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Journeyman House Carpenters' Association of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Banner, 1835

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Summary:Journeyman House Carpenters' Association of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Banner. Front depicts journeymen and apprentice carpenters at work. An apprentice is tapping a mechanic on the shoulder and pointing to a neighboring steeple clock that shows the time to be six o'clock. In the foreground is inscribed: "Six to Six." Just as the carpenters of later decades fought for the eight-hour day, the generation of the 1830s had battled for the ten-hour workday with two hours allowed for meals. Forced to work thirteen or more hours during summer, the "Six to Six" motto was the protest of carpenters and workers in many other trades against a sunup to sundown work day in the summer and a piece work system during the short daylight hours of the winter months. Painted underneath is a ribbon that reads "JOURNEYMAN HOUSE CARPENTERS ASSOCIATION INSTITd. JUNE, 1835. The reverse side of the banner shows a female figure who represents Columbia, a symbol of the United States, and who holds in her hands the nation's flag. She is flanked by three Native Americans, a male and two females, to whom she is pointing out the motto of the House Carpenters' Association: "UNION AND INTELLIGENCE - THE PATH TO INDEPENDENCE." When the University of Maryland received the banner in 1994, this side was not visible because the banner was encased in a frame.
Creator:Van Schoick, J. A.
Provider:United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America
Place of origin – Continent:North America
Place of origin – Country:United States of America
Place of origin – Region:Pennsylvania
Place of origin – Settlement:Philadelphia
Temporal subject: 1831-1840
Geographical subject – Continent:North America
Geographical subject – Country:United States
Geographical subject – Region:Pennsylvania
Geographical subject – Settlement:Philadelphia
Topical subjects:Art
Carpenters' unions
ArchivesUM location:United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America archives
  • series 15
  • subseries 2
  • box 1
  • folder 13
  • accession 1995-94
Repository:Historical Manuscripts
Browse terms:Economics, Business, Commerce, Labor
Collection:Labor in America Collection
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