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Special Collections
Hornbake Library
University of Maryland
College Park, MD 20742
Tel: 301-405-9212
Fax: 301-314-2709
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Collections by Subject: Maryland Politics and Civic Activities

A Selected List of Holdings in Special Collections, University of Maryland Libraries

For more information about how to access materials in this guide, please visit the Maryland Room web page or fill out an information request.

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this Subject Guide: http://digital.lib.umd.edu/archivesum/rguide/politics.jsp.

Maryland Manuscript Collections

The following groups of manuscripts are located in our Maryland Manuscripts Collection

Papers of Charles Carroll--18th and 19th centuries. Charles Carroll (1737-1832) had a long career in the colonial and early national politics of Maryland and the United States. Carroll was a delegate to Maryland's revolutionary convention (1775), Continental commissioner to Canada in 1776, signer of the Declaration of Independence, and member of the Board of War in 1776 and 1777. He served as a delegate to the Continental Congress (1776-1778), a member of the Maryland Senate (1777-1800), and a United States Senator (1789-1792). In 1828, Carroll helped establish the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. The Maryland Manuscripts Collection contains some of Carroll's correspondence, financial and land records, court cases, biographical information, and reports.

Papers of Philips Lee Goldsborough--20th century. Philips Lee Goldsborough (1865-1946) was a lawyer in Cambridge, Maryland, before he began a political career as the state's attorney for Dorchester County (1892-1898). In 1898 and 1899, he was Maryland's comptroller of the treasury. Goldsborough also served as governor of Maryland from 1912 to 1915. In 1929, Goldsborough became a Republican member of the U. S. Senate. President Franklin D. Roosevelt subsequently appointed Senator Goldsborough as director of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation in 1935. Goldsborough directed the F.D.I.C. until his death in 1946. The Maryland Manuscripts Collection contains letters by Goldsborough.

Papers of William Thomas Hamilton--19th century. William Thomas Hamilton (1820-1888) a Hagerstown, Maryland, lawyer was a member of the Maryland House of Delegates from 1846 to 1848. Between 1849 and 1855, Hamilton was a Democratic member of the House of Representatives. Hamilton later served in the United States Senate (1869-1875) and concluded his political career as governor of Maryland from 1879 to 1883. Two items relating to Hamilton were transferred to the Marylandia and Rare Books Department: Governor Hamilton?s letter : important correspondence upon the responsibilities and pledges of the democratic party, and Pacific railroad / speech of Hon. W.T. Hamilton, of Maryland, delivered in the House of Representatives, January 15, 1855

Papers of Alexander Contee Hanson--19th century. Alexander Contee Hanson (1786-1819) was an Annapolis lawyer who was a member of the Maryland House of Delegates from 1811 to 1815. During these years, he was also publisher and editor of a controversial Federalist newspaper, the Federal Republican. Hanson served as a Federalist member of the U. S. House of Representatives from 1813 to 1816 and the United States Senate from 1816 to 1819. The Maryland Manuscripts Collection contains several of Hanson's land deeds and his instructions to newly appointed justices of the peace.

Papers of John Eager Howard--18th and 19th centuries. John Eager Howard was a member of the Continental Congress (1788), governor of Maryland (1789 to 1791), and state senator (1791-1795). He was a United States Senator from 1796 to 1803 and was President pro tempore of the senate during the Sixth Congress. Howard's political career came to a close in 1816 with an unsuccessful campaign for the vice presidency (1816) as a Whig party candidate. The Maryland Manuscript Collection contains some of Howard's letters, deeds, and land indentures.

Papers of William S. James--20th century. Mr. James served as a member of both the Maryland House of Delegates and the State Senate. He was the first man in modern Maryland politics to be elected to three consecutive terms as president of the Senate. James's papers include materials on legislation, government ethics, the structure and operation of the Maryland legislature, and Spiro T. Agnew's resignation from the governorship.

Papers of Reverdy Johnson--19th century. Reverdy Johnson (1796-1876) served in the Maryland Senate (1821-1829), in the United States Senate as a Whig (1845-1849), and as United States Attorney General (1849-1850). He was also a member of the Maryland House of Delegates (1860-1861) before returning to the United States Senate as a Democrat (1863- 1868). Johnson served as the United States Minister to Great Britain from 1868 to 1869. The Maryland Manuscripts Collection contains some of Johnson's speeches and letters.

Papers of John Leeds Kerr--19th century. John Leeds Kerr (1780-1844) served as the deputy state's attorney for Talbot County from 1806 to 1810. Kerr was also a Whig member of the U. S. House of Representatives from 1825 to 1829. He returned for a third term from 1831 to 1833 and served as the chairman of the Committee on Territories. In 1841, Kerr was appointed to the United States Senate to complete the term of the late John S. Spence. He was chairman of the Committee on Public Buildings and a member of the Committee on Patents and the Patent Office until leaving the Senate in 1843. The Maryland Manuscripts Collection contains several Kerr letters.

Papers of Thomas George Pratt--19th century. Thomas George Pratt (1804-1869) was a member of the Maryland House of Delegates from 1832 to 1835. Pratt was then a state senator from 1838 to 1843 and governor of Maryland from 1845 to 1848. In 1849, Pratt was elected to the United States Senate to complete the term of Reverdy Johnson, who had resigned. Pratt was re-elected to the Senate in 1851, where he served until 1857. The Maryland Manuscripts Collection contains some of Pratt's letters and orders for goods.

Papers of Roger Brooke Taney--19th century. Roger Brooke Taney (1777-1864), a Federalist, began his political career as a member of the Maryland House of Delegates (1799-1800) and served in the state Senate (1816 to 1821). In 1831, Taney was appointed attorney general of the United States by President Andrew Jackson. Taney also served as Jackson's Secretary of the Treasury from 1833 to 1836. Jackson then appointed Taney as the Chief Justice of the United States in 1836, and he remained in that post until 1864. Taney is best known for his role in the Dred Scott decision of 1857, which heightened the sectional tensions that led to the Civil War. The Maryland Manuscripts Collection contains court records, warrants, and letters to and from Taney.