Force, Peter.Tracts and Other Papers Relating Principally to the Origin, Settlement, and Progress of the Colonies in North America: From the Discovery of the Country to the Year 1776. Washington, DC: Peter Force, 1836.
Annotation / Notes: At least Volumes I, and IV contain material relevant to Chesapeake Environment. Force performed a valuable service codifying and publishing these in the early nineteenth century, before some of the sources were lost. Volume IV contains Colony founder Father Andrew White's "Relation" of Maryland to Lord Baltimore, and his "Narrative of a Voyage to Virginia". In the relation of events of 1642 the text records what is plausibly, the first and only lethal shark attack in Chesapeake history. p. 37 in Force's Vol. IV.
Hulton, Paul.America, 1585: The Complete Drawings of John White. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1984.
Annotation / Notes: These are the first "pictures" of this region, accurately depicting marine, terrestrial and avian species, and both Native Americans and sundry of their crafts. They are widely applicable to the nearby Chesapeake Indians and some drawings may directly depict Bay life because John White explored there during his stay.
Kiger, Robert W., Galvin D. R. Bridson, and Donna M. Connelly, eds.Huntia. Vol 7. Pittsburgh: Carnegie Institute of Technology. Hunt Institute for Botanical Documentation, 1987.
Annotation / Notes: In this volume contributors James Reveal, George Frick, Melvin Brown and Rose Broome lay out a remarkable history of Maryland (and the Chesapeake's) earliest botanists, their personal stories, their observations and collections, which are still preserved at the British Museum in London. This is technical material, but salted in are the remarkable human stories and insights into a Chesapeake different from today.
Mackiernan, Gail B., ed.Dissolved Oxygen in Chesapeake Bay: Processes and Effects. Centreville, MD: Tidewater Publishers, 1988.
Annotation / Notes: The summer loss of dissolved oxygen in deep waters of the Bay is one indicator of the estuary's serious environmental problems. Any student of the Bay should understand this phenomenon.
Middleton, Arthur Pierce.Tobacco Coast. 1953; reprint, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994.
Annotation / Notes: Middleton, subsequently a retired Episcopal Canon, for years directed work at Colonial Williamsburg. This defining volume on Chesapeake Maritime History contains valuable environmental references coupled to the region's colonial economy.
Poag, C. Wylie.Chesapeake Invader: Discovering America's Giant Meteorite Crater. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1999.
Annotation / Notes: Poag's recent book discusses the massive bolide impact which set up the geology beneath Chesapeake Bay. While the impact was centered beneath what is today the Virginia Eastern Shore, parts of the bolide struck in Maryland as well, and affected the entire drainage system.
Smith, John.The General Historie of Virginia, New England and the Summer Isles. 1624; reprint, Ann Arbor: University Microfilms, 1966.
Annotation / Notes: Facsimile, also reissued by World Publishing, Cleveland, OH. This volume is as close to reading the original as most of us will get. John Smith was the first environmental observer of Bay and watershed, and his insights are sobering when one contemplates the changes we have wrought.
Ward, Lauck W., and David S. Powars.Tertiary Stratigraphy and Paleontology, Chesapeake Bay Region, Virginia and Maryland. Washington, DC: 28th International Geological Congress, American Geophysical Union, 1989.
Annotation / Notes: A thorough discussion of how layers of this region's fossils lie in our exposed cliffs. Not a popularly written text, but this is how to find and identify many of the region's marvelous fossils.
Briand, Christopher H. and Michael E. Folkoff. "Integrating Multiple Sources to Reconstruct the Pre- and Early Postcolonial Forests of the Chesapeake: 1588-1838." Human Ecology, 47 (February 2019): 27-38.
Digital Collections include a portion of the digital objects currently available from the holdings of the University of Maryland Libraries. Digital objects include the digital files of original photographs, correspondence, literary manuscripts, digital audio and video, and other formats.
A small portion of our unique collections have been digitized and many more materials can be accessed by visiting our Libraries.
Librarians are available to help you at any point in your research project. We can be reached by phone, email or in person.
University of Maryland Libraries
College Park, MD 20742
Digital Collections is a project of Digital Programs & Initiatives. Contact Us