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Orman E. Street papers


Orman E. Street papers
Street, Orman E.
Collection number:
0.25 linear feet
Bulk dates:
Inclusive dates:
Collection Area:
University of Maryland
Special Collections, University of Maryland Libraries, Hornbake Library, College Park, MD 20742. Tel: 301-405-9212, Fax: 301-314-2709, Email:

Orman Street was a professor of agronomy at the University of Maryland from 1949 to 1969. Professor Street taught courses in tobacco production, tobacco anatomy, and tobacco chemistry and received numerous awards and honors for his work in this field. His papers include publications, biographical material, photographs, and reports and administrative records of the Agronomy Department. Subjects include the history of the Agronomy Department, tobacco, tobacco curing, and information on the Maryland Tobacco Extension Station in Upper Marlboro.

Important Information for Users of the Collection


This collection is open for research.

Preferred citation:

Orman E. Street papers, Special Collections, University of Maryland Libraries.

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Publication rights:

Photocopies of original materials may be provided for a fee and at the discretion of the curator. Please see our Duplication of Materials policy for more information. Queries regarding publication rights and copyright status of materials within this collection should be directed to the appropriate curator.


This collection is PROCESSED.

Historical Note

Orman Elery Street was born January 5, 1903, in Revillo, South Dakota. He graduated from South Dakota State University in 1924 with a Bachelor of Science degree in soils and chemistry and completed his Master of Science degree at Michigan State University in 1927. He received a Ph.D. from Michigan State University in botany, physics, and physical chemistry in 1933.

From 1929 to 1939, he worked as a plant physiologist with the Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station in Windsor, Connecticut. In 1939, he moved on to a position with the U. S. Department of Agriculture Tobacco Field Laboratory at Lancaster, Pennsylvania, where he conducted tobacco-related agronomic research on seed beds, fertilizer response, diseases, breeding, curing, and fermentation. In addition to those responsibilities, he began teaching agronomy as an associate professor at Pennsylvania State College in 1945.

In 1949, Street left Lancaster to accept a position as an associate professor in the University of Maryland's Department of Agronomy. He conducted research at the University's Tobacco Experiment Station in Upper Marlboro and taught courses in tobacco production. He was largely responsible for the development of that program and its later success. During his time as director of the University's Tobacco Experiment Station, the number of researchers tripled and the station's research results encouraged southern Maryland tobacco farmers to adopt such practices as seedbed sterilization, irrigation, and improved fertilization. Street was also the author of more than 100 scientific publications and received the Research Award of the Cigar Manufacturers of America in 1963 and the Maryland Crop Improvement Association's Distinguished Agronomist Award in 1973.

Street retired in 1969 but remained with the University as an acting climatologist from 1973 to the late 1970s. During his retirement, he also worked as a consultant on tobacco production with the Chun Cheng Foundation in Taiwan from 1969 to 1970. He died on October 26, 1988, in Adelphi, Maryland at the age of 85. He and his wife, Mary Fayette Kent, who died in 1947, had three daughters: Priscilla S. Tucker, Martha S. Eller, and Margaret S. (Emmy) Lear.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The Papers of Orman E. Street cover the period from 1928 to ca. 1981. The collection documents Street's work in the Department of Agronomy and the department's work with the Agricultural Experiment Station, including a history of the University of Maryland's Tobacco Experiment Station in Upper Marlboro, Maryland. It also documents crop projects, including sugar, corn, grass, wheat, oats, barley, hay, and annual legumes.

Custodial History and Acquisition Information

Orman E. Street donated his papers to the University of Maryland Libraries on September 25, 1981.

Processing Information

Processed by:

Processed by Jordan Patty, November 2004.

Processing note:

The materials were placed in acid-free folders, and metal fasteners were removed and replaced with plastic paper clips and acid-free paper.

Encoded by:

EAD markup created using EAD database in Microsoft Access. Markup completed by Jordan Patty, January 2005.

Arrangement of Collection

The Papers of Orman E. Street consist of three series:

Detailed Description of the Collection

Series 1: Teaching and Publishing, 1931-[ca. 1981] (11 items)

This series consists of materials related to the teaching and publishing work of Orman E. Street. There are two compilations of his publications, one from 1960 and another possibly from 1981. Both give the date of his first publication as 1926. Three of his articles from the early 1930s on tobacco farming are also included. The research data included in the series provide a detailed account of Street's projects in the 1960s and 1970s. The series also contains a list of his thesis advisees from 1952 to 1969.

Arrangement is alphabetical by type of material and then chronological.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Correspondence, 1979 series 1box 1folder 1
Curriculum Vitae, 1968 series 1box 1folder 2
Graduate Theses Major Advisorship, [1969?] series 1box 1folder 3
Publications, 1931-[1981?] series 1box 1folder 4
Research Data, 1975-1977 series 1box 1folder 5

Series 2: Department of Agronomy, 1928-[ca. 1952] (14 items)

Series II consists mainly of materials related to the Department of Agronomy's work with the Agricultural Experiment Station. Crop projects discussed include sugar and regular corn, grass, wheat, oats, barley, hay, and annual legumes. Detailed yield percentages are provided for barley (1948-1952), winter oats (1945-1952), and spring oats (1950-1952). Also discussed is the location and amount of land available for experiments. In addition this series contains reports from other faculty members in the agronomy department including W. B. Kemp, Lewis E. Erdman, O. C. Bruce, Geary Eppley, and W. B. Posey. There is also a history of the Upper Marlboro, Maryland, Tobacco Experiment Station from 1940.

Arrangement is alphabetical by type of material and then chronological.

DescriptionSeriesBox / ReelFolder / Frame
Crop Project Information, [1920s]-[circa 1952] series 2box 1folder 6
Reports, 1928-1941 series 2box 1folder 7

Series 3: Photograph, 1978 (1 item)

This series consists of one black and white photograph of Orman E. Street observing meteorology equipment. This photograph was transferred to the photograph collection.

The box inventory for this series is not currently available online. Please refer to the series description above for a broad description of the materials or contact the department for more information.

Related Material

The Archives and Manuscripts Department holds many materials related to the Papers of Orman E. Street.

University publications that deal directly with agronomy at the University of Maryland appear in The Department of Agronomy (A40) and The Agronomist (C51) and include departmental reports and newsletters. Other related publications contain more general information about agricultural research at the University, such as materials on the Agricultural Experiment Station (A33) and the College of Agriculture (A37). Street was involved with two of the Agricultural Experiment Station publications: Irrigation Studies with Maryland Tobacco (A33.064) and Precipitation, Temperature and Growing Degree Days in Maryland and Delaware during 1979 (A33.091).

The University of Maryland also holds several University record groups that focus on similar topics. Records of the Maryland Agricultural Experiment Station cover the activities at the station in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and Records of the College of Agriculture contain information on the college in the twentieth century.

In addition, the Archive and Manuscripts Department holds the Papers of Jacob Elry Metzger, who was head of the Agronomy Department from 1917 to 1939. These papers consist of Metzger's speeches and writings. The Papers of Geary F. Eppley, a professor in the agronomy department, who wrote a report contained in the Street Papers, are also located in the Archives and Manuscripts Department.

For other related archival and manuscript collections, please see the following subject guides.

Selected Search Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the University of Maryland Libraries' Catalog. Researchers desiring related materials about these topics, names, or places may search the Catalog using these headings.