51-75 of 172 results
Eldridge, Larry D. The Growth of Free Speech in Early America: The Seventeenth Century. Ph.D. diss., Vanderbilt University, 1990.
Gleissner, Richard A. "The Revolutionary Settlement of 1691 in Maryland." Maryland Historical Magazine 66 (1971): 405-419.
Jordan, David W. "Maryland's Privy Council, 1637-1715." In Law, Society, and Politics in Early Maryland. Edited by Aubrey C. Land, Lois Green Carr, and Edward C. Papenfuse, 65-87. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1977.
Rice, James D. "The Criminal Trial Before and After the Lawyers: Authority, Law, and Culture in Maryland Jury Trials, 1681-1937." American Journal of Legal History 40 (October 1996): 455-75.
Tate, Thad W., and David L. Ammerman, eds. The Chesapeake in the Seventeenth Century Essays on Anglo-American Society & Politics. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1979.
Annotation / Notes: A collection of papers presented at a scholarly conference in 1974 covering all aspects of Chesapeake life and politics in the 17th century. Many of these scholars - especially Lois Green Carr, Lorena S. Walsh, Darrett and Anita Rutman, David W. Jordan, and Russell R. Menard - would become the core of a new "Chesapeake School," whose hallmark was to breathe life and insight into mute statistical records. Their influence into our understanding of this period cannot be overstated.
Brooks, Neale A., and Eric G. Rockel. A History of Baltimore County. Towson, MD: Friends of the Towson Library, 1979.
Annotation / Notes: A history of Baltimore County inspired by the United States bicentennial, this comprehensive volume traces the evolution of the county which once represented the sole political jurisdiction in the region. Early settlement led to subdivision to establish other counties, and the growth of Baltimore City produced eventual separation of legal and governmental functions between county and city in the 1850s. In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries growth and expansion of the city further eroded the county's space in the annexations of 1888 and 1918. The book concludes with consideration of the suburban boom of the post-World War II period and its impact on the county's politics. Extensive source notes make this a valuable resource for students of Baltimore County social history.
Carr, Lois Green. "Emigration and the Standard of Living: The Seventeenth Century Chesapeake." Journal of Economic History 52 (June 1992): 271-91.
Annotation / Notes: Carr contends that the experience of moving from England to the Chesapeake region of America in the seventeenth century was not simply a change of homeland, but a drastic change in lifestyle. She evaluates such factors as marriage, birth rates, life expectancy, diet, housing, working conditions and social freedoms for the English who chose to emigrate to America in that first century. Carr argues that, with the exception of diet, the standard of living may have been higher had the colonists remained in England, but in terms of economic independence and some degree of political participation, their prospects in the New World were superior.
Carr, Lois Green, and Russell R. Menard. "Immigration and Opportunity: The Freedman in Early Colonial Maryland." In The Chesapeake in the Seventeenth Century: Essays in Anglo-American Society, edited by Thad W. Tate and David L. Ammerman, 206-242. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1979.
Carr, Lois Green, Russell R. Menard, and Louis Peddicord. Maryland. . . at the Beginning. Annapolis, MD: Hall of Records Commission, Dept. of General Services, 1984.
Carr, Lois Green, Phillip D. Morgan, and Jean B. Russo, eds. Colonial Chesapeake Society. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1988.
Carr, Lois Green, and Lorena S. Walsh. "Changing Life Styles in Colonial St. Mary's County." Working Papers from the Regional Economic History Research Center 1 (no. 3, 1978): 73-118.
Carr, Lois Green, and Lorena S. Walsh. "Inventories and the Analysis of Wealth and Consumption Patterns in St. Mary's County, Maryland, 1658-1777." Historical Methods 13 (Spring 1980): 81-104.
Carr, Lois Green, and Lorena S. Walsh. "The Standard of Living in the Colonial Chesapeake." William and Mary Quarterly 45 (January 1988): 135-59.
Annotation / Notes: Carr and Walsh make detailed use of probate records from seventeenth and eighteenth century Maryland to argue that the period in Chesapeake area history represented a shift from an early emphasis upon material necessities to an improved standard of living marked by "gentility." The authors contend that this change reached across class lines and helped to fuel, rather than check, the productive economy of the colony. The article includes extensive tables and graphs of evidence regarding consumer items for several Maryland and Virginia counties.
Cawley, Alexa Silver. "A Passionate Affair: The Master-Servant Relationship in Seventeenth-Century Maryland." The Historian 61 (Summer 1999): 751-63.
Coers, D. V. "New Light on the Composition of Ebenezer Cook's Sot-Weed Factor." American Literature 49 (January 1978): 604-06.
Annotation / Notes: Coers offers evidence to support the contention that Ebenezer Cook's satire The Sot-Weed Factor was likely written no earlier than 1702, later than the 1695 date previously ascribed. He draws upon internal references in Cook's writing to Queen Anne, not crowned monarch until 1702, and a Dorchester County Court land record to support his case. The later date would suggest that the work was based on his visit to Maryland in the 1690s, but not written until afterwards.
Costello, M. Starr. "The Role of Wealth in Widowhood and Remarriage Patterns in Seventeenth Century Maryland." Chronicles of St. Mary's 28 (July 1980): 197-216.
D'Agostino, Mary Ellin. Household Stuffe: Material Culture and Identity in the Seventeenth-Century Anglo-Colonial World. Ph.D. diss., University of California, Berkeley, 1998.
Davis, Richard Beale. Intellectual Life in the Colonial South 1585-1763, 3 vols. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1978.
Annotation / Notes: Davis's three-volume work surveys the "nature and development of the southern mind" during the colonial period and seeks to counter the standard interpretation of the predominant role of colonial New England in shaping the intellectual life of what would become the new nation. Topics include education, libraries and printing, religious writings, fine arts, literature, and public oratory. The volumes draw extensively on manuscript collections, some only recently discovered, in Britain and the United States, including important Maryland archives; chapters are followed by extensive bibliographies and notes.
Eberhardt, Lynne A. "Passion and Propriety: Tidewater Marriages in the Colonial Chesapeake." Maryland Historical Magazine 93 (Fall 1998): 324-47.
Eden, Trudy Ann. 'Makes Like, Makes Unlike': Food, Health, and Identity in the Early Chesapeake. Ph.D. diss., Johns Hopkins University, 1999.
Ernst, Joseph A., and H. Roy. Merrens. "'Camden's Turrets Pierce the Skies!': the Urban Process in the Southern Colonies During the Eighteenth Century." William and Mary Quarterly 30 (1973): 549-574.
Annotation / Notes: The authors advance the case that the conventional view that Southern colonies were devoid of urbanization derives from a confusion of form and function, as well as size and significance. The article presents case studies of Camden, South Carolina, and Cross Creek, North Carolina, as well as examples from Virginia and Maryland, to demonstrate that towns often played an important urban function in the economy of the Southern colonies, though their examples are hardly convincing in contradicting the prevailing interpretation.
Fausz, J. Frederick. "Present at the 'Creation': The Chesapeake World that Greeted the Maryland Colonists." Maryland Historical Magazine 79 (Spring 1984): 7-20.
Annotation / Notes: Fausz examines relations between Europeans (especially the English of Maryland and Virginia) and Native Americans of the Chesapeake region in the decade immediately preceding the settlement of the Maryland colony at St. Mary's in 1634. He argues that the interaction between Englishmen and Native Americans provided the basis for tobacco cultivation and the beaver fur trade. Both paved the way for successful adaption of the early English settlers to new American conditions.
Fausz, J. Frederick. "'The Seventeenth-Century Experience: An Introduction." Maryland Historical Magazine 79 (Spring 1984); 3-6.
Annotation / Notes: Fausz's introduction to a special issue of the Maryland Historical Magazine on the occasion of the 350th anniversary of the founding of the Maryland colony notes that there has been a renaissance in seventeenth-century Chesapeake studies, notable for the range of topics about early colonial life being investigated. The unique quality of seventeenth-century experience consisted in the ambivalence created by heritage and ties to the homeland culture of England, yet the significant adaptation required to New World conditions. The introduction sets the stage for articles by Lois Green Carr on political developments, John D. Kruger on religion, and Russell R. Menard on social and economic trends.
Feest, Christian F. "Ethnohistory, Moral History, and Colonial Maryland." Amerikastudien 28 (No. 4 1983): 429-433.
Gibb, James G., and Julia A. King. "Gender, Activity Areas, and Homelots in the 17th-Century Chesapeake Region." Historical Archaeology 25 (1991): 109-131.
Annotation / Notes: Using archaeological records and spatial analysis from three Southern Maryland tobacco plantation sites, the authors provide an ethnographic look at life for seventeenth-century Maryland colonists in terms of gender and class roles. The article provides a brief overview of the economics of the Chesapeake region, the structure of living arrangements, and the gendered nature of tasks. The evidence suggests how gendered and class-based activities contributed to both household production and accrued wealth. The authors conclude that comparisons between the three sites provide the basis for understanding how household wealth was a direct corollary of the ability to secure a large work force and to develop a high degree of specialization.