51-75 of 138 results
Fausz, J. Frederick. "Present at the 'Creation': The Chesapeake World that Greeted the Maryland Colonists." Maryland Historical Magazine 79 (Spring 1984): 7-20.
Annotation / Notes: Fausz examines relations between Europeans (especially the English of Maryland and Virginia) and Native Americans of the Chesapeake region in the decade immediately preceding the settlement of the Maryland colony at St. Mary's in 1634. He argues that the interaction between Englishmen and Native Americans provided the basis for tobacco cultivation and the beaver fur trade. Both paved the way for successful adaption of the early English settlers to new American conditions.
Fausz, J. Frederick. "'The Seventeenth-Century Experience: An Introduction." Maryland Historical Magazine 79 (Spring 1984); 3-6.
Annotation / Notes: Fausz's introduction to a special issue of the Maryland Historical Magazine on the occasion of the 350th anniversary of the founding of the Maryland colony notes that there has been a renaissance in seventeenth-century Chesapeake studies, notable for the range of topics about early colonial life being investigated. The unique quality of seventeenth-century experience consisted in the ambivalence created by heritage and ties to the homeland culture of England, yet the significant adaptation required to New World conditions. The introduction sets the stage for articles by Lois Green Carr on political developments, John D. Kruger on religion, and Russell R. Menard on social and economic trends.
Geiser, Karl Frederick. Indentured Servants in the Colony and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Ph.D. diss., Yale University, 1900.
Gibb, James G., and Julia A. King. "Gender, Activity Areas, and Homelots in the 17th-Century Chesapeake Region." Historical Archaeology 25 (1991): 109-131.
Annotation / Notes: Using archaeological records and spatial analysis from three Southern Maryland tobacco plantation sites, the authors provide an ethnographic look at life for seventeenth-century Maryland colonists in terms of gender and class roles. The article provides a brief overview of the economics of the Chesapeake region, the structure of living arrangements, and the gendered nature of tasks. The evidence suggests how gendered and class-based activities contributed to both household production and accrued wealth. The authors conclude that comparisons between the three sites provide the basis for understanding how household wealth was a direct corollary of the ability to secure a large work force and to develop a high degree of specialization.
Horn, James. Adapting to a New World: English Society in the Seventeenth-Century Chesapeake. Chapel Hill: Published for the Institute of Early American History and Culture, Williamsburg, Virginia, by the University of North Carolina Press, 1994.
Annotation / Notes: Horn examines Chesapeake society in the period 1607 to 1690 to determine the degree to which English attitudes and values persisted in the adaptation to New World conditions. He provides a comparison of the English societies from which the settlers had come (Gloucestershire and Kent as representative regions of England) to those they established in the Chesapeake region (Lower Norfolk and Lancaster Counties in Virginia serve as case studies, supplemented by considerable evidence drawn from St. Mary's County, Maryland) in terms of family, work, standard of living, social order, and religion. Horn concludes that "Maryland and Virginia society is incomprehensible without an awareness of English social development in the seventeenth century" (p. 437).
Horton, Tom. An Island Out of Time: A Memoir of Smith Island in the Chesapeake. New York, W. W. Norton and Company, 1996.
Annotation / Notes: Horton's title suggests his principal themes in examining Smith Island life: that the islands represent a distinctive way of life rooted in another time whose preservation into the future may literally be running out of time. An environmental columnist for the Baltimore Sun who lived on Smith Island in the late 1980s as an environmental educator with the Chesapeake Bay Foundation, Horton examines the water-related economy, traditionally based on oystering and crabbing, and the unique way of life that evolved in the relative isolation of the island communities. His book profiles the personalities of Smith Island, the work of men and women, the pervasive role of religion in island life, and social, economic, and environmental changes threatening the island's future.
Karinen, Arthur. "Maryland Population: 1631-1730: Numerical and Distributional Aspects." Maryland Historical Magazine 54 (December, 1959): 365-407.
Annotation / Notes: Karinen calculates the population size and growth for the Maryland colony and individual counties for the period 1631-1730, based primarily upon the use of tax records. The article includes graphs, tables, and maps.
Karinen, Arthur. "Numerical and Distributional Aspects of Maryland Population, 1631-1840: Part II: Distributional Characteristics, 1631-1730." Maryland Historical Magazine 60 (June, 1965): 139-159.
Annotation / Notes: Karinen uses early land patents and parish records to trace the settlement pattern in Maryland from 1640 through 1730, compiling the data onto maps for 1670 and 1700. He observes that waterways were important for early settlement patterns, that large manors and small farms were interspersed, and that towns were generally absent. Initial habitation centered in the St. Mary's and Kent Island areas on the Eastern Shore and in the Patuxent River and Severn River areas on the western shore. They subsequently expanded around the Chesapeake Bay and along rivers which penetrated both shores, while the Piedmont was slow to develop until the 1730s.
Kulikoff, Allan. "The Colonial Chesapeake: Seedbed of Antebellum Southern Culture?" Journal of Southern History 45 (November 1979): 513-40.
Lewis, John. Tales of the Eastern Shore. Wilmington, DE: Cedar Tree Books, 1997.
McAllen, Bill. "Celebrating Settlers, Sailors, and Southern Maryland." Maryland 20 (Summer 1988): 42-45.
Martin, Sandra Olivetti. "Chesapeake Windsurfing." Maryland 23 (Summer 1991): 48-49.
Menard, Russell R. "Population, Economy, and Society in Seventeenth-Century Maryland." Maryland Historical Magazine 79 (Spring 1984): 71- 92.
Annotation / Notes: Menard examines some of the complex social and economic patterns underlying the rapid population growth of Maryland during the seventeenth century despite strong in-migration, high mortality, a shortage of females, and later marriage which often produced unstable family life. Tobacco exports rose dramatically, but the economy eventually suffered from over-dependence on a single crop. Though the colony was established with aristocratic goals, immigrants and their offspring initially created a social and economic pattern in which small planters predominated. However, by the century's end a new gentry class clearly had emerged in an order characterized by greater dependence on slave labor, a decline of indentured servitude, and heightened degrees of inequality.
Miller, Henry Michael. Colonization and Subsistence Change on the 17th Century Chesapeake Frontier. Ph.D. diss., Michigan State University, 1984.
Mills, Eric. Chesapeake Rumrunners of the Roaring Twenties. Centreville, MD: Tidewater Publishers, 2000.
Mowbray, William W. Powerboat Racing on the Chesapeake. Centreville, MD: Tidewater Publishers, 1995.
Olmert, Michael. "Saving the Chesapeake's Legendary Lore." Historic Preservation 35 (Jan/Feb 1983): 28-37.
Roth, Hal. You Still Can't Get to Puckum: More Folks and Tales from Delmarva. Vienna, MD: Nanticoke Books, 2000.
Shackel, Paul A. "Modern Discipline: Its Historical Context in the Colonial Chesapeake." Historical Archaeology 26 (no. 3, 1992): 73-84.
Annotation / Notes: Shackel analyzes dining ware listed in probate records for Annapolis in the eighteenth century to suggest that during times of economic uncertainty the elite purchased products to differentiate itself from the lower classes, while during stable times there was less distinction. The article provides a brief socioeconomic history of the city at the time before presenting an analysis of the development of meaning systems, values, and etiquette attached to dining items. The author makes the case that this kind of examination provides a basis for understanding "the symbolic uses of material culture."
Smith, Daniel Blake. "Autonomy and Affection: Parents and Children in Eighteenth-Century Chesapeake Families." Psychohistory Review 6 (Fall-Winter 1977-1978): 32-51.
Smith, Daniel Blake. Inside the Great House: Planter Family Life in Eighteenth-Century Chesapeake Society. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1980.
Struna, Nancy L. "The Formalizing of Sport and the Formation of an Elite: The Chesapeake Gentry, 1650-1720s." Journal of Sport History 13 (Winter 1986): 212-34.
Walsh, Lorena S. "Feeding Eighteenth-Century Tidewater Town Folk, or, Whence the Beef?" Agricultural History 73 (Summer 1999): 267-80.
Walsh, Lorena S. "The Historian as Census Taker: Individual Reconstitution and the Reconstruction of Censuses for a Colonial Chesapeake County." William and Mary Quarterly 3rd series, 38 (April 1981): 242-60.
Annotation / Notes: Walsh uses methods drawn from community studies to reconstitute a census for adult white males in Charles County in 1705, based upon a provincial census and rent rolls from the period. She argues that such methods provide the researcher the opportunity to establish reasonable accurate profiles of Chesapeake society in the colonial period.
Warner, William W. Beautiful Swimmers: Watermen, Crabs, and the Chesapeake Bay. New York: Little, Brown and Company, 1976.
Annotation / Notes: Naturalist writer Warner examines the Chesapeake Bay's blue crab-the "beautiful swimmer"--and the watermen whose distinctive economy and life-style have been based upon it. Warner uses the cycle of the seasons to trace the complex relationship between natural environment and human community, with attention both to the social patterns and economics of water-related societies. Traditional watermen communities of the Chesapeake Bay region receiving considerable attention are Deal Island, Smith Island, Kent Island, and Crisfield in Maryland, and Tangier Island in Virginia.