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Willis A. Pomeroy papers


Willis A. Pomeroy papers
Pomeroy, Willis A.
Collection number:
0.25 linear feet
Inclusive dates:
June - September, 1861
Collection Area:
State of Maryland and Historical Collections
Special Collections, University of Maryland Libraries, Hornbake Library, College Park, MD 20742. Tel: 301-405-9212, Fax: 301-314-2709, Email:

Willis A. Pomeroy was a 1st lieutenant with Company C, 1st Regiment, Heavy Artillery of the Connecticut Volunteers. He was stationed at Hagerstown, Downsville, and Williamsport, Maryland, during the early days of the Civil War. This collection consists of Pomeroy's letters to members of his family during his time in Maryland as well as a general order appointing him brigade commissary. In his letters Pomeroy describes the state of his health, his need for money to purchase a horse, and his duties as brigade commissary.

Important Information for Users of the Collection


This collection is open for research.

Preferred citation:

Willis A. Pomeroy papers, Special Collections, University of Maryland Libraries.

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Publication rights:

Photocopies of original materials may be provided for a fee and at the discretion of the curator. Please see our Duplication of Materials policy for more information. Queries regarding publication rights and copyright status of materials within this collection should be directed to the appropriate curator.

Alternate formats:

Digital copies of the letters in this collection are available at in the University of Maryland's Digital Collections.


This collection is PROCESSED.

Historical Note

Little is known of the life of Willis A. Pomeroy preceding the Civil War. He was the son of Chauncey Pomeroy and Eliza (Granger) Pomeroy and was born in Suffield, Connecticut on March 18, 1841. Pomeroy had two brothers, Chauncey and Arthur, and two sisters, Maria and Cornelia. Willis Pomeroy was married to Mary A. Nixon, but they had no children.

Willis Pomeroy enlisted and was mustered in on May 23, 1861 as a 1st lieutenant with "C" Company, 1st Regiment, Heavy Artillery, Connecticut Volunteers. By June his unit had been shipped to Chambersburg, Pennsylvania. Pomeroy was now a lieutenant with the 4th Connecticut Volunteers, which was attached to the 6th Brigade, 2nd Division of the Army of the Potomac. During June 1861 his unit was moved from Chambersburg to outside of Hagerstown, Maryland. On June 26, 1861 Pomeroy was appointed brigade commissary and aide to General Abercrombie with a promotion to the rank of captain. Captain Pomeroy was then responsible for requisitioning all supplies for the brigade, organizing supply trains, and ensuring that the men of the brigade had enough supplies and ammunition for extended marches. Another of Pomeroy's duties was to accompany General Abercrombie whenever he traveled from his headquarters.

During the latter part of June 1861 the brigade moved to Downsville, Maryland, and then on to Williamsport in July to protect the city of Washington against capture by the rebels. From July 1 to July 30 little is known of Pomeroy's fate except that he was under the care of Dr. Skinner sometime during the month and was residing in Harper's Ferry. It is possible that Pomeroy was wounded because on July 2nd, General Abercrombie, commanding the 6th Bridge, engaged the advance forces of Colonel Johnson and a large force of cavalry under Jeb Stuart near Falling Waters, Virginia.

Pomeroy was ill enough, however, to consider resigning his commission. He was on furlough for most of August and September 1861, probably convalescing. When Pomeroy returned to active duty in the latter part of September, he was transferred to the 2nd Brigade of General Banks's division, which was stationed at Camp Lyon in Darnestown, Maryland. This unit was to be moved to a fort outside Washington, D. C., as part of an artillery regiment.

Willis Pomeroy resigned his commission on November 7, 1861. He died August 17, 1867 in Suffield, Connecticut.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The papers of Willis A. Pomeroy span the dates June 1861 to September 1861 and consist of correspondence and military records. There are seven letters written to various members of his family concerning his activities in the Army of the Potomac. Also included is a general order promoting him to bridge commissary with rank of captain.

Custodial History and Acquisition Information

The University of Maryland at College Park Libraries purchased the papers of Willis A. Pomeroy from Charles Apfelbaum in 1990.

Processing Information

Processed by:

Processed by Cynthia Cory, July 1993.

Processing note:

One series was formed from the papers of Willis A. Pomeroy. The materials have been placed in an acid-free folder and box.

Encoded by:

EAD markup created using EAD database in Microsoft Access. Markup completed by Henry Allen, July 2004.

Arrangement of Collection

The collection is organized as 1 (one) series.

Detailed Description of the Collection

Series 1: Correspondence, 1861 (0.25 linear feet)

This series consists of seven letters Pomeroy sent to his sister, brother, father, and mother describing his activities from June 1861 to September 1861 during the Civil War. Also included is a general order appointing Pomeroy brigade commissary. The letters cover such topics as Pomeroy's need to borrow money to purchase a horse, the state of his health, and the activities of his new position as brigade commissary. The materials are arranged chronologically.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Correspondence (Online), 1861 series 1box 1folder 1

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