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Charles Lanman papers


Charles Lanman papers
Lanman, Charles
Collection number:
0.50 linear feet
Bulk dates:
Inclusive dates:
Collection Area:
State of Maryland and Historical Collections
Special Collections, University of Maryland Libraries, Hornbake Library, College Park, MD 20742. Tel: 301-405-9212, Fax: 301-314-2709, Email:

Charles Lanman (1819-1895) was the compiler of the Dictionary of the United States Congress (1859). His papers consist of autobiographies assembled between 1823 and 1868 in preparation for that work.

Important Information for Users of the Collection


This collection is open for research.

Preferred citation:

Charles Lanman papers, Special Collections, University of Maryland Libraries.

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Publication rights:

Photocopies of original materials may be provided for a fee and at the discretion of the curator. Please see our Duplication of Materials policy for more information. Queries regarding publication rights and copyright status of materials within this collection should be directed to the appropriate curator.


This collection is PROCESSED.

Historical Note

Charles Lanman (1819-1895) was appointed librarian of the War Department in 1849 and resigned in 1850 to become secretary to Daniel Webster. In 1853 and from 1855-1857 was librarian and head of the Returns Office in the Interior Department. In 1859 he published the Dictionary of the United States Congress, which underwent several revisions. Lanman became librarian of the House of Representatives in 1861 and returned to the Interior Department in 1865

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The Charles Lanman collection covers the period from 1823 to 1868 and consists of biographical sketches of Maryland congressmen collected during the preparation of the Dictionary of the United States Congress. Among the correspondent are: John Archer, Stevenson Archer, Richard Bowie, Ezekiel Chambers, Joseph Cottman, Leonard Covington, John Cresswell, Alexander Evans, John Franklin, Patrick Hamill, Benjamin Harris, James Heath, Reverdy Johnson, William Johnson, John Kerr, John B. Kerr, Jacob Kunkel, Cornelius Leary, Thomas Magruder, John Mason, Jiram McCullough, Robert McLane, George Peter, Charles Phelps, James Ricaud, James Stewart, John Stoddert, Thomas Swann, Francis Thomas, John Thomas, Jr., George Vickers, William Pickney Whyte, John Barney, Benjamin Howard, John Pendleton Kennedy, Peter Little, Alexander Randall, Philip Reed, George Aickman, Watkins Lyon, James Patridge, William Ridgeley, and Richard Stockton.

Custodial History and Acquisition Information

The University of Maryland Libraries purchased the papers of Charles Lanman from Boston-based rare book and manuscript dealer Maury Bromsen in 1977.

Processing Information

Processed by:

Processed by staff of the Archives and Manuscripts Department, 1977

Encoded by:

EAD markup created using EAD database in Microsoft Access. Markup created by Jennie A. Levine, April 2005.

Arrangement of Collection

This collection is divided into two series:

Detailed Description of the Collection

Series 1: Congressional Marylanders, 1823-1868 (39 folders)

Consists of correspondence relating to biographical sketches of Maryland congressmen collected during the preparation of the Dictionary of the United States Congress. Arrangement is alphabetical by last name.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
John Archer, 1741-1810, undated series 1box 1folder 1
Stevenson Archer, 1827-1898, undated series 1box 1folder 2
John Barney, 1785-1857, undated series 1box 1folder 3
Richard Johns Bowie, 1807-1881, undated series 1box 1folder 4
Ezekiel Forman Chambers, 1788-1867, undated series 1box 1folder 5
John Stewart Cottman, 1803-1863, undated series 1box 1folder 6
Leonard Covington, 1786-1813, undated series 1box 1folder 7
John Andrew Creswell, 1828-1891, undated series 1box 1folder 8
Alexander Evans, 1818-1888, undated series 1box 1folder 9
John Rankin Franklin, 1820-1878, undated series 1box 1folder 10
Patrick Hamill, 1817-1895, undated series 1box 1folder 11
Benjamin Gwynn Harris, 1805-1895, undated series 1box 1folder 12
James P. Heath, 1777-1854, undated series 1box 1folder 13
Benjamin Chew Howard, 1791-1872, undated series 1box 1folder 14
Reverdy Johnson, 1796-1875, undated series 1box 1folder 15
William Cost Johnson, 1806-1860, undated series 1box 1folder 16
John Pendleton Kennedy, 1795-1870, undated series 1box 1folder 17
John Bozman Kerr, 1809-1878, undated series 1box 1folder 18
John Leeds Kerr, 1780-1844, undated series 1box 1folder 19
Jacob Michael Kunkle, 1822-1870, undated series 1box 1folder 20
Cornelius Lawrence Leary, 1813-1893, undated series 1box 1folder 21
Peter Little, 1775-1830, undated series 1box 1folder 22
Thomas Magruder, 1768-1819, undated series 1box 1folder 23
John Thompson Mason, 1815-1873, undated series 1box 1folder 24
Jiram McCullough, 1812-1885, undated series 1box 1folder 25
Robert Milligan McLane, 1815-1898, undated series 1box 1folder 26
George Peter, 1779-1861, undated series 1box 1folder 27
Charles Edward Phelps, 1833-1908, undated series 1box 1folder 28
Alexander Randall, 1803-1881, undated series 1box 1folder 29
Philip Reed, 1760-1829, undated series 1box 1folder 30
James Barroll Ricaud, 1808-1866, undated series 1box 1folder 31
James Augustus Stewart, 1808-1879, undated series 1box 1folder 32
John Truman Stoddert, 1790-1870, undated series 1box 1folder 33
Frederick Stone, 1820-1899, undated series 1box 1folder 34
Thomas Swann, 1809-1883, undated series 1box 1folder 35
Francis Thomas, 1799-1876, undated series 1box 1folder 36
John Thomas, 1835-1893, undated series 1box 1folder 37
George Vickers, 1801-1879, undated series 1box 1folder 38
William Pickney Whyte, 1824-1908, undated series 1box 1folder 39

Series 2: Non-Congressional Marylanders, 1829-1868 (5 folders)

Consists of correspondence relating to biographical sketches of Marylanders who were not congressmen, collected during the preparation of the Dictionary of the United States Congress. Arrangement is alphabetical by last name.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
George Aickman, 1868 series 2box 1folder 1
Watkins Lyon, 1858 series 2box 1folder 2
James Partridge, 1858 series 2box 1folder 3
William Ridgeley, 1858 series 2box 1folder 4
Richard Stockton, 1829 series 2box 1folder 5

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