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Walsh, Lorena S. "Land, Landlord, and Leaseholder: Estate Management and Tenant Fortunes in Southern Maryland, 1642-1820." Agricultural History 59 (July 1985): 373-396.
Annotation / Notes: Based on the astonishing records of a Jesuit-owned estate in Charles County that lasted for 175 years, Walsh examined 233 tenants, and the effect of their short term vs. long term leases on resource waste or conservation. The story explains how owners used leasing as a means for plantation development and as an alternative to slave labor.
Fields, Barbara Jeanne. Slavery and Freedom on the Middle Ground: Maryland during the Nineteenth Century. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1985.
Annotation / Notes: The author explores how free populations in Maryland - both black and white - challenged the notion of a slave society. The free black population, very much interconnected with the slave population in terms of kinship ties, also provided a threat to the underpinnings of the system. Once freedom arrived, social relationships also had to be redefined. The author writes that "free blacks did not occupy a unique or legitimate place within Maryland society, but instead formed an anomalous adjunct to the slave population" (3). By 1840, free blacks in Maryland composed 41% of the total black population of the state, or the largest free black population of any state in the nation.
Heinegg, Paul. Free African Americans of Maryland and Delaware: From the Colonial Period to 1810. Baltimore: Clearfield, 2000.
Johansen, Mary Carroll. "'Intelligence, Though Overlooked:' Education for Black Women in the Upper South, 1800-1840." Maryland Historical Magazine 93 (Winter 1998): 443-65.
Annotation / Notes: Black and white educators established forty-six schools for free black children in the early nineteenth century. These educators supported education for black women believing that women transmitted knowledge and morals, thus shaping a generation of virtuous citizens. In addition, educators looked to education as a means by which to form self-sufficient and industrious free black communities.
Nelson, Jack E. "Black Pearl of the Chesapeake." Chesapeake Bay Magazine 23 (November 1993): 24-27.
Tate, Thad W. "The Seventeenth-Century Chesapeake and Its Modern Historians." In The Chesapeake in the Seventeeth Century: Essays on Anglo-American Society. Thad W. Tate and David L. Ammerman eds., 3-50. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1979.
Yentsch, Anne. "Hot, Nourishing, and Culturally Potent: The Transfer of West African Cooking Traditions to the Chesapeake." Sage 9 (Summer 1995): 15-29.
Chesser, Helen Brown. "St. George Island Memories." Chronicles of St. Mary's 40 (Spring 1992): 98-104.
Annotation / Notes: The memories of a woman who grew up on the Island during the early decades of the twentieth century.
Earle, Swepson. The Chesapeake Bay Country. Baltimore: Thomsen-Ellis Company, 1923.
Annotation / Notes: Divided into three regions -- southeastern Maryland, Upper Bay, and the Eastern Shore, this work includes a history for each, written by five noted authors, followed by a description of the counties in each, along with places of interest and the people of these places. The histories of the areas places special emphasis on major houses and genealogy of the owners. It is nicely illustrated with contemporary photographs, which nearly 80 years later serve as historic images. There are four pages of interesting photos of African Americans.
Wennersten, John R. Maryland's Eastern Shore: A Journey in Time and Place. Centreville, MD: Tidewater Publishers, 1992.
Annotation / Notes: Wennersten's goal is to make the reader understand the distinct society that is the eastern shore through discussion of the area's agricultural life, its race relations, and maritime society. Brief histories are given of some communities and mention made of some influential people.
Capper, John, Garrett Power, and Frank Shivers. Chesapeake Waters: Pollution, Public Health and Public Opinion, 1602-1972. Centreville, MD: Tidewater Publishers, 1983.
Chappell, Helen. "Shorewomen." Chesapeake Bay Magazine 23 (December 1993): 30-34.
Banning, Lance. "Faction and Party in the New Republic: Continuity in the Chesapeake, 1781-1800." Reviews in American History 7 (1979): 499-503.
Brown, Kathleen M. Good Wives, Nasty Wenches, and Anxious Patriarchs:Gender, Race, and Power in Colonial Virginia. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press for the Institute of Early American History and Culture, 1996.
Engerman, Stanley L. "Introduction to Special Issue on Colonial Slavery." Southern Studies 16 (1977): 347-354.
Leone, Mark P., and Gladys-Marie Fry. "Conjuring in the Big House Kitchen: an Interpretation of African American Belief Systems Based on the Uses of Archaeology and Folklore Sources." Journal of American Folklore 112 (no. 445, 1999):372-403.
Morgan, Philip D. Slave Counterpoint: Black Culture in the Eighteenth-Century Chesapeake and Lowcountry. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press for the Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture, 1998.
Rutman, Anita H. "Still Planting the Seeds of Hope: the Recent Literature of the Early Chesapeake Region." Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 95 (1987): 3-24.
Stevenson, Brenda E. Life in Black and White: Family and Community in the Slave South. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.
Warner, Mark Steven. Food and the Negotiation of African-American Identities in Annapolis, Maryland and the Chesapeake. Ph.D. diss., University of Virginia, 1998.
Allen, Gloria Seaman. Threads of Bondage: Chesapeake Slave Womenand Plantation Cloth Production, 1750-1850. Ph.D. diss., George Washington University, 2000.
Condon, Sean. "'The Peculiar Circumstances of Their Unhappy Birthand Colour': Bennett Darnall's Children in the Early National Chesapeake." Maryland Historical Magazine, 96 (Fall2001): 348-56.
Marks, Carole C., ed. A History of African Americans of Delaware and Maryland's Eastern Shore. Wilmington, DE: Delaware Heritage Commission, 1998.
Du Bois, Christine Madeleine. Race, Ethnicity, and Mass Media: Identities and Concerns about Reputation among Chesapeake-area West Indians. Ph.D. diss., Johns Hopkins University, 2000.
Walsh, Lorena S. "The Transatlantic Slave Trade and Colonial Chesapeake Slavery." Magazine of History, 27 (no. 3, 2003): 11-15.