Annotation / Notes: Following the restoration of proprietary government from royal control, which required their renunciation of Catholicism, this is a study of government under Charles Calvert (1715-51) and his son Frederick (1751-71), respectively the Fifth and Sixth Lord Baltimore. Neither considered the colony as more than a source of revenue and regularly appointed members of their family to run the colony with mixed results. Colonial politics quickly divided into proprietary and country party factions, often over the fexatious issue of tobacco inspection laws and later whether Maryland should be governed according the English statutes or only those recognized by the Proprietor, and the lower house of the legislature became the focal point of political friction. Unlike its neighbors, legislative recruitment was more open to the non-elite, so that lawyers and merchants emerged as political leaders. By mid-century, as the product of disputes between the lower house and the Proprietor over taxes and the costs of defending the colony, factions coalesced into identifiable parties. Among the more prominent leaders were Thomas Bordley and Daniel Dulany, who emerged during the dispute over English statutes, and later Charles Carroll.