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Wharton, James. The Bounty of the Chesapeake. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1953.
Annotation / Notes: Wharton's little book is one of the most accessible assemblages of references to Bay resources in the seventeenth and eighteenth century.
Winterbotham, William. An Historical, Geographical, Commercial and Philosophical view of the America, and of the European settlements in America and the West-Indies. 1795; reprint, New York: Tiebout and O'Brien, 1796.
Annotation / Notes: An unusual contemporary view of the U.S. as an infant nation, especially of Maryland, Virginia, Pennsylvania, the City of Washington. Discusses natural wonders, weather, plants, and makes recommendations to "European settlers".
Garrigus, Carl E., Jr. "The Reading Habits of Maryland's Planter Gentry, 1718-1747." Maryland Historical Magazine 92 (Spring 1997): 36-53.
Annotation / Notes: Studies of reading habits have enjoyed a renaissance in recent years, and this article builds on pioneering research in the 1930s of Joseph Towne Wheeler in analyzing the contents of colonial Maryland bookshelves. The change in reading preferences that occurred in the later eighteenth century brought much greater diversity to personal libraries that formerly were dominated by devotional, legal and classical titles. There also is evidence that reading before 1750 was more intensive, that is, readers tended to return to the same text or passage for repeated readings. This, coupled with the expense of purchasing and importing books, helps explain the relative paucity of published works owned by the literate elite in colonial Maryland.
Cooper, Stephen, et. al. Maryland's Record Heritage: Assessing Needs and Opportunities. Annapolis, MD: Maryland Historical Records Advisory Board, 1991.
Dance, Betsy. "Delmarva's Keepers of the Past." Mid-Atlantic Country 12 (July 1991): 53-54, 60-66.
Berkeley, Henry J. "Extinct River Towns of the Chesapeake Region." Maryland Historical Magazine 19 (1924): 125-34.
Mason, Keith. "Localism, Evangelicalism, and Loyalism: The Sources of Oppression in the Revolutionary Chesapeake." Journal of Southern History 56 (February 1990): 23-54.
Ackerman, Eric G. "Economic Means Index: A Measure of Social Status in the Chesapeake, 1690-1815." Historical Archaeology 25 (1991): 26-36.
Brugger, Robert J. Maryland: A Middle Temperament, 1634-1980. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988.
Annotation / Notes: Brugger's comprehensive social and cultural history of Maryland is the fruit of the decision by the Maryland Historical Society to commission a new state history in observance of Maryland's 350th anniversary. Brugger takes as his central theme that Maryland's distinction historically was that it represented a middle way-between North and State, slave and free, traditional and modern, rural/suburban/urban. The book considers the interaction of major political, social, and cultural developments. It includes a valuable bibliographical essay; a chronology of events; sets of maps, tables, and figures; and extensive illustrations.
Burnard, Trevor. "A Tangled Cousinry? Associational Networks of the Maryland Elite, 1691-1776." Journal of Southern History 61 (February 1995): 17-44.
Annotation / Notes: Burnard examines evidence regarding the status of wealthy merchants and planters of eighteenth-century Maryland Chesapeake society, including wills, marriage records, and loans, to determine whether "inward-looking and restrictive" or "outward-looking and expansive" orientations applied to the group. He acknowledges that the evidence reveals close patterns of kinship, traditionally typical of rural areas, but concludes that the Maryland gentry of the era transcended family ties, constructing relationships with a relatively wide social group, and therefore should be characterized as "outward-looking, expansive, and inclusive."
Carr, Lois Green. "Emigration and the Standard of Living: The Seventeenth Century Chesapeake." Journal of Economic History 52 (June 1992): 271-91.
Annotation / Notes: Carr contends that the experience of moving from England to the Chesapeake region of America in the seventeenth century was not simply a change of homeland, but a drastic change in lifestyle. She evaluates such factors as marriage, birth rates, life expectancy, diet, housing, working conditions and social freedoms for the English who chose to emigrate to America in that first century. Carr argues that, with the exception of diet, the standard of living may have been higher had the colonists remained in England, but in terms of economic independence and some degree of political participation, their prospects in the New World were superior.
Carr, Lois Green, Phillip D. Morgan, and Jean B. Russo, eds. Colonial Chesapeake Society. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1988.
Carr, Lois Green, and Lorena S. Walsh. "The Standard of Living in the Colonial Chesapeake." William and Mary Quarterly 45 (January 1988): 135-59.
Annotation / Notes: Carr and Walsh make detailed use of probate records from seventeenth and eighteenth century Maryland to argue that the period in Chesapeake area history represented a shift from an early emphasis upon material necessities to an improved standard of living marked by "gentility." The authors contend that this change reached across class lines and helped to fuel, rather than check, the productive economy of the colony. The article includes extensive tables and graphs of evidence regarding consumer items for several Maryland and Virginia counties.
D'Agostino, Mary Ellin. Household Stuffe: Material Culture and Identity in the Seventeenth-Century Anglo-Colonial World. Ph.D. diss., University of California, Berkeley, 1998.
Davis, Lynn. "Peopling the Peninsula." Heartland of Del-Mar-Va 12 (Sunshine 1989): 26-30.
Davis, P. Susan. "The Land of Pleasant Living." Maryland 16 (Summer 1984): 6-11.
Dent, Richard J. "Social Change and 18th Century Tidewater Maryland: Reflections in the Archaeological Record of Annapolis." Maryland Archeology 26 (March and September 1990): 54-68.
Eberhardt, Lynne A. "Passion and Propriety: Tidewater Marriages in the Colonial Chesapeake." Maryland Historical Magazine 93 (Fall 1998): 324-47.
Eden, Trudy Ann. 'Makes Like, Makes Unlike': Food, Health, and Identity in the Early Chesapeake. Ph.D. diss., Johns Hopkins University, 1999.
Ellis, Carolyn. Fisher Folk: Two Communities on the Chesapeake Bay. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 1986.
Annotation / Notes: A sociological case study of two traditional water-economy Chesapeake Bay communities, one in tidewater Virginia and the other on the islands of Maryland, both assigned pseudonyms in social science convention. Ellis contends that these isolated settlements retain distinctive elements of traditional culture, even as they increasingly are drawn into contact with and impacted by outside forces. Based on extensive field research conducted in the 1970s and early 1980s, this study examines family and kin, work, social organization, the role of religion, and mechanisms of social control. Ellis concludes with consideration of the prospects for the future in terms of preservation or change for traditional Chesapeake area communities.
Ernst, Joseph A., and H. Roy. Merrens. "'Camden's Turrets Pierce the Skies!': the Urban Process in the Southern Colonies During the Eighteenth Century." William and Mary Quarterly 30 (1973): 549-574.
Annotation / Notes: The authors advance the case that the conventional view that Southern colonies were devoid of urbanization derives from a confusion of form and function, as well as size and significance. The article presents case studies of Camden, South Carolina, and Cross Creek, North Carolina, as well as examples from Virginia and Maryland, to demonstrate that towns often played an important urban function in the economy of the Southern colonies, though their examples are hardly convincing in contradicting the prevailing interpretation.
Estes, Natalie Schilling. The Linguistic and Socio-linguistic Status of /AY/ in Outer Banks English. Ph.D. diss., University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1996.