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Guest, C. "The Boarding of the Dependent Poor in Colonial America." Social Service Review 63 (March 1989): 92-112.
Horn, James. Adapting to a New World: English Society in the Seventeenth-Century Chesapeake. Chapel Hill: Published for the Institute of Early American History and Culture, Williamsburg, Virginia, by the University of North Carolina Press, 1994.
Annotation / Notes: Horn examines Chesapeake society in the period 1607 to 1690 to determine the degree to which English attitudes and values persisted in the adaptation to New World conditions. He provides a comparison of the English societies from which the settlers had come (Gloucestershire and Kent as representative regions of England) to those they established in the Chesapeake region (Lower Norfolk and Lancaster Counties in Virginia serve as case studies, supplemented by considerable evidence drawn from St. Mary's County, Maryland) in terms of family, work, standard of living, social order, and religion. Horn concludes that "Maryland and Virginia society is incomprehensible without an awareness of English social development in the seventeenth century" (p. 437).
Hurry, Silas D. "The 17th Century Tidewater, A Tentative Dietary Analysis." Chronicles of St. Mary's 26 (April 1978): 367-73.
Jerrard, Margot. "Love and Marriage in Colonial Maryland." Maryland 25 (December 1993): 66-67, 69.
Jordan, David W. "Maryland Hoggs and Hyde Park Dutchesses: A Brief Account of Maryland in 1697." Maryland Historical Magazine 73 (March 1978): 87-91.
Annotation / Notes: Letter of Sir Thomas Lawrence, Secretary of Maryland.
Karinen, Arthur. "Maryland Population: 1631-1730: Numerical and Distributional Aspects." Maryland Historical Magazine 54 (December, 1959): 365-407.
Annotation / Notes: Karinen calculates the population size and growth for the Maryland colony and individual counties for the period 1631-1730, based primarily upon the use of tax records. The article includes graphs, tables, and maps.
Karinen, Arthur. "Numerical and Distributional Aspects of Maryland Population, 1631-1840: Part II: Distributional Characteristics, 1631-1730." Maryland Historical Magazine 60 (June, 1965): 139-159.
Annotation / Notes: Karinen uses early land patents and parish records to trace the settlement pattern in Maryland from 1640 through 1730, compiling the data onto maps for 1670 and 1700. He observes that waterways were important for early settlement patterns, that large manors and small farms were interspersed, and that towns were generally absent. Initial habitation centered in the St. Mary's and Kent Island areas on the Eastern Shore and in the Patuxent River and Severn River areas on the western shore. They subsequently expanded around the Chesapeake Bay and along rivers which penetrated both shores, while the Piedmont was slow to develop until the 1730s.
Li, Xiaoxiong. Liquor and Ordinaries in Seventeenth Century Maryland. Ph.D. diss., The Johns Hopkins University, 1992.
Menard, Russell R. "From Servant to Freeholder: Status Mobility and Property Accumulation in Seventeenth-Century Maryland." William and Mary Quarterly 30 (1973): 37-64.
Menard, Russell R. "Immigrants and Their Increase: The Process of Population Growth in Early Colonial Maryland." In Law, Society, and Politics in Early Maryland, edited by Aubrey C. Land, Lois Green Carr, and Edward C. Papenfuse, 88-110. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1977.
Menard, Russell R. "Population, Economy, and Society in Seventeenth-Century Maryland." Maryland Historical Magazine 79 (Spring 1984): 71- 92.
Annotation / Notes: Menard examines some of the complex social and economic patterns underlying the rapid population growth of Maryland during the seventeenth century despite strong in-migration, high mortality, a shortage of females, and later marriage which often produced unstable family life. Tobacco exports rose dramatically, but the economy eventually suffered from over-dependence on a single crop. Though the colony was established with aristocratic goals, immigrants and their offspring initially created a social and economic pattern in which small planters predominated. However, by the century's end a new gentry class clearly had emerged in an order characterized by greater dependence on slave labor, a decline of indentured servitude, and heightened degrees of inequality.
Miller, Henry Michael. Colonization and Subsistence Change on the 17th Century Chesapeake Frontier. Ph.D. diss., Michigan State University, 1984.
Norton, M. B. "Gender, Crime, and Community in Seventeenth-century Maryland." In The Transformation of Early American History, edited by James A. Henretta, Michael Katz, and S. N. Katz, 123-150. New York: A. A. Knopf, 1991.
Pogue, Dennis James. Culture Change Along the Tobacco Coast: 1670-1720. Ph.D. diss., American University, 1997.
Rose, Lou. "Ebenezer Cooke's The Sot Weed Factor and its Uses as a Social Document in the History of Colonial Maryland." Maryland Historical Magazine 78 (Winter 1983): 272-277.
Rose, Lou. "Social Attitudes Toward Prohibition: A Calvert County Example." Calvert County Historical Society News 2 (January 1983): 1-2.
Annotation / Notes: Rose argues for the value of using a literary work like Ebenezer Cooke's The Sot Weed Factor for insight into the social attitudes and mores of Maryland at the turn of the seventeenth century. However, the article restricts its attention primarily to Cooke's use of Calvert County for his satire on the legal and judicial systems, even though Cooke did not reside in the county during his Maryland sojourn.
Rozbicki, Michael. Transformation of the English Cultural Ethos in Colonial America: Maryland, 1634-1720. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1988.
Rozbicki, Michael J. "Transplanted Ethos--Indians and the Cultural Identity of English Colonists in Seventeenth-Century Maryland." Amerikastudien 28 (No. 4, 1983): 405-428.
Sharon, Michael B. "A Social Profile of the Land Owners of 1660." Chronicles of St. Mary's 29 (July 1981): 333-44; (August 1981): 347-51.
Struna, Nancy L. "The Formalizing of Sport and the Formation of an Elite: The Chesapeake Gentry, 1650-1720s." Journal of Sport History 13 (Winter 1986): 212-34.
Terrar, Edward F. Social, Economic, and Religious Beliefs among Maryland Catholic Laboring People during the Period of the English Civil War, 1639-1660. Ph.D. diss., University of California, Los Angeles, 1991.
Walsh, Lorena S. "The Historian as Census Taker: Individual Reconstitution and the Reconstruction of Censuses for a Colonial Chesapeake County." William and Mary Quarterly 3rd series, 38 (April 1981): 242-60.
Annotation / Notes: Walsh uses methods drawn from community studies to reconstitute a census for adult white males in Charles County in 1705, based upon a provincial census and rent rolls from the period. She argues that such methods provide the researcher the opportunity to establish reasonable accurate profiles of Chesapeake society in the colonial period.
Walsh, Lorena S. "Staying Put or Getting Out: Findings for Charles County, Maryland, 1650-1720." William and Mary Quarterly (3d. series), 44 (January 1987): 89-103.
Walsh, Lorena S. "'Till Death Us Do Part': Marriage and Family in Seventeenth-Century Maryland." In The Chesapeake in the Seventeenth Century: Essays on Anglo-American Society, edited by Thad W. Tate and David L. Ammerman, 126-152. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1979.
Walsh, Lorena S. Behind the Maryland Scene: Women of Influence, 1600-1800. N.p.: National Society of Colonial Dames of America in Maryland et al., 1977.