undated] series 2box 6folder 5
Research Notes -- Pictures, Dachnowski, [1930s] series 2box 6folder 6
Research Notes -- Sclerotinia Problem, General References, J. W. Heuberger, [1932] series 2box 6folder 7
Research Notes -- Staining Work on Microconidia and Conidia, J. W. Heuberger, [undated] series 2box 6folder 8
Research Notes -- Tulipa Research, Botanical Description of Species and Varieties (Other Than in Bulb Characters of "Bulb Characters"), M. W. Woods, [1935] series 2box 6folder 9
Research Notes -- Work on Stomata, J. W. Heuberger, [1933] series 2box 6folder 10
Research Reports -- Peat, Irvin C. Feustel and Alfred Dachnowski, [undated] series 2box 6folder 11
Thesis Research -- Classification of Flax Varieties, A. C. Dillman, 1927 series 2box 6folder 12
Thesis Research -- Complete Write-Up of Works on Sclerotinia for Ph.D. Thesis, J. W. Heuberger, [1934] series 2box 6folder 13
Thesis Research -- Development of Symptoms, Tomato Mosaic, J. W. Heuberger, 1929-1932 series 2box 6folder 14
Thesis Research -- [Experiments, J. W. Heuberger], [1929-1931] series 2box 6folder 15
Thesis Research -- Fruit Rotting Sclerotinias. I Dormancy, Walter N. Ezekiel, 1921 series 2box 6folder 16
Thesis Research -- Greenhouse Crop Yields, Tomato Mosaic, J. W. Heuberger, 1931 series 2box 6folder 17
Thesis Research -- Loss from Tomato Mosaic (Field Work), Heuberger and Moyer, [undated] series 2box 6folder 18
Thesis Research -- Original Write-Up of Thesis for Mo So, Tomato Mosaic, J. W. Heuberger, 1931 series 2box 7folder 1
Thesis Research -- Pea Root Rot and Stem Rot, Walter N. Ezekiel, 1920 series 2box 7folder 2
Thesis Research -- Preliminary Report on Ph.D. Thesis, A cytological study of Sclerotinia Fructicola, especially of the microconidia, [1934] series 2box 7folder 3
Thesis Research -- Transpiration Experiments, Tomato Mosaic, J. W. Heuberger, 1931-1932 series 2box 7folder 4

Series 3: Publications, 1910-1976 and undated (0.25 linear feet)

This series contains articles written by J. B. S. Norton dating from 1910 and 1913, concerning the growing of tomatoes and homemade horticultural products, and articles by A. P. Dachnowski-Stokes, Russell Brown, and John Genys. The series also contains lists of publications of the faculty of the department, dating from 1926 to 1970, and news clippings relating to the department and its faculty. Arrangement is alphabetical by title.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
"Exhibiting, Classifying and Judging Homemade Products"[by J. B. S. Norton], [1913] series 3box 1folder 1
"Fruit-Rotting Sclerotinias. I. Apothecia of the Brown Rot Fungus" [by J. B. S. Norton, W. N. Ezekiel, and R. A. Jehle], [1923] series 3box 1folder 2
"Important Types of Peat Land of the United States and their Utilization" [by A. P. Dachnowski-Stokes], [undated] series 3box 1folder 3
"Intraspecific Diversities among Scotch Pines, Pinus sylvestris, of Different Origin Studied in Maryland" [by John B. Genys], [1970] series 3box 1folder 4
"Investigation Work with Tomatoes" [by Prof. J. B. S. Norton], [1913] series 3box 1folder 5
List of Publications, 1926-1944 series 3box 1folder 6
News Clippings, 1945-1964, 1976 and undated series 3box 1folder 7
"Peat Deposits of New York" [by Dachnowski], [1930] series 3box 1folder 8
"Plant Geography [by Russell G. Brown], [1951] series 3box 1folder 9
"Profile Features and Relationships of Peat and Mulch Types in Michigan" [by A. P. Dachnowski-Stokes], [undated] series 3box 1folder 10
"Some Unusual Tomato Variations" [by Prof. J. B. S. Norton], [1910] series 3box 1folder 11

Series 4: Administrative Subject Files, 1940-1973 and undated (0.5 lin.ft. and 4 oversize items)

This series consists of materials relating to the administrative functions of the department, including budget estimates and requests, enrollment information, and academic instruction. Also included are blueprints for greenhouses proposed for construction on campus. The greenhouse blueprints and a taxonomy list comprise the oversize materials. Arrangement is alphabetical by topic.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Agricultural Experiment Station, [1939-1950] series 4box 1folder 1
Botanists (Historical), 1952-1954 and undated series 4box 1folder 2
Botany Dinner Honoring Dr. J. B. S. Norton, April 7, 1942 series 4box 1folder 3
Budget Estimates, 1940-1946 series 4box 1folder 4
Budget Requests, 1963, 1969-1973 series 4box 1folder 5
Cooperative Extension Work -- [Inventory], 1934-1939 series 4box 1folder 6
Cooperative Extension Work -- [Notes], [1935-1936, 1938-1939] series 4box 1folder 7
Department of Botany -- Graduate Assistantships and Fellowships, 1960-1961 series 4box 1folder 8
Department of Botany -- (List of Activities), c. 1957 series 4box 1folder 9
Enrollment, 1963 and undated series 4box 1folder 10
Estimates for Emergency Needs, December 18, 1941 series 4box 1folder 11
[Faculty and Alumni Lists], [1942-1943] series 4box 1folder 12
The Future of the Dept. of Botany, University of Maryland, College Park Campus], [1973] series 4box 1folder 13
Greenhouse Construction, [1946-1949 series 4box 1folder 14
Instructional Load Comparisons, [1956-1957 series 4box 1folder 15
[Local Flora], [undated] series 4box 1folder 16
Memorandum on Work done on Diseases on Ornamental Plants by the University of Maryland, c. 1941 series 4box 1folder 17
[Peat Producing Plants], Cost of Production, [1938-1939] series 4box 1folder 18
[Plant Geography, Reading Lists], [1968-1969] series 4box 1folder 19
Practical Plant Ecology Outline, J. B. S. Norton, 1925 series 4box 1folder 20
A Series of Seminars on Theoretical Biology (list), [undated] series 4box 1folder 21
[Student Lists, World War II], [1943-1944] series 4box 1folder 22
[Syllabi History and Philosophy of Botany, Philosophy of Science], [1946-1967] series 4box 1folder 23
Taxonomy, John Taylor, [undated] series 4box 1folder 24
Taxonomy Lab, [1940s] series 4box 1folder 25
Teaching Load, 1945-1952, 1956-1957 series 4box 1folder 26
Utilization, Soil Management, [undated] series 4box 1folder 27

Series 5: Photographs, c.1900-1980 (6.5 linear feet)

This series contains photographs of faculty members, including C. O. Townsend, J. B. S. Norton, and Ronald Bamford; individual and group photographs, which were used in the Botany Chronicle and other department publications; and students and graduates of the Botany Department. Also included are images of H. J. Patterson Hall during and after construction and various photographs of the College Park campus. Arrangement is alphabetical by topic with scrapbook, negatives, and oversize materials at the end of the series.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Campus, [1940-1975] series 5box 1folder 1
Classroom, [1940-1955] series 5box 1folder 2
Department, [1950-1976] series 5box 1folder 3
Professors, [1906-1976] series 5box 1folder 4
Professors, [1906-1976] series 5box 2folder 1
Research, [1900-1976] series 5box 2folder 2
Research, [1900-1976] series 5box 3folder 1
Students, [1940-1965] series 5box 3folder 2
Scrapbook, [1940-1950] series 5box 4folder 1
Negatives, [1940-1976] series 5box 5folder 1
Oversize Photographs -- Dr. Robert Krauss, [1954] series 5box 5folder 2
Oversize Photographs -- C. O. Townsend Teaching Botany in Morrill Hall, [1900] series 5box 5folder 3
Oversize Photographs -- C. O. Townsend Teaching Botany in Morrill Hall, [1900] series 5box 5folder 4
Slides, [1968-1980] series 5box 5folder 5

Related Material

Related materials can be found within the University Publications collection: UPUB B6 Botany, Dept. of, which includes laboratory manuals, reports, bulletins, a campus walking tour guide, and issues of the Botany Chronicle. Three Botany professors' papers are included in the Historical Manuscripts collection: The Papers of Ronald Bamford, the Papers of J. B. S. Norton, and the Papers of James Reveal.

For other related archival and manuscript collections, please see the following subject guides.

Selected Search Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the University of Maryland Libraries' Catalog. Researchers desiring related materials about these topics, names, or places may search the Catalog using these headings.

Subjects

Names (Added Entries)