Birch, Alison Wyrley. "The Lady Was a General." Maryland 12 (Autumn 1979): 7-11.
Annotation / Notes: Anna Ella Carroll (1815-1893) was the daughter of a governor of Maryland whose own political career was an exception to the secondary role of most 19th century women in national affairs. In the 1850s and 1860s, Carroll wrote political tracts and advised political leaders in the Know Nothing and Republican parties. She also contributed to Union military strategy during the Civil War, corresponding with Abraham Lincoln and others in Washington.
Clarkson, Paul S., and R. Samuel Jett.Luther Martin of Maryland. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1970.
Annotation / Notes: The life of Luther Martin (1748-1826) reminds us that not all patriots of the revolutionary generation were on the winning side of each issue. Martin was a talented lawyer elected to the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia. During the deliberations, he found that he could not support the concept of a strong central government as crafted by his fellow delegates. He was a leader in Maryland's unsuccessful anti-federalist opposition to ratification. Later, Martin was noteworthy as one of Aaron Burr's chief defenders during the former Vice President's treason trial.
Crowder, Ralph Leroy. John Edward Bruce and the Value of Knowing the Past: Politician, Journalist, and Self-Trained Historian of the African Diaspora, 1856-1924. Ph.D. diss., University of Kansas, 1994.
Delaplaine, Edward S.Life of Thomas Johnson. New York: F.H. Hitchcock, 1927.
Annotation / Notes: Thomas Johnson (1732-1819) is another of Maryland's nearly forgotten revolutionary leaders. Maryland's first Governor after the expulsion of its proprietary government, Johnson guided the state through a turbulent time when the revolutionary cause seemed all but lost. After the Revolution, Johnson refused all high state and federal offices, concentrating on developing the state's western lands. This classic biography was written by a respected Frederick County jurist and local historian.
Eddis, William.Letters from America. Edited by Aubrey C. Land. Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1969.
Annotation / Notes: William Eddis (1738-1825) was an official in Maryland on the eve of the Revolution. His letters provide a first hand account of his impressions as the British colonies lurched toward severing their ties with the home country. Eddis was in a position to observe events at the highest levels of government and his letters have been an important primary source for scholars. General readers will find this relatively short book an interesting means for understanding the ambivalent feelings many Marylanders felt in the years preceding the final break with England.
Everest, Allan S., ed.The Journal of Charles Carroll of Carrollton as one of the Congressional Commissioners to Canada in 1776. Fort Ticonderoga, NY: Champlain-Upper Hudson Bicentennial Committee, 1976.
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