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Ashby, Wallace L. Fossils of Calvert Cliffs. Solomons, MD: Calvert Marine Museum Press, 1979.
Bernstein, L. R. Minerals of the Washington, D.C. area. Baltimore: Maryland Geological Survey, 1980.
Force, Peter. Tracts and Other Papers Relating Principally to the Origin, Settlement, and Progress of the Colonies in North America: From the Discovery of the Country to the Year 1776. Washington, DC: Peter Force, 1836.
Annotation / Notes: At least Volumes I, and IV contain material relevant to Chesapeake Environment. Force performed a valuable service codifying and publishing these in the early nineteenth century, before some of the sources were lost. Volume IV contains Colony founder Father Andrew White's "Relation" of Maryland to Lord Baltimore, and his "Narrative of a Voyage to Virginia". In the relation of events of 1642 the text records what is plausibly, the first and only lethal shark attack in Chesapeake history. p. 37 in Force's Vol. IV.
Glaser, John D. Collecting Fossils in Maryland. Baltimore: State of Maryland, Dept. of Natural Resources, Maryland Geological Survey, 1995.
Hariot, Thomas. Narrative of the first English plantation of Virginia. 1588; reprint London: N.p., 1893).
Hulton, Paul. America, 1585: The Complete Drawings of John White. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1984.
Annotation / Notes: These are the first "pictures" of this region, accurately depicting marine, terrestrial and avian species, and both Native Americans and sundry of their crafts. They are widely applicable to the nearby Chesapeake Indians and some drawings may directly depict Bay life because John White explored there during his stay.
Kent, Bretton W. Fossil Sharks of the Chesapeake Bay Region. Columbia, MD: Egan, Rees and Boyer, Inc., 1994.
Annotation / Notes: An excellent manual and discussion about Maryland's most popular fossil, the shark's tooth.
Kent, Bretton W. Making Dead Oysters Talk. 1988; rev. ed. Crownsville, MD: Maryland Historical Trust, Historic St. Mary's City Commission and Jefferson Patterson Park and Museum, 1992.
Annotation / Notes: Kent's analyses of oysters from archaeological sites, tell a cautionary tale of overharvest which went unheeded for three centuries.
Kiger, Robert W., Galvin D. R. Bridson, and Donna M. Connelly, eds. Huntia. Vol 7. Pittsburgh: Carnegie Institute of Technology. Hunt Institute for Botanical Documentation, 1987.
Annotation / Notes: In this volume contributors James Reveal, George Frick, Melvin Brown and Rose Broome lay out a remarkable history of Maryland (and the Chesapeake's) earliest botanists, their personal stories, their observations and collections, which are still preserved at the British Museum in London. This is technical material, but salted in are the remarkable human stories and insights into a Chesapeake different from today.
Mackiernan, Gail B., ed. Dissolved Oxygen in Chesapeake Bay: Processes and Effects. Centreville, MD: Tidewater Publishers, 1988.
Annotation / Notes: The summer loss of dissolved oxygen in deep waters of the Bay is one indicator of the estuary's serious environmental problems. Any student of the Bay should understand this phenomenon.
Middleton, Arthur Pierce. Tobacco Coast. 1953; reprint, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994.
Annotation / Notes: Middleton, subsequently a retired Episcopal Canon, for years directed work at Colonial Williamsburg. This defining volume on Chesapeake Maritime History contains valuable environmental references coupled to the region's colonial economy.
Poag, C. Wylie. Chesapeake Invader: Discovering America's Giant Meteorite Crater. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1999.
Annotation / Notes: Poag's recent book discusses the massive bolide impact which set up the geology beneath Chesapeake Bay. While the impact was centered beneath what is today the Virginia Eastern Shore, parts of the bolide struck in Maryland as well, and affected the entire drainage system.
Smith, David E., Merrill Leffler, and Gail Mackiernan, eds. Oxygen Dynamics in Chesapeake Bay: A Synthesis of Recent Research. Centreville, MD: Tidewater Publishers, 1992.
Annotation / Notes: A follow-on to Mackiernan, 1988.
Smith, John. The General Historie of Virginia, New England and the Summer Isles. 1624; reprint, Ann Arbor: University Microfilms, 1966.
Annotation / Notes: Facsimile, also reissued by World Publishing, Cleveland, OH. This volume is as close to reading the original as most of us will get. John Smith was the first environmental observer of Bay and watershed, and his insights are sobering when one contemplates the changes we have wrought.
Vokes, Harold E. Miocene Fossils of Maryland. 1957; reprint, Baltimore: Maryland Geological Survey, 1968.
Ward, Lauck W., and David S. Powars. Tertiary Stratigraphy and Paleontology, Chesapeake Bay Region, Virginia and Maryland. Washington, DC: 28th International Geological Congress, American Geophysical Union, 1989.
Annotation / Notes: A thorough discussion of how layers of this region's fossils lie in our exposed cliffs. Not a popularly written text, but this is how to find and identify many of the region's marvelous fossils.