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Anderson, George M., S. J. "Growing Sugar Cane in Montgomery County: A Mid-Nineteenth-Century Experiment by James W. Anderson." Maryland Historical Magazine 79 (Summer 1984): 134-41.
Anderson, George M. "The Montgomery County Agricultural Society: The Beginning Years, 1846-1850." Maryland Historical Magazine 81 (Winter 1986): 305-15.
Bidwell, Percy W., and John I. Falconer. History of Agriculture in the Northern United States, 1620-1860. Washington, DC: Carnegie Institution, 1925.
Annotation / Notes: Mentions Maryland only regarding farming in 1840 and peach orchards, but is useful since so many Pennsylvania Germans settled in Frederick County.
Craven, Avery O. Soil Exhaustion as a Factor in the Agricultural History of Virginia and Maryland, 1606-1860. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1925.
Daniels, Christine. "'Getting his [or her] Livelyhood:' Free Workers in a Slave Anglo-America, 1675-1810." Agricultural History 71 (Spring 1997): 125-61.
Annotation / Notes: Compared to slaves and servants, free, white laborers, like Nathaniel Dunnahoe in Kent County, in 1716, have been overlooked. However, Daniels found evidence of both the work they did wheat threshing, shingle and plank making, providing firewood, washing, knitting, and midwifery, among other things and the wages they earned. "Free male and female laborers in the slave Chesapeake found work at tasks either unrelated or only indirectly related to the plantation staple." (p. 157). Economic niches, apparently, existed early on.
Gray, Lewis C. History of Agriculture in the Southern United States to 1860. 2 vols. Washington, DC: Carnegie Institution, 1933.
Annotation / Notes: From barley to wool, Gray's great work is unsurpassed in its detail about farming from Maryland's founding to the Civil War.
McCauley, Donald. The Limits of Change in the Tobacco South: An Economic and Social Analysis of Prince George's County, Maryland, 1840-1860. M.A. thesis, University of Maryland, 1973.
McCauley, Donald. "The Urban Impact on Agricultural Land Use: Farm Patterns in Prince George's County, Maryland 1860-1880." Law, Society, and Politics in Early Maryland. Edited by Aubrey C. Land, Lois Green Carr, and Edward C. Papenfuse, 228-47. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1977.
Middleton, Authur Pierce. Tobacco Coast: A Maritime History of the Chesapeake Bay in the Colonial Era. Newport News, VA: Mariners Museum, 1953.
Wiser, Vivian. "Improving Maryland's Agriculture, 1840-1860." Maryland Historical Magazine 64 (1969): 105-132.
Wiser, Vivian. The Movement for Agricultural Improvement in Maryland, 1785-1865. Ph.D. diss., University of Maryland, 1963.
Cameron, Roldah N. "Levi Oldham Cameron: Cecil County Builder & Politician." Bulletin of the Historical Society of Cecil County 67 (April 1994): 4-5.
Helm, Ruth. 'For Credit, Honor, and Profit': Three Generations of the Peale Family in America. Ph.D. diss., University of Colorado, Boulder, 1991.
Levin, Alexandra Lee. "Inventive, Imaginative, and Incorrigible: The Winans Family and the Building of the First Russian Railroad." Maryland Historical Magazine 84 (1989): 50-56.
Schlesinger, Carl, ed. The Biography of Ottmar Mergenthaler. New Castle, DE: Oak Knoll Books, 1989.
White, Roger. "The Jones Family of Odenton: A Railroading Tradition." Anne Arundel County History Notes 22 (January 1991): 1, 10-13, 16.
Bradford, S. Sydney. "The Negro Ironworker in Ante Bellum Virginia." Journal of Southern History 25 (1959): 194-206.
Calderhead, William. "How Extensive Was the Border State Slave Trade? A New Look." Civil War History 18 (1972): 42-55.
Calderhead, William. "The Role of the Professional Slave Trader in a Slave Economy: Austin Woolfolk, A Case Study." Civil War History 23 (September 1977): 195-211.
Callcott, Margaret Law. "Inventory of a Maryland Slave Cabin." Riversdale Letter 12 (Spring 1995): 2-4.
Diggs, Louis S. Since the Beginning: African American Communities in Towson. Baltimore: Uptown Press, 2000.
Annotation / Notes: East Towson, Sandy Bottom, Lutherville, Schwartz Avenue.
Eltis, David. The Rise of African Slavery in the Americas. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
Farquhar, Roger Brooke, III. "Slavery Ebbed Early in Sandy Spring." Legacy 17 (Winter 1997): 1, 7.
Farrar, Hayward. "The Baltimore Afro-American's Crusade Against Racism in Employment, 1892-1950." Maryland Humanities (Winter 1998): 6.
Fields, Barbara Jeanne. Slavery and Freedom on the Middle Ground: Maryland during the Nineteenth Century. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1985.
Annotation / Notes: The author explores how free populations in Maryland - both black and white - challenged the notion of a slave society. The free black population, very much interconnected with the slave population in terms of kinship ties, also provided a threat to the underpinnings of the system. Once freedom arrived, social relationships also had to be redefined. The author writes that "free blacks did not occupy a unique or legitimate place within Maryland society, but instead formed an anomalous adjunct to the slave population" (3). By 1840, free blacks in Maryland composed 41% of the total black population of the state, or the largest free black population of any state in the nation.