Hugo Keesing collection of popular music sheet music
The Hugo Keesing collection on popular music sheet music consists of sheet music, sheet music books, and other publications dedicated to sheet music from the twentieth century. The materials were collected by Hugo Keesing, a popular culture scholar and former professor of American Studies at the University of Maryland, and by Dr. Keesing's brother, Wouter Keesing. This collection contains sheet music published throughout the entire twentieth century, including music from the Tin Pan Alley era, as well as sheet music published after the rise of recorded sound and rock 'n' roll. The bulk of the materials date from 1920 - 1940 and from 1970 - 2000.
Important Information for Users of the Collection
The collection is open for research use.
Hugo Keesing collection of popular music sheet music, Special Collections, University of Maryland Libraries.Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1903.1/33492
There are no restricted files in this collection.
This collection is PROCESSED.
Experiments with recording technology at the end of the nineteenth century, as well as an increase in the dissemination of music via the radio in the mid-twentieth century, made it easy for Americans to listen to music by their favorite artists. Before this boom of recording technology, live performance was the only medium through which Americans could listen to music. Sheet music was crucial in sustaining the music industry, as it allowed people to recreate performances of popular music in their homes.
By the beginning of the twentieth century, music publishing was concentrated in New York City in what was referred to as Tin Pan Alley. The creation of popular music became more commercialized as composers and lyricists developed formulas that sped the composition process and ensured the popularity of a new piece. Sheet music from this era was typically arranged for voice and piano - an instrument found in most middle class homes - and often included tablature for popular instruments of the time, such as the ukulele and banjo. Though early popular music was rarely written for a specific performer, publishing companies worked with vaudeville performers and other artists to promote their music, and these artists are often featured on the covers of the sheet music.
By the mid-twentieth century, radio and recorded sound replaced the piano as a source of home entertainment and eventually, records replaced sheet music as the music industry's main commodity. However, even with the rise of rock 'n' roll in the 1950s and the continued emphasis on recorded sound, publications of sheet music were still available for purchase, as a supplement to recordings. Like the sheet music of earlier years, sheet music from the second half of the twentieth century was generally arranged for voice and piano, with tablature for guitarists, making it accessible for amateur musicians.
Hugo Keesing, the primary collector of the sheet music in this collection, is a popular culture scholar and a former professor of American Studies at the University of Maryland, College Park. He is particularly known for his expertise on popular music and the Vietnam War. Keesing was born in the Netherlands in 1943 and moved to the United States when he was seven years old. An avid collector, Keesing's interest in popular music began when he started collecting records in the mid-1950s. In 1996, Keesing began a partnership with Special Collections in Performing Arts at the University of Maryland, eventually donating large portions of his popular music and culture collections to the University, as well as collections amassed by his brother, Wouter Keesing.
Scope and Contents of the Collection
The Hugo Keesing collection on popular music sheet music is one of several collections of materials amassed by Dr. Keesing. This collection consists of nearly 5,000 pieces of sheet music, sheet music books, and publications such as magazines containing mostly sheet music or lyrics. The majority of the music represented in this collection was published and gained popularity during the twentieth century. Though many of Keesing's collections focus on rock 'n' roll music of the 1950s and popular music of the succeeding decades, the materials in this collection span the entire twentieth century, with a large portion coming from the Tin Pan Alley era, when sheet music was the major commercial enterprise of the music industry. While the majority of this collection consists of publications from the United States, there are also several publications from England and the Netherlands.
Custodial History and Acquisition Information
Gift of Hugo Keesing received in shipments beginning in June 2008. Accruals of materials remains ongoing (as of November 2015). A portion of Keesing's collection, such as sheet music from the 1950s-1960s and sheet music related to World War II, the Vietnam War, and the Gulf Wars, has not yet been acquired.
Processed by Mary Crauderueff, Amanda Weeks, and Roslyn Brandes
Originally processed by Mary Crauderueff in September 2008 and later by Amanda Weeks in July 2011. Ongoing inventory, added value processing, and finding aid by Roslyn Brandes in Fall 2015. The inventory describes materials at an item level. The information includes the following information for each piece: title, associated performers, composer(s), lyricist(s), arranger(s)/editor(s), copyright dates (earliest and latest when applicable), place of publication, publishing company, and instrumentation. Original order and folder labels, as provided by Keesing, have been maintained during processing.
EAD markup created using EAD database in Microsoft Access. Markup completed by John Davis, November 2015
Arrangement of Collection
This collection is organized into one series:
Detailed Description of the Collection
Series 1: Sheet Music, 1883-2005 (14 linear feet)
This collection is arranged in a single series. The order and folder labels from this collection were created by Keesing prior to donation and consequently transcribed verbatim during archival processing. The sheet music is arranged chronologically, by release/chart date, and then alphabetically. Boxes 1 through 3 contain popular music from before the rise of rock 'n' roll in the 1950s, from the golden years of Tin Pan Alley, dating predominately from the first half of the twentieth century. In Boxes 4 through 27, songs are organized by year. Box 28 contains twenty-two sheet music books. Note that there are also several sheet music books in Boxes 1 through 3. The dates collected during processing are the copyright dates on the music, which does not necessarily coincide with a song's popular history (a song may have been re-published several years after it was first popular, for example). When multiple copyright dates were listed on a piece, both the earliest and latest dates were collected, which is represented in the dates given below.
|Description||Series||Box / Reel||Folder / Frame|
|A - 37 pieces, 1910 - 1945||series 1||box 1||folder 1|
|AM -> - 32 pieces, 1919 - 1946||series 1||box 1||folder 2|
|B - 41 pieces, 1943 and undated||series 1||box 1||folder 3|
|BLUE -> -- 34 pieces, 1909 - 1942 and undated||series 1||box 1||folder 4|
|C - 35 pieces, 1920 - 1952 and undated||series 1||box 1||folder 5|
|CL - 21 pieces, 1911 - 1943 and various||series 1||box 1||folder 6|
|D - 51 pieces, 1910 - 1968||series 1||box 1||folder 7|
|E - 20 pieces, 1911 - 1955||series 1||box 1||folder 8|
|F - 29 pieces, 1924 - 1964||series 1||box 1||folder 9|
|G - 43 pieces, 1898 - 1960||series 1||box 1||folder 10|
|H - 61 pieces, 1908 - 1996 and undated||series 1||box 1||folder 11|
|I - I'LL - 32 pieces, 1922 - 1938||series 1||box 1||folder 12|
|I MA -> -- 40 pieces, 1922 - 1939||series 1||box 1||folder 13|
|I'M -> -- 52 pieces, 1918 - 1950||series 1||box 1||folder 14|
|IN -> -- 48 pieces, 1919 - 1962 and undated||series 1||box 1||folder 15|
|J - 24 pieces, 1920 - 1972 and undated||series 1||box 1||folder 16|
|K - 6 pieces, 1914 - 1938||series 1||box 1||folder 17|
|L - 40 pieces, 1910 - 1944||series 1||box 2||folder 1|
|LI -> -- 71 pieces, 1900 - 1964 and undated||series 1||box 2||folder 2|
|M - 41 pieces, 1920 - 1974||series 1||box 2||folder 3|
|MOON -> -- 51 pieces, 1908 - 1945 and undated||series 1||box 2||folder 4|
|N - 23 pieces, 1915 - 1942||series 1||box 2||folder 5|
|O - 23 pieces, 1918 - 1939||series 1||box 2||folder 6|
|ON -> -- 35 pieces, 1907 - 1967||series 1||box 2||folder 7|
|P - 36 pieces, 1911 - 1992||series 1||box 2||folder 8|
|Q - 1 piece, 1935||series 1||box 2||folder 9|
|R - 34 pieces, 1918 - 1999 and undated||series 1||box 2||folder 10|
|[S] - 32 pieces, 1905 - 1955 and undated||series 1||box 2||folder 11|
|SL - 51 pieces, 1904 - 1981||series 1||box 2||folder 12|
|SP - 51 pieces, 1897 - 1991 and undated||series 1||box 2||folder 13|
|T - 61 pieces, 1883 - 1945 and undated||series 1||box 3||folder 1|
|THI -> -- 53 pieces, 1918 - 1992 and undated||series 1||box 3||folder 2|
|U - 10 pieces, 1929 - 1939 and undated||series 1||box 3||folder 3|
|V - 9 pieces, 1900 - 1942||series 1||box 3||folder 4|
|[W] - 43 pieces, 1896 - 1944||series 1||box 3||folder 5|
|WHEN -> -- 47 pieces, 1912 - 1964 and undated||series 1||box 3||folder 6|
|[WHO ->] - 44 pieces, 1909 - 1952||series 1||box 3||folder 7|
|[Y] - 57 pieces, 1899 - 1992||series 1||box 3||folder 8|
|[Z] - 1 piece, 1929||series 1||box 3||folder 9|
|[originally un-foldered material] - 19 pieces, 1912 - 1953 and undated||series 1||box 3||folder 10|
|1970 - 191 pieces, 1933 - 1973||series 1||box 4||folder 1|
|1971 - 110 pieces, 1927 - 1973||series 1||box 4||folder 2|
| - 59 pieces, 1938 - 1971 and undated||series 1||box 5||folder 1|
|1972 - 176 pieces, 1949 - 1974 and undated||series 1||box 5||folder 2|
|1973 - 39 pieces||series 1||box 5||folder 3|
| - 110 pieces||series 1||box 6||folder 1|
|1974 - 157 pieces||series 1||box 6||folder 2|
|1975 - 169 pieces||series 1||box 7||folder 1|
|1976 - 106 pieces||series 1||box 7||folder 2|
| - 56 pieces||series 1||box 8||folder 1|
|1977 - 158 pieces||series 1||box 8||folder 2|
|1978 - 59 pieces||series 1||box 8||folder 3|
| - 84 pieces||series 1||box 9||folder 1|
|1979 - 166 pieces||series 1||box 9||folder 2|
|1980 - 127 pieces||series 1||box 10||folder 1|
|1981 - 129 pieces||series 1||box 10||folder 2|
| - 33 pieces||series 1||box 11||folder 1|
|1982 - 204 pieces||series 1||box 11||folder 2|
|1983 - 72 pieces||series 1||box 12||folder 1|
|1984 A - E - 33 pieces||series 1||box 12||folder 2|
|1984 F - K - 37 pieces||series 1||box 12||folder 3|
|1984 L - P - 36 pieces||series 1||box 12||folder 4|
|1984 R - Z - 46 pieces||series 1||box 13||folder 1|
|1985 A - D - 33 pieces||series 1||box 13||folder 2|
|1985 E - K - 26 pieces||series 1||box 13||folder 3|
|1985 L - R - 42 pieces||series 1||box 13||folder 4|
|1985 S - Z - 42 pieces||series 1||box 13||folder 5|
|1986 A - E - 25 pieces||series 1||box 14||folder 1|
|1986 F - K - 28 pieces||series 1||box 14||folder 2|
|1986 L - R - 25 pieces||series 1||box 14||folder 3|
|1986 S - T - 26 pieces||series 1||box 14||folder 4|
|1986 V - Z - 21 pieces||series 1||box 14||folder 5|
|1987 A - D - 34 pieces||series 1||box 14||folder 6|
|1987 F - K - 34 pieces||series 1||box 14||folder 7|
|1987 L - N - 27 pieces||series 1||box 15||folder 1|
|1987 O - T - 28 pieces||series 1||box 15||folder 2|
|1987 U - Z - 16 pieces||series 1||box 15||folder 3|
|1988 - 156 pieces||series 1||box 16||folder 1|
|1989 - 77 pieces||series 1||box 16||folder 2|
| - 85 pieces||series 1||box 17||folder 1|
|1990s - 35 pieces||series 1||box 18||folder 1|
|1990s - 53 pieces||series 1||box 18||folder 2|
|1990s - 22 pieces||series 1||box 18||folder 3|
|1990s - 30 pieces||series 1||box 18||folder 4|
|1990s - 47 pieces||series 1||box 18||folder 5|
|1990s - 50 pieces||series 1||box 19||folder 1|
|1990s - 54 pieces||series 1||box 19||folder 2|
|1990s - 35 pieces||series 1||box 19||folder 3|
|1990s - 11 pieces||series 1||box 19||folder 4|
|1990s - 8 pieces||series 1||box 19||folder 5|
|1990s - 29 pieces||series 1||box 19||folder 6|
|1990s - 30 pieces||series 1||box 19||folder 7|
|1990s - 21 pieces||series 1||box 20||folder 1|
|1990s - 33 pieces||series 1||box 20||folder 2|
|1990s - 30 pieces||series 1||box 20||folder 3|
|1990s - 20 pieces||series 1||box 20||folder 4|
|1990s - 1 piece||series 1||box 20||folder 5|
|1990s - 24 pieces||series 1||box 20||folder 6|
|1990s - 34 pieces||series 1||box 20||folder 7|
|1990s - 49 pieces||series 1||box 21||folder 1|
|1990s - 35 pieces||series 1||box 21||folder 2|
|1990s - 45 pieces||series 1||box 21||folder 3|
|1990s - 33 pieces||series 1||box 21||folder 4|
|A - C(ome Undone), 1990s - 196 pieces||series 1||box 22||folder 1|
|C(ome with Us) - F(orgive Us), 1990s - 198 pieces||series 1||box 23||folder 1|
|F(orrest Gump) - I, 1990s - 217 pieces||series 1||box 24||folder 1|
|I('ve Got a Date) - J(oynde), 1990s - 192 pieces||series 1||box 25||folder 1|
|J - M, 1990s - 192 pieces||series 1||box 26||folder 1|
|1990s - 66 pieces||series 1||box 27||folder 1|
|Sheet Music Book: The Beach Boys: Song Hits Folio Number 2. Piano/Vocal, 1965||series 1||box 28||folder 1|
|Sheet Music Book: Berlin's Best Song Folio Volume 1. Piano/Vocal, 1964||series 1||box 28||folder 2|
|Sheet Music Book: The Best of Hollywood. Easy Guitar/Easy Piano, 1966||series 1||box 28||folder 3|
|Sheet Music Book: Chubby Checker's Twist Folio. Piano/Vocal, 1962||series 1||box 28||folder 4|
|Sheet Music Book: Great Themes: Hit Songs From The Stage, Motion Pictures and T.V. Piano/Vocal, 1963||series 1||box 28||folder 5|
|Sheet Music Book: The Guitar World Of The Dave Clark Five. Guitar/Vocal, 1965||series 1||box 28||folder 6|
|Sheet Music Book: Hoosier Hop. Piano/Vocal, 1946||series 1||box 28||folder 7|
|Sheet Music Book: Jimi Hendrix- pictures and easy guitar/easy piano, 1975||series 1||box 28||folder 8|
|Sheet Music Book: John Denver: Back Home Again. Piano/Vocal, 1974||series 1||box 28||folder 9|
|Sheet Music Book: John Denver's Greatest Hits. Easy Guitar (solos and/or accompaniment), 1976||series 1||box 28||folder 10|
|Sheet Music Book: The Kingston Trio: 48 Folk Song Favorites. Guitar/Vocal, 1962||series 1||box 28||folder 11|
|Sheet Music Book: Mary Travers: Mary. Guitar/Piano/Vocal, 1971||series 1||box 28||folder 12|
|Sheet Music Book: The Paul Simon Song Book: The Best of Simon and Garfunkel. Piano/Vocal, 1966||series 1||box 28||folder 13|
|Sheet Music Book: Picking with a Teen-Age Beat, 1961||series 1||box 28||folder 14|
|Sheet Music Book: Solos from the Stars. Trumpet/Piano, 1952||series 1||box 28||folder 15|
|Sheet Music Book: Song Hits Of The Fabulous Fifties. Pictures and lyrics, 1973||series 1||box 28||folder 16|
|Sheet Music Book: Songs Jimmy Wakely Sings. Guitar/Piano/Vocal, 1949||series 1||box 28||folder 17|
|Sheet Music Book: The Songs of Don McLean. Piano/Vocal, 1972||series 1||box 28||folder 18|
|Sheet Music Book: Starland Vocal Band. Piano/Vocal, 1976||series 1||box 28||folder 19|
|Sheet Music Book: Travis Tritt, 1992||series 1||box 28||folder 20|
|Sheet Music Book: Westward Ho The Wagons! Piano/Vocal, 1956||series 1||box 28||folder 21|
|Sheet Music Book: Young Pops For Piano. Easy Piano/Vocal, 1954||series 1||box 28||folder 22|
|[Oversized] Removed from Box #3 - 32 pieces, 1901 - 1971 and undated||series 1||box 29||folder 1|
To access cataloged Keesing Collection books:
Most books from the Keesing Collection have been cataloged and are available for use at Special Collections in Performing Arts. To view the available titles, visit the Libraries' catalog. Using the "type of search" drop-down menu, select "call number" and type "MKEESING" into the word search box. This brings up a multi-page, browse-able list of Keesing Collection books.
Other archival collections:
The Hugo Keesing Collection, 1971-1981. Available for use at Hornbake Library.
The Hugo Keesing Collection on The Beatles, 1963-2000. Available for use at Special Collections in Performing Arts.
The Hugo Keesing Collection on Elvis Presley, 1974-1997. Available for use at Special Collections in Performing Arts.
The Wouter Keesing Collection on Fats Domino, 1952-2000. Available for use at Special Collections in Performing Arts.
The Hugo Keesing Collection on Roy Orbison, 1961-1995. Available for use at Special Collections in Performing Arts.
Available at the Michelle Smith Performing Arts Library:
Keesing, Hugo A. Next Stop is Vietnam: The War on Record. Bear Family Records, 2010. 13-CD boxed set and accompany 304-page book. Paged Collections, MCD 12460
Keesing, Hugo A. Incomplete Bibliography of Pop/Rock Music: Key Word Version. Reference, ML128.R6 K43 1989
Keesing, Hugo A. "Semper Fi": An Annotated Index of World War II Era Songs about the United States Marine Corps. 1997. Paged Collections, ML128.W2 K43 1997
Keesing, Hugo A. Victory Girls: An Incomplete, Annotated Index of World War II Sheet Music Depicting Women in Non-Military Work. 1997. Reference, ML128.W2 K44 1997
Keesing, Hugo A. "Youth in Transition: A Content Analysis of Two Decades of Popular Music." 1972. Lowens Special Collections Room, ML3477 .K44 1972
For other related archival and manuscript collections, please see the following subject guides.
Selected Search Terms
This collection is indexed under the following headings in the University of Maryland Libraries' Catalog. Researchers desiring related materials about these topics, names, or places may search the Catalog using these headings.
- Popular music.
- Rock music.
- Sheet music.
- Songs -- United States -- History -- Sources.
- Songs with piano.