Crowder, Ralph Leroy. John Edward Bruce and the Value of Knowing the Past: Politician, Journalist, and Self-Trained Historian of the African Diaspora, 1856-1924. Ph.D. diss., University of Kansas, 1994.
Keith, Caroline H."For Hell and a Brown Mule:" The Biography of Senator Millard E. Tydings. Lanham, MD: Madison Books, 1991.
Annotation / Notes: Millard Tydings (1890-1961) was a member of both the U.S. House of Representatives and Senate. A Democrat, he nevertheless clashed with Franklin Roosevelt on several occasions. His career mirrors some of the ambivalence felt by Marylanders in the first half of the 20th century as the challenges of economic depression and world war transformed the state and its conservative, southward-leaning mentality. Reflecting Maryland's distaste for extremism, Tydings was notable for his opposition to Joseph McCarthy's communist witch hunts.
Smith, C. Fraser.William Donald Schaefer: A Political Biography. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999.
Annotation / Notes: William Donald Schaefer's long and controversial career in Maryland politics is explored in this biography by Baltimore Sun columnist, C. Fraser Smith. As Mayor, Schaefer presided over an era of change in Baltimore when that city's economic and social dynamism was in turmoil. The successes and continuing problems in Baltimore today still bear the Schaefer imprint. His high profile style of administration continued during two terms as Maryland's Governor where he was less successful in putting his personal stamp on state government.
Watson, Denton L.Lion in the Lobby: Clarence Mitchell, Jr.'s Struggle for the Passage of Civil Rights Laws. New York: Morrow, 1990.
Annotation / Notes: Chief lobbyist for the NAACP during the crucial decades of landmark Civil Rights legislation, Clarence Mitchell (1911-1984) was often called the "101st Senator." His wife, Juanita Jackson Mitchell, and mother-in-law, Lillie May Carroll Jackson, were leaders in the state and national NAACP. The story of his life parallels the history of the Civil Rights movement in the 20th century.
Williams, Juan.Thurgood Marshall: American Revolutionary. New York: Times Books, 1998.
Annotation / Notes: Thurgood Marshall was the first African American to serve on the U.S. Supreme Court. His rise from a modest upbringing in Baltimore is chronicled in this biography by journalist Juan Williams. Marshall's 1954 victory as the lead attorney in Brown v. Board of Education established his standing as a champion in the Civil Rights movement. Early in his career as a lawyer for the NAACP, Marshall argued the case that led to the desegregation of the University of Maryland.
Witcover, Jules.White Knight: The Rise of Spiro Agnew. New York: Random House, 1972.
Annotation / Notes: Spiro Agnew rose from Baltimore County Executive to Governor of Maryland to Vice President under Richard Nixon. Although he did not complete his term as Governor, Agnew was instrumental in reforming and reorganizing the state government. He got the attention of the national Republican Party for his firm response to the racial and political unrest of the 1960s. As Vice President, Agnew gained acclaim and notoriety for speeches that attacked the administration's opponents. Ultimately, a criminal indictment for activities that occurred in his Baltimore County days led to his resignation as Vice President.
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